Eureka College is a private, non-profit Christian college in Eureka, related by covenant to the Christian Church. Popular majors include education, history, political science and the fine and performing arts. Enrollment in 2010–11 was 785 students. Eureka College was the third college in the United States to admit women on an equal basis. Abraham Lincoln spoke on campus in 1856; the college's most famous alumnus, Ronald Reagan, graduated in 1932 with a degree in economics and sociology, it has continued to be associated with his legacy. In 2010, Eureka College was designated as a national historic district by the National Park Service; the college was founded in 1848 by a group of abolitionists who had left Kentucky because of their opposition to slavery and was named the Walnut Grove Academy. It was chartered in 1855; when the school was founded, it was the first school in Illinois to educate women on an equal basis with men. Abingdon College merged with Eureka in 1885. Eureka College athletic teams, known as the Red Devils, participate at the NCAA Division III level.
There are teams for men's and women's soccer, basketball and track, as well as football, volleyball and softball. Eureka has competed as a member of the St. Louis Intercollegiate Athletic Conference since 2006. Eureka was a member of the Northern Illinois-Iowa Conference until the spring of 2006. Eureka College was a member of the Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference from 1910 to 1942. On September 1, 2012 Eureka College quarterback Sam Durley set an NCAA record with 736 passing yards in Eureka's 62–55 victory over Knox College; that beat the old record of 731 yards set by a Menlo College quarterback in 2000. The Eureka College campus is 112 acres. Burrus Dickinson Hall, Administration building, on the National Register of Historic Places; the Chapel is the building. It is on the National Register of Historic Places; the Melick Library houses the Eureka College Archives. President Reagan gave a speech at its opening; the Reagan Athletic Complex was dedicated in 1970 by brothers Neil Reagan'33 and Ronald Reagan'32 and named in their honor.
The center houses the basketball court, a swimming pool, weight rooms, a state-of-the-art exercise center. In 1982, President Reagan announced the START treaty proposal in the Reagan Gym during the commencement address to the class of 1982. In 2015, The Bonati Fitness Center and Reagan Center Pool underwent renovation; these renovations included the rebuilding of the aged gym. Eureka College is the smallest college or university in American history to graduate a future U. S. President with a bachelor's degree. Among its alumni throughout history are forty-two college and university presidents, seven Governors and members of U. S. Congress, the 40th President of the United States, Ronald Wilson Reagan, class of 1932. Among more than 4,900 American institutions of higher learning today, only 23 have given a future U. S. President an undergraduate diploma; the college's "Reagan Forward" initiative was launched by Eureka College President J. David Arnold in 2008. Ronald Reagan is the only president born and educated in the state of Illinois.
Reagan's relationship with his alma mater began in 1928 when he entered as a freshman from Dixon, Illinois, at age 17. Following his graduation on June 10, 1932, with a joint major in economics and sociology, Ronald Reagan returned for visits on twelve recorded occasions, he served on the board of trustees for three terms, stayed connected to his fraternity Tau Kappa Epsilon, communicated with his football coach and mentor Ralph "Mac" McKinzie, helped support fund-raising drives including with his own financial commitments to the college. Reagan gave three commencement addresses at Eureka College in 1957, 1982 and 1992, he dedicated the Melick Library building in 1967 and the Reagan Physical Education Center in 1970. When he died in 2004, Eureka College was one of three designated recipients of memorial gifts by his family. In 1982, President Reagan told a Eureka College audience, "Everything, good in my life began here." He made similar statement at several other public speeches. Eureka College has created programs related to Ronald Reagan, with a goal of enhancing the educational experience for its students: In 1982, Eureka College established the Ronald W. Reagan Leadership Program with President Reagan's blessing and assistance to provide scholarships, having awarded 128 four-year full tuition scholarships to designated Reagan Fellows.
In 1994, Eureka College established a museum named after Reagan to hold and interpret many items which he donated to the college during his lifetime, under the leadership of founding curator Dr. Brian Sajko. In 2000, Eureka College dedicated the Reagan Peace Garden with a gift from central Illinois philanthropists Anne and David Vaughan to commemorate his important commencement speech at Eureka College in which Reagan called for nuclear arms reductions between the Soviet Union and the United States. In 2008, Eureka College's president, J. David Arnold, launched a new effort known at "Reagan Forward" to build on the Reagan legacy with the unanimous backing of the board of trustees. In 2008, Eureka College launched the Ronald W. Reagan Society to raise support for the college as a living legacy of Ronald Reagan and a national monument to American opportunity his story represents. On March 27, 2009, Eureka College hosted former President of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev, the man of whom
The Eureka Rebellion was a rebellion in 1854, instigated by gold miners in Ballarat, Australia, who revolted against the colonial authority of the United Kingdom. It culminated in the Battle of the Eureka Stockade, fought between miners and the colonial forces of Australia on 3 December 1854 at Eureka Lead and named for the stockade structure built by miners during the conflict; the rebellion resulted in the deaths of the majority of whom were rebels. The rebellion was the culmination of a period of civil disobedience in the Ballarat region during the Victorian gold rush with miners objecting to the expense of a miner's licence, taxation via the licence without representation, the actions of the government, the police and military; the local rebellion grew from a Ballarat Reform League movement and culminated in the erection by the rebels of a crude battlement and a swift and deadly siege by colonial forces. Mass public support for the captured rebels in the colony's capital of Melbourne when they were placed on trial resulted in the introduction of the Electoral Act 1856, which mandated suffrage for male colonists in the lower house in the Victorian parliament.
This is considered the second instituted act of political democracy in Australia. Female colonists of South Australia were awarded suffrage 5 years on condition of owning property, much in the way men did not have full suffrage in the absence of property ownership; as such, the Eureka Rebellion is controversially identified with the birth of democracy in Australia and interpreted by some as a political revolt. In 2015, a report commissioned by the City of Ballarat found that the most site of the rallies which led to the rebellion was 29 St. Paul's Way, Bakery Hill. Given documentary evidence and its elevation, this was to be the site where speeches were made and the Eureka Flag was symbolically hoisted for the first time; as of 2018, the area is a carpark awaiting residential development. Hiscock's gold rush began on 12 August 1851 following the publication in the Geelong Advertiser of Thomas Hiscock's gold findings at Hiscock's, 3 kilometres west of Buninyong. Just days on 16 August 1851, Lieutenant-Governor Latrobe proclaimed in the Government Gazette crown rights for all mining proceeds and a licence fee of 30 shillings per month effective from 1 September 1851.
On 26 August, a rally of 40–50 miners opposing the fee was held at Hiscock's gully – the first of many such protests in the colony. The miners opposed government policies of oppression including the licence fee and demanded rights to vote and to buy land; this first meeting was followed by dissent across the colony's mining settlements. In December the government announced that it intended to triple the licence fee from £1 to £3 a month, from 1 January 1852; this move incited protests around the colony, including the Forest Creek Monster Meeting of December 1851. In Ballarat, as historian Weston Bate noted, diggers became so agitated that they began to gather arms; the government hastily repealed its plans due to the reaction. The oppressive licence hunts continued and increased in frequency causing general dissent among the diggers. In addition, Weston Bate noted that the Ballarat diggings were in strong opposition to the strict liquor licensing laws imposed by the government. Changes to the Goldfields Act in 1853 allowed licence searches to occur at any time which further incensed the diggers.
In Bendigo in 1853, an Anti-Gold Licence Association was formed and the miners were on the brink of an armed clash with authorities. Again in 1854, Bendigo miners responded to an increase in the frequency of twice weekly licence hunts with threats of armed rebellion. On 7 October 1854, Scottish miner James Scobie was murdered at Bentley's Eureka Hotel. Ten days on 17 October 1854, between 1,000 and 10,000 miners gathered at the hotel to protest the acquittal of James Bentley, the hotel proprietor and prime suspect in Scobie's murder, by an corrupt magistrate; the miners rioted and Bentley and his wife Catherine fled for their lives as the hotel was burnt down by the angry mob. A small group of soldiers were unable to suppress the riot. On 22 October 1854, Ballarat Catholics met to protest the treatment of Father Smyth; the next day, the arrests of miners McIntyre and Fletcher for the Eureka Hotel fire provoked a mass meeting which attracted 4000 miners. The meeting resolved to protect their rights.
On 1 November 1854, 10,000 miners met once again at Bakery Hill. They were addressed by Henry Holyoake, George Black and Henry Ross; the diggers were further angered by the arrest of another seven of their number for the Eureka Hotel fire. On Saturday, 11 November 1854 a crowd estimated at more than 10,000 miners gathered at Bakery Hill, directly opposite the government encampment. At this meeting, the Ballarat Reform League was created, under the chairmanship of Chartist John Basson Humffray. Several other Reform League leaders, including Kennedy and Holyoake, had been involved with the Chartist movement in England. Many of the miners had past involvement in the Chartist movement and the social upheavals in Britain and continental Europe during the 1840s. In setting its goals, the Ballarat Reform League used the first five of the British Chartist movement's principles as set out in the People's Charter of 1838, they did not agitate for the Chartist's sixth principle, secret ballots. The meeting passed a resolution "that it is the inalienable right of every citizen to have a voice in making the laws he is called on to obey, that taxation without representation is tyranny."
The meeting resolved to secede from the United Kingdom if the si
Eureka (2000 film)
Eureka is a 2000 Japanese drama film directed and written by Shinji Aoyama. It stars Kōji Yakusho, Aoi Miyazaki, Masaru Miyazaki. Eureka is a drama set in rural Kyushu, is entirely shot in sepia tone, it tells the story of the lasting effects of a violent experience on three people, a teenage brother and sister and Kozue Tamura and a bus driver, Makoto Sawai. These three are the sole survivors; the actual violent events which traumatise them are not shown in detail. The extent to which the three have been affected becomes apparent. Naoki and Kozue do not return to school, do not speak and become dissociated from their parents; some time after the hijack, their mother abandons the family. Their father is killed in a car crash, it is not clear. The two children continue to live alone in the family home. Meanwhile, Makoto is finding it impossible to carry on normal life and takes to the road, leaving his estranged wife living in the family home with his elderly father, elder brother, his wife and their daughter.
After some time, Makoto returns home to find. He takes a job as a day-labourer with an old school-friend. Relationships between Makoto and his brother begin to deteriorate and Makoto moves in with Naoki and Kozue, he makes sure they eat properly. Kozue now begins to communicate a little but Naoki remains mute; the detective who dealt with the hijacking begins to harass Makoto about the murder of a woman in the neighbourhood without any evidence. While Makoto is out at work one day, the children's older student cousin Akihiko arrives and states he intends to stay to look after the children, he and Makoto are uneasy with each other but the four people settle down into a kind of family arrangement. A further murder takes this time the victim is a friend of Makoto's, he is arrested and questioned by the detective but is released. He talks to his friend and co-worker about his wish to return to driving and forms a plan to get all of them, Kozue and himself away from their troubles, he buys an old bus which they convert for living accommodation and they all set off on an extended tour of the island.
Kozue becomes more relaxed as they travel around but Naoki appears more disturbed. It becomes clear that it is Naoki, the murderer. Makoto persuades him to give himself up; the remaining three carry on with the journey until Makoto loses his temper with Akihiko's cynical and shallow outlook and throws him off the bus. Makoto and Kozue continue on their journey until,finally, when they reach the peak of the highest mountain in Kyushu, both realise they are able to face ordinary life again; as they reach this understanding the film turns to colour. Kōji Yakusho as Makoto Sawai Aoi Miyazaki as Kozue Tamura Masaru Miyazaki as Naoki Tamura Yoichiro Saito as Akihiko Sayuri Kokushō as Yumiko Ken Mitsuishi as Shigeo Gō Rijū as Busjack Man Yutaka Matsushige as Matsuoka Sansei Shiomi as Yoshiyuki Sawai Kimie Shingyoji as Mother Eihi Shiina as Keiko Kono Machiko Ono as Mikiko Sawai Denden as Yoshida Eureka was shot in black-and-white and printed in color. Jamie Russell of BBC gave the film 4 stars out of 5.
Lisa Schwarzbaum of Entertainment Weekly gave the film a B+ grade. Scott Tobias of The A. V. Club described the film as a "thoughtful, exquisitely controlled, affecting meditation on what it means to be human". Meanwhile, Michael Wilmington of Chicago Tribune said: "The beautiful images of ocean and country have a sweep and grandeur that suggest Wim Wenders' road movies or the Monument Valley westerns of John Ford", it was listed by Cynthia Fuchs of PopMatters as one of the best films of 2001. Eureka won Prize of the Ecumenical Jury at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival. Eureka on IMDb Eureka at the Japanese Movie Database
Eureka is an unincorporated town and census-designated places in and the county seat of Eureka County, United States. With a population of 610 as of the 2010 census, it is by far the largest community in Eureka County. Attractions include the Eureka Opera House, Raine’s Market and Wildlife Museum, the Jackson House Hotel, the Eureka Sentinel Museum. Eureka is part of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area. Eureka is located at 39°30′42″N 115°57′42″W, in the southern part of Eureka County, at 6,481 feet in the Diamond Mountains, in a draw on the southern end of Diamond Valley, between Antelope and Newark valleys. At the 2010 census, the population of the census-designated place of Eureka was 610, while the total population of Eureka and the surrounding area was 1,373; the town is located along the Lincoln Highway / U. S. Route 50, nicknamed "The Loneliest Road in America": aptly named, as the nearest towns along the highway are Austin and Ely; the nearest town is Duckwater, 46 mi south. The climate is typical of the Great Basin: hot and dry with cool mornings in the summer with occasional monsoonal thunderstorms from late July through August.
Temperatures drop to 0 °F or −17.8 °C or lower on an average 4.7 mornings during the winter, though in the severe winter of 1916/1917 this happened twenty-five times. They drop to 32 °F or 0 °C on an average 181.3 mornings, though maximum temperatures top freezing on all but 26.3 days during an average winter. During the summer temperatures rise to 90 °F or 32.2 °C or hotter on 11.8 afternoons, though 100 °F or 37.8 °C has never been reached with the hottest temperature being 99 °F or 37.2 °C on July 14, 1955. Snow accumulations vary from 10 to 30 inches in mild winters to in excess of 80 inches in more severe years; the wettest calendar year has been 1941 with 23.86 inches and the driest 2008 with 5.64 inches, whilst May 1917 with 5.73 inches has been the wettest single month. The snowiest month has been 1.37 metres of fresh snowfall. The town was first settled in 1864 by a group of silver prospectors from nearby Austin, who discovered rock containing a silver-lead ore on nearby Prospect Peak.
According to tradition, the town was named from an incident when a prospector exclaimed "Eureka!" when he discovered deposits of silver ore. The town became the county seat in 1873, when Eureka County was carved out of adjacent Lander and White Pine counties. Mining for lead, was the town's economic mainstay, as the nearby hillsides ranked as Nevada's second-richest mineral producer, behind western Nevada's Comstock Lode. Two of the largest concerns in Eureka were the Richmond Mining Company and the Eureka Mining Company; these two companies collided, in one instance, their litigation reached the U. S Supreme Court; the population boomed, reaching a high of 10,000 by 1878, but shrank as decreasing mine production and changing market conditions led to the closing of mines. The town was serviced by the narrow gauge Eureka and Palisade Railroad from 1873 to 1938. Eureka is served by an all-volunteer fire department, which provides fire protection and vehicle rescue services for Eureka and the surrounding areas.
In 2009 a new brick and steel fire house was built on Main Street in Eureka. At the time of its building it was the second largest fire house in the state. In addition to being a modern fire fighting facility, it contains a museum of Eureka fire department equipment and vehicles dating back to the 1870s; the fire-museum may be viewed through the large glass windows, or a tour may be taken by contacting a local fireman. Eureka boasts three parks, a modern enclosed swimming facility, two baseball fields, a track, football field; the 1880s Eureka Opera House was re-modeled in recent times and schedules performers. The 1876 Eureka Court House is both modern, it stands as legal center of Eureka County. July 4, Independence Day, is a huge celebration in Eureka; the Eureka Volunteer Fire Department organizes a parade followed by street events, which require closing central Eureka to vehicular traffic. At 9pm the Eureka Volunteer Fire Department stages a fireworks display; the Eureka County High School houses students in grades 7 - 12, underwent an $8,000,000 renovation in 2006.
The Eureka Elementary School houses students in grades pre-school - 6 and is a modern facility built in 1996 at a cost of $17,500,000. The high school mascot is the Vandals, school colors are green and gold; the school offers academic olympics, wrestling, baseball, softball and track. Eureka Airport John Cradlebaugh, first delegate to the U. S. House of Representatives from Nevada Territory Warren J. Ferguson, who served on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit Antonio Mendez, CIA operative, who orchestrated the smuggling of six US hostages out of Iran; the Academy Award-winning film Argo was based on the experience. Mendez was born in Eureka. JB Monaco Eureka Photo Gallery Eureka Self-Guiding Tour. Hope
Eureka Seven, known in Japan as Psalms of Planets Eureka Seven, is a 2005 Japanese anime series created by Bones. The series was directed by Tomoki Kyoda, with series composition by Dai Satō and music by Naoki Satō. Eureka Seven tells the story of Renton Thurston and the outlaw group Gekkostate, his relationship with the enigmatic mecha pilot Eureka, the mystery of the Coralians; the fifty episode series premiered in Japan on MBS between April 17, 2005 and April 2, 2006 and was subsequently licensed by Funimation in North America, Madman Entertainment in Australia and New Zealand and by Anime Limited in the United Kingdom for English home video releases. The series spawned six manga adaptations, a light novel, three video games and a feature-length anime film, released in Japan on April 25, 2009. One of the manga titled Eureka Seven: AO, serialized in Shōnen Ace between January 2012 and October 2013, was further adapted into an anime series which aired twenty-four episodes in Japan between April 13 and November 20, 2012.
Eureka Seven was well received by critics and earned several awards at numerous award shows in Japan, most notably the 2006 Tokyo International Anime Fair. Scub Coral Eureka Seven takes place in the year 12005 and it's now been 10,000 years after humanity has made a mass exodus into space, due to the arrival of the Scub Coral, an intelligent, sentient life who merged with the planet, forcing the humans to abandon it. In the current timeline, the remnants of humanity are now settled on an unknown planet known as the Land of Kanan, but the majority of the surface of this planet is now covered by a rock-like surface formed by the Scub Coral; the Scub Coral inhabited the Planet until the return of humans. The theory that the Scub Coral is an intelligent life form was proposed by the scientist Adroc Thurston, who claimed the Scub is looking for mutual co-existence with humanity. All theories and information about the Scub Coral being a sentient being are kept from the general population. In addition to being the surface of the planet, the Scub Coral has several physical manifestations, called Coralians, that are observed throughout the series.
These manifestations are either a response to attacks from humans. The manifestations are: Command Cluster Coralian The Command Cluster is a large concentration of the Scub Coral which acts as the central mind for the rest of its "body", it stores all the information the Scub has collected over the last 10,000 years, keeps the rest of the Scub Coral in a dormant state. Kute-class Coralian A Kute-class is massive sphere of concentrated energy that materializes in the skies. Though it is a rare natural occurrence, they can be artificially triggered by causing heavy damage to the Scub Coral; the disappearance of a Kute causes a massive release of energy, ravaging the surrounding landscape and lowering the Trapar count in the area to non-existent levels. Antibody Coralians Antibody Coralians are, as the name suggests, creatures created by the Scub Coral to destroy anything nearby that might be causing it harm, they are unleashed in massive swarms through a Kute-class Coralian when the Scub Coral is threatened or attacked.
These antibodies can range in size from as large as a bomber plane. Their shapes vary wildly, from eyeballs to flying slugs to giant hovering flower-like objects. Most forms are based on the sea creatures they absorbed when they just started their'growth', their powers are: sending lasers in profusion from their bodies, thus being able to destroy large aircraft, burrowing into a victim's body and imploding it, creating a spherical void, which makes anything within its surface area to vanish. Antibody Coralians appear in response to deliberate attacks on the Scub Coral, they appear for 1246 seconds -, the amount of time the Seven Swell phenomenon is active. After those 1246 seconds, they crumble to dust, their appearances are that of basic invertebrates such as flat worms and cnidaria. One of each kind appears in Another Century's Episode 3: The Final and Super Robot Wars Z. Human-form Coralians Human-form Coralians are beings created by the Scub Coral in the form of humans, they are regarded by scientists as emissaries of the Scub Coral, sent to learn about humanity.
Humans have attempted to create their own artificial human-form Coralians, but the results are less than satisfactory. As shown with Eureka in the sequel series, human-form Coralians are biologically capable of reproducing the same way as humans do. However, due to her children being Human-Coralian hybrids, the high level of Trapar would be too dangerous for them. Trapar waves and lifting In Eureka Seven, as a result of the Scub Coral covering the planet, the atmosphere is permeated by an enigmatic energy known as Transparence Light Particles, dubbed Trapar waves for short. Norbu, the Vodarac leader, states; as a result, a sentient life form on the scale of the Scub Coral produces a tremendous amount of energy. The most important use of Trapar energy is its use as a method of propulsion for flight-capable vehicles. Though Trapar-propelled airships are common, using Trapar waves for "lifting" is their predominant use. Lifting uses surfboard-like devices called "reflection boards" to ride Trapar waves
Eureka Springs, Arkansas
Eureka Springs is a city in Carroll County, United States, one of two county seats for the county. It is located in the Ozarks of northwest Arkansas; as of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,073. The entire city is on the National Register of Historic Places as the Eureka Springs Historic District. Eureka Springs has been selected as one of America's Distinctive Destinations by the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Eureka Springs was called "The Magic City" and the "Stairstep Town" because of its mountainous terrain and the winding, up-and-down paths of its streets and walkways, it is a tourist destination for its unique character as a Victorian resort village. The city has steep winding streets filled with Victorian-style manors; the historic commercial downtown of the city has an extensive streetscape of well-preserved Victorian buildings. The buildings are constructed of local stone, built along streets that curve around the hills and rise and fall with the topography in a five-mile long loop.
Some buildings have street-level entrances on more than one floor. The streets wind around the town, no two intersect at a 90 degree angle. Native American legends tell of a Great Healing Spring in the Eureka Springs area. People of various indigenous cultures long visited the springs for this sacred purpose; the European Americans believed that the springs had healing powers. After the Europeans arrived, they described the waters of the springs as having magical powers. Dr. Alvah Jackson was credited in American history with locating the spring, in 1856 claimed that the waters of Basin Spring had cured his eye ailments. Dr. Jackson established a hospital in a local cave during the Civil War and used the waters from Basin Spring to treat his patients. After the war, Jackson marketed the spring waters as "Dr. Jackson's Eye Water". In 1879 Judge J. B. Saunders, a friend of Jackson, claimed. Saunders started promoting Eureka Springs to friends and family members across the state and created a boomtown.
Within a period of little more than one year, the city expanded from a rural spa village to a major city. Within a short time in the late 19th century, Eureka Springs developed as a flourishing city and tourist destination. On February 14, 1880, Eureka Springs was incorporated as a city. Thousands of visitors came to the springs based on Saunders' promotion and covered the area with tents and shanties. In 1881, Eureka Springs enjoyed the status of Arkansas's fourth largest city, by 1889 it had become the second largest city, behind Little Rock. After his term as a Reconstruction governor, Powell Clayton moved to the Unionist Eureka Springs and began promoting the city and its commercial interests. Clayton promoted the town as a retirement community for the wealthy. Eureka Springs soon became known for a wealthy lifestyle. In 1882, the Eureka Improvement Company was formed to attract a railroad to the city. With the completion of the railroad, Eureka Springs established itself as a vacation resort.
In only two years, thousands of homes and commercial enterprises were constructed. The Crescent Hotel was built in 1886 and the Basin Park Hotel in 1905; these many Victorian buildings have been well preserved, forming a coherent street scape, recognized for its quality. In 1892, the New Orleans Hotel and Spa was built along Spring Street and is now operating as an all-suite hotel full of Victorian furniture and art; the Ozarka Water Company was formed in Eureka Springs in 1905. Carrie Nation moved there towards the end of her life; the building was operated as a museum, but is now closed. The only bank robbery to occur in Eureka Springs was on September 27, 1922, when five outlaws from Oklahoma tried to rob the First National Bank. Three of the men were killed and the other two wounded. Opera in the Ozarks at Inspiration Point was founded in 1950; the organization continues to present an annual summer opera festival in Eureka Springs. In 1967, the famous 7-story Christ of the Ozarks Statue was built.
A year The Great Passion Play was begun as an outdoor performance piece. It is performed from May through October by a cast of 170 actors and dozens of live animals, it has been seen by an estimated 7.7 million people, which makes it the largest-attended outdoor drama in the United States, according to the Institute of Outdoor Theatre of the University of East Carolina at Greenville, North Carolina. Christian-themed attractions have been added in association with the drama production; these include a New Holy Land Tour, featuring a full-scale re-creation of the Tabernacle in the Wilderness. Architect E. Fay Jones designed Thorncrown Chapel in 1980, it was selected for the "Twenty-five Year Award" by the American Institute of Architects in 2006; the award recognizes structures. The chapel was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000 because of the special nature and quality of its architecture. On May 10, 2014, Eureka Springs became the first city in Arkansas to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
On May 12, 2015, Eureka Springs passed a Non-Discrimination Ordinance, with voters choosing 579 for to 261 against. It became the first city in Arkansas to have such a law to cover LGBT tourists, but a state law intended to invalidate the anti-discrimination ordinance went into effect July 22
The Eureka Flag is a flag design which features dark blue field 260 cm × 400 cm. The design was first used as the war flag of the Eureka Rebellion at Ballarat in Victoria, Australia. A number of people swore allegiance to the flag as a symbol of defiance at its first flying at Bakery Hill on 29 November 1854. Over 30 miners were killed at the Eureka Stockade, along with police; some 125 miners were arrested and many others badly wounded. The flag was lent to the Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka by the Art Gallery of Ballarat; the flag design has gained wider notability in Australian culture due to its adoption as a symbol of democracy, general purpose symbol of protest in relation to a variety of anti-establishment, non-conformist causes. It is listed as an object of state heritage significance on the Victorian Heritage Register and was designated as a Victorian Icon by the National Trust in 2006, it is used by many trade unions in Australia as well as by a number of right-wing organizations and political parties, such as the Australia First Party.
The flag is reputed to have been designed by a Canadian member of the Ballarat Reform League, Captain Henry Ross. Local legend claims that the flag was sewn by three local women – Anastasia Withers, Anne Duke and Anastasia Hayes. Ross was said to be inspired by the design of the Australian Federation Flag. According to Frank Cayley's book, Flag of Stars, the flag's five stars represent the Southern Cross, the white cross joining the stars represents unity in defiance; the flag is silk, blue ground with large silver cross. It flew for the first occasion on Bakery Hill as a symbol of the resistance of the gold miners during the Eureka Stockade rebellion in the year 1854. Beneath this flag, Peter Lalor, leader of the Ballarat Reform League, swore this oath to the affirmation of his fellow demonstrators: "we swear by the Southern Cross to stand by each other and fight to defend our rights and liberties." According to the Ballarat Times, which first mentioned the flag a week earlier on 24 November 1854, at "about eleven o'clock the'Southern Cross' was hoisted, its maiden appearance was a fascinating object to behold."
The present day location of this event is to be 29 St. Paul's Way, Bakery Hill. Although it is presently a carpark and for a hundred years was the location of a school, it will soon be the location of an apartment block. Trooper John King retained the flag and it was held by his family for forty years until it was lent to the Ballarat Fine Art Gallery in 1895, where it remained in continued obscurity "under a cloud of skepticism and conservative disapproval". 31% of the original specimen is missing. The flag was "re-discovered" by Len Fox during the 1940s, but it took decades to convince authorities to properly authenticate the flag, it was found after World War II in a drawer at the gallery, discovered by members of the Australian Communist Party. The final irrefutable validation of its authentication occurred when sketchbooks of Canadian Charles Doudiet were put up for sale at a Christies auction in 1996. Two sketches in particular show the flag design as contained in the tattered remains of the flag at the Ballarat Fine Art Gallery.
The remnant of the original Eureka Flag remains today, preserved for public display at the Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka. In 2001, legal ownership of the flag was transferred to the Ballarat Fine Art Gallery, which expects the King family and the gallery to be acknowledged every time a replica of the original flag is displayed, it is listed as an object of state heritage significance on the Victorian Heritage Register and was named as an icon by the National Trust in 2006. Since the original miners revolt at Eureka, the flag, born out of adversity, continues to be regarded by some as a symbol of rebellion associated with the struggle for democracy and unity. In the event that the design of the Flag of Australia is reviewed, some republicans support the Eureka Flag being one of the options in a plebiscite. Whilst some Australians view the Eureka Flag as a symbol of nationality, it is more employed by historical societies and re-enactors and by political radicals as a general purpose symbol of protest for a wide variety of anti-establishment non-conformist causes.
The flag has been used as a symbol of rebellion by groups on both sides of the political spectrum, from left-wing trade unions such as the CFMEU and ETU to white nationalist groups Australia First Party, National Action and other neo-Nazis, who began to use it in the 1980s. Depending on their political persuasion, they see it as representative of the efforts of the miners to free themselves from political or economic oppression, by white supremacists at flashpoints for racial confrontation. Along these lines, some believe that the flag used during the Lambing Flat riots was a derivative of the Eureka Flag. During a 1983 royal tour, a republican supporter informally presented a small Eureka Flag to Diana, Princess of Wales, who did not recognise it; the event prompted a cartoon of the royal couple with Charles, Prince of Wales, observing "Mummy will not be pleased." In 2013 a theory was put forward, based on the Argus account of the battle dated 4 December 1854, an affidavit sworn by private Hugh King three days as to a fla