Laguinge-Restoue is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE
Alos-Sibas-Abense is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Soule; the inhabitants of the commune are known as Aloztar-Ziboztar-Oniztar Alos-Sibas-Abense is located some 90 km south-east of Bayonne and 80m km west of Lourdes. The D918 road does not enter. Access to the commune is on road D247 from Alcay-Alcabehety-Sunharette in the southwest which runs through the heart of the commune to the village, it continues to the southeast linking with the D918 at Tardets-Sorholus. Most of the commune is farmland with some forest and it has a network of country roads covering most of the commune. Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the Saison river passes along and forms the eastern border of the commune parallel with the D918 road; the Aphoura stream, fed by the Ardounc, the Batasse, the Laritolle, the Jaga, the Uthurrotche erreka, flows near the village and to the Saisson. The commune name in Basque is Aloze-Ziboze-Onizegaine.
The Basque form of Sibas can be Ziborotz. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan suggested that Abense came from a Roman phonetic change to the Basque Oniz > onise > oénse > auénse > abense. The base of the name is the oronym ona present in Bayonne and Oneix; the modern Basque form are equivalent to "Upper". Brigitte Jobbé-Duval suggests; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Cassini: 1750 Cassini Map EHESS: Abense on the Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Origins: Luntz: Soule: Customs of Soule Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV Sibas merged with Alos on 23 October 1843 to form Alos-Sibas. On 16 April 1859, following the annexation of part of the territory of Abense-de-Haut, the commune took the name of Alos-Sibas-Abense. On the same day the commune of Abense-de-Haut disappeared, its territory being divided between Alos-Sibas and Tardets.
Lists of Successive Mayors of Alos-Sibas-Abense AlosSibasAbense-de-Haut Alos-SibasAbense-de-Haut Alos-Sibas-Abense The town is part of six intercommunal structures: the community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa the union to support Basque culture SIVOM of the canton of Tardets the municipal association for the gaves of Oloron and Mauleon SIVU for Tourism in Haute-Soule and Barétous the AEP Union for Soule country In 2009 the commune had 274 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Economic activity is focused on agriculture; the town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. Etchandia House owned by the Etchandy family. La Salle d'Abense The Church of Abense contains a Processional Cross, registered as an historical object.
The common practices Controlled burns for prevention of forest fires. The town has an Ikastola. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Alos-Sibas-Abense official website Alos-Sibas-Abense personal website ALOZE-ZIBOZE-ONIZEGAINE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Alos-Sibas-Abense on Lion1906 Alos-Sibas-Abense on Google Maps Alos-Sibas-Abense on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Alos and Abens on the 1750 Cassini Map Alos-Sibas-Abense on the INSEE website INSEE
Soule is a former viscounty and French province and part of the present day Pyrénées-Atlantiques département. It is divided into two cantons of the arrondissement of Oloron-Sainte-Marie, a part of the canton of Saint Palais, its provincial capital is Mauléon, which fused with Licharre in 1841 to form "Mauléon-Licharre", but today is known as "Mauléon-Soule". Soule is the smallest province of the Basque Country, its population has been decreasing. The territory is named Xiberoa in Souletin Basque, Zuberoa in standard Basque, Sola in Gascon and Soule in French. Subola comes from the name the Romans gave to the Aquitani tribe that inhabited the region by the time of their arrival, the Suburates called Sibusates by Julius Caesar in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico and Sybillates by Pliny the Elder. Soule has been continuously inhabited since the last glaciation, there are several deposits from the neolithic as well as fifteen protohistoric settlements; the first text written in Soule dates from the 7th century.
The territory was inhabited in the Middle Paleolithic. At the end of the Neolithic the population had extended and assimilated knowledge from other peoples. There are protohistoric settlements that show a simple material life and a lifestyle dominated by migration. Rests of coins and other monetary artifacts have been found, proving the existence of an exchange economy in Soule, which likely worked as an access point between Aquitaine—Novempopulania—in the north and the southern side of the Pyrenees. At the time of the Roman arrival in the 1st century, Soule was inhabited by an Aquitani tribe named Suburates, who spoke the Aquitanian language; as with other peoples in Aquitaine, the Romans had a somewhat important influence in the territory, although Soule kept its language and culture and was unimportant during the times of the Roman Empire, due to its isolation. The only evidence of Roman influence in Soule exists in Tardets. Soule is first mentioned as a territory in a text from the 7th Century.
In 636 the Frankish army led by the Duke Arembert was ambushed and defeated by the Basques in a place named "vallis subola". This valley is included in the territory of the "Wascones", whicn included intermittently lands to either side of the western and central Pyrenees, it was referred to as Gascony. The region of Soule may have developed a primeval political structure before the 11th century with a strong influence of the Kingdom of Pamplona, established in the year 824. However, it would be in 1023 when Sancho VI Duke of Gascony would name Guillaume Fort as first Viscount of Soule, his descendants would inherit the title for around two centuries. The Viscounts of Soule had their base in the fortress of Mauléon, a strategic region that controlled the pass from Aquitaine to the Iberian peninsula; the viscounts of Soule took advantage of their territory. Despite being small in size, it held a strategic position between the Kingdom of Navarre to the south and the Duchy of Aquitaine to the north.
In the year 1152 Eleanor of Aquitaine married Henry II of England, thus the Duchy of Aquitaine joined the Crown of England. In 1261, after ten years of conflict, the last viscount of Soule, Auger III, surrendered the castle of Mauléon to Edward I of England, as a result the territory of Soule was administered by the crown of England. At this time the current network of roads between the Souletin villages was constructed; the English Soule was under direct authority of the Duke of Aquitaine, the King of England. Control over the territory was delegated to a lord, who kept the castle of Mauléon and collected the taxes; the lord of Soule had fourteen captains, of whom only one was English, the rest being either locally-born or Gascons. The ex-viscount Auger III allied with the Kingdom of Navarre, taking advantage of the war between Philip IV, king of Navarre, Edward I of England, retook his fortress at Mauléon in 1295, but he was forced to hand it back after Aquitaine was formally declared English is 1303.
The Hundred Years' War kept. In 1449, an army led by Gaston IV, the Count of Foix and Viscount of Béarn, took possession of the castle in the name of the French king ending the English presence in Soule. In the mid 15th century, Soule recognizes the King of France as its own, with the Basque district becoming the smallest province and exclave of the kingdom and the most distant from the centre of power, Paris, it came to be surrounded by the sovereign Kingdom of Navarre on the south and west and the independent principality of Viscounty of Béarn on the east. In 1511, King Francis I of France urged the Souletins to set down their institutional and legal framework on paper, which they did in Bearnese, the administrative written language up to that point. In 1539, an amendment to their region specific laws went on to be written in French, the new official language as decreed by King Francis I. Despite numbering more than fifty towns and villages, Soule was populated by fewer than 4,000 people; the only town was Mauléon, with a population totalling fewer than 350 people.
As of 1512, given its proximity to France and its particular geographic situation surrounde
Tardets-Sorholus is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France. It is located in the former province of Soule. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE Atharratze-Sorholüze in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Lacarry-Arhan-Charritte-de-Haut is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France. It is located in the former province of Soule. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE LAKARRI-ARHANE-SARRIKOTAGAINE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Camou-Cihigue is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France. It is located in the former province of Soule. Neughboring communes: Ossas-Suhare, in the north Aussurucq, in the north-west Alos-Sibas-Abense, in the east Alçay-Alçabéhéty-Sunharette, in the south The commune of Camou-Cihigue was formed in 1836, from the merger of the former commune of Camou Merged and the village of Cihigue. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE commune file GAMERE-ZIHIGA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Trois-Villes is a commune in the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine Region of south-western France. The French military officer Comte de Troisville was a major landowner in this city, it is located in the former province of Soule. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE IRURI in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia