Audignies is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file
Assevent is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file
Anhiers is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file
Steenwerck is a commune, in French Flanders, in the Nord department in northern France. It is located about 25 km north of Lille and in 2013 had a population of 3519. People from Steenwerck are known as Steenwerckois, it is home to Steenwerck's 100 km à pied race event, which features a 100 km marathon, although most local residents prefer to walk one lap. Steenwerck has its own festival giant, as is the tradition in the Nord Department, named Totor and is one of the tallest, measuring 5.70 m. Other places of interest include the Museum of Rural Life as well as three Commonwealth war cemeteries, a German war cemetery, of the First World War. Steenwerck was created by the Franks; the first mention in the 12th century – in 1160 with the invasion by La Becque, from Saint-Jans-Cappel. Commerce was started by the town's founder, la Becque, who built canals with locks right up to Lys; the local weavers were able to deliver their bolts of cloth to the port situated in the town centre from where they would be sent on to the clothes manufacturing town of Armentièrs.
The boats used were called martsheps, that is, ` market boats'. It was by using these boats that local farmers were able to deliver their produce to the neighbouring towns. Boats of this type were used right up until the middle of the 19th century. Through the course of history, several variations have appeared: for the period when Middle Dutch was spoken one would see: In 1160: Steinwerc In 1182: Estenwerck In 1260: Stuuinwercke In 1331: Steinwerck In 1332: SteenwercThen in various documents, the name became Stewerc. In modern Dutch steen means stone werk means work, construction Steenwerck is between Calais and Lille and close to the Belgian border, it is well-served by road from both cities via the A25 road. Steenwerck is on the Calais Ville section of the Lille-Fontinettes railway to Lille Flanders station. Built in the central courtyard of an old farm at the start of the 18th century, it shows the activities and trades of a typical Flemish village from 1850 to 1950. With more than 1500 square metres of exhibition space and including more than 6000 objects which bear witness to rural life, the museum allows visitors to rediscover daily life on a farm from that era.
Exhibits show the barn, the granary, the stables, vegetable garden, pasture, the arboretum. Exhibits to do with the house itself include the kitchen, lounge, the bakery and the cellar. Village life is depicted with shops - a tavern, a grocer's, a hatter's, a bakery, a butcher's, a cobbler's, the apothecary, the basket maker, a hairdresser. There is a school and several businesses including a thatcher, saddler, cooper, wheelwright and beekeeper; this museum presents a collection of mechanical instruments, mechanical organs, music boxes and mechanical pianos. There is a mechanical violin, of which only a few remain in the world. Totor is a processional giant, inaugurated first in 1933, used on various feast days, his body was made of wood having been made by cooper. He weighed 60 kg, he disappeared during the Second World War. Another, much smaller one was made in 1947, but with the public celebration of feast days on the wane, this giant didn't last the humid conditions of storage. Since however, two more Totors have been made, one in 1978 and, the one in current use, in 2006.
These two are identical to each other in measure 5.70 m, with a weight of 120 kg clothed. In the northern French dialect spoken in Steenwerck "Vonchelle" is a bindweed, a plant which typifies the Flanders volunteer, in that it has deep roots; because of this the name has been given to a group which performs traditional dances music at Steenwerck. The group Vonchelle started in September 1981, it only focused on getting to know and teaching traditional Flemish dances, but a decade a band was formed and Vonchelle is now involved in the Folk circuit. Their repertoire includes quadrilles, shottisches and waltzes, they perform from a traditional Flemish heritage, with some borrowings from the Irish repertoire, for example, circles, so on, or the centre of France, for example, bourées. The instruments they use are quite a collection, they have bagpipes, tin whistles, Irish spoons, violins, harmonicas, derbouhas and accordions. The Church of St John the Baptist is located on the site of a Roman temple, was mentioned in 1182.
It holds a baptismal font from 1587. The church was destroyed during the First World War, but was rebuilt in 1923 to the design of Armand Lemay, an architect from Lille, it consists of two aisles. In the choir, the stained glass windows of Pierre Turpin, master glass lillois retrace the life of St. John the Baptist. A 1/50th scale model of the church can be seen inside the church, made in 1951; as early as 1850, the inhabitants of the hamlet of La Croix du Bac, included as a part of Steenwerck, but is just over a mile down the road, had designed a project to build a church, despite opposition from the parish priest of Steenwerck, as well as from the town council and local merchants. A plot of land was offered by Mr. Amand Chieux; some residents of La Croix du Bac gave money, others gave their labour and materials: and, so the Church of Our Lady of Sorrows was built. When the church was complete, the people asked the diocese for a priest, but the bishop, knowing of local opposition from Steenwerck, refused.
Allennes-les-Marais is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. Allennes-les-Marais is twinned with: Białobrzegi, Poland Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file
Aix-en-Pévèle is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. It is 20 km southeast of Lille. Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file
Armbouts-Cappel is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. It is a few kilometers south of Dunkirk. Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file