Department of Environment and Conservation (Western Australia)
The Department of Environment and Conservation was a department of the Government of Western Australia, responsible for implementing the state's conservation and environment legislation and regulations. It was formed on 1 July 2006 by the amalgamation of the Department of Environment and the Department of Conservation and Land Management; the DEC was separated on 30 June 2013 forming the Department of Parks and Wildlife and the Department of Environment Regulation, which both commenced operations on 1 July 2013. DPaW focuses on nature conservation and the community’s enjoyment and appreciation of Western Australia’s world-class network of national and marine parks. DER focuses on environmental regulation and appeals processes, pollution prevention; the department was managing more than 285,000 km², including more than nine per cent of WA's land area: its national parks, marine parks, conservation parks, regional parks, state forests and timber reserves, nature reserves, roadside reserves and marine nature reserves.
It provided recreation facilities at a sustainable level for many of these. It supported or worked with the following authorities: Environmental Protection Authority Conservation Commission of WA Keep Australia Beautiful Marine Parks and Reserves Authority Swan River Trust Waste AuthorityThe total reportable visitation to DEC-managed lands and waters during the 2012-13 financial year was 16.02 million, with visitor satisfaction levels of 88%. 4,717 people were registered volunteers with the Department in 2012-13 that helped in a range of projects across the state with 564,350 hours contributed. DEC was responsible from 2007 to 2013 for protecting and conserving the state of Western Australia’s environment; the department’s key responsibilities included roles in managing and assessing aspects of the use of the State’s natural resources and biodiversity, including the regulation of native vegetation clearing and pollution control. The department initiated 14 environmental prosecutions during 2012–13, involving a broad range of charges including pollution, unauthorised clearing of native vegetation and illegal dumping.
At 30 June 2013, eight environmental prosecutions remained before the courts. There were an additional 18 pending cases that, subject to the evidentiary standard being met, could result in prosecution or other sanction. DEC was responsible for the wildlife conservation project Western Shield; the Department was in charge of wildfire prevention and suppression on its land as well as fire prevention in unallocated Crown land. The indicative burn target for 2012–13 in the south-west forest regions was 200,000 hectares. In 2012–13, DEC achieved 23,468 hectares in the south-west forest regions, including about 6,410 hectares that were burnt for pine plantation protection; the combination of unsuitable weather conditions, fuels remaining dry due to summer conditions extending into autumn, enhanced requirements in prescribed burn planning and risk management as a result of the 2011 Margaret River bushfire contributed to a significant reduction of the area able to be prescribed burnt this year. The average area of burning achieved over the past 10 years has been about 163,019 hectares per annum.
A further 6,023,884 hectares was burnt in the Kimberley, Goldfields, Midwest and South Coast regions. The burns were carried out on DEC-managed lands as well as on unallocated Crown lands and unmanaged reserves within these regions. DEC staff attended and monitored 676 bushfires throughout the state in 2012–13, which burnt about 5,477,394 hectares; the causes of these fires were: lightning—28 per cent deliberately lit or arson-caused fires—37 per cent accidental fires—16 per cent escapes from private burns—4 per cent escapes from DEC burns—0 per cent other causes—4 per cent unknown—11 per cent. Some of the most severe bushfires the Department had to suppress, in chronological order, included: National parks in Western Australia were under: Department of Lands and Surveys: 1 January 1890 – 31 December 1895 Wood and Forests Department: 1 January 1896 – 31 December 1918 Forests Department: 1 January 1919 – 21 March 1985 State Gardens Board: 15 December 1920 – 30 April 1957 National Parks Board: 1 May 1957 – 30 July 1977 Department of Fisheries and Fauna: 1 October 1964 – 31 December 1973 National Parks Authority: 1 August 1977 – 15 April 1985 Wildlife section of the Department of Fisheries and Wildlife: 1 January 1974 – 21 March 1985 Department of Environment: 1 July 2004 - 30 June 2006 Department of Conservation and Land Management: 22 March 1985 – 30 June 2006 The Department maintained and coordinated a range of specialist equipment and emergency response vehicles.
This included pumpers, water bombers and tankers and other equipment relating to operations involving search and rescue and firefighting. National Parks of Western Australia Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council Department of Environment and Conservation Department of Parks and Wildlife Department of Environment Regulation
Eyre Highway is a 1,660-kilometre highway linking Western Australia and South Australia via the Nullarbor Plain. Signed as National Highways 1 and A1, it forms part of Highway 1 and the Australian National Highway network linking Perth and Adelaide, it was named after explorer Edward John Eyre, the first European to cross the Nullarbor by land, in 1840–1841. Eyre Highway runs from Norseman in past Eucla, to the state border. Continuing to the South Australian town of Ceduna, it crosses the top of the Eyre Peninsula before reaching the city of Port Augusta in South Australia; the construction of the East–West Telegraph line in the 1870s, along Eyre's route, resulted in a hazardous trail that could be followed for interstate travel. A national highway was called for, but the federal government did not see the route as important enough until 1941, when a war in the Pacific seemed imminent; the highway was constructed between July 1941 and June 1942, but was trafficable by January 1942. Though named Forrest Highway, after John Forrest, by the war cabinet, it was named and gazetted Eyre Highway, a name agreed upon by the states' nomenclature committees.
The finished road, while an improvement over the previous route, still was not much more than a track, remained such throughout the 1940s and 1950s. Efforts to seal the highway began in Norseman in 1960, with the Western Australian section completed in 1969 and the South Australian section finished in 1976. Further improvement works have been undertaken since the 1980s, including widening and reconstructing portions of the road. Eyre Highway is the only sealed road linking the states of Western Australia and South Australia, running east from Norseman in Western Australia for 1,200 kilometres across the Nullarbor Plain to Ceduna, South Australia, it crosses the top of the Eyre Peninsula as it continues eastwards for 470 kilometres, before reaching the city of Port Augusta. Eyre Highway is part of the National Highway route between Perth and Adelaide, forms part of Australia's Highway 1, it is signed as National Highway 1 in Western Australia, National Highway A1 in South Australia. The vast majority of the highway is a two-lane single carriageway with a speed limit of 110 kilometres per hour, except in and around built-up areas.
Road trains up to 36.5 metres are permitted on Eyre Highway, but are limited to 100 kilometres per hour. The Western Australian section of Eyre Highway is on the western side of the Nullarbor Plain; the Nullarbor gets its name from Latin for "no tree", the typical view is that of a straight highway and unchanging flat saltbush-covered terrain, although some parts are located on ridges. The Eyre Peninsula has been extensively cleared for agriculture, although there are remnant corridors of native eucalyptus woodland alongside its roads. Main Roads Western Australia and the Department of Planning and Infrastructure in South Australia monitor traffic volume across the states' road networks, including various locations along Eyre Highway. In Western Australia, the recorded traffic volumes ranged between 430 and 760 vehicles per day in 2013/14. In South Australia, the estimated annual average daily traffic as of September 2015 varied between 500 and 1500 west of Lincoln Highway, was 2700 to the east.
Eyre Highway was assessed by the Australian Automobile Association in 2011 to be among the lowest risk highways in the country, based on total number of casualty crashes per length of road. However, individual risk based on casualty crash rates per vehicle kilometre travelled was assessed as high for the 95-kilometre section east of Yalata to Fowlers Bay, medium for a 106-kilometre section from Fowlers Bay to Ceduna, low-medium between Ceduna and Port Augusta, low west of Yalata. In 2013, Eyre Highway received a lower safety rating for the South Australian sections, compared to the Western Australian section. Out of five stars 10% was rated as one- or two-star in Western Australia towards the Norseman end, 91% was rated three- or four-star. In South Australia, 49% was rated as one- or two-star from Yalata to Ceduna, across the Eyre Peninsula, with the remaining 51% rated as three- or four-star. Eyre Highway begins on the Coolgardie -- Esperance Highway. Apart from Eucla, 12 kilometres from the South Australia border, roadhouses serving the highway are the only settlements on the 720-kilometre-long stretch through Western Australia.
These are located 65 to 180 kilometres apart, at Balladonia, Cocklebiddy and Mundrabilla. The section between Balladonia and Caiguna includes what is regarded as the longest straight stretch of road in Australia and one of the longest in the world; the road stretches for 146.6 kilometres without turning, is signposted and known as the "90 Mile Straight". Travelling east, the highway descends through the Madura Pass just before the Madura roadhouse from the Nullarbor Plain to the coastal Roe Plains, it skirts the bottom of the escarpment. Because of its remoteness, some widened sections of the highway serve as emergency airstrips for the Royal Flying Doctor Service; these airstrips are signposted, have runway pavement markings painted on the road, turnaround bays for small aircraft. After crossing the border at the settlement of Border Village, the highway passes through the Nullarbor Wilderness Protection Area and through the localities of Yalata and Ceduna. Before a
Eucla, Western Australia
Eucla is the easternmost locality in Western Australia, located in the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia along the Eyre Highway 11 kilometres west of the South Australian border. At the 2016 Australian census, Eucla had a population of 53, it is the only Western Australian location on the Eyre Highway that has a direct view of the Great Australian Bight due to its elevated position next to the Eucla Pass – where the highway moves out and above the basin known as Roe Plains that occurs between the Madura and Eucla passes. The name Eucla is believed to originate from an Aboriginal word "Yinculyer" which one source gives as referring to the rising of the planet Venus, it was first used by Europeans for the area at some point before 1867. In 1841, Eyre and Baxter became the first European explorers to visit the area. In 1867, the president of the Marine Board of South Australia declared a port at Eucla, in 1870, John Forrest camped at the location for nearly two weeks. In 1873, land was taken up at Moopina Station near the present townsite, work commenced on a telegraph line from Albany to Adelaide.
Land was set aside at Eucla for the establishment of a manual repeater station, when the telegraph line opened in 1877, Eucla was one of the most important telegraph stations on the line. The station was important as a conversion point because South Australia and Victoria used American Morse code while Western Australia used the international Morse code, familiar today. A jetty and tram line were constructed for offloading supplies brought in by sea; the town was proclaimed a township and gazetted in 1885, reached its peak in the 1920s, prior to the construction of a new telegraph line further north alongside the Trans-Australian Railway in 1929. In the 1890s a rabbit plague passed through the area and ate much of the Delisser Sandhills' dune vegetation, thus destabilising the dune system and causing large sand drifts to encroach on the townsite; the original town was abandoned, a new townsite established about 4 km to the north and higher up on the escarpment. The ruins of the original telegraph station which still stand amongst the dunes are a local tourist attraction.
Many of the pioneer farmers and telegraph operators were buried at Eucla, but as the sand dunes encroached onto their graves, some of the headstones and plaques were removed and can now be seen at the museum at Eucla. In 1898, the population of the town was 96. In 1971, worldwide media publicity came to the town after reports emerged of a half-naked blonde girl who had gone wild and lived and ran with the kangaroos, who came to be known as the "Nullarbor Nymph"; the story subsequently turned out to be a hoax cooked up by the residents of the tiny settlement. Eucla has a semi-arid climate with warm summers; however hot days can occur accompanied by hot northerly winds from the Great Victoria Desert. For a semi-desert climate the humidity is rather high all-year round, due to the moisture from the nearby ocean. Despite its close proximity to the desert, the locality only gets 94.4 clear days annually, lower than the humid subtropical cities like Sydney and Newcastle on the east coast. Average maximum temperatures vary from 25 to 26 °C from December to 18 °C in July.
The average annual rainfall of 273.9 millimetres is evenly spread through the year, with monthly totals ranging from 15.4 millimetres in January to 31.2 millimetres in May. The highest temperature was 49.3 °C on 17 December 1912, while the lowest was −2.2 °C on 20 June 1936. Eucla is the largest stopping point between Norseman and Penong for travellers along the Eyre Highway, it has a hotel and restaurant, a golf club, a museum dedicated to the Old Telegraph Station, a meteorological station. These together with fishing are the locality's major activities. There is a Travellers Cross; the South Australian settlement of Border Village is located 12 kilometres east of Eucla. Established as a quarantine checkpoint for agricultural produce, this small settlement comprises a licensed roadhouse and caravan park. Eucla and the surrounding area, notably Mundrabilla and Madura in Western Australia and Border Village in South Australia, use the Central Western Time Zone of UTC+8:45. Although it has no official sanction, it is universally observed in this area, stopping just to the east of Caiguna.
Eucla is a major stop-off point along the Eyre Highway. In October 2005, Greyhound Australia announced the closure of their Nullarbor service due to rising fuel prices and declining passenger numbers. Eucla Airport Rabbits in Australia Saunders, B. A. Spirit of the desert: the story of Eucla, WA, after the east-west telegraph era Kalgoorlie, W. A.: B. A. Saunders for the Eyre Highway Community Association. ISBN 0-646-44583-9 Shire of Dundas – Towns of the Eyre Highway Photos of the Travellers Cross
Senecio is a genus of the daisy family that includes ragworts and groundsels. The scientific Latin genus name, means "old man." Variously circumscribed taxonomically, the genus Senecio is one of the largest genera of flowering plants. The traditional circumscription of Senecio is artificial, being polyphyletic in its new circumscription, based on genetic data. Despite the separation of many species into other genera, the genus still contains c. 1,250 species and is one of the largest genera of flowering plants. As no morphological synapomorphies are known to determine which species belong to the genus or not, no exact species numbers are known; the genus has an worldwide distribution and evolved in the mid- to late Miocene. Some species produce natural biocides to deter or kill animals that would eat them. Senecio species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species — see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Senecio. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids have been found in Senecio nemorensis and in Senecio cannabifolius var. integrilifolius.
The flower heads are rayed with the heads borne in branched clusters, completely yellow, but green, purple and blue flowers are known as well. In its current circumscription, the genus contains species that are annual or perennial herbs, small trees, aquatics or climbers; the only species which are trees are the species belonging to Robinsonia occurring on the Juan Fernández Islands. The genus Senecio is distributed worldwide, it is one of the few genera occurring in all five regions with a Mediterranean climate. Furthermore, species are found including tropical alpine-like areas. Many genera and the whole tribe are in need of revision. Many species placed in the genus need to be transferred to other or new genera, others have been retransferred to Senecio. In its new delimitation the genus is still not monophyletic. Genera that have been included are the following: Aetheolaena Culcitum Hasteola Iocenes B. Nord. Lasiocephalus Willd. Ex Schltdl. Robinsonia The following genera contain species that have been included within Senecio.
Antillanthus B. Nord. Barkleyanthus H. Rob. & Brettell Brachyglottis J. R. Forst. & G. Forst. Canariothamnus B. Nord. Dauresia B. Nord. & Pelser Dendrophorbium C. Jeffrey Dendrosenecio B. Nord. - Giant groundsels occurring in the high altitude areas of East Africa Dorobaea Cass. Dresslerothamnus H. Rob. Elekmania B. Nord. Herreranthus B. Nord. Hubertia Bory Jacobaea Mill. Leonis B. Nord. Ligularia Lundinia B. Nord. Mesogramma DC. Monticalia C. Jeffrey Nelsonianthus H. Rob. & Brettell Nesampelos B. Nord. nom. inval. Oldfeltia B. Nord. & Lundin Packera Á. Löve & D. Löve Pentacalia Cass. Pippenalia McVaugh Pittocaulon H. Rob. & Brettell Pojarkovia Askerova Psacaliopsis H. Rob. & Brettell Pseudogynoxys Cabrera Pseudojacobaea R. Mathur Roldana La Llave Sinosenecio B. Nord. Synotis C. Jeffrey & Y. L. Chen Telanthophora H. Rob. & Brettell Tephroseris Rchb. Vendredia Baill. Zemisia B. Nord. Senecio ampullaceus — Texas ragwort, Texas squaw-weed, Texas groundsel, clasping-leaf groundsel Senecio angulatus L.f. — creeping groundsel Senecio antisanae Senecio arborescens Senecio aureus L. — golden ragwortPackera aurea A. & D. Löve Senecio barbertonicus Klatt — succulent bush senecio Senecio battiscombei Dendrosenecio battiscombei Senecio bigelovii — nodding groundsel Senecio bosniacus G. Beck — Bosnian ragwort Senecio brasiliensis Less.
— flor-das-almas Cineraria brasiliensis Senecio cambrensis — Welsh groundsel, Welsh ragwort Senecio congestus DC. — marsh ragwort, clustered marsh ragwort, marsh fleabane Cineraria palustris Othonna palustris Tephroseris palustris Senecio douglasii — threadleaf groundsel Senecio eboracensis Abbott & Lowe — York groundsel Senecio flaccidus Less. — Douglas senecio, threadleaf groundsel, threadleaf ragwort Senecio gallicus Chaix — French groundsel Senecio glabellus Poir. — butterweed Packera glabella C. Jeffrey Senecio glaucus L. — Jaffa groundsel Senecio haworthii — woolly senecio Senecio howeanus Senecio iscoensis — Hieron. Senecio jacobaea — is a synonym of Jacobaea vulgaris. Senecio keniensis Dendrosenecio keniensis Senecio keniodendron — giant groundsel Dendrosenecio keniodendron Senecio keniophytum Senecio kleinia Kleinia neriifolia Senecio lamarckianus Senecio leucanthemifolius Poir. — coastal ragwort Senecio littoralis Senecio macroglossus — Natal ivy, wax ivy Senecio mikanioides — Cape ivy, German ivy Delairea odorata Senecio nivalis Kunth Senecio obovatus Muhl. — roundleaf ragwort Packera obovata Senecio patagonicus Senecio pauciradiatus Senecio pulcher Senecio rowleyanus — string of pearls Senecio sanmarcosensis Senecio scandens — German ivy Senecio serpens — blue chalksticks Senecio squalidus — Oxford ragwort Senecio trapezuntinus Senecio triangularis — arrowleaf groundsel Senecio vaginatus Senecio vernalis — eastern groundsel Senecio viscosus — sticky ragwort Senecio vulgaris — common groundsel, old-man-in-the-springFormerly in Senecio Brachyglottis greyi Florist's Cineraria, Pericallis × hybrida Rugelia nudicaulis — Rugels ragwort Ragwort Control Act 2003 Noxious weed Taxonomy Media related to Senecio at Wikimedia Commons Natural Resources Conservation Service.
"PLANTS Profile, Senecio L." The PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2008-03-06. Germplasm Resources Information Network. "Genus: Senecio L." Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Maryland. Retrieved 2008-03-06. Germplasm Resources Information Network. "GRIN Species
Millstream Chichester National Park
Millstream Chichester National Park is a national park in the Pilbara region of Western Australia, is located 1,190 kilometres north of the state capital, Perth. The park is made up of the old Millstream Station, on the Millstream Creek, just before it joins Fortescue River, one of the few permanent watercourses in the area and the Chichester Range; the area is homeland of the Yinjibarndi people. Millstream Creek was named by the explorer Francis Thomas Gregory in 1861, he reported the favourable grazing prospects. The first pastoral lease was taken up on 1865. By 1907 the property occupied an area of 1,000 square miles, it was stocked with 20,500 sheep, 1,900 cattle and 150 horses and was passed in at auction at £26,000. The present Millstream Homestead was built in 1920; the homestead was a tavern between 1975 and 1986. In 1970, the Chichester Range National Park was set aside and named. In 1975, the Conservation through Reserves Committee made recommendations for reserves in the Pilbara region, subsequently, the Millstream region was integrated into the park in 1982.
The Yindjibarndi people work as contractors in the Park. The Millstream Homestead Visitor Centre is in the old Homestead, which feature rooms dedicated to the Yinjibarndi people, the early settlers and the natural environment. Other displays provide information about the park's attractions and management challenges; the Pilbara is located within the arid tropics. During summer, between October and April, temperatures rise above 40 degrees and cyclones and local thunderstorms can flood roads and watercourses; the cool season, between May and August, experiences little rain, with daytime temperatures around 26 degrees. Nights at this time of year can be cool, so warm clothes may be necessary. Camping is available at Stargazers campgrounds. Miliyanha toilets and is generator friendly, it has some shade in afternoon. Stargazers is a more open site and generators are not permitted. A gas BBQ and toilets are provided. Both campgrounds are suitable for tent camping up to large caravans and motorhomes, can be accessed by 2WD in good weather, road conditions should be checked before embarking in 2WD, for information concerning road conditions contact The Shire of Ashburton.
Snake Creek Campground has been closed to campers since 2011, Crossing Pool has been closed to campers since 2013 due to safety issues concerning a drop in water levels and tree death. The Millstream Chichester area is significant Indigenous cultural site in northern Australia, its cultural and mythological importance stems from thousands of years occupation, with Millstream being the home of the mythical serpent or warlu, whose presence is still felt at Nhanggangunha. All the pools are significant in this regard and warrant a high level of respect because of their spiritual and mythological importance; the broad area of land straddling the Fortescue River from the Hamersley Range through to the Chichester escarpment is the homeland of the Yindjibarndi people. Ngarluma people's lands run from the Chichester escarpment northward to the sea. Aside from its important spiritual significance, Millstream was an important campsite for intertribal meetings; the Fortescue River provided food and water during drier months.
Along the river, Indigenous people had a varied diet of red meat, reptiles, eggs, honey fruits and root vegetables. Extensive areas were burnt to attract kangaroos; the dry climate meant. The Indigenous people were skilled in land management and were nomadic within their traditional boundaries. Yindjibarndi and Ngarluma people continue to come to the park to spend time on country and to carry out customery activities, they are represented on the Jirndawurrunhs Park Council which, in association with the Department of Parks and Wildlife, manages the strategic direction of the park. Protected areas of Western Australia Juluwarlu Group Aboriginal Corporation
Beelu National Park
Beelu National Park is a national park east of Perth, Western Australia. Lying south of Mundaring, Western Australia, west of the Mundaring Weir Road, it is part of the group of parks known as the Parks of the Darling Range; the park was named Mundaring National Park. Mundaring National Park was established and gazetted in 1995 as part of the Protecting Out Old Growth Forests policy of the State Government; the park was renamed in 2008 as an acknowledgement of the traditional owners of the area. The word Beelu is derived from the Noongar word for stream; the Beelu people were the original peoples of the area whose district was bounded by the Helena and Canning Rivers. The park contains an abundance of native flora including Jarrah, Zamia, Bull Banksia and Grass tree; the park contains toilets, wood barbecues, picnic tables and a variety of hiking and mountain biking trails. An information centre, the Perth Hills National Parks Centre is located within the park and is open between 10.00am and 4.00pm to offer advice and refreshments to visitors.
A lookout is located South Ledge with a view over Lake CY O'Connor. The largest Oak Tree in Western Australia is found in Fred Jacby Park. Two campsites are available to use within the park. Protected areas of Western Australia Mitchell, Samille What's in a name? Parks of the Darling Range Landscope Volume 24 number 2, pp. 40–46
Karijini National Park
Karijini National Park is a national park centred in the Hamersley Ranges of the Pilbara region in the northwestern section of the Australian state of Western Australia. The park is located just north of the Tropic of Capricorn 1,055 kilometres from the state's capital city, Perth. Known as Hamersley Range National Park, the park was renamed in 1991. At 627,422 hectares, Karijini is the second largest national park in Western Australia with Karlamilyi National Park being the largest park; the park is physically split into a northern and a southern half by a corridor containing the Hamersley & Robe River railway and the Marandoo iron ore mine. The park is served by the Solomon Airport, located 15 kilometres westwards. A party led by explorer F. T. Gregory explored the area in 1861, he named the Hamersley Range. The park is located in the Pilbara region, is tropical semi-arid climate. In summer and cyclones are common, bringing 250–350 mm of rain annually. Temperatures on summer days exceed 40 degrees Celsius, while winter nights can bring frost.
Several gorges that flow north out of the park—including Dales, Kalamina and Yampire Gorges—provide notable displays of the rock layers: Banded iron formation - Brockman iron formation Dolomite - Wittenoom dolomite Shale - Mount McRae Shale The park is most notable for its many gorges containing slot canyons and water holes with visitors sometimes swimming in the cold pools of water. Hamersley Gorge is located in the northwestern region of the park, while Range Gorge is in the north, Munjina Gorge is in the east, Hancock, Knox and Weano Gorges converge in the park's center. While the park is open to the public, visitors are warned to exercise due caution when walking in and around the vicinity of Yampire and Wittenoom Gorges near the northern boundary of the park due to the presence of blue asbestos—a known cancer-causing agent when inhaled—which occurs in a number of the rock formations; the park's wildlife includes red kangaroos, wallaroos, geckos, bats, legless lizards and a large variety of birds and snakes, including pythons.
List of protected areas of Western Australia Padgett, Allan Karijini National Park - description of some of the more remote gorges. Landscope, Vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 16–21 Media related to Karijini National Park at Wikimedia Commons Archived PDF park guide A tourist's park photos