Banevreh is a city in Shiveh Sar Rural District, Bayangan District, Paveh County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 3,139, in 689 families
Salas-e Babajani County
Salas-e Babajani County or Salasi Bawajani is a county in Kermanshah Province in Iran. The capital of the county is Tazehabad. At the 2006 census, the county's population was 37,056, in 7,734 families; the county is subdivided into two districts: the Central Ezgeleh District. The county has two cities: Ezgeleh; the spoken language in the city is Kurdish, but the language, used in schools and offices is Farsi, since the official language in Iran is Persian Almost everyone in the city are fluent in Farsi. Darneh/Derne is one of the historical places in Salas-e Babajani County which mentioned by Herodotus and Ptolemy. For decades Darneh/ Derne has been capital of Derteng and Bajalan dynasties, but now is a small village in Doli Dere Region in Central District of Salas-e Babajani County; some of the most important historical elders whom raised from Salas-e Babajani County are Habibollah Khan-e Babajani renowned as a Nizam Al- Ayaleh and Mostafa Khan-e Babajani renowned as a Masoud al-Saltanah. Both of them has a great role in the history of Kermanshah, specially in Hawraman and Salas-e Babajani County.
Tombs of those two great men are located in historical cemetery of Khaneh Shur in Central District of Salas-e Babajani County. Khana Qubadi or, who lived in Derne the capital of Derteng and Bajelan dynasties located in modern day Salas-e Babajani County, translated Quran first time in history to the Kurdish language, his translation book had been burned by extremists, accordingly he had to be fugitive to the Baban dynasty capital in Shahrizor. Vali Dewane is another poet; the biography of Vali Dewane has been cames in love like Majnun more than him On 12 November 2017 at 18:18 UTC, an earthquake with a moment magnitude of 7.3 occurred on the Iran–Iraq border, just inside Iran, in Ezgeleh, Salas-e Babajani County, Kermanshah Province, with an epicentre 30 kilometres south of the city of Halabja, Iraqi Kurdistan. اطلس گیتاشناسی استانهای ایران سلطانی، محمد علی، ، ایلات و طوایف کرمانشاهان، ج 1، تهران: موفق Derne, the lost city in the Salas Babajani”, by Dr. Mohammad Salmasizadeg & Borhan Abasi- Scientific Specialty Journal of Research in Art and Hmanity, Second year, Number 5, Aug/ Sep 2017, ISSN: 2538-6298
Gahvareh is a city and capital of Dalahu County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 4,708, in 1,147 families
Harsin is a city and capital of Harsin County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 51,562, in 12,001 families. Harsin is situated 44 km east of Kermanshah, lies 1,570 metres above sea level. Iran Travel Guide: Harsin
Kermanshah Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. The province was known from 1969 to 1986 from 1986 to 1995 as Bakhtaran. According to a 2014 segmentation by the Ministry of Interior it is center of Region 4, with the region's central secretariat located at the province's capital city, Kermanshah. A majority of people in Kermanshah Province are Shia, there are Sunni and Yarsanist minority groups. Major cities and towns in Kermanshah Province include Kermanshah, Eslamabad-e Gharb, Harsin, Sonqor, Ravansar, Gilan-e Gharb, Qasr-e Shirin, Sarpol-e Zahab. Kermanshah consists of 14 shahrestans: The province's capital is Kermanshah, located in the middle of the western part of Iran; the population of the city is 822,921. The city is extended toward south during last two decades; the builtup areas run alongside Sarab Valley. City's elevation average about 1350 meters above sea level; the distance between Kermanshah and Teheran is 525 km. It is the trade center of rich agricultural region that produces grain, vegetable and oilseeds, there are many industrial centers and sugar refineries, cement and flour factories, etc.
The airport is located in north east of the city, the distance from Tehran is 413 km by air. The province has a rich Paleolithic heritage. Many caves with Paleolithic remains have been excavated there; some of these cave sites are located in north of Kermanshah. The first known physical remains of Neanderthal man in Iran was discovered in Bisitun Cave. Do-Ashkaft, Kobeh and Mar Tarik are some of the Middle Paleolithic sites in the region. Kermanshah has many Neolithic sites, of which the most famous are Ganj Dareh and Asiab. At Ganj Dareh, the earliest evidence for goat domestication have been documented. In May 2009, based on a research conducted by the University of Hamedan and UCL, the head of Archeology Research Center of Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization announced that the oldest prehistoric village in the Middle East dating back to 9800 B. C. was discovered in Sahneh, located in west of Kermanshah. The monuments found in Kermanshah show two glorious periods, the Achaemenid and Sassanid eras.
The mythical ruler of the Pishdadian is described as founding the city while Tahmores Divband built it. An alternative narrative is that the construction was by Bahram IV of the Sassanid dynasty during the 4th century CE. Kermanshah reached a peak during the reign of Hormizd IV and Khosrau I of Sassanids, before being demoted to a secondary royal residence; the city suffered major damage during the Arab invasions but recovered in the Safavid period to make great progress. Concurrent with the Afghan attack and the fall of Isfahan, Kermanshah was completely destroyed by the Ottoman invasion. During the Iran–Iraq War the province suffered heavy fighting. Most towns and cities were badly damaged and some like Sar-e Pol-e Zahab and Qhasr-e-Shirin were completely destroyed; the November 2017 Iran–Iraq earthquake killed more than 600 people. On December 28, 2017 Kermanshah became one of several Iranian provinces to break out into protests; the Supreme Leader of Iran has blamed western interference. Some female organizations such as The National Council of Resistance of Iran have taken partial credit for the organization of these protests.
As it is situated between two cold and warm regions enjoys a moderate climate. Kermanshah has a mountainous climate, it is moderately warm in summer. The annual rainfall is 500 mm; the average temperature in the hottest months is above 22 °C. Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences Razi University Islamic Azad University of Kermanshah http://www.en.iauksh.ac.ir Kermanshah lends its name to a type of Persian carpet named after the region. It has famous sweets made of rice, locally known as Nân berendji; the other famous Kermanshahi good is a special kind of oil, locally known as Rüne Dân and globally in Iran known as Roghan Kermanshahi. The Giveh of Kermanshah known as Klash is the highest quality Giveh. Various attractions exist that date from the pre-Islamic era, such as the Kohneh Bridge, to contemporary parks and museums; some of the more popular sites are: Bisotun: Darius the Great's inscription at Bisotun, which dates to 522 BCE, lies some 1300 meters high in the mountains, counts as one of the most famous sites in Near Eastern archeology.
The site is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, has been attracting visitors for centuries. The Behistun inscription is to Old Persian cuneiform what the Rosetta Stone is to Egyptian hieroglyphs: the trilingual inscription was crucial in the decipherment of the script; the relief above the inscription depicts Darius facing nine rebels. At the king's feet lies Gaumata; the location of this important historical document is not coincidental: Gaumata, a usurper, depicted as lying at Darius' feet, was a Medean and in Achaemenid times Behistun lay on the Medea-Parsa highway. Behistun is notable for three reliefs at the foot of the hill that date from the Parthian era. Among them is a Hellenistic-era depiction of the divinity Bahram as the Greek hero Hercules, who reclines with a goblet in his hand, a club at his feet and a lion-skin beneath him; because it lies on the route of an ancient highway, this life-size rock sculpture may reflect Bahram's status as patron divinity of travelers. Taq-e Bostan:The rock reliefs at Taq-e Bostan lie 6 kilometres northeast of Kermanshah, where a spring gushes from a mountain cliff and empties into a large
Iran called Persia, the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2, it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, to the west by Turkey and Iraq; the country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE, it was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history.
The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE; the Islamization of Iran led to the decline of Zoroastrianism, by the country's dominant religion, Iran's major contributions to art and science spread within the Muslim rule during the Islamic Golden Age. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were conquered by the Seljuq Turks and the Ilkhanate Mongols; the rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses.
The Iranian Constitutional Revolution in the early 20th century led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing Western political influence. Subsequent widespread dissatisfaction and unrest against the monarchy led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for eight years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides; the sovereign state of Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy.
The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage sites, the third largest number in Asia and 11th largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians, Azeris and Lurs. Organizations including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have criticized Iran's women's rights record; the term Iran derives directly from Middle Persian Ērān, first attested in a third-century inscription at Rustam Relief, with the accompanying Parthian inscription using the term Aryān, in reference to the Iranians. The Middle Iranian ērān and aryān are oblique plural forms of gentilic nouns ēr- and ary-, both deriving from Proto-Iranian *arya-, recognized as a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ar-yo-, meaning "one who assembles". In the Iranian languages, the gentilic is attested as a self-identifier, included in ancient inscriptions and the literature of the Avesta, remains in other Iranian ethnic names Alan and Iron.
Iran has been referred to as Persia by the West, due to the writings of Greek historians who referred to all of Iran as Persís, meaning "land of the Persians", while Persis itself was one of the provinces of ancient Iran, today defined as Fars. As the most extensive interaction the Ancient Greeks had with any outsider was with the Persians, the term persisted long after the Greco-Persian Wars. In 1935, Reza Shah requested the international community to refer to the country by its native name, effective March 22 that year; as The New York Times explained at the time, "At the suggestion of the Persian Legation in Berlin, the Tehran government, on the Persian New Year, March 21, 1935, substituted Iran for Persia as the official name of the country." Opposition to the name change led to the reversal of the decision, Professor Ehsan Yarshater, editor of Encyclopædia Iranica, propagated a move to use Persia and Iran interchangeably. Today, both Iran and Persia are used in cultural contexts, while Iran remains irreplaceab
Kangavar is a city and capital of Kangavar County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 48,901, in 12,220 families. Kangavar is located in the easternmost part of Kermanshah Province, on the modern road from Hamadan to Kermanshah, identical with a trace of the Silk Road, located at the distance of about 75 km from Hamadan and 96 km from Kermanshah, its name may be derived from the Avestan Kanha-vara,'enclosure of Kanha'. Kangavar was mentioned by Isidore of Charax in the 1st century AD, by the name of "Konkobar" or "Concobar" in the ancient province of Ecbatana. In antiquity, the city was in Media, with a temple of Artemis The district, which lies in the Kangavar river valley, is fertile and contains 30 villages. Kangavar township is 47 miles from Hamadan on the high road to Kermanshah. In the early 20th century, Kangāvar was held in fief by the family of a deceased court official, forming a separate government. Today, the town is best known for the archaeological remains of a mixed Sassanid and Achaemenid-style edifice.
During the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the ruins were misused as a source for building material for the expanding town. Excavation first began in 1968, by which time the "large structure with its great columns set on a high stone platform" had been associated with a comment by Isidore of Charax, that refers to a "temple of Artemis" at "Concobar" in Lower Medea, on the overland trade route between the Levant and India. References to Artemis in Iran are interpreted to be references to Anahita, thus Isidore's "temple of Artemis" came to be understood as a reference to a temple of Anahita. Although a general plan of the complex has been compiled, it is still not sufficient to learn about the function and shape of the terrace and the buildings that stood there. Given the lack of archaeological evidence for a temple-like building, "it is questionable whether the is identical with the ruins of Kangāvar. Isidorus described another temple of the first century AD, somewhere in the region of Congobar or at the place of the platform, according to the results of the excavation, seems to be built up in Sasanian times."Despite the archaeological findings, the association with the divinity of fertility and wisdom has made the site a popular tourist attraction.
1. Alireza Khazaei one of the youngest Iranian writers and literary geniuses in Iran. Kangavar Times Broadcast