Colegio Suizo de México
The Colegio Suizo de México, A. C. is a Swiss-education school with three campuses in Mexico. The Campus México is in Benito Juárez, Mexico City; the Campus Cuernavaca is in Morelos. The Campus Querétaro is in Querétaro, it serves levels maternal to preparatoria. The school was founded in 1965 with 135 students; the first campus was on Calle Eugenia. The secundaria opened in 1968; the CCH high school program opened in 1971, with the first graduates in 1974. A new auditorium opened in 1973; the Cuernavaca campus opened in 1992, it gained a secundaria in 1998. The same year, the Mexico City campus gained the secundaria B; the Querétaro campus opened in 2007. Mexico–Switzerland relations "Die kosmopolitischsten unter den Schweizer Schulen". Swissinfo. 7 July 2007. EAD, Swiss National Library Schweizerschule Mexiko, Campus Mexiko-Stadt Schweizerschule Cuernavaca Colegio Suizo de México Colegio Suizo de México at the Wayback Machine Colegio Suizo de México at the Wayback Machine
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico, is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. Mexico City is one of the most important financial centres in the Americas, it is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters. The city has 16 boroughs; the 2009 population for the city proper was 8.84 million people, with a land area of 1,485 square kilometers. According to the most recent definition agreed upon by the federal and state governments, the population of Greater Mexico City is 21.3 million, which makes it the largest metropolitan area of the Western Hemisphere, the eleventh-largest agglomeration, the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world. Greater Mexico City has a GDP of $411 billion in 2011, making Greater Mexico City one of the most productive urban areas in the world; the city was responsible for generating 15.8% of Mexico's GDP, the metropolitan area accounted for about 22% of total national GDP.
If it were an independent country, in 2013, Mexico City would be the fifth-largest economy in Latin America, five times as large as Costa Rica and about the same size as Peru. Mexico’s capital is both the oldest capital city in the Americas and one of two founded by Native Americans, the other being Quito, Ecuador; the city was built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, completely destroyed in the 1521 siege of Tenochtitlan and subsequently redesigned and rebuilt in accordance with the Spanish urban standards. In 1524, the municipality of Mexico City was established, known as México Tenochtitlán, as of 1585, it was known as Ciudad de México. Mexico City was the political and financial center of a major part of the Spanish colonial empire. After independence from Spain was achieved, the federal district was created in 1824. After years of demanding greater political autonomy, residents were given the right to elect both a Head of Government and the representatives of the unicameral Legislative Assembly by election in 1997.
Since, the left-wing Party of the Democratic Revolution has controlled both of them. The city has several progressive policies, such as abortion on request, a limited form of euthanasia, no-fault divorce, same-sex marriage. On January 29, 2016, it ceased to be the Federal District, is now known as Ciudad de México, with a greater degree of autonomy. A clause in the Constitution of Mexico, prevents it from becoming a state, as it is the seat of power in the country, unless the capital of the country were relocated elsewhere; the city of Mexico-Tenochtitlan was founded by the Mexica people in 1325. The old Mexica city, now referred to as Tenochtitlan was built on an island in the center of the inland lake system of the Valley of Mexico, which it shared with a smaller city-state called Tlatelolco. According to legend, the Mexicas' principal god, indicated the site where they were to build their home by presenting a golden eagle perched on a prickly pear devouring a rattlesnake. Between 1325 and 1521, Tenochtitlan grew in size and strength dominating the other city-states around Lake Texcoco and in the Valley of Mexico.
When the Spaniards arrived, the Aztec Empire had reached much of Mesoamerica, touching both the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean. After landing in Veracruz, Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés advanced upon Tenochtitlan with the aid of many of the other native peoples, arriving there on November 8, 1519. Cortés and his men marched along the causeway leading into the city from Iztapalapa, the city's ruler, Moctezuma II, greeted the Spaniards. Cortés put Moctezuma under house arrest. Tensions increased until, on the night of June 30, 1520 – during a struggle known as "La Noche Triste" – the Aztecs rose up against the Spanish intrusion and managed to capture or drive out the Europeans and their Tlaxcalan allies. Cortés regrouped at Tlaxcala; the Aztecs thought the Spaniards were permanently gone, they elected a new king, Cuitláhuac, but he soon died. Cortés began a siege of Tenochtitlan in May 1521. For three months, the city suffered from the lack of food and water as well as the spread of smallpox brought by the Europeans.
Cortés and his allies landed their forces in the south of the island and fought their way through the city. Cuauhtémoc surrendered in August 1521; the Spaniards razed Tenochtitlan during the final siege of the conquest. Cortés first settled in Coyoacán, but decided to rebuild the Aztec site to erase all traces of the old order, he did not establish a territory under his own personal rule, but remained loyal to the Spanish crown. The first Spanish viceroy arrived in Mexico City fourteen years later. By that time, the city had again become a city-state, having power that extended far beyond its borders. Although the Spanish preserved Tenochtitlan's basic layout, they built Catholic churches over the old Aztec temples and claimed the imperial palaces for themselves. Tenochtitlan was renamed "Mexico"; the city had been the capital of the Aztec empire and in the colonial era, Mexico City became the capital of New Spain. The viceroy of Mexico or vice-king lived in the viceregal palace on Zócalo; the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral, the seat of the Archbishopric of New Spain, was const
Lomas de Chapultepec
Lomas de Chapultepec is a colonia, or recognized neighborhood, located in the Miguel Hidalgo borough of Mexico City. It dates back to the 1920s. Home to some of the biggest mansions in the city and many high-net-worth individuals, it has gained a reputation of exclusivity, its main entrance is through Paseo de la Reforma. In the early 1920s, Mexico City suffered a housing shortage as a result of internal migrants fleeing from uncertainty in the provinces caused by the Mexican Revolution. To meet demand, the Ayuntamientos of the Distrito Federal passed various city ordinances in order to make it easier for private investors to develop urban subdivisions. Beneficial was Article 27 of the 1917 Constitution, used to promote agrarian land reform and indirectly encouraged the construction and emergence of new urban developments when it prompted the change of land-use of the properties surrounding the capital. A total of 26 to 32 colonias were built as a direct result, one of, Lomas de Chapultepec. In September 28, 1921 the corporation, Chapultepec Heights Company, was formed with the objective of developing the land acquired from the Hacienda de los Morales.
The company was founded by five investors who were able to buy the 687 hectares of the ex-Hacienda for about one cent per square meter. In 1922, Chapultepec Heights was planned by José Luis Cuevas Pietrasanta in the "Garden City" fashion. With large lots, large gardened yards, wide winding streets, gardened boulevards and scattered small shopping areas within walking distances from homes; the early settlers attracted to the area were young professionals and some of the nouveau riche revolutionaries and the new business class of Mexico City. Smaller homes were built on the side streets while large houses were built on Paseo de la Reforma and Paseo de Las Palmas, the two main avenues. Most of the early houses were built in the "Colonial Californiano" style, with stone carvings around windows and doors and pitched roofs. Many of these early homes are catalogued and protected by the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes as they have been deemed a cultural patrimony. On, Modern houses designed by notable architects such as Luis Barragán, Juan Sordo, Ricardo Legorreta and Enrique Norten were built.
Many of the houses built during the era known as the Mexican Miracle are still standing and constitute the largest mansions in the western area of the city. The colonia grew in size, being inhabited by the upper class and wealthy immigrants that arrived in Mexico in the early 20th century. Today, Lomas de Chapultepec is inhabited by Mexican and foreign business professionals, celebrities and other wealthy individuals. In recent years commercial and business areas have developed on the edges of the neighborhood and there are various embassies located in the area. Sales in the northwestern part of Mexico City, which includes luxury areas like Lomas de Chapultepec average US$1 million per house. Lomas de Chapultepec is located in the northwestern hills of the Anahuac Valley, contiguous with Mexico City, was created following the contour of the terrain, leaving the natural drainage as open space; the developed area was planted with a large number and variety of trees, is now one of the most wooded areas in the city.
The area was well planned and designed by some of the best professionals of the time, its main avenues run the crests of the hills while the streets follow the gentle curves of the terrain, thus affording varying points of view and some magnificent vistas of the city on the flat part of the valley. The colonia's borders are: On the northwest and north, the Tecamachalco area of Cuajimalpa borough and colonia Reforma Social On the northeast, the Anillo Periférico ring road and Polanco district On the east, colonia Molino del Rey and the Bosque de Chapultepec On the south, the 2nd and 3rd sections of the Bosque de Chapultepec. Combining for a population of 20,440 inhabitants in the colonia. In the 1950s, 60s, 70s, the majority of Mexico City's Jews moved from Condesa and the Downtown to Polanco, Lomas de Chapultepec, Bosques de las Lomas, Tecamachalco, where the majority are now based. Interjet has its headquarters in Lomas de Chapultepec. Google Mexico has its headquarters there. Private schools: The Westhill Institute has two campuses in "Las Lomas": Athos and Carpatos.
The "Las Lomas" campus of Peterson Schools is in Lomas de Chapultepec. The Plantel Lomas Kindergarten Prado Norte facility of the Campus Poniente/Campus West of the Colegio Alemán Alexander von Humboldt is located in Lomas de Chapultepec. Two campuses of the Escuela Sierra Nevada: one for preschool, one for elementary school The Wingate School Virreyes campus The toddler center campus and the preschool campus of the Eton School is located in the colonia. Escuela Lomas Altas S. C; the Irish Institute, a private school in Naucalpan, is in proximity to Lomas de Chapultepec. Cantinflas – comedic actor of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema Angelica Rivera – actress and First Lady of Mexico Carlos Slim – businessman and multibillionaire Zhenli Ye Gon – business
Colonia del Valle
Colonia del Valle is a neighborhood in the Benito Juarez borough of Mexico City. It includes "...a great number of parks and tree-lined streets, prestigious shopping malls, some city landmarks...". Del Valle is bounded by the streets of: Viaducto Miguel Alemán to the north, Cuauhtémoc and Universidad to the east, Rio Mixcoac - Barranca del Muerto to the south and Insurgentes Avenue to the west. Adjacent neighborhoods include Colonia Nápoles, Ciudad de los Deportes, Noche Buena and San Borja to the west, Escandón to the northwest, Colonia Roma Sur and Piedad Narvarte to the north, Colonia Narvarte, Vértiz Narvarte and Letrán Valle to the east, Tlacomecatl del Valle, Miguel Alemán, Xoco and Santa Cruz Atoyac to the south. At the beginning of the 20th century the ranches cultivated with alfalfa and fruit trees were divided, giving rise to Colonia Americana; some neighborhood streets are named after these ranches and their fruit trees, others after Mexican philanthropists. While serving as a streetcar route from Mexico City to Coyoacán it developed until 1920, when it expanded and the Avenida de los Insurgentes was paved.
Large-scale home and mansion construction started. The area featured monument construction and green areas. In the 1960s the area was as developed as many other neighborhoods of equal purchasing power on its borders. Commercial development included two major facilities, Liverpool Insurgentes opening in 1962 and the country's first shopping center, University Plaza, in 1969. In 1978 the city built the Ejes viales, a system of wide, one-way roads criss-crossing the city, with this Del Valle was transformed radically and permanently, its tree-lined boulevards with green medians transformed into quasi-freeways. Ejes 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 south 1, 2 and 3 from south to north; this drove many families to look for a quieter place to live and began the process of redeveloping the area. Mansions were replaced by offices or schools. Crime statistics from 2009 showed that Colonia del Valle was the second most crime-ridden neighborhood in Mexico City, sharing the top 10 list with notorious neighborhoods Tepito and Colonia Doctores.
However, 2012 statistics do not place Del Valle on the list of the top 6 most crime-ridden neighborhoods. Major roads running through the neighborhood include: Insurgentes, Northern Division, University, Félix Cuevas, José María Rico, Xola. Mexico City Metro Line 3 has several stations in the vicinity: Etiopía, División del Norte and Coyoacán. Mexico City Metrobús Line 3 stops at Amores; the architecture includes large mansions in Californian mission revival Art Deco style and, to a lesser extent, surviving examples of Porfiriato. At the end of the 1960s many small skyscrapers, both commercial and residential, were built, making the area one of the most densely populated of Mexico City. Housing complexes were built, it houses churches such as the Temple of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, buildings dating from the period of colonization and conquest between park Tlacoquemécatl including the Temple of San Lorenzo and the Xochimanca, cultural areas and parks like the Sunken Park or Mariscal Sucre Park, the French Kiosk, art galleries, auditoriums Polyforum Cultural Siqueiros, Plaza México, Estadio Azul stadium.
The religious structures found in the Del Valle include the Templo del Purísimo Corazón de María at the corner of Gabriel Mancera number 415. It was built in the early 20th century. In 1996 several scenes of the film Romeo + Juliet were filmed at the church. Mexican singer Luis Miguel was baptized there; the Temple of San Lorenzo Xochimanca, located in the park of the same name a.k.a. Parque Popular, was built in the 16th century; the Parroquia del Señor del Buen Despacho, located in Parque Tlacoquemécatl, dates from the 18th century. The Temple of Santo Tomás Actipan, built in 1897, is located at the corner of Bufalo and Tigre streets; the Temple of Santa Monica, with the signature "cáscaro" thin-shell structure of its architect Félix Candela, on Fresa Street opposite the park of San Lorenzo, was built in 1962. The Parish of Divine Providence in Adolfo Prieto street was constructed between 1968 and 1974. Within the Del Valle are two of the oldest educational institutions in the country. Graduates of these schools include Germán Dehesa.
International schools include: Colegio Suizo de México Colonia del Valle on the Internet
Gustavo A. Madero, Mexico City
Gustavo A. Madero is one of the 16 municipalities into which Mexico City is divided. Founded as "Villa de Guadalupe" in 1563, it became the city of "Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo" in 1828, a delegación in 1931, it was named after Gustavo A. Madero, the brother and fellow revolutionary of President Francisco I. Madero; the area houses the Basílica de Guadalupe, the shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe at the foot of Tepeyac Hill, where Roman Catholics believe the Virgin Mary appeared to the indigenous Mexican Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin in 1531. Being the northern-most borough, the Northern Central Bus Station is located here, providing constant bus runs to all major cities in the northern and western part of the country. On Sundays, the San Felipe de Jesús Tianguis in the neighborhood of the same name, is Latin America's largest tianguis or street market, with 30,000 vendors and stretching seven kilometers; the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848 was signed in Gustavo A. Madero.
Public high schools of the Instituto de Educación Media Superior del Distrito Federal include: Escuela Preparatoria Gustavo A. Madero I "Belisario Domínguez" Escuela Preparatoria Gustavo A. Madero II "Salvador Allende"Private schools: Multiple campuses of the Sistema Educativo Justo Sierra: Acueducto, Aragón, Insurgentes Colegio Guadalupe in Lindavista Escuela Cristóbal Colón de la Salle Instituto Ovalle Monday S. C. Delegación Gustavo A. Madero Official site North Bus Station Official site
The Peterson Schools is a private, international, co-educational, non-profit establishment located in Mexico City, Mexico. It has offered the International Baccalaureate Organization Diploma Program since 2004 to students in the last two years of high school; the Peterson Schools is a member of the Association of American Schools in Mexico, of Instituciones de Enseñanza Particular de la República Mexicana, as well as member of National Association of Independent Schools The Cuajimalpa campus in Lomas de Vista Hermosa, Cuajimalpa serves preschool through high school and was founded in 1990. The Tlalpan campus in San Andrés Totoltepec, Tlalpan serves preschool through high school and was founded in 1994; the Lomas campus in Lomas de Chapultepec, Miguel Hidalgo serves preschool and was founded in 1965. The Pedregal campus in Jardines del Pedregal, Álvaro Obregón serves preschool and elementary school and was founded in 1976. American immigration to Mexico School Website
Greater Mexico City
Greater Mexico City refers to the conurbation around Mexico City called Valley of Mexico Metropolitan Area, constituted by Mexico City itself composed of 16 Municipalities—and 41 adjacent municipalities of the states of Mexico and Hidalgo. For normative purposes, Greater Mexico City most refers to the Metropolitan Area of the Valley of Mexico an agglomeration that incorporates 18 additional municipalities; as of 2016 an estimated 21,157,000 people lived in Greater Mexico City, making it the largest metropolitan area in North America. It is surrounded by thin strips of highlands which separate it from other adjacent metropolitan areas, of which the biggest are Puebla and Cuernavaca-Cuautla, together with which it makes up the Mexico City megalopolis. Since the 1940s there have been different proposals to establish the limits of the growing conurbation of Mexico City, different definitions were used unofficially as the city continued to grow; the Federal Government, the government of Mexico City, the government of the State of Mexico agreed on the official definitions for both the Mexico City Metropolitan Area and the Metropolitan Area of the Valley of Mexico on 22 December 2005.
Per the agreement, most urban planning projects will be administered by Metropolitan Commissions. On January 29, 2016, Mexico City proper was no longer called the Federal District, it is now in transition to become the country's 32nd federal entity "City of Mexico", giving it a level of autonomy comparable to that of a state. Because of a clause in the Mexican Constitution, since it is the seat of the powers of the federation, it can never become a state, or the capital of the country has to be relocated; the English name "Mexico City" remains. Its original 16 "Boroughs" became "municipalities"; the Mexico City Metropolitan Area is defined to be integrated by: The 16 municipalities of CDMX The 40 municipalities of the State of Mexico One conurbation municipality of the State of Hidalgo TizayucaAnother way to visualize these municipalities is by their intrastate regions. The Mexico City Metropolitan Area covers 5 regions in Mexico State covers another 5 regions, the Federal District, 1 municipality in Hidalgo.
The following regions of Mexico State lie within this metropolitan area Region XIV Region XI Region XII Region IX Region III The definition of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area is positive, in that all municipalities form a single conurbation. By contrast, the Metropolitan Area of the Valley of Mexico is considered a normative definition, in that it incorporates 18 additional strategic municipalities in the territorial administration of the region if they have not been integrated yet. Many urban projects related to the improvement of air quality and water sanitation, are coordinated for all constituent municipalities of this agglomeration; the majority of the population reports of urban areas in Mexico refer to this agglomeration, not to the MCMA conurbation. The following intrastate regions have some municipalities lying within the Mexico City metropolitan area Note that all municipalities are within the Metropolitan Area of the Valley of Mexico. Together these 10 intrastate regions cover every single municipality within the Valley of Mexico Metropolitan Area except for the 1 municipality in Hidalgo State.: Region I Region VIII Region IV Region V Region XVI Greater Mexico City spreads over the valley of Mexico called the valley of Anáhuac, a 9,560 km² valley that lies at an average of 2,240 m above sea level.
A system of interconnected lakes occupied a large area of the valley, of which Lake Texcoco was the largest. Mexico City was built on the island of Tenochtitlan in the middle of the lake. During conquest of Mexico the dikes that protected the city from recurrent floods were destroyed and colonial authorities preferred to drain the water of the lake, which was, for the most part, shallow. In 1900 president Porfirio Díaz inaugurated the Valley's System of Drainage that hinders the growth of water bodies in the valley; the basin of the valley of Mexico was thus integrated artificially to the Moctezuma river basin which connects to the Pánuco River. The last remnants of the system of lakes are found in the boroughs of Xochimilco and Tláhuac, in the municipality of Atenco; the valley of Mexico is surrounded by mountains on all four sides creating a basin with only one small opening at the north, trapping all exhaust emissions of the city. At the southern part of the basin the mountain range reaches an altitude of 3,952 m above sea level.
The region receives anti-cyclonic systems, producing weak winds that do not allow for the dispersion of accumulated air pollutants, produced by the 50,000 industries operating in Greater Mexico City and the 4 million vehicles circulating in its roads and highways. There are several environmental programs in operation in