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Eubenangee Swamp National Park

Eubenangee Swamp is a national park in Eubenangee in the Cairns Region, Australia, 1332 km northwest of Brisbane. It is part of the Coastal Wet Tropics Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance for the conservation of lowland tropical rainforest birds, it plays home to over 190 species of birds. The national park is found within the water catchment areas of the North Johnstone and Russell Rivers and is part of the Wet Tropics of Queensland bioregion. Protected areas of Queensland

Southern Nigeria Regiment

The Southern Nigeria Regiment was a British colonial regiment which operated in Nigeria in the early part of the 20th century. The Regiment was formed out of the Niger Coast Protectorate Force and part of the Royal Niger Constabulary; the Lagos Battalion or Hausa Force was absorbed into the Regiment in May 1906 and became the Regiment's second battalion. On 1 January 1914 the Southern Nigeria Regiment's two battalions were merged with those of the Northern Nigeria Regiment to become the Nigeria Regiment; the regiment contributed most of the British troops during the Aro-Anglo war November 1901 to March 1902. The following had command of the Regiment: 21 September 1896 Captain C H P Carter, Royal Scots 12 February 1901 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Forbes Montanaro, Royal Artillery Summer 1904 to summer 1905, Major H M Trenchard 3 August 1905 Brevet Major H C Moorhouse, Royal Artillery Spring 1907 to 1910, Lieutenant Colonel H M Trenchard, Royal Scots Fusiliers 25 September 1911 Major F H Cunliffe Middlesex Regiment Hugh Trenchard in Nigeria


Goght'n was a canton located in the province of Vaspurakan in historical Armenia. Its borders corresponded to the modern Ordubad Rayon of Nakhichevan, Azerbaijan. Goght'n was well known for the quality of its grape and fruit orchards; the region was the birthplace of a number of prominent Armenian gusans. The ancestors of the renowned twentieth-century Armenian composer and music ethnologist Komitas Vardapet were from Goght'n; some of the region's oldest towns and villages have survived to this day, including Jugha and Ordvat'. According to Movses Khorenatsi, King Tigran Ervanduni of Armenia, settled his wife and his daughters in an area to the east of and up to Goght'n, in Tambat, Oskiokh and other settlements giving them three towns – Khram and Khoshakunik, on the other bank of the river all the fields from Ajanakan up to the Nakhchavan Fortress. Mesrop Mashtots', the inventor of the Armenian alphabet, is assumed to have lived and worked in the town of Msrvanis during his stay in Goght'n; the Armenian princes of Goght'n had branched off from the family in Syunik' and had their own regional bishop.

The second Gahnamak, or Military List, notes that the princes were expected during time of war to furnish 500 cavalry to help defend the Kingdom of Armenia's southern gate. The seventh-century Armenian atlas Ashkharhats'uyts' mentions Goght'n as the 31st of the 35 districts of Vaspurakan, its last hereditary Armenian prince, brought up in Damascus as a Muslim, converted back to his Christian faith after returning to Armenia. For this act of apostasy, he was seized by the Muslims and sent to Syria, where he was tortured and executed in 737. Sometime in the early tenth century, during the tenure of the emir of Āzarbāijān Yusuf ibn Abi'l-Saj, Goght'n fell to a Muslim emir called, by the contemporary Armenian historian Hovhannes Draskhanakertts'i, Agarene from the Arab Shaybāni tribe. Goght'n may have been referred to at this time as "Kilit" by the Arabs; when the fortress of Yernjak fell to Yusuf in 912/14, Yusuf awarded it to the emir, whose successors sought to expand their landholdings through the course of the tenth century.

The city of Nakhchavan was taken, though by the second half of the ninth century the emir of Goght'n had lost it to the Bagratuni kings of Armenia. The emirs of Goght'n and Armenians kings continued to struggle over control of the Arax River Valley until King Gagik I reduced them at end of the tenth century, it was overrun by the Seljuks, passing under the control of the Mongols and Safavid Persia. In 1604, the region was depopulated by Shah Abbas I and its Armenian inhabitants deported to Iran. Goght'n became a part of the khanate of Nakhichevan in the mid-1700s and was divided into five districts: Ordubad, Dasht and Chananab. In 1752, it was subjected by Azat Khan. In the early twentieth century, Goght'an was the name given to the subregion of Sharur-Nakhichevan by the government of the First Republic of Armenia, its administrative center was at Agulis, with commissar Ashot Melik-Musian and militia chief Movses Giulnazarian at its head. The region suffered intense fighting during a brief conflict between Armenia and the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in the latter half of 1919, including the destruction of Agulis in December by a Muslim mob.

A number of historical Armenian churches were once found in Goght'n. These included the basilica of St. James in Shoṛot', the monastery of St. Thomas the Apostle in Upper Agulis, the Holy Mother of God Church in Ts'gnay, the monastery of St. Mesrop in Msrvanis. Alishan, Ghevond. Սիսական. Venice: Mkhitarian Press, 1893

Friedrich Schlichtegroll

Adolf Heinrich Friedrich Schlichtegroll was a teacher and the first biographer of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. His brief account of Mozart's life was published in a volume of twelve obituaries Schlichtegroll prepared and called Nekrolog auf das Jahr 1791; the book appeared two years after Mozart's death. Schlichtegroll had never met Mozart. To obtain information about him, he consulted a friend of Mozart's in Salzburg, Albert von Mölk, who in turn queried Mozart's sister Maria Anna Mozart. Nannerl's written reply to his queries survives. Nannerl contacted Johann Andreas Schachtner, an old Mozart family friend from the time of Wolfgang's childhood, he replied with a kindly letter filled with anecdotes and memories, which Nannerl duly forwarded. Since none of these people was close to Mozart after 1781, Schlichtegroll's biography is weighted toward the earlier period of Mozart's life. Schlichtegroll's biography competed with another early work by Franz Niemetschek, which relied on the testimony of Mozart's widow Constanze.

The Schlichtegroll biography is harsh on the role Constanze played in Mozart's life, as might be expected given Nannerl's antipathy to Constanze. According to the Grove Dictionary of Music, "Constanze bought up and destroyed the entire edition of the Nekrolog disliking its portrayal of her." Some modern scholars take a dim view of Schlichtegroll's work. Cliff Eisen and Simon P. Keefe vividly depict him as the first in a long and dubious tradition: the tradition of depicting Mozart as a strange mixture of angel and beast and Papageno: sublime where his music was concerned, but pathetically inadequate in worldly matters. Bruce Cooper Clarke, who has compiled an extensive web-posted commentary on Schlichtegroll's work, assesses him thus: The debt posterity owes to Friedrich Schlichtegroll is mixed. On the one hand, because he asked questions not long after Mozart had died and offered the prospect of publication, Mozart's sister and others who were acquainted with the composer were led to put something of their remembrances in writing, reminiscences that otherwise might never have been recorded.

On the other hand, through his handling of these materials, Schlichtegroll gave a powerful start to the formation of an "eternal-child" myth that, despite its irrelevance and wrongheadedness, has intruded since on every effort of Mozart biography to see its subject whole. Bruce Cooper Clarke, "The annotated Schlichtegroll". Complete German text with extensive English annotations and commentary. Deutsch, Otto Erich Mozart: A Documentary Biography. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Quotes only a brief section of the Nekrolog obituary, but includes all of Nannerl's report to Schlichtegroll. Eisen and Simon P. Keefe The Cambridge Mozart Encyclopedia. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-85659-1. Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, online edition. Oxford University Press. Schlichtegroll, Friedrich "Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgang Gottlieb Mozart", in Nekrolog auf das Jahr 1791, ed. L. Landshoff. Harper Collins. Richard Hoche, "Schlichtegroll, Friedrich von", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 31, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 484–487

World Patent Marketing

World Patent Marketing was a Miami-based invention promotion firm, founded in 2014 by Scott J Cooper, shut down by the Federal Trade Commission in 2017 for defrauding investors seeking to market inventions. The company deceived consumers with false success stories and used threats and intimidation to discourage complaints by its victims. WPM employed Matthew Whitaker, who served as acting United States Attorney General from 2018 to 2019, as an adviser, featured him in promotional videos; the company's business model was to lure in would-be inventors. Potential customers learned of the company through internet advertisements; those who visited the World Patent Marketing website would find a listing of WPM's Advisory Board and a series of misrepresentations including success stories and major retailers in which customers' products were sold. Retailers included various nationwide online and/or retail giants including: AutoZone, Bed Bath & Beyond, Best Buy, The Home Depot, HSN, Lowe's, PetSmart, QVC, SkyMall, Target, Toys "R" Us and Walgreens, as well as "World Patent Marketing Shop".

On its Facebook page, in December 2015, it posted that "Mattell partners with World Patent Marketing to Retail Latest Toy Inventions". The company boasted, in a news release for the launch of New York Inventor Exchange on January 1, 2015, of being "the only patent assistance company in history to be awarded a five star review rating from Consumer Affairs, Trustpilot, Shopper Approved, Customer Lobby and They claimed to have an "A" rating from the Better Business Bureau. On its website, the firm linked to positive reviews from sites all offering remarkably high satisfaction ratings of the service, albeit with just a few negative reviews. WPM billed itself as a champion of military veterans, offered them military discounts, made special efforts to outreach to veterans in its marketing. World Patent Marketing would charge its inventor clients up to $400,000 for marketing and development assistance for helping them with their inventions, ignored them once they paid their fees, responded to complaints with threats and intimidation.

Following a criminal investigation, in May 2017 the Federal Trade Commission issued a preliminary report in which they outlined the company's method of operation. According to the FTC, when potential customers submitted their proposed product ideas they were first told that World Patent Marketing's "review team" was researching the proposal because "the company is so selective with the ideas they choose to work with." They told potential customers that their review included a "Global Invention Royalty Analysis" containing a marketability study created by a "Harvard University & MIT Research Team." Shortly thereafter the company contacted the customer with a sales script saying: We had our final meeting with the Review Team regarding your idea. And from all the research that's been done on, the research tells us there's potential to patent your idea; because of that, I have the green light from the company to let you know that WPM wants to be a part of your new product idea and help you to protect it and bring it to the commercial marketplace.

So, first of all congratulations!... The company loved your idea! They think; the Sr. Product Director, in charge of which ideas are considered for the upcoming trade show, he sees some good opportunities ahead. However, the FTC concluded that the company had no Review Team and no association with Harvard or MIT, nor had it appeared to turn down an idea for a new product. Several of the more unusual inventions and partnerships that World Patent Marketing listed in their press releases included the "Masculine Toilet" for unusually well-endowed males, a partnership arrangement with "World-renowned physicist and scholar Dr. Ronald Mallett believes time travel is possible within the next decade," and a website that claims that "DNA evidence collected in 2013 proves that Bigfoot does exist," which sells Bigfoot items such as stuffed animals; the company planned a celebrity event called "You Have Been Squatched!" According to the FTC, World Patent Marketing used threats of criminal prosecution and intimidation to discourage and suppress complaints.

A review of emails done by Forbes featured an example of a woman who had filed a complaint with the Better Business Bureau after she had been unsuccessful in her attempts to negotiate a refund. She received an email from a company lawyer telling her that seeking a refund constituted extortion and "since you used email to make your threats, you would be subject to a federal extortion charge, which carries a term of imprisonment of up to two years and potential criminal fines. See 18 U. S. C. § 875."Another dissatisfied customer who filed a complaint with the Better Business Bureau when he was unable to find a satisfactory agreement received an email from the firm's advisory board member Matthew Whitaker in which Whitaker claimed that the customer's actions appeared to be an attempt at possible blackmail or extortion and there could be "serious civil and criminal consequences" for filing a complaint. Claiming that he, was an attorney, the customer wrote back: "Stop with your bullshit emails...

You are party to a scam... You will be exposed. I hope I make myself clear, Mr. Whitaker."The FTC reported that World Patent Marketing attempted to frighten their customers by sending them emails describing a company security team of "all ex-Israeli Special Ops and trained in Krav Maga, one of the most deadly of the martial arts... The World Patent Marketing Security Team are the kind of guys who are trained to knockout fi

William Byron, 5th Baron Byron

William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, was a British nobleman, peer and great uncle of the poet George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron who succeeded him. As a result of a number of stories that arose after a duel, because of his financial difficulties, he became known as "the Wicked Lord" and "the Devil Byron". Byron was the son of William Byron, 4th Baron Byron and his wife Hon. Frances Berkeley, a descendant of John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, he inherited his title upon the death of his father on 18 August 1736. With the title came responsibilities, he went on to marry Elizabeth Shaw and heiress of Charles Shaw of Besthorpe in Norfolk, on 28 March 1747. The following month, he was elected Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England, a position he held until 20 March 1752, he served as Master of the Staghounds from 1763 until 1765. Byron was initiated to the Scottish Rite Masonry and become Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England form 1747 to 1751. On 26 January 1765, Byron killed his cousin and neighbour, William Chaworth, in a duel at the Stars and Garters Tavern in London.

The fight resulted from an argument the two had been engaged in over cups of wine, with both insisting they had more game on their estates. Lord Byron and his cousin retired to a dim room to resolve their disagreement and it was there that Lord Byron thrust his sword through Chaworth's stomach. Chaworth lived until the following day, expressing his disgust that he had not been of sound enough mind to insist they fight in a location outfitted with better lighting before succumbing to his injury. Lord Byron was found guilty only of manslaughter, he claimed the benefit of the statute of Edward VI and so instead of being "burned in the hand" was forced to pay a small fine. This incident gave rise to a number of stories about Lord Byron, some based in reality, all exaggerated, including that he: mounted the sword he used to kill Chaworth on the wall in his bedroom at Newstead Abbey; these stories contributed to his being nicknamed "the Wicked Lord", a title he much enjoyed. The stories have been propagated by biographers of Byron's great nephew, the poet.

Elizabeth left him in this period after the duel. Upon her departure, Byron took one of the servants as his mistress; the woman's name was Hardstaff, but she was known as "Lady Betty". Byron schemed to resolve his serious financial difficulties through a judicious marriage of William, his son and heir, into a wealthy family, but just before the marriage William eloped with his cousin Juliana Byron, the daughter of Byron's younger brother, the naval captain and Vice-Admiral John Byron. Lord Byron felt that intermarrying would produce children plagued with madness and opposed the union, but his main concern was that he needed his son to marry well in order to escape the debt. A myth propagated by the 6th Baron was that Byron became enraged at the defiance of his son and committed himself to ruining his inheritance such that, in the event of his death, his son would receive nothing but debt and worthless property; the neglect of Newstead did not occur until after the death of Byron's son William in 1776.

Byron outlived his grandson, a young man who, at the age of twenty-two, was killed by cannon fire in 1794 while fighting in Corsica. The barony was left to his great nephew, George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, who became the 6th Baron Byron when Lord Byron died on 21 May 1798, at the age of seventy-five. Upon his death, it is said that the great number of crickets he kept at Newstead left the estate in swarms. Lord Byron is buried in the Byron vault at Hucknall Torkard in Nottinghamshire. J. V. Beckett, "Byron and Newstead: The Aristocrat and the Abbey" University of Delaware Press, 2001 W. S. Ansley Ferrall, "On the Duel" London: Houlston and Stoneman, 1838