Eugène Flandin

Jean-Baptiste Eugène Napoléon Flandin, French orientalist, painter and politician. Flandin's archeological drawings and some of his military paintings are valued more by museum authorities than his purely artistic paintings, he is most renowned for his famous drawings and paintings of Persian monuments and social life made during his travels with the architect Pascal Coste during the years 1839–41. Flandin's observations on the state of Persia and international politics in the mid-19th century continue to provide important documentary information. In 1839, Flandin was, along with Coste, made a laureate of the Institut de France, they both joined the embassy of the Comte de Sercey to Persia. After parting from de Sercey's mission, they left Isfahan with limited financial means and retinue, they pursued their periplus towards Kangāvar, Bīsotūn, Ḥolwān, etc.. They went back to Isfahan and on to Shiraz and the Persian Gulf, returning to Tehran via Shiraz, Kāšān, they traveled to Tabrīz, where disastrous sanitary conditions hampered their return through Trabzon or Tiflis so that they had to take the Tabrīz-Baghdad route through Kurdistan instead.

Flandin's courage during this journey was praised by Coste, who noted his intrepidity and his violent temper. Their timetable and work were organized. After Flandin's return to France, he was awarded the Légion d’honneur. In March 1843, after fruitless searching for the site of Nineveh, Paul-Émile Botta discovered the Assyrian capital of Dur Sharrukin on the site of modern Khorsabad. Botta mistook the place for the actual site of Nineveh. In October, Flandin was appointed to Botta's mission by the Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres to draw the excavated remains and inscriptions, he participated in the excavations which ended in October 1844. Despite its many predecessors, Flandin's Voyage en Perse remains a model of its kind and an important source on early Qajar Persia, due to both its text and its illustrations, it provides many precious observations on history, arts, geography and court life and provincial administration, military organization, etc. Itineraries are noted. A table of distances between identified stages is given in “time necessary at the ordinary pace of a horse”.

Endowed with many gifts and professional skills, Flandin provides us with precious observations and pictures. There is hardly any illustrated book on Persia one dealing with the Qajar period, without reproductions of his celebrated paintings of monuments, bazaars and costumes, street scenes, etc. All this work, supplemented with precise written observations, was accomplished despite the many hardships endured by Coste and Flandin during their travels. However, Flandin's pioneering work in archeological drawing was, soon after his Oriental expeditions, superseded by the new art of photography. Daguerreotype and calotype made it possible to prepare pictures, notably of archeological remains and although archeological drawing still remains an indispensable complement to research and publication. List of Orientalist artists Orientalism Media related to Eugène Flandin at Wikimedia Commons

Wing Shuttle

The Wing Shuttle is a people mover system at Kansai International Airport in Osaka, Japan. The system opened on September 1994, with the opening of the airport itself; the driverless people mover lines link the tips of two wings. All the stations are equipped with platform screen doors. Unlike the wheel-less Terminal 2 Shuttle System in Narita International Airport, the system in Kansai is a conventional people mover with wheels. Cars operate once every 2 minutes and each route is 545m long; this is the only airport people mover in Japan. There are each running on the North Wing and the South Wing. Both lines have two services. Stations of two lines share same names. Cars stop at stations signed "+", skip at "-". List of airport people mover systems People mover Wing Shuttle, from Kansai International Airport official website International Departure Procedures, from Kansai International Airport official website Wing Shuttle, from the official website of Niigata-Transys, the car manufacturer


Lingvist is an adaptive language-learning platform, available in an international public free beta version since 2014. As of August 2015, Lingvist offers introductory English, French, German and Estonian courses, available in various languages. Lingvist's method includes a memorize section, based on word cards, the challenges area, which offers numerous reading and speaking exercises with dialogues, it uses statistical analysis and big data to establish frequencies in order to teach the most relevant and useful vocabulary to the user. The company's software analyses various text sources, such as subtitles or articles to determine the frequency of words in a given language; as an adaptive tool, Lingvist uses mathematical optimization to adapt the lessons to its users' level. The user will repeat words he or she has forgotten or written incorrectly, but will progress from those mastered at the first go. Lingvist attempts to teach users starting with the most relevant words. While there are grammar references for the curious, Lingvist is not about teaching grammar, but about teaching the language as it is used naturally.

Lingvist was co-founded in 2013 by Mait Müntel, an Estonian physicist involved with the team that identified the Higgs-Boson particle at CERN, Ott Jalakas and Andres Koern. In 2014, the company raised €1 million from SmartCap, Nordic VC Inventure, other angel investors to develop the tool. Lingvist announced in June 2015 an additional €1.6 million funding from the European Union, as part of the Horizon 2020 programme. In November 2015, the company raised $8 million in Series A funding led by Japanese e-commerce and online services giant Rakuten, with participation from investment firms SmartCap and from Skype co-founder Jaan Tallinn and former Atomico partner Geoff Prentice. In March, 2017, Lingvist announced their partnership with Taiwanese company PChome. In March 2013, Lingvist received a €9,900 Prototron Grant to finance their initial prototype. In March 2014, it was handpicked by TechStars London Accelerator Program. In October 2015, the company was recognized as the "brightest startup" by the Tallinn Entrepreneurship Awards.

In February 2017, Lingvist completed their Horizon 2020 project and received additional funding from Rakuten. In June that year, the company received an EdTechXGlobal All Stars Rise Award. Language education Language pedagogy Computer-assisted language learning List of language self-study programs e-Learning Official website