EuroCup Basketball known as the EuroCup and called 7DAYS EuroCup for sponsorship reasons, is an annual professional basketball club competition, organized by Euroleague Basketball since 2002. Behind the EuroLeague, with the growing success of the Basketball Champions League, the league is regarded as the third-tier European professional basketball club competition. Founded in 2002 under the name ULEB Cup, the competition has been known as the Eurocup since the 2008–09 season, following a change in format; the ULEB Cup and EuroCup Basketball are considered the same competition, with the change of name being a re-branding. The winner of the EuroCup qualifies for the next season's EuroLeague; the title has been won by 11 clubs. The most successful club in the competition are Valencia Basket, with four titles, who are current champions after defeating Alba Berlin in the 2019 Finals; the competition was created in 2002, as the ULEB Cup, has had several names: 2002–03 to 2007–08 ULEB Cup 2008–09 to 2015–16 Eurocup Basketball 2016–17 to present EuroCup Basketball On 7 July 2016, Chipita and Euroleague Basketball announced a strategic agreement to sponsor the 2nd-tier level European basketball competition across the globe.
According to the agreement, starting with the 2016–17 season, the 2nd-tier level European competition would be named 7DAYS EuroCup. This title partnership was set to run for three seasons. Clubs qualify for the competition based on their performance in their domestic leagues competitions. For this purpose, the clubs from countries participating in the ABA League qualify for the competition based on their performance in the ABA League, not their domestic leagues. Starting with the 2016–17 season, the EuroCup's first phase is the Regular Season, in which 24 teams participate; the participants include 24 clubs automatically entered into the Regular Season. Each team plays two games against every other team in its group. At the end of the Regular Season, the field is cut from 24 to 16; the next phase, known as the Top 16 begins, featuring the 16 survivors of the Regular Season in four-team groups. As in the Regular Season, each Top 16 group is contest in a double round-robin format; the group winners and runners-up advance to the Playoffs.
Each playoff series is best-of-three, the winners of each series advance to the next round persistently until the Finals. Home advantage in the series goes to the best placed team in the Top 16; the Finals features the two remaining series winners in a best-of-three series with home advantage in the series to the best placed team in the Top 16. The competition began with a group phase in which the starting field was reduced to 16 teams; the survivors advanced to a knockout phase. In the inaugural 2002–03 season, the knockout phase consisted of two-legged ties. In the following 2003–04 season, the final became a one-off game, but all other knockout ties remained two-legged. In the 2007–08 season, the initial phase, now called the Regular Season, was only used to reduce the field to 32 teams; the survivors were paired into two-legged knockout ties, with the winners advancing to another set of two-legged ties. The survivors entered the first-ever Final Eight phase in the competition's history, consisting of one-off knockout games.
The following 2008 -- 09 season, was the first. That year saw two preliminary rounds held, the first involving 16 teams, the second involving the eight winners, plus eight teams that had received byes into that round; the survivors of the second preliminary round joined 24 direct qualifiers in the Regular Season. This season saw the introduction of the Last 16 group phase, proved to be the last for the Final Eight; the last stage of the EuroCup, the EuroCup Finals, was reduced from eight teams to four, starting with the 2009–10 season. This stage was directly analogous to the EuroLeague Final Four, like that stage of the EuroLeague, consisted of one-off knockout semifinals, followed by a single-game final. Unlike the EuroLeague Final Four, in which the third-place game and final are held two days after the semifinals, the corresponding games of the EuroCup were held the day after the semifinals. In the 2012–13 season, the final was decided by a single game format, after double-legged semifinals and quarterfinals.
For the 2013–14 season, the competition increased from 32 to 48 teams in the Regular Season phase. Another innovation that started in the 2013–14 season, was that the clubs were divided into two regional conferences, the Eastern Conference and the Western Conference, for the Regular Season phase; the size of the groups grew to six teams, where the first three qualified teams joined the Last 32 stage. In addition, the eight EuroLeague clubs that did not qualify for the EuroLeague Top 16 phase, joined the remaining 24 EuroCup teams and the Finals were decided by a double-legged series. For the 2014–15 season, the competition contained 36 teams at the group stage. There were each containing 6 teams; the 36 teams consisted of the 7 teams that were eliminated in the 2014–15 Euroleague season qualification rounds, 29 teams that qualified directly to the 2014–15 EuroCup, either through 2013–14 season results, or through wild cards. The top four teams from each of the Regular Season groups with the eight EuroLeague clubs that did not qualify for the EuroLeague Top 16 phase qualified to join the Last 32 stage.
For the 2015–16 season, the competition contained 36 clubs automatically entered into the Regular Season and the eight EuroLeague clubs that did not qualify for the EuroLeague Top 16 phase qualified to join the Last 32 stage. Effective as of the 2012–13 season, a
April Halprin Wayland is an American children's and young adult author and teacher. April Halprin Wayland was born and raised in Southern California and graduated from University of California, Davis with a degree in Human Development, she worked for the Rand Corporation and was the governess for a Hollywood celebrity before starting a company called Positive Education, Inc. with Elizabeth Howland. After traveling to Europe and working on kibbutz in Israel, she returned to Los Angeles, married Gary Wayland, worked in the corporate world, four years left her job to write full-time, she studied with children's authors Ruth Lercher Bornstein, Sonia Levitin, Susan Goldman Rubin, many others. For twelve years she studied with children's poet Myra Cohn Livingston. Wayland's poetry have been included in numerous anthologies and magazines and have won awards from the Society of Children's Book Writers and Illustrators, her novel in poems, GIRL COMING IN FOR A LANDING, was awarded Pennsylvania State University's Lee Bennett Hopkins Honor Award for Poetry and the Myra Cohn Livingston Award for Best Poetry Book.
Her picture book, NEW YEAR AT THE PIER—A Rosh Hashanah Story, won the Sydney Taylor Book Award for Younger Readers. More Than Enough: A Passover Story", Dial Books for Young Readers, 2016 New Year at the Pier: A Rosh Hashanah Story, Dial Books for Young Readers, 2009 Rabbittown, Scholastic, 1989 The Night Horse, Scholastic, 1991 It's Not My Turn To Look For Grandma!, Knopf, 1995 Girl Coming In For A Landing—A Novel in Poems, Knopf, 2002 Official website
Ajman is the capital of the emirate of Ajman in the United Arab Emirates, located along the Persian Gulf. It is the smallest emirate in the UAE; the foundation of Ajman under Nuaimi rule took place in 1816, when Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuaimi and fifty of his followers took the coastal settlement of Ajman from members of the Al Bu Shamis tribe in a short conflict. It wasn't until 1816 or 1817, that the Ajman fort fell to Rashid's followers and his rule was endorsed by the powerful Sheikh of neighbouring Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah, Sheikh Sultan bin Saqr Al Qasimi. On 8 January 1820, following the sack of Ras Al Khaimah by a British force led by Sir W. G. Keir, Sultan bin Saqr signed the General Maritime Treaty with the United Kingdom on 4 February 1820, followed on 15 March by Rashid bin Humaid at Falaya Fort. An 1822 British maritime survey noted that Ajman had one of the best backwaters on the coast and was a small town with a single fortified building, the ruler's house. In common with many other coastal towns on what became the Trucial Coast, the population was mobile depending on the season – there were as many as 1,400 to 1,700 men of the'Mahamee' tribe living there during the pearl hunting season, many of whom would migrate to Al Buraimi in the date season.
The survey notes that Ajman's ruler Rashid bin Ahmed considered his dominion independent of Emirate of Sharjah, but that Sharjah did not maintain that view though it had no power over Ajman. The survey noted that the inhabitants of Ajman were'mostly strict Wahhabis' and recorded the presence of the ruined village of Fasht down the shore from Ajman town, today the Fisht suburb of Sharjah city. In 1831, the Sheikh of Ajman accepted a subsidy from the Imam of Muscat to join with Sultan bin Saqr of Sharjah against Sohar, but following Sultan's defeat declared for Sohar. In his absence, a part of Bani Yas from Abu Dhabi sacked its date groves. In retaliation, the forces of Ajman committed'daring depredations' upon the cities of Sohar and Muscat; when called upon to provide redress for the actions of his'subject', Sultan bin Saqr disavowed any authority over Ajman and in 1832 a British naval force was sent to Ajman to obtain redress for the raids on the East Coast cities. Ending a conflict between Sharjah and Dubai on the one hand and Abu Dhabi on the other, Ajman signed the 1835 Maritime Treaty in its own right.
In 1840, Humaid bin Obeid bin Subt of Al Heera invaded. Although reluctant to assist Humeid bin Rashid, Sultan bin Suggur of Sharjah sent his son Suggur who, together with Maktoum of Dubai, ejected the invaders and sacked Al Heera in reprisal. In 1843 a further Maritime Treaty was signed between the Trucial Sheikhs and the British and on 4 May 1853,'A Perpetual Treaty of Peace' was entered into by the coastal Sheikhs, including Ajman. A copy of this treaty is on display in Ajman Museum. A further treaty of 1892 bound the Trucial States to Britain. By the 20th century, J. G. Lorimer's survey of the coast of the Trucial States showed Ajman to be a small town of some 750 inhabitants. On 2 December 1971, under Sheikh Rashid bin Humayd Al Nuaimi, joined the United Arab Emirates; the city has more than 90% of the population of the emirate. The area runs directly into the city of Sharjah along the coast to the south-west, which in turn is adjacent to Dubai, forming a continuous urban area. Ajman is home to the Ruler's office, commercial markets, about 50 international and local retail shops.
Banking interests include: Emirates National Bank of Dubai, Ajman Bank, Arab Bank PLC, Bank Saderat Iran, Commercial Bank of Dubai. Ajman is home to fishing industry & Seafood Importers/Exporters in UAE. Shopping malls include City Centre Ajman. With capacity to accommodate 1500 companies and serving over 1,000 vessels a year, Ajman Port and Ajman Free Zone are major contributors to the emirate's economy. Exporting to over 65 countries, the Free Zone's companies make up 20% of the UAE's overall industrial units, with some 256 industrial companies operating from the zone. Ajman is continuing the development stalled by the financial crisis of 2007–2008 and once again undergoing a period of growth. Tourist attractions in the emirate, including hotels and cultural destinations are growing rapidly. Tourist attractions include the Ajman National Museum situated at Ajman Fort, the Red Fort and the museum in the inland enclave of Manama. Ajman's corniche is a popular evening and weekend destination for families and features a number of fast food outlets, coffee shops and stalls.
It is home to the'Outside Inn', a popular watering hole with expatriates, as well as to a number of hotels, including the Ramada, Ajman Palace, the Kempinski, the Ajman Saray and the Fairmont Ajman. Ajman's newly developed Al Zorah area is getting a lot of tourist attention, it has multiple activities for all ages ranging from bouncy castles to kayaking in the mangroves. The natural port of Ajman is located along a natural creek. Ajman is home to Arab Heavy Industries, one of the world's largest ship manufacturing firms; the main airport in the emirate is located in the enclave of Manama, about 60 km east of the city, thus in one of the farthest removed parts of the emirate. However, Sharjah International Airport is only a dozen kilometres away. Ajman University, founded in 1988 City University College of Ajman Gulf Medical University United Arab Emirates portal