The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south, Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 square kilometers, and it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. As of 2013, approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelagos earliest inhabitants and they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Chinese, Malay, Indian, and Islamic nations occurred, then, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of Datus, Rajahs, Sultans or Lakans. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization, in 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Roman Catholicism becoming the dominant religion, during this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution. It is a member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. It also hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank, the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte, eventually the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other such as Islas del Poniente. The official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history, during the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic. From the 1898 Treaty of Paris, the name Philippines began to appear, since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. The metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date and this distinction previously belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago. Negritos were also among the archipelagos earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated, there are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos
Joseph Erap Ejercito Estrada is a Filipino politician who served as the 13th President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001 and as the 9th Vice President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1998. He has been Mayor of the City of Manila, the countrys capital, Estrada was elected President in 1998 with a wide margin of votes separating him from the other challengers, and was sworn into the presidency on June 30,1998. In 2000 he declared an all-out-war against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and captured its headquarters and he ran for president again in the 2010 presidential election, but placed second behind Senator Benigno Aquino III. José Marcelo Ejército Sr. was born at 8,25 PM on April 19,1937 at Manuguit Maternity Hospital in Tondo and his family later moved to the wealthy suburb of San Juan. He belonged to a family, and was the eighth of ten children of Emilio Ejercito Sr. and his wife. Emilio Ejercito Sr. later transferred to Central Colleges of the Philippines, in his twenties, he began a career as a drama actor. He adopted the stage name Joseph Estrada, as his mother objected to his chosen career and his decision to quit schooling. Estrada is married to former First Lady-turned-senator Dr. Jorge Ejercito, brother, actor E. R. Ejercito, son of George Estregan and nephew, actor, Mayor of Pagsanjan, Laguna, gary Ejercito, nephew, actor and Board Member of Quezon province. Gherome Ejercito, nephew, basketball player Estrada played the role in more than 100 movies. He was the first FAMAS Hall of Fame recipient for Best Actor and he often played heroes of the lower classes, making him popular among several impoverished citizens. This proved advantageous to his political career and he also founded, together with Guillermo de Vega, the first Metro Manila Film Festival in 1975. His administration was marked by unequaled accomplishments in infrastructure development and he relocated some 1,800 squatter families out of San Juan to Taytay, Rizal, at no cost. He was also the first mayor to computerize assessment of the Real Estate Tax in the Municipal Assessor’s Office, when Corazon Aquino assumed the presidency in 1986, all elected officials of the local government were forcibly removed and replaced by appointed officers-in-charge, including Estrada. The following year, Estrada won a seat in the Senate under the Grand Alliance for Democracy placing 16th in the elections, in 1987, he set his sights on a Senate run and handily garnered a seat. He was appointed Chairman of the Committee on Public Works and he was Vice-Chairman of the Committees on Health, Natural Resources and Ecology and Urban Planning. In 1989, the Free Press cited him as one of the Three Outstanding Senators of the Year and he was conferred the degree of Doctor of Humanities, Honoris Causa by the Bicol University in April 1997, and the University of Pangasinan in 1990. Though Cojuangco lost to former National Defense Secretary Fidel Ramos, Estrada won the vice-presidency garnering more votes than his closest opponent, Ramon Mitra, Jr. s running mate, as Vice-President, Estrada was the chairman of President Ramos Presidential Anti-Crime Commission. Estrada arrested criminal warlords and kidnapping syndicates and he resigned as chairman in 1997
Vilma Santos-Recto, commonly known as Ate Vi, is a Filipino actress and politician. Santos is also a politician, and had served as Governor of Batangas for three terms and as mayor of Lipa City for also three consecutive terms. She won as Representative of the Lone District of Lipa, Batangas in the 2016 elections, Santos started her acting career when one of her uncles, who was a cameraman at Sampaguita Pictures, convinced her to try out for the movies. Initially, Sampaguita Pictures had planned a child role for her in Anak. When Santos was in the studio, she noticed a line of little girls. Thinking that that line was the line for her audition, she decided to queue in, the long line turned out to be for an audition for Sampaguita Pictures offering Trudis Liit. When it was her turn to audition, she was asked by the panel to sing, dance and she got the part of Trudis Liit for which she received the FAMAS Awards Best Child Performer award for 1963. She was cast in Sa Bawat Pintig ng Puso, Maria Cecilia, iginuhit ng Tadhana and later in its sequel Pinagbuklod ng Langit. In 1998, she entered politics and ran for mayor of Lipa City, in 2005, the University of the Philippines conferred to her the Gawad Plaridel Award for her achievements and contributions both as an actress and a public servant. In the same year she was conferred a doctorate degree in humanities by the Lipa City College. She was again honored in 2006 by the University of the Philippines as one of the four awardees in UPs First Diwata Awards, on November 16,2009, along with her husband Ralph Recto, she moved from Lakas-Kampi-CMD to Liberal Party. She won her second and her third term, vilma Santos-Recto is married to Senator Ralph Recto. Together they have a son, Ryan Christian and she is also mother to actor/model/television host Luis Manzano by her previous marriage to actor Edu Manzano. 1972 - FAMAS - Best actress for Dama de Noche 1975 - Bacolod City Film Festival Best Actress for Nakakahiya. Paano ka Ginawa,1998 - Gawad URIAN Best Actress for Bata, Bata. Paano ka Ginawa. 1998 - Star Awards Best Actress for Bata, Bata. Paano ka Ginawa,1998 - Film Academy of the Phils. Best Actress for Bata, Bata. Paano ka Ginawa,1998 - Gawad Sineng-Sine PASADO Awards Best Actress for Bata, Bata. Paano ka Ginawa. 1998 - Siasi, Jolo Critics Awards Best Actress for Bata, Bata. Paano ka Ginawa,1998 - FAMAS Lifetime Achievement Award 1999 - Brussels International Film Festival Best Actress for Bata, Bata. Paano ka Ginawa. and United Staffing Registry Inc
Maria Amapola Cabase
Maria Amapola Cabase, better known by her stage name Amapola, is a Filipino singer, actress, musician, television and radio host. She is widely known in the Philippines as the original artist for the song, Kapantay Ay Langit, which was later popularized by singer Pilita Corrales. Philippine First Lady Imelda Marcos dubbed Cabase as a Music Ambassador for the country in 1973 in celebration of Amapolas first concert in New York, November 3,1973, at New Yorks Town Hall. In 1984, she released her debut album produced in collaboration with jazz pianist Bobby Enriquez. Amapolas music career began when she sang the love theme Guihigugma Ko Ikaw for the Azucena Pictures film Utlanan, the song Kapantay Ay Langit on YouTube sung by Amapola and composed by George Canseco, won the Manila Film Festival Gabi Ng Parangal song of the year award. It was later popularized by singer Pilita Corrales which eventually became her signature song, Amapola was awarded the key to Cebu City by then Governor Manuel Cuenco to celebrate her work as Toy Orchestra Conductor, making her the youngest person ever to receive the honor. The event was held at Cebu Citys DYRC-Radio, attended by Cebu Normal School Military Toy Orchestra, conductor Amapola and director Coronada Pingol, since the 1970s, Amapola has performed jazz and popular music. In 1979, Amapolas band, Amy and the Sounds, featuring her father, in the 1980s, Amapola won a number of awards for her music, such as the Awit Award for Best Female Singer and Best Vocal Performance. Formerly with DSwan Records and winning her first Awit Awards as Best Female Singer in the Vernacular, the aforementioned singles anchored the Gold hit Songs and Amapola under the Pioneer record label. Amapola held the title of Philippine Jukebox Queen in the early 70s, all tracks were written and performed by DAmarillo and his orchestra. The albums back cover featured George Cansecos poem, Ode To Amapola, Amapola hosted Amapola Presents Show a weekly TV variety show at KEMO-TV in San Francisco, which she hosted from 1978 to 1981. She regularly performed on Manila television shows such as Stop, Look, Listen, superstar, Seeing Stars, Etchos Lang and Live with Pops and Martin throughout the 1980s. Amapola was discovered by Espiridion Laxa who signed her up with Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions for three films and she co-starred with Victor Wood in, Mr. Lonely in 1972 and You Are My Destiny in 1973. Both films were directed by Leonardo L. Garcia and written by Rico Bello Omagap, casting for the third film I Went To Your Wedding was changed when Amapola began her USA tour in Honolulu, Hawaii. In 2003, Amapola published Coming Home, her first novel, Coming Home won the Florida Writers Associations Royal Palm Literary Award for Romantic Fiction and was a finalist for Best Fiction of 2004 in Foreword Magazine. In 2005, she published Promising Skies, which received acclaim from New York Times best-selling author Ellen Tanner Marsh. In 1990, Amapola played the role of Bloody Mary in the RVL Sun’s Theater production of South Pacific, on board the Hanseatic, Amapola was offered to sing on board the MS Gripsholm. In 2006, Amapola was invited to headline on board Regent Seven Seas Cruises Voyager World Cruise, Amapola raised two children with her second husband, Nicolas T. Aiello
Dorothy Acueza Jones popularly known by her stage name Nida Blanca, was a Filipina actress. She starred in over 163 movies and 14 television shows and received over 16 awards for movies and she was named one of 15 Best Actresses of all Time by YES. magazine. She was stabbed to death in a parking lot in San Juan City on November 7,2001. Born as Dorothy Acueza Jones in Gapan City, Nueva Ecija, Philippines to an American soldier father, actress Delia Razon successfully urged the head of LVN Pictures, Doña Sisang de Leon to hire Blanca. She was screen tested on October 6,1950 by LVN Pictures where she reigned as queen for more than a decade, in the movies, she has played everything from a guy-punching lesbian to a nun. She also starred in the hit TV comedy series, John En Marsha, in 1958, she appeared opposite her contemporary, noted singer/actress Sylvia La Torre, and Leroy Salvador, in the LVN movie Tuloy ang Ligaya. She separated from her first husband, Victorino Torres when their daughter Kaye was only two years old and she later married her second husband Roger Lawrence Strunk, an American singer and actor, known by his screen name, Rod Lauren in Las Vegas in 1979. She was an member of the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board, attending screenings and rating movies twice a week. The prime suspect was Blancas husband Rod Strunk whom the prosecutors said had hired a hitman to kill her because Blanca had disinherited him from her will. Investigators found that Blanca had up to P85 million in properties, including a Greenhills, San Juan condominium worth P10 million, if Blanca had annulled her marriage, Strunk would get nothing. Medel recanted his testimony four days later claiming the police had tortured him into confessing, the prosecutors said medical examinations had found no evidence to back his claim of torture. Despite Medels recantation, Strunk remained the suspect according to Philippine prosecutors, based largely on circumstantial evidence. Strunk was in the U. S. in 2003 when he was charged with the murder of Blanca and he left the Philippines in January 2002 to visit his mother who was dying at the time and never returned. He was later arrested at his home and detained at the Sacramento County Jail after the Philippine government filed an extradition request against Strunk to stand trial in the Philippines, the U. S. court denied the extradition request and Strunk was immediately released from jail. The Philippine government had filed an extradition case against Strunk but has not received any official response from the United States government. Strunk committed suicide on July 11,2007 by jumping from a balcony of the Tracy Inn in Tracy. Kaye Torres lamented in 2008 that after seven years, the case is still pending trial. She stated that she is convinced Philip Medel is guilty of the crime, Philip Medel remained the suspect and was held in jail until his death on 7 April 2010 at the age of 62
Fernando Poe Jr.
Ronald Allan Kelley Poe, better known as Fernando Poe Jr. and colloquially known as FPJ and Da King, was a Filipino actor. During the latter part of his career, Poe was defeated by then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in the 2004 Philippine presidential elections and his long career as an action film star earned him the nickname King of Philippine Movies. Poe was posthumously declared a National Artist of the Philippines for Film on May 23,2006 by President Macapagal-Arroyo, the award was confirmed by President Benigno Aquino III on July 20,2012, and was presented to his family on August 16. Ronald Allan K. Poe was the son of Filipino actor Fernando Poe Sr. a native from San Carlos City, Pangasinan and Elizabeth Bessie Kelley, an Irish-American. His parents were not yet married when he was born on August 20,1939. His political opponents tried to derail his bid for the 2004 Philippine presidency when they sought to disqualify him as a son of a non-Filipino mother. Conrad Poe, a Filipino actor is Ronald Poes half-brother, the son of Fernando Poe Sr. Pou is the spelling of the familys surname from his grandfather, playwright Lorenzo Pou, a Catalan migrant from Majorca, Spain. In 1953, Poe finished his education at San Beda College. For high school, he went to San Sebastian College and he continued his education at Mapua Institute of Technology and University of the East. His father died from rabies at age 35, leaving the young Poe as the breadwinner, to support his family. Poe dropped out of school to work in the Philippine film industry as a messenger boy. Starting as a stuntman for Everlasting Pictures, he was given a role in the movie Anak ni Palaris at the age of 14. The movie was not a big hit, in 1957 the movie Lo Waist Gang made him popular, and the film was such a big hit that low-waist pants became a fad. Also known as FPJ from his initials, Poe acted in a number of movies which depicted him as the champion of the poor and he also directed nine movies, under the pseudonym Ronwaldo Reyes. Reyes originated from the surname of his grandmother, Martha. He established FPJ Productions in 1961 and later organized other film companies, in 1963, he testified against criminal gangs, known as the Big Four, who extorted money from the film industry. In 1965, he shared the lead in The Ravagers, a film depicting the United States, the film is considered one of the most influential Filipino films