Essex station (Montana)
Essex station is a flag stop on Amtrak's Empire Builder line in Essex, Montana. Essex has a year-round population of less than 50. There is no station building at Essex. In late 2010, Amtrak built a concrete platform with embedded heating coils for automatic snow clearance to replace the former asphalt platform, added additional lighting and fencing; the conductor has a computer-generated list of passengers needing to board or detrain, thus knows if the Empire Builder needs to stop in Essex on any given day. Media related to Essex at Wikimedia Commons Essex Station, Great American Stations websiteEssex, MT – Amtrak Essex Amtrak Station
The Empire Builder is an Amtrak long-distance passenger train that operates daily between Chicago and – via two sections west of Spokane – Seattle and Portland. Introduced in 1929, it was the flagship passenger train of the Great Northern Railway and its successor, the Burlington Northern, was retained by Amtrak when it took over intercity rail service in 1971; the end-to-end travel time of the route is 45–46 hours for an average speed of about 50 mph, though the train travels as fast as 79 mph over the majority of the route. It is Amtrak's busiest long-distance route; the Great Northern Railway inaugurated the Empire Builder on June 10, 1929. It was named in honor of the company's founder, James J. Hill, who had reorganized several failing railroads into the only successful attempt at a privately-funded transcontinental railroad, it reached the Pacific Northwest in the late 19th century, for this feat, he was nicknamed "The Empire Builder." Following World War II, Great Northern placed new streamlined and diesel-powered trains in service that cut the scheduled 2,211-mile-trip between Chicago and Seattle from 58.5 hours to 45 hours.
The schedule allowed riders views of the Cascade Mountains and Glacier National Park, a park established through the lobbying efforts of the Great Northern. Re-equipped with domes in 1955, the Empire Builder offered passengers sweeping views of the route through three dome coaches and one full-length Great Dome car for first class passengers. In 1970, the Great Northern merged with three other affiliated railroads to form the Burlington Northern Railroad, which assumed operation of the Builder. Amtrak took over the train when it began operating most intercity routes a year and shifted the Chicago–St. Paul leg to the Milwaukee Road route through Milwaukee along the route to St Paul. Before 1971, the Chicago–St. Paul leg used the Chicago and Quincy Railroad's mainline along the Mississippi River through Wisconsin; the service used to operate west from the Twin Cities before turning northwest in Willmar, Minnesota, to reach Fargo. Amtrak added the Spokane–Portland section in 1981, restoring service to the line operated by the Spokane and Seattle Railway.
In 2005, Amtrak upgraded service to include a wine and cheese tasting in the dining car for sleeping car passengers and free newspapers in the morning. Amtrak's inspector general eliminated some of these services in 2013 as part of a cost-saving measure. During summer months, on portions of the route, "Trails and Rails" volunteer tour guides in the lounge car give commentary on points of visual and historic interest that can be viewed from the train; the Empire Builder is Amtrak's most popular long-distance train. Over fiscal years 2007–2016, Empire Builder annual ridership averaged 500,000, with a high of 554,266 in FY 2008. Revenue peaked in FY 2013 at $67,394,779. About 65% of the cost of operating the train is covered by fare revenue, a rate among Amtrak's long-distance trains second only to the specialized East Coast Auto Train; the train passes through Oregon, Idaho, North Dakota, Minnesota and Illinois. It makes service stops in Spokane, Havre, Minot, North Dakota, Saint Paul, Minnesota.
Its other major stops include Vancouver, Whitefish, Fargo, North Dakota, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. It uses BNSF Railway's northern route from Seattle to Minneapolis, Minnesota Commercial from Minneapolis to St. Paul, the Canadian Pacific from St. Paul to Rondout and Metra's Milwaukee District / North Line from Rondout to Chicago; the Seattle section uses the Cascade Tunnel and Stevens Pass as it traverses the Cascade Range to reach Spokane, while the Portland section runs along the north side of the Columbia River Gorge. The cars from the two sections are combined at Spokane; the train continues into the mountains in northern Idaho. The schedule is timed so that the train passes through the Rocky Mountains during daylight – an occurrence, more on the eastbound train during summer. Passengers can see sweeping views as the train skirts the southern edge of the park, crossing the Continental Divide at Marias Pass. After three stops near Glacier National Park – Whitefish, West Glacier and either East Glacier in the summer or Browning in the winter – the train crosses Marias Pass and enters the Northern Plains of eastern Montana and North Dakota.
The land changes from prairie to forest. From Saint Paul Union Depot, the train crosses the Mississippi River at Hastings and passes through southeastern Minnesota cities on or near Lake Pepin before crossing the Mississippi again at La Crosse, Wisconsin, it passes through rural southern Wisconsin, turns south at Milwaukee, ends at Chicago Union Station. In its present form, the westbound Empire Builder leaves Chicago in early afternoon, arriving in Milwaukee just before the afternoon rush and in St. Paul in the evening. After traveling overnight through Minnesota, it spends most of the following day traveling through North Dakota and Montana, arriving at Glacier National Park in the early evening and splittling late at night in Spokane; the Seattle section travels through the Cascades overnight. The Portland section arrives in the Tri-Cities just in Portland in mid-morning; the eastbound Seattle and Portland sections leave within five minutes of each other just before the afternoon rush, combining in Spokane and traveling through Montana overnight before arriving at Glacier National Park in mid-morning and Williston at dinner time.
After traveling overnight through North
Coram is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Flathead County, United States. The population was 539 at the 2010 census, up from 337 at the 2000 census. Coram lies 7 miles southwest of the western entrance of Glacier National Park. Coram is located in central Flathead County at 48°25′3″N 114°2′44″W, on the east side of the Flathead River. U. S. Route 2 passes through the community, leading northeast 6.5 miles to the community of West Glacier and southwest 27 miles to Kalispell. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Coram CDP has a total area of 3.8 square miles, of which 3.7 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 2.72%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 337 people, 134 households, 88 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 296.5 people per square mile. There were 151 housing units at an average density of 132.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 93.47% White, 2.67% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 1.19% from other races, 1.78% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.08% of the population. There were 134 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.09. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 113.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.8 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $22,000, the median income for a family was $23,125. Males had a median income of $24,188 versus $14,286 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $18,799. About 12.9% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.0% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
East Glacier Park Village, Montana
East Glacier Park is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Glacier County, United States. The population was 363 on the 2010 United States Census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.4 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 396 people, 148 households, 101 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 90.9 people per square mile. There were 219 housing units at an average density of 50.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 43.43% White, 0.25% African American, 51.77% Native American, 1.26% from other races, 3.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.76% of the population. There were 148 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.1% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.27. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 32.1% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, 7.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $37,417, the median income for a family was $39,250. Males had a median income of $32,250 versus $27,917 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $17,318. About 14.3% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 26.8% of those age 65 or over. The East Glacier Park Amtrak Station is open seasonally during the spring and fall. During the winter the stop is at Browning, just east of East Glacier Village. Glacier Park International Airport at Kalispell is the closest airport
An Indian reservation is a legal designation for an area of land managed by a federally recognized Native American tribe under the U. S. Bureau of Indian Affairs rather than the state governments of the United States in which they are physically located; each of the 326 Indian reservations in the United States is associated with a particular Native American nation. Not all of the country's 567 recognized tribes have a reservation—some tribes have more than one reservation, while some share reservations. In addition, because of past land allotments, leading to some sales to non–Native Americans, some reservations are fragmented, with each piece of tribal and held land being a separate enclave; this jumble of private and public real estate creates significant administrative and legal difficulties. The collective geographical area of all reservations is 56,200,000 acres the size of Idaho. While most reservations are small compared to U. S. states, there are 12 Indian reservations larger than the state of Rhode Island.
The largest reservation, the Navajo Nation Reservation, is similar in size to West Virginia. Reservations are unevenly distributed throughout the country; because tribes possess the concept of tribal sovereignty though it is limited, laws on tribal lands vary from those of the surrounding area. These laws can permit legal casinos for example, which attract tourists; the tribal council, not the local government or the United States federal government has jurisdiction over reservations. Different reservations have different systems of government, which may or may not replicate the forms of government found outside the reservation. Most Native American reservations were established by the federal government; the name "reservation" comes from the conception of the Native American tribes as independent sovereigns at the time the U. S. Constitution was ratified. Thus, the early peace treaties in which Native American tribes surrendered large portions of land to the U. S. designated parcels which the tribes, as sovereigns, "reserved" to themselves, those parcels came to be called "reservations".
The term remained in use after the federal government began to forcibly relocate tribes to parcels of land to which they had no historical connection. Today a majority of Native Americans and Alaska Natives live somewhere other than the reservations in larger western cities such as Phoenix and Los Angeles. In 2012, there were with about 1 million living on reservations. From the beginning of the European colonization of the Americas, Europeans removed native peoples from lands they wished to occupy; the means varied, including treaties made under considerable duress, forceful ejection, violence, in a few cases voluntary moves based on mutual agreement. The removal caused many problems such as tribes losing means of livelihood by being subjected to a defined area, farmers having inadmissible land for agriculture, hostility between tribes; the first reservation was established in southern New Jersey on 29 August 1758. It was called Brotherton Indian Reservation and Edgepillock or Edgepelick; the area was 3284 acres.
Today it is called Indian Mills in Shamong Township. In 1764 the "Plan for the Future Management of Indian Affairs" was proposed by the Board of Trade. Although never adopted formally, the plan established the imperial government's expectation that land would only be bought by colonial governments, not individuals, that land would only be purchased at public meetings. Additionally, this plan dictated that the Indians would be properly consulted when ascertaining and defining the boundaries of colonial settlement; the private contracts that once characterized the sale of Indian land to various individuals and groups—from farmers to towns—were replaced by treaties between sovereigns. This protocol was adopted by the United States Government after the American Revolution. On 11 March 1824, John C. Calhoun founded the Office of Indian Affairs as a division of the United States Department of War, to solve the land problem with 38 treaties with American Indian tribes; the document “Indian Treaties, Laws and Regulations Relating to Indian Affairs”’ published in 1825 in Washington City, America was signed by president Andrew Jackson.
He states that “we have placed the land reserves in a better state for the benefit of society” with approval of Indigenous reservations prior to 1850. The letter is signed by Isaac Shelby and the American President and discusses several regulations regarding Indigenous people of America and the approval of Indigenous segregation and the reservation system. President Martin Van Buren writes a Treaty with the Saginaw Tribe of Chippewas in 1837 to build a light house; the President of the United States of America was directly involved in the creation of new Treaties regarding Indian Reservations before 1850. He says Indigenous Reservations are “all their reserves of land in the state of Michigan, on the principle of said reserves being sold at the public land offices for their benefit and the actual proceeds being paid to them.” The agreement is for the Indigenous Tribe to sell their land, based on a Reservation to build a “lighthouse.” President, Martin Van Buren wants to buy Indigenous Reservation Land to build infrastructure.
A Treaty signed by John Forsyth, the Secretary of State on behalf of, President Martin Van Buren of the United
Lakeside is an unincorporated area and census-designated place in Flathead County, United States. The population was 2,669 at the 2010 census, up from 1,679 at the 2000 census. Lakeside is located in southern Flathead County at 48°1′12″N 114°13′41″W, on the western shore of the north end of Flathead Lake, it is bordered to the north by Somers, it extends south as far as the Lake County line. U. S. Route 93 passes through Lakeside, leading north 14 miles to Kalispell and south 37 miles to Polson at the south end of Flathead Lake. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Lakeside CDP has a total area of 18.0 square miles, of which 14.1 square miles is land and 3.9 square miles, or 21.69%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,679 people, 705 households, 520 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 228.9 people per square mile. There were 956 housing units at an average density of 130.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.92% White, 0.06% African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.30% from other races, 0.60% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.07% of the population. 15.6% were of English, 15.3% German, 14.8% Norwegian, 8.2% United States or American, 7.3% Irish and 5.5% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 705 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.7% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.2% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.78. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 3.8% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $36,048, the median income for a family was $43,839.
Males had a median income of $30,819 versus $21,591 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,533. About 13.6% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.5% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over