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European Civil Service

The European Civil Service is a generic term applied to all staff serving the institutions and agencies of the European Union. Although recruitment is sometimes done jointly, each institution is responsible for its own internal structures and hierarchies; the rules, principles and working conditions of the European civil service are set out in the Staff Regulations. In 2012, the European Ombudsman summarised the following five principles of public service which should apply to all staff of the EU institutions: 1. Commitment to the European Union and its citizens 2. Integrity 3. Objectivity 4. Respect for others 5. Transparency The European Commission's civil service is headed by a Secretary General vacant, with Ilze Juhansone holding the position in the interim. According to figures published by the Commission, 24,428 persons were employed by the Commission as officials and temporary agents in their 2016 budget. In addition to these, 9,066 additional staff were employed; the single largest DG is the Directorate-General for Translation, with 2261 staff.

European civil servants are sometimes referred to in the anglophone press as "Eurocrats". High-ranking officials are sometimes referred to as "European Mandarins"; these terms are sometimes erroneously used by the anglophone press as a derogatory slur, to describe Members of the European Parliament, or European Commissioners. MEPs are directly elected representatives, whilst the European Commissioners, despite being confused as civil servants, are politicians holding public office and accountable to the European Parliament. Much like government ministers at the national level, they instruct the policy direction of the civil service; as of 1 January 2018 there are staff from all member states, with the largest group being Belgian. From the larger member states, 12.1% were Italian, 9.9% French, 7.5% Spanish, 6.7% German, 4.4% Polish and 2.8% British. Most administration is based in the Belgian capital, those states under-represented in the service tend to have more of their nationals in the higher ranks.

The qualifications needed to enter the European civil service depend on whether the job is a specialist one and the grade. One of the entry qualifications for the European civil service is that the candidate speak at least two of the official European languages, one of which must be English, French or German. Candidates whose mother tongue is English, French or German must pass the competition for entry in one of the other two official languages. Prior to their first promotion, officials must demonstrate competence in a third EU official language. A candidate needs to have a first degree in any discipline; the services have traditionally hired candidates with degrees in Economics, or Audit. Staff are divided into a set of grades: from AD 5, the most junior administrator grade, to AD 16, a director-general. Alongside the AD category is AST, it is now possible for civil servants to be promoted from AST to AD grade, not possible. While promotion is in theory according to merit, many management posts are now taken by officials'parachuted in' from member states.

Moreover, staff reforms introduced in 2004 have reduced the possibilities for career progression and have created divisions within the service, with pre-2004 entrants enjoying greater pay and privileges. According to the Commission's own internal statistics though new officials possess an average of eight years work experience, it would take an average of over 40 years to climb from AD 5 to AD 16. Prior to this new system, introduced in the 2000s, civil servants were traditionally divided into four categories. "A" was policy making, ""D" was drivers and messengers. There were various grades in each category; the major ranks used to be in the form of A8 to A1. EU civil and other servants work 40 hours a week, though they are theoretically available 24/7, they receive a minimum of 24 days of leave a year, with additional leave entitlements on grounds of age, grade but no longer distance from home country. The lowest grades receive between €1.618,83 gross each month, while the highest grades receives between €14,822.86 and €16,094.79 a month.

This salary is taxed by the EU, rather than at the national level. Taxation varies between 8% and 45% depending on individual circumstances; this is paid into the Community budget. Earnings are augmented by allowances, such as allowances for those living outside their own country, those who are the principal earner in their household, those with children in full-time education, those who are moving home in order to take up a position or leaving the service. Earnings are lowered by various additional taxes and indexes. For a contribution of 2% basic salary, employees are provided with healt

John Gillon

John Benjamin Gillon III is an American professional basketball player for BC Pieno žvaigždės of the Lithuanian Basketball League. He played in college for Little Rock, Colorado State, Syracuse. Gillon started his collegiate career at Arkansas-Little Rock, where he averaged 10.6 points in his freshman season. Afterwards, he decided to transfer to Colorado State where, under NCAA transfer rules, he would redshirt during his first year there. During his redshirt sophomore year he would only start one game for Colorado State, averaged 7.9 points. The following season that number would improve to 13.2 points per game, he shot 88% from the free throw line. After graduating from Colorado State, with one more year of remaining college eligibility Gillon decided to transfer again to Syracuse, his scoring numbers took a dip, averaging 10.5 per game, however he led the team in assists per game with 5.4, his career-best. He ended up setting the school record for most consecutive free throws made, with 48.

That tied for the third most consecutive free throws made in ACC history. On February 22, 2017, during a game in the Carrier Dome against Duke, Gillon made a last second three pointer to win the game, with a final score of 75-78. After going undrafted in the 2017 NBA draft, Gillon was taken by the Texas Legends in the annual NBA G-League Draft, where he would play five games and average 3.6 points per game before getting waived on November 28. On December 3, Gillon was picked up by the Erie BayHawks, reuniting with former Syracuse teammate, Andrew White. Gillon had 40 points in a win against the Fort Wayne Mad Ants on March 24, 2018. Gillon was added to the training camp roster of the Erie BayHawks in October 2018. On February 21, 2019 he was traded to the Greensboro Swarm for Cat Barber. On September 6, 2019, Gillon signed with Pieno žvaigždės Pasvalys of the Lithuanian Basketball League. John Gillon played for Boeheim's Army in the 2018 edition of The Basketball Tournament. In 4 games, he averaged 14.5 points, 3.5 assists, 1.8 rebounds per game.

Boeheim's Army reached the Northeast Regional Championship before falling to the Golden Eagles. Syracuse Orange bio


Tibellus is a genus of slender crab spiders described by Simon in 1875, belonging to the order Araneae, family Philodromidae. Species of this genus are present in Eurasia, Africa and Australia. Adult members of this genus can reach 4–15 millimetres of length and can be encountered above the soil surface on low vegetation, foliage or herbaceous plants, where they pursue their preys, as they do not make webs; this genus, which includes active hunters, was once considered a subfamily within the sedentary'crab spiders'. The basic color of the body is light pale yellow, it is elongate and slender, the carapace and the cylindrical abdomen show a large brown stripe in the midline of the back. The long and thin legs are more or less equal in length and they are stretched out along grass stems or leaves, the first two pairs forwardly directed, they have eight black equal-sized eyes in two horizontal rows of four each, with posterior median ones close to each other. Tibellus affinis O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 — Mexico Tibellus armatus Lessert, 1928 — Central, Southern Africa Tibellus asiaticus Kulczynski, 1908 — Russia, North America Tibellus aspersus Danilov, 1991 — Russia Tibellus australis — Botswana Tibellus bruneitarsis Lawrence, 1952 — Zimbabwe, South Africa Tibellus californicus Schick, 1965 — USA Tibellus chamberlini Gertsch, 1933 — USA, Canada Tibellus chaturshingi Tikader, 1962 — India Tibellus chilensis Mello-Leitão, 1943 — Chile Tibellus cobusi Van den Berg & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1994 — East, Southern Africa Tibellus cucurbitus Yang, Zhu & Song, 2005 — China Tibellus demangei Jézéquel, 1964 — Ivory Coast, South Africa Tibellus duttoni — USA, Mexico Tibellus elongatus Tikader, 1960 — India Tibellus fengi Efimik, 1999 — Russia, Japan Tibellus flavipes Caporiacco, 1939 — East, Southern Africa Tibellus gerhardi Van den Berg & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1994 — East, Southern Africa Tibellus hollidayi Lawrence, 1952 — East, Southern Africa Tibellus insularis Gertsch, 1933 — Cuba Tibellus jabalpurensis Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999 — India Tibellus japonicus Efimik, 1999 — Russia, Japan Tibellus katrajghatus Tikader, 1962 — India Tibellus kibonotensis Lessert, 1919 — East, Southern Africa Tibellus kimi Seong, 2013 — Korea, Republic of Tibellus macellus Simon, 1875 — Europe to Central Asia Tibellus macellus georgicus Mcheidze, 1997 — Georgia Tibellus maritimusHolarctic Tibellus minor Lessert, 1919 — Africa Tibellus nigeriensis Millot, 1942 — Sudan Tibellus nimbaensis Van den Berg & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1994 — Guinea-Bissau Tibellus oblongus — Holarctic Tibellus oblongus maculatus Caporiacco, 1950 — Italy Tibellus orientis Efimik, 1999 — Russia, China Tibellus paraguensis Simon, 1897 — Paraguay, Argentina Tibellus parallelus — Palearctic Tibellus pashanensis Tikader, 1980 — India Tibellus pateli Tikader, 1980 — India Tibellus poonaensis Tikader, 1962 — India Tibellus propositus Roewer, 1951 — Yarkand Tibellus rothi Schick, 1965 — USA Tibellus septempunctatus Millot, 1942 — Guinea Tibellus seriepunctatus Simon, 1907 — Africa Tibellus shikerpurensis Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2003 — Bangladesh Tibellus somaliensis Van den Berg & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1994 — Somalia, Zimbabwe Tibellus spinosus Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1941 — Argentina Tibellus sunetae Van den Berg & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1994 — Southern Africa Tibellus tenellus — Russia, China to Australia Tibellus utotchkini Ponomarev, 2008 — Russia Tibellus vitilis Simon, 1906 — India, Sri Lanka Tibellus vosseleri Strand, 1906 — Algeria Tibellus vossioni Simon, 1884 — Africa Tibellus zhui Tang & Song, 1989 — China A Van den Berg - A revision of the Afrotropical species of the genus Tibellus Simon - A.

S A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman - Vol 37, No 1 L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz - The Families of Spiders Represented in the British Isles - Philodromidae Michael J Roberts - The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland Bugguide Boldsystems


CIRX-FM is a Canadian radio station broadcasting at 94.3 FM in Prince George, British Columbia. The station airs; the station was launched in 1983 with the call sign CIBC, was changed to CIRX. It had most of the time been Prince George's only rock station until 2003, when CKDV-FM launched with a classic rock format. By 2004, the station began moving towards an active/alternative rock format, but mellowed out by the late 2000s; as of 2011, due to CKDV-FM switching to classic hits, CIRX-FM is once again the only rock station in Prince George. CIRX is owned by Vista Broadcast Group, which owns CJCI-FM. On May 30, 2014, the station was rebranded as 94.3 The Goat with no change in format. In March 2018, CIRX's repeater in Vanderhoof, British Columbia became a full-time feed of CIVH after the station's transmitter was damaged. 94.3 The GOAT CIRX-FM history – Canadian Communications Foundation Query the REC Canadian station database for CIRX-FM

Halvor Vreim

Halvor Vreim was a Norwegian architect who contributed to the documentation and restoration of old wooden buildings. Vreim was born in Telemark to farmer Gunnar Helgeson Vreim and Anne Jonsdotter Li. In 1930 he married Anna Bonli. Vreim started his career as a carpenter, studied theoretical and historical aspects of the profession, he was appointed at the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History from 1920, at the Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage from 1937 to 1964. He was approved as architect, a member of the Association of Norwegian Architects from 1936, his works include Norwegian Decorative Art To-day from 1937, Norsk trearkitektur from 1939, Laftehus from 1940. He was decorated Knight, First Class of the Order of St. Olav in 1963, he died in Oslo in 1966

Cape Pallarenda Conservation Park

The Cape Pallarenda Conservation Park is a protected conservation park located 10 kilometres north-east of Townsville in the Far North region of Queensland, Australia. The 44-hectare regional park is located within the suburb of Pallarenda. There are several walking tracks on Cape Pallarenda. One of them passes two Second World War searchlight emplacements, leads to the isolated and scenic Shelley Beach. Another path leads to a moving graveyard and memorial for 13 Vietnamese immigrants who died in August 1920 during a meningitis outbreak while interned at the former Cape Pallarenda Quarantine Station. Pallarenda Park has a boat ramp that provides direct access to the beach, a permanent stinger enclosure for swimming. Cape Pallarenda was named in 1864 by Lieutenant G. P. Heath during his survey of Cleveland Bay, it is believed. Pallarenda Park was transformed during World War II into a military hospital; the 500 bed, 2/14 Army General Hospital scattered along the sandy foreshore at Pallarenda received many casualties, most from New Guinea.

Consideration is being given to a housing development within the park boundaries, met by opposition by local residents. Protected areas of Queensland Cape Pallarenda Conservation Park map. Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of National Parks, Recreation and Racing, Queensland Government. October 2012