California-Kirkbride is a neighborhood on Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's North Side. The neighborhood consists of a wedge of land between the railroad tracks at the northern edge of Manchester and a steep hill at the southern edges of Brightwood and Perry Hilltop. Put differently, the neighborhood is bounded by Allegheny Avenues on the West. A former rail yard, now home to a United States Postal Service sorting facility, occupies most of the southern border, Oliver High School, a high school in the Pittsburgh Public Schools system, is located just north of the neighborhood's northern border at Island Avenue. Most of the neighborhood is located on the flat river plain that comprises the majority of old Allegheny City; the neighborhood developed along with Manchester and, according to a 1974 profile by Pittsburgh's Department of Planning, would be considered part of Manchester but for the railroad tracks that form a border between Manchester and California-Kirkbride. That profile states that: "Historically, this area had been part of Manchester but due to the barrier imposed by the railroad, it did not receive the industrial uses typical of Manchester except on its borders.
However, it was effected by the racial shift in population which increased from about 3% Black in 1960 to about 35% in the 1970 census." The neighborhood was developed exclusively between 1870 and 1900. During this period, industries including tanneries and the local rail yard were flourishing in Allegheny City, the men working in these industries needed housing for themselves and their families. To meet this need, several businessmen - the owners of the businesses whose workers needed housing - bought land in California-Kirkbride and built rowhouses on it; the neighborhood thus consists entirely of rowhouses that were built for industrial workers and their families. A significant portion of the neighborhood's rowhouses were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984, as the Old Allegheny Rows Historic District; as the petition nominating the district for National Register status explained, these rowhouses, while intended for industrial workers of modest means, were designed to be beautiful and to offer the workers some amenities: "The various styles and designs of row houses in the proposed Old Allegheny Rows Historic District represent the local evolution of row housing between 1870-1900.
The growth of industry and manufacturing and improvements in transportation, a growing urban working class, increased the demand for housing in what had been a remote corner of the City of Allegheny. This era saw a change in the nature and appearance of city dwellings in the district from simple brick boxes intended to house the workers of a particular local industry, to an ornate polychromed speculative development with modern conveniences designed to appeal to the independent urban wage earner." The neighborhood began to depopulate after the Great Depression. The neighborhood's demographics shifted after 1960: the African-American population increased from 3% of the neighborhood in 1960 to 33% in 1970, to 80% in 2000. Since 1970, a significant portion of the neighborhood's building stock has been owned by absentee landlords who rent to subsidized tenants through Section 8 and similar programs. Critics of these landlords allege that they listed the neighborhood as a historic district as a ruse to obtain federal funding to buy and rent the properties, while at the same time neglecting upkeep and demolishing some of these neglected structures.
The landlords dispute these criticisms and claim that they are working to improve the neighborhood. Over time, some of the neighborhood's structures have been demolished, so that there are now significant gaps in the rows of houses, which are now vacant lots; some current residents see these changes as improvements which will encourage new residents to maintain and preserve the remaining structures. California-Kirkbride has four borders with the Pittsburgh neighborhoods of Perry South from the north to the east, Central North Side from the east to the south, Manchester to the west, Marshall-Shadeland to the northwest. List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map California Kirkbride - The Fall of a National Historic District Toker, Franklin. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6
Central Northside (Pittsburgh)
Central Northside is a neighborhood in the North Side of the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. It has a zip code of 15212, has representation on Pittsburgh City Council by the council member for District 6. Known as "The Buena Vista Tract", it is densely filled with restored row houses, community gardens and tree lined streets and alleyways. In the late 19th century, Pennsylvania became known for its stately homes, occupied by some of the area's wealthy families. One such area became known as the Mexican War Streets; the Mexican War Streets were laid out in 1847, during the Mexican–American War, by William Robinson Jr. ex-mayor of the city of Allegheny. Robinson, who contrary to some tellings did not serve in the war, subdivided his land and named the new streets after the war's battles and generals. Central Northside has seven city neighborhood borders with Perry South to the north, Fineview to the northeast, East Allegheny to the southeast, Allegheny Center to the south, Allegheny West to the southwest, Manchester to the west and California-Kirkbride to the northwest.
The 1979 sports/cult classic The Fish That Saved Pittsburgh used the neighborhoods southern border of North Avenue's gritty former "burlesque row" adjacent to the Garden Theater to depict Stockard Channing's gypsy fortune teller characters office and residence. Thirty years in 2010, the Katherine Heigl film One for the Money uses the same exact buildings complete with Garden Theater marquee to once again depict a gritty inner city environment—though much of the characters and vice of the North Avenue corridor has been corrected, the structures still adapt well on the areas southern border. On 10 September 2012, the Central Northside Neighborhood Council voted to change the neighborhood's name to Allegheny City Central. However, according to an FAQ published by the CNNC in August 2012, the Council reported that official city maps would "probably not" reflect the name change and that the city planning department is "always reluctant" to alter established names; the same document refers to the name change as a "branding initiative", part of a "new brand and marketing strategy".
List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods City of Pittsburgh's Central Northside page Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map Mexican War Streets Society Allegheny City Central
Fineview is a neighborhood on Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's North Side. It has zip codes of both 15212 and 15214, has representation on Pittsburgh City Council by the council member for District 6 and District 1. Fineview was known to older generations as Nunnery Hill, its modern name derives from the expansive views of downtown Pittsburgh. The most famous of these views is from the Fineview Overlook at the corner of Catoma and Meadville streets. For older generations, this neighborhood was well known for its locally famous streetcar line, for its incline, known as the Nunnery Hill Incline; this incline was one of two in the city. The incline started at the present-day intersection of Federal Street; the curve was located in the area of Jay Street. The incline ended along Meadville Street; the old retaining wall, built for the incline can still be seen running up the side of Henderson Street. This route ran from 1908 to April 30, 1966. Fineview has four borders with the Pittsburgh neighborhoods of Perry South to the north and west, Central Northside to the southwest, East Allegheny to the south and Spring Hill–City View to the east.
List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Toker, Franklin. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map Media related to Fineview at Wikimedia Commons
Troy Hill (Pittsburgh)
Troy Hill is a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's North Side. It has a zip code of 15212, has representation on Pittsburgh City Council by the council member for District 1. Troy Hill sits on a plateau above the Allegheny River on the North Side of Pittsburgh, it is 3 kilometers long from Vinial Street to the end of Lowrie Street and only 1 kilometer wide from Wicklines Lane to Herr's Island. Troy Hill was part of The Reserve Tract incorporated in 1833. Called the village of New Troy, it was settled by German immigrants who worked in the mills, tanneries and railroads that lined the Allegheny river; the migration up to Troy Hill began when a Catholic church opened a small cemetery in 1842. By 1866 one hundred families were Troy Hill residents. In 1877, Troy Hill became the thirteenth ward of the City of Pennsylvania. Subsequently, when the City of Allegheny was annexed, Troy Hill became a neighborhood of the city of Pittsburgh. Troy Hill is home to six historic landmarks: the Troy Hill Firehouse, Saint Anthony's Chapel, the Rectory of Most Holy Name of Jesus, the Troy Hill Incline Building, the Allegheny Reservoir Wall, the Ober-Guehl house.
In the 1830s, Troy Hill's population escalated resulting in the need of a school. In 1836, a 1-room brick school house was built in "New Troy" and named Mount Troy School #1, because at the time it was located in Reserve Township, it was sold in 1860, replaced by a new, 2 room brick school house. A decade after the civil war, the pupils increased to around 200, so 2 more rooms were added in 1874. Troy Hill was now part of Allegheny's School System, in 1883 the school was demolished and a new one was built in its place; that building was also replaced by the Troy Hill School of 1907, but was shut down in 1960 and demolished. The site of the original school is now a community park. Troy Hill was the home to Commissioner Thomas J. Foerster who served 10 years in the state house and 28 years as the Commissioner of Allegheny County, he served on the first county council established in 2000. Another notable resident was Andrew Fenrich who served 9 terms in the state house, was executive secretary for the mayor of Pittsburgh, served as executive secretary for the Allegheny County Democrats.
Until 1959 the neighbourhood was served by the 4 Troy Hill trolley operated by Pittsburgh Railways. While "Troy Hill" refers to the German neighborhood atop the Troy Hill plateau, the neighborhood's boundaries encompass the narrow and flat river plain that sits between the plateau and the Allegheny River; as of 2011, this river plain is dominated by Pennsylvania Route 28, an expressway which begins at East Ohio Street and follows the river north. But before Route 28 became an expressway, this plain was a Croatian neighborhood, settled by immigrants from Jastrebarsko, who called the neighborhood "Mala Jaska" and founded St. Nicholas Parish. Several Hollywood films have scenes filmed in Troy Hill, including Hoffa, Innocent Blood, Striking Distance, Adventureland. Troy Hill has five borders including the Pittsburgh neighborhoods of Spring Garden to the north and northwest, East Allegheny to the west, North Shore to the southwest as well as Reserve Township to the north-northwest and the borough of Millvale to the northeast.
Troy Hill is adjacent to the Strip District across the Allegheny River with a direct link via 31st Street Bridge. List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map Troy Hill Citizens, Inc. nextpittsburgh.com - Things to do in Troy Hill
Elliott is a small, hilly neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's West End Region. Elliott is represented on the Pittsburgh City Council by the council member for District 2, uses the ZIP code 15220. Beginning as a portion of the now-defunct Township of Chartiers and existing for a brief time as an independent borough, Elliott was annexed by the City of Pittsburgh in two pieces. Elliott grew during this time as a dense and thriving residential community, due to its proximity to downtown Pittsburgh and direct access to several arterial roads and streetcar lines. In the latter half of the twentieth century, the neighborhood was affected adversely by industrial decline, economic hardship, mass emigration to Pittsburgh's developing suburbs, as well as numerous other socioeconomic factors that affected the region at that time. Today, the West End Elliott Citizens Council is an active community group located in the heart of the neighborhood and is working to help reverse this deterioration; the Pittsburgh Bureau of Fire houses Truck 30 in Elliott.
Elliott is home to West End Park, voted one of Pittsburgh's best-planned community parks. Elliott contains one of Pittsburgh's most visited attractions, the West End Overlook, which underwent a two-year, $2.1 million renovation. Elliott is home to numerous churches, historic homes, a newly built senior retirement facility, its former community public school, Thaddeus Stevens Elementary, closed in 2012 after 73 years of operation. A notable street in Elliott is called "Rue Grande Vue." It is the address of a group of homes known locally as the "Ten Commandments," that have an impressive view of the skyline of Pittsburgh similar to the West End Overlook. One of the homes has been demolished, so there are only 9 now. According to some older residents of Elliott, the neighborhood was once nicknamed "dogtown" because many of the locals owned dogs as pets. Elliott has five borders with the following Pittsburgh neighborhoods: North – Esplen East – West End Valley South – Westwood West – Crafton Heights North west – Sheraden Elliott is adjacent to the Pittsburgh neighborhood of Chateau across the Ohio River.
List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Toker, Franklin. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map
Pittsburgh Public Schools
Pittsburgh Public Schools is the public school district in Pittsburgh, United States and adjacent Mount Oliver. The combined land area of these municipalities is 58.3 square miles with a population of 342,503 according to the 2000 census. In March 2012, Linda Lane was named as the superintendent, she has a performance-based contract until Jan 2014. Lane served as Deputy Superintendent from 2006 until her promotion. In June 2016, Anthony Hamlet was confirmed as the new Superintendent after a month-long controversy over his credentials; the school district operates 54 schools with 3,900 full-time employees and serves 24,652 students with a 2016 General Fund Budget of $570.4 million, or $23,100/ student. Locations: Administration Building—341 S. Bellefield Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213—40.444716°N 79.950660°W / 40.444716. This act provided government aid for the establishment of a city school system which included the creation of four wards that were self-governed. Twenty years the wards were disbanded, the Central Board of Education was founded.
This board would govern the entire school district which would consist of nine wards or sub- districts. The first city superintendent of schools was elected in 1868. In 1911, the School Code of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania modified the existing system to include a Board of Public education that would oversee sixty-one sub-districts and two central boards; the Public School Code of 1949 further regulated the provisions and establishment of Pennsylvania state schools.. The following 2012-2013 rankings are based on mandatory Pennsylvania System of School Assessment testing of 11th grade students in reading and math. Only public high schools participate in PSSA testing. Taylor Allderdice High School: Ranked 382 out of 592 Pennsylvania Public High Schools Carrick High School: Ranked 492 out of 592 Pennsylvania Public High Schools Brashear High School: Ranked 521 out of 592 Pennsylvania Public High Schools Perry Traditional Academy HS: Ranked 557 out of 592 Pennsylvania Public High Schools Milliones University Prep HS: No test results listed Westinghouse High School: No test results listed The following City of Pittsburgh high schools serve the denoted City of Pittsburgh neighborhoods: Taylor Allderdice High School Glen Hazel, Hazelwood, Lincoln Place, East Hills, New Homestead, Park Place, Point Breeze, Squirrel Hill and Swisshelm Park.
Carrick High School Allentown, Arlington Heights, Bon Air, Overbrook, Mt. Oliver, Southside Slopes and St. Clair. Brashear High School Banksville, Brookline, Chartiers City, Crafton Heights, Duquesne Heights, East Carnegie, Esplen, Mount Washington, Ridgemont, South Shore, Southside Flats, West End and Windgap. Perry Traditional Academy High School Allegheny Center, Allegheny West, Brighton Heights, California-Kirkbride, Central Northside, East Allegheny, Manchester, Marshall-Shadeland, North Shore, Northview Heights, Perry North, Perry South, Spring Garden, Spring Hill-City View, Summer Hill and Troy Hill. Milliones University Preparatory High School Bedford Dwellings, Bluff, Central Business District, Central Lawrenceville, Crawford-Roberts, Garfield, Lower Lawrenceville, Middle Hill, Polish Hill, Stanton Heights, Strip District, Terrace Village, Upper Hill, Upper Lawrenceville and West Overland. Westinghouse High School East Hills, East Liberty, Highland Park, Homewood North, Homewood South, Homewood West, Lincoln-Lemington-Belmar and Point Breeze North.
As part of the final right-sizing plan approved by the Board in February 2006, eight of the poorer performing schools were transformed into Accelerated Learning Academies. The eight schools were: Arlington Accelerated Learning Academy, Colfax Accelerated Learning Academy, Fort Pitt Accelerated Learning Academy, Martin Luther King Accelerated Learning Academy, Murray Accelerated Learning Academy, Northview Accelerated Learning Academy, A. J. Rooney Accelerated Learning Academy, Weil Technology Accelerated Learning Academy; these schools were put on a longer school year calendar with 10 extra days, as well as a longer school day adding 45 minutes of instructional time. The ALAs use the America's Choice Design Model, developed by the National Center on Education and the Economy. In early 2006 the district contracted with Kaplan K12 Learning Services to develop a core curriculum for grades 6 through 12; the core curriculum will be phased in over the course of three years: during the 2006-7 school year the district will implement the new curriculum for English in grades 6–10 and Math in grades 6, 9 and 10.
Lesson plans and curriculum coaching will be provided to teachers, the students will undergo benchmark testing every 6 weeks to assess student progress. Each school will have curriculum coaches on-site to aid teachers and provide them with professional development; the Key Concepts presented in the curriculum will be aligned with the state standards tested for in the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment annual tests. In July, 2010, Bill Gates note
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails known as tracks. It is commonly referred to as train transport. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a prepared flat surface, rail vehicles are directionally guided by the tracks on which they run. Tracks consist of steel rails, installed on ties and ballast, on which the rolling stock fitted with metal wheels, moves. Other variations are possible, such as slab track, where the rails are fastened to a concrete foundation resting on a prepared subsurface. Rolling stock in a rail transport system encounters lower frictional resistance than road vehicles, so passenger and freight cars can be coupled into longer trains; the operation is carried out by a railway company, providing transport between train stations or freight customer facilities. Power is provided by locomotives which either draw electric power from a railway electrification system or produce their own power by diesel engines.
Most tracks are accompanied by a signalling system. Railways are a safe land transport system. Railway transport is capable of high levels of passenger and cargo utilization and energy efficiency, but is less flexible and more capital-intensive than road transport, when lower traffic levels are considered; the oldest known, man/animal-hauled railways date back to the 6th century BC in Greece. Rail transport commenced in mid 16th century in Germany in the form of horse-powered funiculars and wagonways. Modern rail transport commenced with the British development of the steam locomotives in the early 19th century, thus the railway system in Great Britain is the oldest in the world. Built by George Stephenson and his son Robert's company Robert Stephenson and Company, the Locomotion No. 1 is the first steam locomotive to carry passengers on a public rail line, the Stockton and Darlington Railway in 1825. George Stephenson built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use only the steam locomotives all the time, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which opened in 1830.
With steam engines, one could construct mainline railways, which were a key component of the Industrial Revolution. Railways reduced the costs of shipping, allowed for fewer lost goods, compared with water transport, which faced occasional sinking of ships; the change from canals to railways allowed for "national markets" in which prices varied little from city to city. The spread of the railway network and the use of railway timetables, led to the standardisation of time in Britain based on Greenwich Mean Time. Prior to this, major towns and cities varied their local time relative to GMT; the invention and development of the railway in the United Kingdom was one of the most important technological inventions of the 19th century. The world's first underground railway, the Metropolitan Railway, opened in 1863. In the 1880s, electrified trains were introduced, leading to electrification of tramways and rapid transit systems. Starting during the 1940s, the non-electrified railways in most countries had their steam locomotives replaced by diesel-electric locomotives, with the process being complete by the 2000s.
During the 1960s, electrified high-speed railway systems were introduced in Japan and in some other countries. Many countries are in the process of replacing diesel locomotives with electric locomotives due to environmental concerns, a notable example being Switzerland, which has electrified its network. Other forms of guided ground transport outside the traditional railway definitions, such as monorail or maglev, have been tried but have seen limited use. Following a decline after World War II due to competition from cars, rail transport has had a revival in recent decades due to road congestion and rising fuel prices, as well as governments investing in rail as a means of reducing CO2 emissions in the context of concerns about global warming; the history of rail transport began in the 6th century BC in Ancient Greece. It can be divided up into several discrete periods defined by the principal means of track material and motive power used. Evidence indicates that there was 6 to 8.5 km long Diolkos paved trackway, which transported boats across the Isthmus of Corinth in Greece from around 600 BC.
Wheeled vehicles pulled by men and animals ran in grooves in limestone, which provided the track element, preventing the wagons from leaving the intended route. The Diolkos was in use for over 650 years, until at least the 1st century AD; the paved trackways were later built in Roman Egypt. In 1515, Cardinal Matthäus Lang wrote a description of the Reisszug, a funicular railway at the Hohensalzburg Fortress in Austria; the line used wooden rails and a hemp haulage rope and was operated by human or animal power, through a treadwheel. The line still exists and is operational, although in updated form and is the oldest operational railway. Wagonways using wooden rails, hauled by horses, started appearing in the 1550s to facilitate the transport of ore tubs to and from mines, soon became popular in Europe; such an operation was illustrated in Germany in 1556 by Georgius Agricola in his work De re metallica. This line used "Hund" carts with unflanged wheels running on wooden planks and a vertical pin on the truck fitting into the gap between the planks to keep it going the right way.
The miners called the wagons Hunde from the noise. There are many references to their use in central Europe in the 16th century; such a transport system was used by German miners at Cal