Estádio Rei Pelé
The Estádio Rei Pelé known as Trapichão, is a multi-purpose stadium in Maceió, Brazil. It is used for football matches; the stadium holds 18,801. The stadium was built in 1970. Estádio Rei Pelé is owned by the Government of Alagoas and it is the stadium where CRB and CSA locationally play their home matches; the stadium is named after the footballer Pelé, its name means King Pelé. The stadium is nicknamed Trapichão. There is a museum inside the stadium, called Museu de Esportes Edvaldo Santa Rosa, named after an Alagoan footballer nicknamed Dida, who played for Clube de Regatas do Flamengo and the Brazil national football team. In 1970, the works on Estádio Rei Pelé were completed; the inaugural match was played on October 25 of that year, when Santos beat an Alagoas State All-Stars 5-0. The first goal of the stadium was scored by Santos' Douglas; the stadium's attendance record stands at 45,865, set on the inaugural match. Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 2 - Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001.
Templos do Futebol
Estádio do Café
The Estádio Jacy Scaff known as Estádio do Café, is a football stadium inaugurated on August 22, 1976, in Londrina, Paraná, with a maximum capacity of 36,000 people. The stadium is owned by the City Hall of Londrina, is the home ground of Londrina Esporte Clube and Associação Portuguesa Londrinense. Sociedade Esportiva Matsubara plays at the stadium, its formal name honors Jacy Scaff, a former president of Londrina Esporte Clube. Its nickname, Café, is due to coffee being one of the most important goods exported by Londrina city; the stadium is located 4 km away from the city's downtown, close to the Autódromo Internacional Ayrton Senna. Estádio do; the stadium was built due to Londrina Esporte Clube's invitation to dispute the 1976 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. The inaugural match was played on August 22, 1976, when Londrina and Flamengo drew 1-1; the first goal of the stadium was scored by Londrina's Paraná. The stadium's attendance record stands at 54,178, set on February 15, 1978, when Londrina beat Corinthians 1-0.
In 2000, the stadium hosted matches of the South American Pre-Olympic Football Tournament. In 2001, due to an electrical energy rationing in Brazil, the Brazilian Football Confederation transferred several matches to Estádio do Café, including Paulista derbies such as Santos-São Paulo and Palmeiras-Santos. Londrina's Official website Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 2 - Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001. Templos do Futebol Londrina's Official website
Brazil the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, its most populated city is São Paulo; the federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers, it borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats; this unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system; the ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Brazil is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the ninth largest GDP in the world by nominal, eight and PPP measures, it is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. It is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great or a middle power in international affairs. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, it is that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.
In Portuguese, brazilwood is called pau-brasil, with the word brasil given the etymology "red like an ember", formed from brasa and the suffix -il. As brazilwood produces a deep red dye, it was valued by the European textile industry and was the earliest commercially exploited product from Brazil. Throughout the 16th century, massive amounts of brazilwood were harvested by indigenous peoples along the Brazilian coast, who sold the timber to European traders in return for assorted European consumer goods; the official Portuguese name of the land, in original Portuguese records, was the "Land of the Holy Cross", but European sailors and merchants called it the "Land of Brazil" because of the brazilwood trade. The popular appellation eclipsed and supplanted the official Portuguese name; some early sailors called it the "Land of Parrots". In the Guarani language, an official language of Paraguay, Brazil is called "Pindorama"; this was the name the indigenous population gave to the region, meaning "land of the palm trees".
Some of the earliest human remains found in the Americas, Luzia Woman, were found in the area of Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais and provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years. The earliest pottery found in the Western Hemisphere was excavated in the Amazon basin of Brazil and radiocarbon dated to 8,000 years ago; the pottery was found near Santarém and provides evidence that the tropical forest region supported a complex prehistoric culture. The Marajoara culture flourished on Marajó in the Amazon delta from 800 CE to 1400 CE, developing sophisticated pottery, social stratification, large populations, mound building, complex social formations such as chiefdoms. Around the time of the Portuguese arrival, the territory of current day Brazil had an estimated indigenous population of 7 million people semi-nomadic who subsisted on hunting, fishing and migrant agriculture; the indigenous population of Brazil comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups. The Tupí people were subdivided into the Tupiniquins and Tupinambás, there were many subdivisions of the other gro
Estádio Municipal Walter Ribeiro
Estádio Municipal Walter Ribeiro known as Ninho da Garça, is a stadium in Sorocaba, Brazil. It has a capacity of 13,722 spectators, it is the home of Esporte Clube São Bento and of Clube Atlético Sorocaba
Luiz Felipe Scolari
Luiz Felipe Scolari, ComIH, is a Brazilian football manager and former professional footballer, the current manager of Palmeiras. After leading the Brazilian side to a World Cup win in 2002, he was manager of the Portugal national team from July 2003 to June 2008, he led Portugal to the final of the 2004 Euro, which they lost 0–1 to Greece, to a fourth-place finish in the 2006 World Cup. Scolari managed Portugal through the 2008 Euro, but resigned after a 2–3 loss to Germany in the second round. After a return to club management at Chelsea in the Premier League, Scolari was hired again as manager of the Brazil national team in 2012, he led them to victory at the 2013 Confederations Cup, to the semi-final in the 2014 World Cup. After the Brazil national team finished fourth overall in an upset 1–7 loss to Germany in the semi-finals, a 0–3 loss to the Netherlands in the third-place playoff, the Brazilian Football Confederation decided not to renew his contract. In 2015, he started work at Guangzhou Evergrande and went on to claim both the 2015 Chinese Super League and 2015 AFC Champions League in his first season with the club.
Scolari is a dual citizen of Italy, as he is descended from Italian immigrants. Scolari was born in Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul. A defender regarded as more uncompromising than skillful, he was known among his contemporaries as "Perna-de-Pau", Scolari followed in the footsteps of his father, Benjamin Scolari, a professional footballer, his playing career encompassed spells with Caxias, Novo Hamburgo, CSA. It was with CSA. Upon retiring as a player in 1982, he was appointed manager of CSA, his former club, would go on to win the Alagoas state championship in his first season. After spells with Juventude, Brasil de Pelotas and Saudi Arabian side Al-Shabab, he moved to Grêmio, where he won the 1987 Gaúcho state championship. Scolari had a two-year stint in charge of Kuwaiti side Al Qadisiya Kuwait, with whom he won the prestigious Kuwait Emir Cup in 1989; this was followed by a brief period as manager of the Kuwait national team, winning the 10th Gulf Cup in Kuwait. Scolari returned to Brazil to coach Coritiba.
He stayed for just three matches. After the last loss, he abandoned from the club by boarding the winning team's bus back to his hometown. Scolari coached Criciúma in the 1991 Copa do Brasil, he returned to club management in the Middle East, managing Al-Ahli and a second spell at Al Qadisiya. In 1993, Scolari returned to Grêmio, albeit leading the team to historic victories, he was criticized by the Brazilian media for playing a pragmatic style of football regarded as "un-Brazilian", he claimed six titles in only three years, including the 1995 Copa Libertadores, which qualified Grêmio for the Intercontinental Cup, which they lost to Dutch side Ajax on penalties. The following year, they won the Brazilian Championship, his team featured no real superstar and depended on workman-like players such as Paraguayan right back Francisco Arce, tough-tackling midfielder Dinho, Paulo Nunes, centre forward Mário Jardel. In 1997, Scolari became manager of J. League side Júbilo Iwata, but left after eleven games and shortly afterwards took charge of Palmeiras back in Brazil.
In three years as manager, Scolari led Palmeiras to the Copa do Brasil, the Mercosur Cup, their first Copa Libertadores title with a win on penalties over Deportivo Cali of Colombia. They were runners-up to Manchester United in the 1999 Intercontinental Cup, he was named South American Coach of the Year for 1999. In 2000, Scolari was appointed to manage Minas Gerais club Cruzeiro, coaching them for a year. In June 2001, Scolari was appointed manager of his native Brazil, with five qualifying matches ahead, were in jeopardy of not qualifying for the 2002 FIFA World Cup, which would be a first in the Brazilian competitive record. Despite losing his first match 1–0 to Uruguay, Scolari guided the team to qualification. In the build-up to the finals, Scolari refused to include veteran striker Romário in his squad, despite public pressure and a tearful appeal from the player himself. Brazil entered the tournament unfancied, but wins over Turkey, Costa Rica, Belgium and Turkey again took them to the final, where they beat Germany 2–0 with two goals from Ronaldo to win their fifth FIFA World Cup title.
After his World Cup victory, Scolari took over as manager of Portugal in 2003 and oversaw their preparations as host nation for UEFA Euro 2004. In the finals, Portugal got through the group stages and saw off England in the quarter-finals on penalties before beating the Netherlands in the semi-finals. In the final, they were beaten in a 1–0 upset by tournament underdogs Greece. Scolari managed Portugal through the 2006 World Cup in Germany, where they reached the semi-finals, again coming out victorious in the quarterfinals against England, but they did not reach the final due to a semifinal defeat against eventual runners-up France. Following the tournament, Scolari was heavily slated for the job of England manager, but opted to continue coaching Portugal. Scolari took Portugal to Euro 2008, where they reached the knock-out stages by placing first in Group A before being eliminated by Germany in the quarter-finals. During the tournament, he announced that he would be joining English Premier League side Chelsea for the 2008–09 season.
Scolari took over as manager of Chelsea on 1 July 2008. This was announ
Estádio Brinco de Ouro
The Estádio Brinco de Ouro Portuguese pronunciation: known as Estádio Brinco de Ouro da Princesa, or just Brinco de Ouro, is a football stadium inaugurated on May 31, 1953 in Campinas, São Paulo state, Brazil with a maximum capacity of 40,988 people. The stadium is owned by Guarani Futebol Clube and has a pitch size of 105,12m x 70,12m Brinco de Ouro's architects were Ícaro de Castro Mello and Osvaldo Correio Gonçalves; the stadium was inaugurated on May 31, 1953 with wood bleachers and a maximum capacity of 15,000 spectators. 22 years the wood bleachers were replaced by concrete bleachers, increasing the stadium maximum capacity to 25,000 people. In 1970, another bleachers block was added, the maximum capacity was increased to 35,000 spectators. In 1978, Guarani won the Brazilian Championship, the club board of directors decided to increase again the stadium maximum capacity. In 1980, toboggan-like bleachers were built, the stadium maximum capacity was increased to 55,000 people. Today, the stadium has a maximum capacity of 40,988 spectators.
The inaugural match was played on May 31, 1953, when Guarani beat Palmeiras 3-1. The first goal of the stadium was scored by Guarani's Nilo; the stadium's attendance record stands at 52,002, set on April 15, 1982 when Flamengo beat Guarani 3-2. Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 2 - Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001. Templos do Futebol Guarani Official Website