Euphrosyne Löf was a Swedish ballet dancer and stage actress, best known for her affair with Prince Frederick Adolf of Sweden from 1795 to 1800, after his relationship with Sophie Hagman. Euphrosyne Löf acted as his hostess at Tullgarn, she was the daughter of Johan Gottfrid Löf, taffeltäckare at the royal court, Catharina Charlotta Stålhammar, the sister of the actress Fredrique Löwen. Like her seven sisters, she was early known as a part of the Stockholm demi-monde of high class prostitutes Euphrosyne made a successful stage debut on the Royal Dramatic Theatre in 1791, she took part in ballets at the Opera, she was among the first Swedish actresses known by name to have performed in breeches role. For comparison, the first confirmed time a Swedish male actor played a female part was Kjell Waltman as Mother Bobi in 1781, though the all-male student troupe of 1686–1691 must have performed female parts as well, she appeared in Gustav III's plays, in Iphigénie by Gluck, as Märta Banér and as Ebba Brahe in Gustav Adolf och Ebba Brahe by Gustav III.
In 1793, she became the mistress of Prince Charles, at that point regent during the minority of his nephew. Löf was believed to have influence on his decision to ban coffee, when he banned silk for the public, she was mentioned in political debate: "In Stockholm it was said, that as long as the mamselle's Löf and Slottsberg wore silk and all sorts of finery, such things should not be banned" She became the lover of Prince Frederick Adolf after his relationship with Sophie Hagman ended in 1795, she was not liked and described as nasty, a "harlot who sold herself to anyone", who showed no gratitude toward all the gifts she was given and, said to infected Frederick with venereal desieces and the relationship was criticized within the court who considered Löf "unworthy"In 1800, Frederick ended the relationship because of her "bad behavior" and the opposition against it and granted her a pension until she entered into a new official relationship Apparently, Frederick ended the relationship because Löf had acquired an additional lover.
Euphrosyne Löf is reported to have lived a comfortable life in Stockholm until her death, was during the 1820s observed wearing fashionable clothes. She left her fortune in her will to three of her sisters, Baroness Lovisa von Stedink, Sara "in Russia" and Sophia "in Södertälje", but it was still confiscated by the official Carl Wilhelm Broberg. Svensk uppslagsbok Nordensvan, Svensk teater och svenska skådespelare från Gustav III till våra dagar. Förra delen, 1772-1842, Stockholm, 1917 Wilhelmina Stålberg:Anteckningar om svenska qvinnor Carl Forsstrand: Sophie Hagman och hennes samtida. Några anteckningar från det gustavianska Stockholm. Andra upplagan. Wahlström & Widstrand, Stockholm
Euphrosyne of Alexandria
Saint Euphrosyne of Alexandria was a female saint who adopted male attire and lived at a local monastery as an ascetic. Her feast day is celebrated both in the Eastern Orthodox Churches on 25 September. Euphrosyne was the beloved only daughter of a rich man of Alexandria, miraculously born in her parents' old age in answer to a monk's prayer, her loving father, desired to marry her to a wealthy youth. But having consecrated her life to God and under pressure to break her vow, she dressed as a man and assumed the identity of "Smaragdus", she escaped to a nearby men's monastery, where she made rapid strides toward a perfected ascetic life. She was under the guidance of the abbot, who happened to be the same monk who had prayed for her birth. Years when Paphnutius appealed to the abbot for comfort in his bereavement, the abbot committed him to the care of Euphrosyne, still under the guise of Smaragdus. Paphnutius received from his own daughter, whom he had failed to recognize, helpful advice and comforting exhortation.
Not until she was dying did Euphrosyne reveal herself to him as his lost daughter. After burying her, Paphnutius gave up all his worldly goods, became a monk in the same monastery. There, he used his daughter's old cell until his own death ten years after; some would argue that her Vita, narrated in the Vitæ Patrum, has hallmarks of the sentimental Hellenistic novel woven in to the narrative. Catholic Encyclopedia This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton
Julia Kristina Nyberg, was a Swedish poet and songwriter. She was awarded by the Swedish Academy, she wrote the vast majority of her works under the pseudonym Euphrosyne. Julia Kristina Nyberg was born in the parish of Skultuna in Sweden, her parents, Per Svärdström and Beata Eliasdotter Almgren, both died. She grew up as the foster daughter of industrialist and mill owner, named Adlerwald She moved in 1809 to Stockholm, where she was influenced the Aurora League an artistic society under the leadership of Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom. In 1822, she was married the same year to Anders Wilhelm Nyberg. Nyberg is most famous for her songs written for the Walpurgis Night holiday, many of which are still sung and recorded today, including Vårvindar friska and Fruktmånglerskan med tapperhetsmedalj. For the majority of her literary career she belonged to the circle of writers that formed around the Romantic poet Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom and published her poetry in the group's journal: Poetisk kalender.
She never aspired to the epic poetry that characterized many of her contemporaries' works, but instead focussed on writing shorter poems inspired by nature. Dikter af Euphrosyne Nyare Dikter af Euphrosyne Vublina Samlade Dikter af Euphrosyne Nya Dikter af Euphrosyne Anna Maria Lenngren Ulrika Widström
Euphrosyne, in ancient Greek religion, was one of the Charites, known in English as the "Three Graces". She was called Euthymia or Eutychia. According to Greek myth and the two other Charites were daughters of Zeus and the Oceanid Eurynome; the Greek poet Pindar states that these goddesses were created to fill the world with pleasant moments and good will. The Graces attended the goddess of beauty Aphrodite and her companion Eros and loved dancing around in a circle to Apollo's divine music, together with the Nymphs and the Muses. Euphrosyne is depicted with her sisters. Euphrosyne is a Goddess of Good Cheer and Mirth, the incarnation of grace and beauty; the other two Charites are Aglaea. Her half-brother is Hephaestus, the god of metalworking and volcanoes, her name is the female version of a Greek word euphrosynos, which means "merriment". In Roman myths the Graces where known as the "Gratiae", she can be seen along with the other two Graces at the left of the painting in Botticelli's Primavera.
The sculptor Antonio Canova made a well-known piece in white marble representing the three Graces, in several copies including one for John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford. Joshua Reynolds painted Mrs. Mary Hale, wife of General John Hale, as Euphrosyne in 1766. John Milton invoked her in the poem L'Allegro. Euphrosyne and her sisters' main cult was located in Sparta, or Boetia; the asteroid 31 Euphrosyne is named after the goddess, as is the Euphrosinidae family of marine worms
Euphrosyne of Kiev
Euphrosyne of Kiev was Queen consort of Hungary by marriage to King Géza II of Hungary. Euphrosyne was the first daughter of Grand Prince Mstislav I of Kiev and his second wife, Ljubava Saviditsch. In 1146, Euphrosyne married King Géza II of Hungary. During her husband's reign Euphrosyne did not intervene in the politics of the kingdom, but after his death on 31 May 1162, her influence strengthened over their son, King Stephen III; the young king had to struggle against his uncles Ladislaus and Stephen to save his throne, Euphrosyne took an active part in the struggles. She persuaded King Vladislaus II of Bohemia to give military assistance to her son against the invasion of the Emperor Manuel I Komnenos. Euphrosyne's favourite son was Duke Géza of Hungary; when King Stephen III died on 4 March 1172, she was planning to ensure his succession against her older son, Béla, living in the court of the Emperor Manuel I Komnenos. However, Béla came back, he was crowned on 13 January 1173, although the Archbishop Lukács of Esztergom denied his coronation.
Shortly after, King Béla III arrested his brother, which increased the tension between Euphrosyne and her son. Duke Géza soon managed to escape with Euphrosyne's help, but in 1177 he was again arrested. In 1186, Euphrosyne tried to release her younger son again. King Béla III kept her confined in the fortress of Barancs. Shortly after, Euphrosyne was set free. From Constantinople she moved to Jerusalem where she lived as a nun in the convent of the Hospitallers, in the Basilian monastery of Saint Sabbas, she had the following children: King Stephen III of Hungary. King Béla III of Hungary. Elisabeth. Géza. Árpád, died in infancy. Odola. Helena. Margaret, married firstly Isaac Dukas "Makrodukas" and secondly Andrew, Ispán of Somogy. Soltész, István: Árpád-házi királynék Kristó, Gyula – Makk, Ferenc: Az Árpád-ház uralkodói Encyclopædia Britannica Geza II of Hungary
The pearl-bordered fritillary is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae found in Europe and northern Asia. The adult butterfly is orange with black spots on the upperside of its wing and has a wingspan of 38–46 mm; the underside of the wings have a row of silver-pearly markings along the edge, which give the species its name. The pearl-bordered fitillary is confused with the small pearl-bordered fritillary, but can be distinguished by the triangle along its pearl border as well as the presence of a single silver spot in the middle of a row of yellow spots; the female has darker rounder wings than the male. The caterpillars are black with yellow spines along their backs. Like other species of fritillary, the males have special scent glands on their wings so that they can be recognised by females of their own species and therefore find a suitable partner; the pearl-bordered fritillary is widespread throughout Europe, ranging from Scandinavia to northern Spain and from Ireland eastwards towards Russia and Asia.
In England and Wales it has declined in number and is a threatened species. B. e. euphrosyne – Central Europe, Siberia B. e. fingal – Northern Europe, Siberia B. e. rusalka – Southern Europe, West Siberia B. e. orphana – Transbaikalia, Ussuri B. e. kamtschadalus – Kamchatka, North Sakhalin B. e. umbra – Altai, Sayan B. e. dagestanica – Caucasus, Transcaucasia B. e. nephele – Urals, Siberia After mating, the female will lay her eggs on dead bracken, or leaf litter near to violet plants – common dog–violet, heath dog–violet or marsh violet. Sometimes eggs are laid on the leaves of the food plant itself, they are laid singly, not in one large group such as the marsh fritillary. The habitat mosaics they prefer are one–third grass and two–thirds bracken. Eggs can be found on the food plant from mid–May to the end of June, they can hatch after 10 -- 14 days. The emerging caterpillars begin feeding and will moult three times within the first 5–6 weeks; each caterpillar will hibernate in a shriveled leaf at the base of the plant moving to the hibernation site at the end of July.
The caterpillars lose half of their body mass by the time the emerge in the following March. After a period of feeding and growth, during which it moults one last time, the caterpillar is full size and ready to pupate; the chrysalis stage is formed among the leaf litter, lasts just 10–14 days. The adult butterfly flies between late April and June, is one of the earliest fritillaries to emerge. Adults feed on the nectar from early spring flowers such as bugle and lesser celandine. There is a second brood during August. Woodland clearings coppiced or clear-felled, with bracken, or leaf litter provided by oak and bramble Well-drained habitats with mosaics of grass and light scrub Hot and freshly cut material Abundant food plants growing in short, sparse vegetation, where there is abundant dead plant material, bracken is preferred Scrub edges can provide good breeding conditions, e.g. gorse A network of paths running through bracken to open the canopy, allows sunlight through to help germinate any violet food plants.
This can be achieved through grazing during winter and early spring. Cattle are better than sheep as their extra weight helps to trample and break up any dense standing dead stems. There is a risk that sheep tend to eat plants, that provide nectar for the adult pearl-bordered fritillary. Another way of achieving this is by cutting and bruising the bracken, a proportion of the site at a time, during May and early June. Burning can be useful for reducing the litter of bracken, although follow up management is required as extra bracken growth will be stimulated as a result; this will kill a proportion of invertebrates, therefore only burning a proportion of the site, e.g. 20% is suggested. Spraying can be useful for reducing high densities of bracken litter, but care should be taken to not reduce the density and allow the grass to develop, as this will harm the breeding habitat. Woodlands create sunny clearings and rides, but avoid using clearings that are dominated by other plants such as dog's mercury, common bluebell, vigorous grasses.
Stansted Park, West Sussex, UK Haldon Forest, Devon, UK Lambert's Castle Hill, Dorset, UK Hard Hills, Cornwall, UK grid ref SS 235176 Ireland List of early spring flowers List of late spring flowers Butterfly Conservation Organisation description UK Butterflies organisation description UK BAP website'Grounded' Devon Wildlife Trust Newsletter Bracken for Butterflies by Butterfly Conservation
Euphrosyne Parepa-Rosa was a British operatic soprano who established the Carl Rosa Opera Company together with her husband Carl Rosa. Parepa's aristocratic father died soon after her birth, her mother turned to the stage to support them. Parepa made her operatic debut in 1855, at age 16, soon earned enthusiastic reviews in the major London opera houses. In 1867, following the death of her first husband, Parepa married the violinist and conductor Carl Rosa in New York, they founded an opera company with Parepa as the leading lady, they toured in America for several years. After their return to Britain with ambitious plans for their opera company, Parepa fell ill and died in 1874 at only 37 years of age. Euphrosyne Parepa was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, to the soprano Elisabeth Seguin and the Wallachian boyar Demetrius Parepa, Baron Georgiades de Boyescu of Bucharest, her father died. Parepa's mother turned to the stage to support her child and herself and trained the girl in singing, her operatic début was in 1855 at the age of 16 in Malta as Amina in La Sonnambula, followed by engagements in Italy and Portugal.
She gave her first London performance at the Lyceum Theatre, in the role of Elvira in I Puritani, with the Royal Italian Opera company, with whom she spent the 1857 season. The Royal Italian Opera company held their 1856–57 season at the Lyceum because the Royal Opera House was being remodeled after a fire. See Obituary: "Madame Parepa Rosa", The Times, 23 January 1874, p. 10</ref> The critic of The Observer wrote of this introduction: "Parepa possesses a soprano voice of excellent quality and remarkable compass. She sings well, her version of "Son vergine vezzosa" elicited applause terminating in a recall, … she was again called for. … "Qui la voce" … was and brilliantly executed. During this time, she participated in two operatic premieres, creating the title role in Alfred Mellon's Victorine in 1859 and the role of Mabel in George Alexander Macfarren's opera Helvellyn in 1864, she was a successful oratorio and concert soloist, in constant demand in Britain and beyond. She sang with Charles Santley at the opening of the Oxford Music Hall in 1861, appeared before the Royal Philharmonic Society in Schumann's Paradise and the Peri and participated in the 19th-century English revival of the music of Handel, performing at the Handel festivals of 1862 and 1865, in Germany.
Her first husband, Army Captain H. de Wolfe Carvelle, died in Peru in 1865, sixteen months after their wedding. She travelled to the United States in 1865 with cornetist Levy and violinist Carl Rosa, the latter of whom she married in New York City in 1867. Together they established the Parepa-Rosa English Opera Company there, featuring her as the leading soprano, which became popular, which introduced opera to places in America that had never staged it before, they opened at the French Theatre on Fourteenth Street, New York City, in September 1869 with a performance of Balfe's opera The Puritan's Daughter, with Parepa singing the title role. The subsequent tour of the eastern and midwestern states included a repertoire that ranged from The Bohemian Girl and Maritana to Weber's Der Freischütz and Oberon. In 1870, the Parepa-Rosa Opera Company returned to Britain and appeared in Italian opera at Cairo, followed by a return to America for another successful tour in 1871–72. In 1872, Parepa sang at the Lower Rhine Festival in Düsseldorf, they returned to London, where she sang Donna Anna in Don Giovanni and the title role in Norma at the Royal Opera House.
In September 1873, the company changed its name to Carl Rosa's English Opera, since Parepa was pregnant. Parepa died in London, after an illness, at the age of 37 while preparing to sing Elsa in an English version of Wagner's Lohengrin as part of her husband's planned season a Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, she is buried at Highgate cemetery. After her death, Rosa endowed the Parepa-Rosa Scholarship at the Royal Academy of Music in her memory. William Winter wrote that "Great vocal powers have found such ample or such touching expression as those of Parepa-Rosa did in the first act of Norma. … ne of her best successes was made as Rosina in The Barber of Seville... to indicate the versatility of her talents and the scope and thoroughness of her culture." Her obituary in Illustrated London News stated: "Her voice was a genuine soprano, of extensive compass and fine quality, while her highly-cultivated execution and her general musical knowledge gave her exceptional advantages, both mechanical and intellectual".
Her achievements were recognised by the Philharmonic Society of London with the rare award of their Gold Medal in 1872. Rosenthal, Harold. Sadie, Stanley, ed; the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Macmillan Publishers Ltd. London. ISBN 1-56159-174-2. King, William C.. Woman; the King-Richardson co. London. P. 411. Several photos of Parepa-Rosa portrait Euphrosyne Parepa