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In Greek mythology, Eteoclus (Ancient Greek: Ἐτέοκλος) was the son of Iphis. He participated in the war on Thebes by the Seven Against Thebes, and was occasionally included on the list of the seven leaders.[1] In Euripides' Suppliant Women, Adrastus describes him as a young, poor yet dignified person who would reject luxurious gifts from friends and was highly honored by fellow Argives.[2]

In Aeschylus' play Seven Against Thebes, Eteoclus is one of the seven champions who attack Thebes' seven gates, he attacks the Neistan gates, carrying a shield which displays a man scaling a tower with a ladder, on which shield it is written that not even Ares could cast him down. He is confronted by Megareus.[3] However, in the Phoenician Women, Adrastus is named as the assailant of the seventh gate of Thebes and Eteoclus is not mentioned.[4] Other authors, among them Diodorus,[5] Statius,[6] and Hyginus,[7] do not mention Eteoclus either.

Eteoclus was said to have been killed by Leades, a son of Astacus,[8] his son Medon was sometimes mentioned as one of the Epigoni.[9]


  1. ^ E. g. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 10. 3
  2. ^ Euripides' Suppliant Women, 871 - 877
  3. ^ Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 457 - 474
  4. ^ Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1134
  5. ^ Library of History 4. 65
  6. ^ Thebaid, 4. 49 ff
  7. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 70
  8. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 3. 6. 8
  9. ^ Scholia on Iliad, 4. 404