Eupen is a city and municipality in the Belgian province of Liège,15 kilometres from the German border, from the Dutch border and from the High Fens nature reserve. The town is also the capital of the Euroregion Meuse-Rhine, in 1919, after the First World War, the Treaty of Versailles transferred Eupen and the nearby municipality of Malmedy from Germany to Belgium. German remains the language in Eupen, and the city serves as the capital for Belgiums German-speaking Community. The city has a university, the Autonome Hochschule in der deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft, offering bachelors degrees in Education. In 2010, Eupens association football team, K. A. S, Eupen, became the first club from the German-speaking Community to play in the Belgian Pro League. On 1 January 2006 Eupen had a population of 18,248. The total area is 103.74 km2 which gives a density of 175.90 inhabitants per km2. Eupen is considered in Belgium to be a Roman Catholic region with strongly conservative views, Eupen and the St. Nikolaus Chapel were first mentioned in 1213 as part of the Duchy of Limburg. In 1288, after the Battle of Worringen, the Duchy of Limburg was annexed by John I of Brabant, Brabant and Limburg were conquered by Burgundy in 1387, and Eupen was burnt to the ground during the war against the Guelders. Burgundy was dissolved in 1477 by the Austrian Habsburgs who then inherited Eupen after gaining both Limburg and Brabant, habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Charles V granted Eupen the privilege to conduct two markets per year in 1544. In 1555, both Brabant and Limburg were passed to the Spanish branch of the Habsburgs, ten years later, Protestantism was mentioned for the first time in the town. In 1582, during the Dutch Revolt against the Spanish Habsburgs, rebels burnt Eupen, bubonic plague reached Eupen in 1635, with devastataing consequences. Eupen obtained its own court of law in 1648, and in 1674 received city rights, giving it greater recognition, six years later, textile manufacture was introduced to the city. In 1713, with the Treaty of Utrecht, Brabant and Limburg were returned to the Austrian Habsburgs, revolutionary France took the city in 1794, incorporating it into the Département Ourthe, préfecture Liège and sous-préfecture Malmedy. Following the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Eupen became part of the Prussian Rhine Province, all Prussian possessions became part of the German Empire in 1870, while Eupen itself enjoyed its popularity as a spa town. Records show that a weaver named Schunck was established as early as 1776 and his eldest son, Nikolaus Severin Schunck, had six sons, of whom the third oldest, Arnold, would later found the firm in Heerlen. The youngest son, Joseph, remained at the weaving mill, the company became the famous Schunck. After the First World War, the 1919 Treaty of Versailles transferred Eupen, the effect led to the formation of extreme right-wing Nazi-like groups in Eupen
Image: Eupen 008
Map of Belgium in 1843: Eupen and the East Cantons were then German.