Seoul the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea. With surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province, Seoul forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area. Seoul is ranked as the fourth largest metropolitan economy in the world and is larger than London and Paris. Strategically situated on the Han River, Seoul's history stretches back over two thousand years, when it was founded in 18 BCE by the people of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea; the city was designated the capital of Korea under the Joseon dynasty. Seoul is surrounded by a mountainous and hilly landscape, with Bukhan Mountain located on the northern edge of the city; as with its long history, the Seoul Capital Area contains five UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Changdeok Palace, Hwaseong Fortress, Jongmyo Shrine and the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty. More Seoul has been a major site of modern architectural construction – major modern landmarks include the N Seoul Tower, the 63 Building, the Lotte World Tower, the Dongdaemun Design Plaza, Lotte World, Trade Tower, COEX, the IFC Seoul.
Seoul was named the 2010 World Design Capital. As the birthplace of K-pop and the Korean Wave, Seoul received over 10 million international visitors in 2014, making it the world's 9th most visited city and 4th largest earner in tourism. Today, Seoul is considered a leading and rising global city, resulting from the South Korean economic boom - referred to as the Miracle on the Han River - which transformed it into the world's 7th largest metropolitan economy with a GDP of US$635.4 billion in 2014 after Tokyo, New York City and Los Angeles. International visitors reach Seoul via AREX from the Incheon International Airport, notable for having been rated the best airport for nine consecutive years by the Airports Council International. In 2015, it was rated Asia's most livable city with the second highest quality of life globally by Arcadis, with the GDP per capita in Seoul being $39,786. Inhabitants of Seoul are faced with a high cost of living, for which the city was ranked 6th globally in 2017.
Seoul is an expensive real estate market, ranked 5th in the world for the price of apartments in the downtown center. With major technology hubs centered in Gangnam and Digital Media City, the Seoul Capital Area is home to the headquarters of 15 Fortune Global 500 companies, including Samsung, LG, Hyundai. Ranked sixth in the Global Power City Index and Global Financial Centres Index, the metropolis exerts a major influence in global affairs as one of the five leading hosts of global conferences. Seoul has hosted the 1986 Asian Games, 1988 Summer Olympics, 2002 FIFA World Cup, more the 2010 G-20 Seoul summit; the city has been known in the past by the names Wiryeseong, Hanseong, Keijō. During Japan's annexation of Korea, "Hanseong" was renamed "Keijō" by the Imperial authorities to prevent confusion with the hanja'漢', which refers to Han people or the Han dynasty and in Japanese is a term for "China", its current name originated from the Korean word meaning "capital city", believed to have descended from an ancient word, which referred to Gyeongju, the capital of Silla.
Ancient Gyeongju was known in documents by the Chinese-style name Geumseong, but it is unclear whether the native Korean-style name Seorabeol had the same meaning as Geumseong. Unlike most place names in Korea, "Seoul" has no corresponding hanja. On January 18, 2005, the Seoul government changed its official Chinese name from the historic Hancheng, still in common use, to Shou'er. Settlement of the Han River area, where present-day Seoul is located, began around 4000 BCE. Seoul is first recorded as the capital of Baekje in the northeastern Seoul area. There are several city walls remaining in the area. Pungnaptoseong, an earthen wall located southeast Seoul, is believed to have been at the main Wiryeseong site; as the Three Kingdoms competed for this strategic region, control passed from Baekje to Goguryeo in the 5th century, from Goguryeo to Silla in the 6th century. In the 11th century Goryeo, which succeeded Unified Silla, built a summer palace in Seoul, referred to as the "Southern Capital".
It was only from this period. When Joseon replaced Goryeo, the capital was moved to Seoul, where it remained until the fall of the dynasty; the Gyeongbok Palace, built in the 14th century, served as the royal residence until 1592. The other large palace, constructed in 1405, served as the main royal palace from 1611 to 1872. After Joseon changed her name to the Korean Empire in 1897, Hwangseong designated Seoul; the city was surrounded by a massive circular stone wall to provide its citizens security from wild animals and attacks. The city has grown beyond those walls and although the wall no longer stands, the gates remain near the downtown district of Seoul, including most notably Sungnyemun and Heunginjimun (commonly known as Dong
City Hall station (Seoul)
City Hall Station is a station on Seoul Subway lines 1 and 2. As its name suggests, Seoul City Hall is located right next to the station. Deoksugung, a historic palace of the Joseon dynasty, is on the other side of the boulevard named Taepyeongno. Seoul Museum of Art is nearby; the museum has hosted many special exhibitions, including those of the works of van Gogh and René Magritte. The head offices of three daily newspapers, Chosun Ilbo, Donga Ilbo and Kyunghyang Shinmun, are near the city hall. Seoul Plaza Hotel is located across from the city hall. Seoul Museum of Art Deoksugung palace
Hanyang University station
Hanyang University Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 2. This underground station lies within the Hanyang University campus, is located in Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul
Euljiro 1-ga station
Euljiro 1-ga Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 2. The station is located on the north end of the Myeongdong shopping district and is the station closest to the main branch of the Lotte Department Store. Walkthrough video of Euljiro 1-ga Station
Konkuk University station
Konkuk University Station is a rapid transit station on Seoul Subway Line 2 and Line 7. It is located in Hwayang-dong in the Gwangjin-gu administrative district of Seoul, it is adjacent to Konkuk University. Line 2 is serviced by an elevated platform; the station has connections to ten bus lines through its six exits as well as a connection to the airport shuttle bus. The station services Hwayang-dong as well as Noyu-dong; the area around the station is mixed small commercial businesses. Exits from the underground Line 7 platform open into Konkuk University and the adjacent Star City shopping and high-rise residential tower complex; the station is part of the original set of stations which made up the first phase of Line 2. It was built on October 31, 1980 at Konkuk University intersection and called Hwayang Station; the initial section of Line 2 ran from Sinseoul-Dong to the Sports Complex Station in Jamsil-dong. On March 7, 1985 the station's name was changed from Hwayang to Konkuk University station.
Line 7 was joined with Line 2 at this station on October 11, 1996. Star City, a residential and shopping complex, was finished in October 2008 with the opening of the Lotte Department Store; as part of the development an underground exit was built between complex. It was opened on July 25, 2009, it will house several shops. The station features both an elevated with an underground platform, it is constructed from concrete and aluminum. There are four exits from the elevated platform and they are paired at either end of the station; the underground platform has a single pair of exits located in the middle of the Jangam side. There are no exits on the Onsu side of the Line 7 platform requiring passengers to either take an escalator to the elevated platform or use a tunnel to cross to the Jangam side. All the pairs of exits are separated by automatic ticket gates; the station itself features several small retail stores selling cosmetics and cell phones. There is a pharmacy, a variety store and convenience store.
Seoul Metro sponsors music performances that take place inside the ticket gates of the elevated platform. Connected to exits 3 and 4 on the north-east corner of Konkuk University intersection is Konkuk University and Konkuk University Medical Center. Under construction is a Young Zone entertainment and shopping complex. Opposite the university on the south-east side of the intersection is the Star City shopping and residential complex; this complex contains a shopping mall, parking garage, small outdoor stage, several residential high rises. Next to Star City is the Naru Arts Center. In the first half of 2009 Line 2's ridership increased; the Star City mall was noted as a being a major contributor to this increase. The exits attached to the elevated platform serve both Noyu-dong and Hwayang-dong directly as the road that runs underneath the station serves as a border between the two areas; these areas are mixed residential and commercial with the areas around the subway exits being predominantly small shops and businesses and giving way to more residential as the distance from the station and main roads increases.
Exit #1 features the only elevator that can be used to access the station and is attached to the only other high rise in the area. It is a mixed-use building known in South Korea as an officetel. Line 2 and 7 of Seoul Metropolitan Subway both operate at the station. Line 2 is a circle route with two spur lines; the subway runs with varying headways depending on the time of day. During rush hour it can come as as every 5 minutes and in non-peak times it can be as infrequent as every 15 minutes, it takes an equal amount of time in either direction to reach Guro Digital Complex Station on Line 2 from Konkuk University Station making it the mid-way point on the opposite side of the loop. Line 7 runs from Onsu to Jangam with a similar schedule to Line 2, it is operated by SMRT. Passengers can directly transfer to every line on the subway system from either Line 2 or Line 7 except for the Incheon and Airport Express Lines; this station is one of two transfer points between Line 2 and 7. At the various exits for the station, ten different bus lines make stops.
These buses including various trunk and rapid buses. The airport shuttle bus, route 6013 has a drop off and pick up stop near exit 5 of the station
Seolleung Station is a Seoul Subway station that serves Line 2 and the Bundang Line. The station is named after the nearby Seonjeongneung, Joseon Dynasty royal tombs Seolleung and Jeongneung. On Line 2, the preceding and following stations are Samseong Station. On the Bundang Line these are Seonjeongneung Station, which connects with Line 9, Hanti Station. In 2011, retailer Home plus opened the world's first virtual supermarket in the station, where smartphone users can photograph the bar codes of life-size pictures, on the walls and platform screen doors, of 500 items of food, electronics etc. for delivery within the same day. In a survey conducted in 2011 by the Ministry of Land and Maritime Affairs on 92 Administrative divisions across the country, it reported that Seolleung Station is the fourth-busiest public transit stop following Gangnam Station, Jamsil Station, Sadang Station.
Seongsu Station is a rapid transit station on Seoul Subway Line 2. It is located in Seongsu-dong in the Seongdong-gu administrative district of Seoul, it is the southeastern terminus of Line 2's Seongsu Branch to Sinseol-dong. Trains needing to be serviced take the Seongsu Branch from this station and go to the Gunja Train Depot behind Yongdap Station; the platform features 4 tracks. The main circle route of Line 2 runs on the inside pair of tracks while the Sinseol-dong branch is served by the outside pair of tracks; the station has four exits and is connected to two bus routes as well as a local shuttle bus which services the various apartment complexes in the area around the station. The stations services Seongsu 1ga 1 dong, Seongsu 2ga 1 dong, Seongsu 2ga 3 dong; the area around the station is commercial and light industrial but gives way to mixed-use development and residential further from station. Exits 1 and 2 service a nearby Lotte Castle apartment complex; the station is part of the original set of stations which made up the first phase of Line 2.
It was built on October 1980, at the intersection of Guui Road and Seong-Sam Road. The initial section of Line 2 ran from Sinseoul-Dong to the Sports Complex Station in Jamsil-dong. In 1983 Seongsu Station was split as the Line 2 circle was extended by nine stations to Euljiro 1-ga Station; the Sinseol-dong line became known as a branch line at this time. It would be another eight months before the circle line was completed in May 1984; the station is an elevated platform with 2 islands. The exits on the station are paired at either end of the station, they are not separated by ticket gates which allows passengers and pedestrians to walk the full length of the station. The station features several small shops, including convenience stores, clothing shops, other variety stores. There are washroom facilities in the middle of the main concourse. One block from exits 1 and 2 is the Seongsu Lotte Castle luxury apartment complex; this complex contains several residential apartment towers, as well as small shops and park facilities for children and residents.
Past the Lotte Castle is a riverfront park area, situated on a small branch of the Han River the branch runs east and turns north at Hwayang-dong. Within 200 meters from all exits there are several small community parks including Seongsu Green Park and Hyanglim Park. Exits 3 and 4 service mixed-use residential and commercial buildings as well as the Seongsu E-mart, adjacent to the Seongsu 2ga 1 dong resident center; the Line 2 circle route and Seongsu Branch Line are both operated by Seoul Metro at this station. They are serviced through the same pair of island platforms; the subway runs with varying headways depending on the time of day. During rush hour it can come as as every 3 minutes and in non-peak times it can be as infrequent as every 18 minutes, it takes an equal amount of time in either direction to reach Sindaebang Station on Line 2 from Seongsu Station making it the mid-way point on the opposite side of the loop. Passengers can transfer directly between a branch line and circle route train if they arrive on the same platform or they can take the stairs down and transfer to the other platform if required without leaving the ticket gates.
Only exits 1, 3, 4 are connected to the two bus routes which service the station. Passengers can transfer to either the Green Line 2224, which goes to Guui-dong or 2413 which runs service to Gaepo-dong; the local shuttle bus runs a small route around Seongsu to deliver passengers to various residential areas