2018 Leende Open
The 2018 Dynamic Billiard Leende Open, was the fourth Euro Tour 9-Ball pool event in 2018. The event was won by America's Shane Van Boening who defeated Estonia's Eklent Kaçi 9-8 in the final. Unlike other Euro Tour events, the field was open to other nations outside of Europe. Van Boening became only the second American after Johnny Archer at the 2000 Portugal Open and 2000 Italian Open to win a Euro Tour event. In making the final, Eklent had been in the semi-final or better of the last 5 Euro Tour events. Ruslan Tschinachow did not reach the knockout stages of the event; the event saw a total of 159 players compete, in a double-elimination knockout tournament, until the last 32 stage. The tournament prize fund was similar to that of other Euro Tour events, with €4,500 for the winner of the event. 2018 Leende Open at AZBilliards.com official website
Marcus Chamat, is a Swedish professional eight-ball and nine-ball pool player. Despite being only 5' 4" tall, his large personality has earned him the nickname "Napoleon". Having represented Europe at the Mosconi Cup six times as a player, Chamat is the current non-playing captain, winning the event in 2015, 2016 and 2017. Chamat is a two time European Pool Championship winner, one of the most successful players on the Euro Tour, winning four events, finishing runner-up on two occasions. Chamat won his first major title in 2000, where he won the 9-Ball event at the European Pool Championships where he defeated Ralf Souquet in the final, he would win at the European championships again, this time in the 8-Ball event at the championships in 2008. He would defeat Svilar Zoren in the final 8–3. Chamat has been runner-up at the European championships on two occasions, being defeated in the final of the 8-Ball in 2010, the 9-Ball in 2012. Chamat reached the semi-finals of a world championships for the first time in 2004, when he did so at the 2004 WPA World Nine-ball Championship.
After the preliminary round, Chamat defeated Ralf Souquet, Ramil Gallego, Thorsten Schober, Marlon Manalo. Chamat played Chang Pei-Wei in the semi-final, but lost 11–9, he would reach this stage at the 2008 WPA World Eight-ball Championship, defeating Gabriele Cimmino, Kasper Kristoffersen and Dimitri Jungo, before losing in the semi-final to Ralf Souquet 10–8. Chamat plays on the International Pool Tour and appears at the Euro Tour events. Chamat is one of the most successful players on tour, with four event wins, starting with his first tournament win in 1999, at the Finland Open, he would win three more Euro Tour events, all in Austria in 2004, 2006 and 2009. With four victories overall, He is in the top 10 winners of Euro Tour events. Chamat won the UPA World Summit of Pool in 2005, he won this event by defeating Corey Deuel in the finals. Chamat semi-retired from professional pool in 2015, before taking over as captain at the Mosconi Cup. Shortly before this, Chamat reached the last 16 at the 2015 WPA World Ten-ball Championship, losing to Yang Ching-shun 11–8.
Chamat represented Team Europe at the Mosconi Cup six times in. Despite the American side dominating the event at this time, Chamat's sole win in 2002 was referred to as "the best moment of my career", by team-mate Steve Davis. Through this period, Chamat would secure 11 victories from 26 matches played at the event. After not regaining his place on the team in 2006, Chamat continued to play professionally, Chamat would take over as captain for Europe at the Mosconi Cup at the 2015 event. Chamat would captain the team to three victories at the 2016 and 2017 events. In total, Chamat has represented Europe at the event on 10 occasions. In his fourth match as a non-playing captain, he saw a losing effort in 2018, the first USA victory since 2009. During the event, after Joshua Filler put Europe 3–0 ahead, he neglected to shake the hand of his opponent Dennis Hatch, which lead to Hatch leaving the arena feeling aggrieved. Chamat, as captain took Filler to one side to calm the player down. Filler would praise Chamat, saying: "He is the best captain."
Chamat was born 15 May 1975, in Sweden. He is a co-owner of the Interpool Restaurant and Biljard clubs in Gävle and Malmö, Sweden; the club has become a base for Swedish Pool, began to run international pool events in 2009, with the interpool open 9-ball starting in 2009. Chamat is nicknamed Napoleon for his attitude whilst playing pool, his short height. European Pool Championships – Winner – Winner Euro Tour Finland Open 1999 – Winner Austrian Open 2004 – Winner Austrian Open 2006 – Winner Austrian Open 2009 – Winner Mosconi Cup – Winner 2005 UPA World Summit of Pool – Winner Marcus Chamat at AZBilliards.com
Poland the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With a population of 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, Szczecin. Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north and Ukraine to the east and Czech Republic, to the south, Germany to the west; the establishment of the Polish state can be traced back to AD 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of the realm coextensive with the territory of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, in 1569 it cemented its longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin; this union formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest and most populous countries of 16th and 17th century Europe, with a uniquely liberal political system which adopted Europe's first written national constitution, the Constitution of 3 May 1791.
More than a century after the Partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century, Poland regained its independence in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles. In September 1939, World War II started with the invasion of Poland by Germany, followed by the Soviet Union invading Poland in accordance with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. More than six million Polish citizens, including 90% of the country's Jews, perished in the war. In 1947, the Polish People's Republic was established as a satellite state under Soviet influence. In the aftermath of the Revolutions of 1989, most notably through the emergence of the Solidarity movement, Poland reestablished itself as a presidential democratic republic. Poland is regional power, it has the fifth largest economy by GDP in the European Union and one of the most dynamic economies in the world achieving a high rank on the Human Development Index. Additionally, the Polish Stock Exchange in Warsaw is the largest and most important in Central Europe. Poland is a developed country, which maintains a high-income economy along with high standards of living, life quality, safety and economic freedom.
Having a developed school educational system, the country provides free university education, state-funded social security, a universal health care system for all citizens. Poland has 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Poland is a member state of the European Union, the Schengen Area, the United Nations, NATO, the OECD, the Three Seas Initiative, the Visegrád Group; the origin of the name "Poland" derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans that inhabited the Warta river basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century. The origin of the name "Polanie" itself derives from the early Slavic word "pole". In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian and Turkish, the exonym for Poland is Lechites, which derives from the name of a semi-legendary ruler of Polans, Lech I. Early Bronze Age in Poland begun around 2400 BC, while the Iron Age commenced in 750 BC. During this time, the Lusatian culture, spanning both the Bronze and Iron Ages, became prominent; the most famous archaeological find from the prehistory and protohistory of Poland is the Biskupin fortified settlement, dating from the Lusatian culture of the early Iron Age, around 700 BC.
Throughout the Antiquity period, many distinct ancient ethnic groups populated the regions of what is now Poland in an era that dates from about 400 BC to 500 AD. These groups are identified as Celtic, Slavic and Germanic tribes. Recent archeological findings in the Kujawy region, confirmed the presence of the Roman Legions on the territory of Poland; these were most expeditionary missions sent out to protect the amber trade. The exact time and routes of the original migration and settlement of Slavic peoples lacks written records and can only be defined as fragmented; the Slavic tribes who would form Poland migrated to these areas in the second half of the 5th century AD. Up until the creation of Mieszko's state and his subsequent conversion to Christianity in 966 AD, the main religion of Slavic tribes that inhabited the geographical area of present-day Poland was Slavic paganism. With the Baptism of Poland the Polish rulers accepted Christianity and the religious authority of the Roman Church.
However, the transition from paganism was not a smooth and instantaneous process for the rest of the population as evident from the pagan reaction of the 1030s. Poland began to form into a recognizable unitary and territorial entity around the middle of the 10th century under the Piast dynasty. Poland's first documented ruler, Mieszko I, accepted Christianity with the Baptism of Poland in 966, as the new official religion of his subjects; the bulk of the population converted in the course of the next few centuries. In 1000, Boleslaw the Brave, continuing the policy of his father Mieszko, held a Congress of Gniezno and created the metropolis of Gniezno and the dioceses of Kraków, Kołobrzeg, Wrocław. However, the pagan unrest led to the transfer of the capital to Kraków in 1038 by Casimir I the Restorer. In 1109, Prince Bolesław III Wrymouth defeated the King of Germany Henry V at the Battle of Hundsfeld, stopping the Ge
Ten-ball is a modern pool game. It is a rotation game similar to nine-ball, but more difficult, using 10 balls instead of nine, with the 10 ball instead of the nine as the "money ball". Ten-ball is preferred over nine-ball by some professionals as a more challenging discipline than nine-ball, because it is harder to pocket any balls on the break shot with the more crowded rack, the initial shooter cannot win the game by pocketing the 10 on the break, all shots must be called, performing a string of break-and-runs on successive racks is statistically more difficult to achieve. Although the game has existed for a long time, its popularity has risen in recent years as a result of concerns that nine-ball has suffered as a result of flaws in its fundamental structure; the World Pool-Billiard Association World Standardized Rules for 10-ball are similar to those for nine-ball, but with key changes to ensure the difficulty of the game and its marketability as an alternative to nine-ball. The 10 balls are racked as a triangle as in the game of eight-ball, with the 1 ball positioned at the apex of the rack, the 2 and 3 balls on the bottom corners of the triangle, the 10 ball positioned in the middle of the rack, the other balls placed randomly throughout, with the apex ball on the foot spot.
Most of the same rules apply as in nine-ball. This means that in order to establish a legal hit, the cue ball must contact the lowest numbered ball first, subsequently at least one ball must hit any rail or be pocketed, without the cue ball being pocketed. In 10-ball, shots have to be called, which means that the player must call a ball and the pocket in which to make the ball by pointing to a pocket with his finger or cue, stating the number of the ball he intends to make in that pocket. If the 10 ball is pocketed on the break, it will be spotted and the player will continue his inning. Under WPA World Standardized Rules, it is a call-shot game, in which flukes, or shots that go in an unintended pocket do not count. If a player pockets only the wrong ball, or pockets the nominated ball in the wrong pocket, the ball stays down; the opponent has the choice of taking the shot, or handing it back. The exception is the 10 ball; this format is considered controversial among some of the game's elite, as many pros are experts at playing multi-way shots where they may be attempting to pocket more than one ball on a given shot.
Nonetheless, the rule has been adopted for professional competitions. The nominal first international International Ten-ball Championship was held in 2007; the sanctioning organization is the United States Professional Poolplayers Association, using WPA/BCA rules. The World Pool-Billiard Association itself separately started its own inaugural WPA World Ten-Ball Championship in 2008, in Manila, Philippines; the events are competitors, but many players compete in both. The UPA event is known for sponsorship purposes as the Predator International; the 2009 UPA event, the Ninth Annual International Ten-Ball Championship, numerically acknowledging the original Florida Opens), was held at the Riviera Hotel and Casino May 11–16, 2009. Ozone Billiards co-sponsored the event, which featured a field of 112 male and female competitors, was held during the BCAPL's National Eight-ball Championships. Mika Immonen of Finland won the tournament, played on 4.5 ft by 9 ft standard, professional tables The 2008 edition of the event was hosted by Bankshot Billiards and like the WPA event that year was played on 4.5 × 9 ft tables provided by manufacturer Olhausen Billiards.
The following is a list of WPA World Ten-Ball Champions and sanctioned by the World Pool-Billiard Association. The first UPA World Ten-ball Championship, building on the original Florida Open, was held on May 23, 2007, in Jacksonville, Florida; the genesis of the event was said to be "demand for more skill in competitive games as requested from the top pro players around the world" by event sponsor Dragon Promotions's president, Cindy Lee. The winner of this inaugural event was Shane Van Boening of the United States. Rather unusually for professional pool, the matches at this event were played on home billiard room, mid-size 8 ft by 4 ft tables instead of the professional, pool hall 9 ft by 4.5 ft standard size. The U. S. Open Ten-ball Championship is an international, professional ten-ball tournament held annually in the United States, it is sponsored by CueSports International. The 2011 event was Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada. Unlike the U. S. Open Nine-ball Championship, the competition is by invitation only, though it is open to spectators.
Face off Series games at Club Capo, Quezon City, Philippines Historical ten-ball match videos by year
Sweden the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre; the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats and Swedes and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia; the climate is in general mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains warm continental summers.
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway. The capital city is Stockholm, the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the Hanseatic League threatened Scandinavia's culture and languages; this led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and the Swedish Empire was formed; this became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.
The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs; the union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 moved towards cooperation with NATO. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum, it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens, it has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality and human development.
The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland. Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes"; this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in Götaland. Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Svøríki, Icelandic Svíþjóð, the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi and Rootsi are used, names considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, who were known as the Rus', through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia; the etymology of Swedes, thus Sweden, is not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning "one's own", referring to one's own Germanic tribe. Sweden's prehistory begins in the Allerød oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost province, Scania.
This period was characterised by small bands of hunter-gatherer-fishers using flint technology. Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD. In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes as a powerful tribe with ships that had a prow at each end. Which kings ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC; as for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts of male names, demonstrating th
Alex Lely is a Dutch former professional pool player. He is a two-time European Pool Championships straight pool champion, he won the World Pool Masters in 1999 and nearly won it for the second consecutive time in the next year. Lely has competed in the European team at the Mosconi Cup on four occasions in 1999, 2005, 2008 and 2009. Lely would be a part of the successful team at the 2008 Mosconi Cup. Lely is a multiple time winner of events on the Euro Tour, first winning the 1999 German Open, before winning two more events in 2005 and 2006. Lely turned professional in 1998, the following year won his first major tournament, the World Pool Masters, he defeated Efren Reyes in the final 7-5. Lely collected autographs from his opponents in the competition; the same season, Lely debuted for the European Mosconi Cup team in the 1999 event, thanks to his win at the Masters. Lely won his first Euro Tour event, defeating Francisco Bustamante in the final of the 1999 German Open. In 2000, Lely reached his first final at the European Pool Championships, losing to Oliver Ortmann in the straight pool event.
Despite winning the previous year's event, Lely made it to the final of the 2000 World Pool Masters. However, Lely would lose the final 3-7 to Ralf Souquet. Lely did not win any major titles for the next few seasons, he played in the 2001 World Games in both men's snooker and men's pool events, but lost in the last 16 in both events. In 2003, he once again reached the stages at the World Pool Masters, this time finishing as a losing semifinalist to Hsia Hui-Kai 8-4; this was the furthest that Lely would progress in the competition, as he finished in the quarter-finals in both 2004 and 2005 and did not appear in the competition in 2007. Lely returned to the competition at the 2018 World Pool Masters, which celebrated the 25th staging of the event, saw a field of previous winners. Lely lost to Alex Pagulayan in the first round 8-4. European Pool Championships Straight pool 1999 World Pool Masters Euro Tour 1999 German Open 2005 Italian Open 2006 Netherlands Open Alex Lely at AZBilliards.com
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate