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European Convention on Nationality

The European Convention on Nationality was signed in Strasbourg on 6 November 1997. It is a comprehensive convention of the Council of Europe dealing with the law of nationality; the Convention is open for signature by the member States of the Council of Europe and the non-member States which have participated in its elaboration and for accession by other non-member States. The Convention came into force on 1 March 2000 after ratification by 3 countries; as at 6 March 2014, the Convention has been signed by 29 countries, but has been ratified by only 20 of those countries. Article 4 provides that neither marriage nor dissolution of marriage shall automatically affect the nationality of either spouse, nor shall a change of nationality by one spouse during marriage automatically affect the nationality of their spouse. Common practice among states at the beginning of the 20th century was that a woman was to have the nationality of her husband. After the nationality of a married woman was no longer dependent on the nationality of her husband, legal provisions were still retained which automatically naturalised married women, sometimes married men as well.

This led to a number of problems, such as loss of the spouses' original nationality, the spouse losing the right to consular assistance, becoming subject to military service obligations. Article 4d addresses this situation. Article 5 provides that no discrimination shall exist in a state's internal nationality law on the grounds of "sex, race, colour or national or ethnic origin", it provides that a state shall not discriminate amongst its nationals on the basis of whether they hold their nationality by birth or acquired it subsequently. Article 6 relates to the acquisition of nationality, it provides for nationality to be acquired at birth by descent from either parent to those born within the territory of the state.. It provides for nationality by virtue of birth in the territory of state, it requires the possibility of naturalisation, provides that the period of residence required for eligibility cannot be more than ten years lawful and habitual residence. It requires to "facilitate" the acquisition of nationality by certain persons, including spouses of nationals, children of its nationals born abroad, children one of whose parents has acquired the nationality, children adopted by a national, persons lawfully and habitually resident for a period before the age of eighteen, stateless persons and refugees lawfully and habitually resident on its territory.

Article 7 regulates the involuntary loss of nationality. It provides that states may deprive their nationals of their nationality in only the cases of voluntary acquisition of another nationality, fraud or failure to provide relevant information when acquiring nationality, voluntary military service in a foreign military force, or adoption as a child by foreign nationals, it provides for the possibility of loss of nationality for nationals habitually residing abroad. It provides loss of nationality for "conduct prejudicial to the vital interests of the State Party". Article 8 provides nationals with the right to renounce their nationality, providing they do not thereby become stateless. States may however restrict this right with respect to nationals residing abroad; as at 6 March 2014, the following countries have signed or ratified the Convention: European Convention on Nationality

List of Ogun State local government areas by population

This article is about the 20 local government areas by population in the Nigerian state of Ogun. They range from 55,093 to 539,170 in population. However, Governor Ibikunle Amosun on March 10,2016 sent an executive bill to the House to restructure the existing 20 local government councils and create additional 37 LCDAs. With the passage of the bill into law, there are 57 Local Government Areas & Local Council Development Areas in the state; the newly created ones asterisked 1. Abeokuta North Akomoje 2 * Abeokuta North West Lafenwa 3*. Abeokuta North East Ita Iyalode 4.* Oke Ogun Imala 5. Abeokuta South Ake 6.*Abeokuta South East Ijeun Titun 7*. Abeokuta South West Ijeja 8. Ado Odo/ Ota Ota 9.*Ado Odo Ado Odo 10*. Agbara/Igbesa Igbesa 11.*Ota West Atan Ota 12*. Sango/ Ijoko Sango 13. Ewekoro. Itori 14.*Ewekoro North Wasinmi 15. Ifo Ifo 16*. Ifo Central Agbado 17.*Coker Ibogun Ibogun 18.* Ifo South Ojodu 19. Ijebu East Ogbere 20*. Ijebu East Central Ojowo 21. Ijebu North Ijebu Igbo 22*. Ijebu North Central Oru 23.* Ijebu Igbo West Ojowo 24.*Ago Iwoye Ibipe 25.

Ijebu North East Atan 26.*Yemoji Ilese 27. Ijebu Ode Ijebu Ode 28.* Ijebu Ode South Oke Aje 29. Ikenne Ikenne 30.*Remo Central Iperu 31. Imeko Imeko 32.*Afon Oloka Afon 33. Ipokia Ipokia 34.* Ipokia West Ijofin 35.*Idi Iroko Idi Iroko 36. Obafemi Owode Owode 37.*Oba Oba 38.*Obafemi Obafemi 39.*Ofada/ Mokoloki Mowe 40. Odeda Odeda 41.*Opeji Opeji 42.*Ilugun Ilugun 43. Odogbolu Odogbolu 44.*Leguru Ala 45.*Ifesowapo Imodi 46. Ogun Waterside Abigi 47.*Ogun Waterside East Bolorunduro Efire 48. Remo North Isara 49.*Remo North East Ode Remo 50. Sagamu Central Sagamu 51.*Sagamu Remo West Makun 52.*Sagamu Remo South Sotubo 53. Yewa North Ayetoro 54.*Iju Iboro 55.*Ketu Tata 56. Yewa South Ilaro 57.*Yewa South East Oke Odan See Local government areas of Nigeria, Ogun State. Population Distribution by Sex, State, LGAs and Senatorial Districts: 2006 Census Priority Tables Vol.3, National Population commission Nigeria, published April 2010, retrieved 24 June 2013, PM NEWS MEDIA Nigeria published May 06. 2016


TATS CRU, Inc. is a group of Bronx-based graffiti artists turned professional muralists. The current members of TATS CRU are Bio, BG183, Nicer, HOW, NOSM. TATS CRU were founded by Bio, BG183 and Nicer. Over the last two decades, TATS CRU has produced various advertisements for clients ranging from neighborhood businesses and institutions to large corporations like Coca-Cola and Sony. TATS CRU is a major producer of New York City-style memorial murals, have created artwork for many musicians including Nicki Minaj, Missy Elliott, Big Pun, Jennifer Lopez, Rick Ross, DJ Kool Herc and many more. TATS CRU has a strong bond with rapper Fat Joe and created many of his advertisement billboard for album releases in the 1990s. TATS Cru paints murals of friend and deceased rapper Big Pun and are responsible for tBig Pun memorial walls in the Bronx, New York City. Wilfredo "Bio" Feliciano born April 20, 1966 in New York started his artistic career in the early eighties at the height of the New York City subway graffiti movement.

Thirty years he is considered to be one of the top stylists or letter masters throughout the movement worldwide. Known for his many letter styles and intricate wild styles as well as his explosive use of colors. Bio is known as a true master of New York style painting. Wilfredo "Bio" Feliciano is a founding member of the world-famous art collective known as Tats Cru "The Mural Kings" known as TAT Cru founded by Brim and Bio in the eighties. Tats Cru continues to be a major force in the advancement of graffiti art both commercially and artistically. Tats Cru’s current active members are Hector "Nicer" Nazario, Sotero "Bg183" Ortiz, Raoul "How" Perre, Davide "Nosm" Perre and Totem2. Wilfredo "Bio" Feliciano’s work has been featured in many publications, music videos and documentaries throughout his career, he has painted in numerous countries over the past 30 years, invited by different organizations. Bio has collaborated with many of the top graffiti artists in the world from past to present day.

He has lectured at M. I. T. and various universities in the United States. Bio was part of the Smithsonian Institution’s 35th annual Folklife Festival in Washington D. C. where Tats Cru was chosen to represent New York City muralists at the festival. Wilfredo "Bio" Feliciano continues to live in New York City, he was born Hector Nazario in the South Bronx in 1967. He was fortunate enough to be born with creativity running through his veins at an early age. Throughout the 1970s he played in abandoned buildings, transforming them in his mind into magical worlds of wonder and using his surroundings to create trucks and cars of bricks and wood chunks found in abandoned lots in his South Bronx neighborhood. In the 1980s, as a teenager he was drawn to the colored written graffiti on the New York City Subway trains and walls, he went on to become one of the founding members of The Famous "TAT Crew". It was his first official introduction to the art world. At the end off the subway painting movement that propelled the TAT crew into subculture stardom, the members split and went their own ways, except for three.

NICER and his two childhood painting partners vowed painting. Forming the firstgGraffiti company of its kind, "TATS CRU, INC" was born, it was 1996 and "TATSC CRU’ had one main goal. In the three decades that NICER has been painting he has created artwork for many well-known clients like: Twin brothers Raoul and David Perre known as HOW and NOSM, are graffiti artists and professional muralists residing in New York. Born in the Basque country of San Sebastian, the Perre brothers were raised in Düsseldorf, Germany practicing the Bronx-born art form of graffiti, their late teenage years were spent spraypainting around the world, visiting more than 60 countries and leaving their remarkably detail oriented artwork on everything from buildings to subway trains. During a visit to New York in 1997, HOW and NOSM were asked to become members of the legendary TATS CRU. Shortly thereafter in 1999, they permanently relocated to New York, a move that influenced their transition from tagging and spray painting trains to creating refined large scale murals and paintings on canvas.

HOW and NOSM have been featured in several publications, including the New York Times, The New Yorker and LA Weekly. Their artwork has stirred the likes of Reverend Al Sharpton with its controversial undertones of radical subjects manifested within their art; as adept with a spray can as only few artists could hope to be with a brush, the Perres’ body of work includes everything from canvases and large-scale multimedia sculpture to anything they feel compelled to leave their signature on. While stylized and technical work is compromised by the use of vibrant colors and flashy effects and Nosm have taken an opposite approach. In their most recent work, the brothers have restricted themselves to a sparse color pallet of red and white; this limitation of color accentuates every line. The drawings maintain the aesthetic of Jacks and Kings pulled from a deck of playing cards; the meticulous lines and intricate patterns presented in such a minimalist fashion make How and Nosm’s work recognizable and unique.

Graffiti artist Mister Totem has applied paint to walls for 20 years. Totem’s well-known style and technique is renowned worldwide, most noted for his signature robotic armored letters and wild versatility, his strongest points are backgrounds and creating a complete final mural, not just the average piece by piece graffiti seen. Starting in Atlanta, Georgia as his home he has

Daniel Nimham

Daniel Nimham was the last sachem of the Wappinger. He was the most prominent Native American of his time in the lower Hudson Valley. Prior to Henry Hudson's arrival in 1609, the Wappinger People lived on the eastern shore of the today's Hudson River, a tidal estuary for some half its length. To them, it was the Muhheakantuck, "the river that flows both ways", their territory spread from Manhattan Island north to the Roeliff Jansen Kill in Columbia County, east as far as the Norwalk River Fairfield County, Connecticut; the Wappinger were allied with the Mahican People to the north. Their settlements included camps along the major creeks and Hudson River tributaries with larger villages located where these streams met the river. During the early period of European contact, the population of the Nochpeem has been estimated at 600, they are said to have occupied the highlands north of Anthony's Nose to Matteawan Creek. Adriaen van der Donck, one of the earliest writers of this portion of the country, assigns them three villages on the Hudson.

To the Dutch and English they were known as the "River Indians" and the "Highland Indians". Robert S. Grumet describes Daniel Nimham as the "leader of a small peripatetic group of from two hundred to three hundred displaced Mahican- and Munsee-speaking Indian people" who wandered the "mountainous contested borderlands separating Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, they built small bark houses and log cabins on sparsely settled lands in remote valleys far from colonial roads and towns, made meager livings weaving baskets, crafting brooms and working seasonal as laborers or servants on nearby farms. He learned to speak English by listening to his new neighbors. After 1746 his residence was near Great Barrington, Massachusetts. In 1755, during King George's War, he, with most of his fighting men, traveled to Albany and entered the English service under Sir William Johnson, By March 1758, he was in Stockbridge, serving as town constable, although it appears he continued to frequent the ancestral lands around Wiccopee in Dutchess County, New York.

In 1697, Adolph Philipse, a New York City merchant and son of the first lord of Philipsburg Manor purchased land from two squatters and Dorlandt. As they had never had a patent, Philips subsequently negotiated a confirmation deed with local representatives of the remaining Wappinger in which they renounced title to the land. Philipse claimed. During the French and Indian War, the Wappingers or "Indians of the long reach" as that section of the river was called, furnished a corps of about three hundred, notably, to serve with Roger's Rangers, they had moved their families to the Christian Indian mission settlement at Stockbridge, for the duration of the war. When the men returned, they found their land rented by the Philipses to tenant farmers. Daniel Ninham may have learned to speak English through the family of Catheryna Rombout Brett who lived in what is now the City of Beacon, New York, she was friends with the Ninhams and allowed the Wappinger to stay on her land after they had been sold.

Most historians suggest Daniel Nimham was born in the Fishkill Creek Region near the hamlet of Wiccopee, New York. Because of Ninham's multicultural skills, he went to court on several occasions to defend his people's land rights. Nimham contested the validity of the Philipse's deed arguing with considerable justification that the Wappinger had been defrauded of their lands; the New York Council, dominated by manor lords, threw out Nimham's claim and jailed his legal advisor, Samuel Munrow, for "high misdemeanors". Undeterred, In 1766, Nimham and three Mohican chiefs: Jacob Cheeksaunkun, John Naunauphtaunk and Solomon Uhhaunauwaunmut from the Stockbridge area and three of their wives traveled to England to present his case to the royal Lords of Trade; the trip was financed by a combination of sympathetic rent rioters and land speculators. The London Chronicle describes the Nimham group of four chiefs as tall and strong, one being "six and a half feet without shoes...dressed in the Indian manner".

Although he and his group were treated well, he never had a meeting with the King directly, however he did speak with someone, in the parliament who agreed to contact the governor in Albany, New York. The Lords of Trade reported that there was sufficient cause to investigate "frauds and abuses of Indian lands...complained of in the American colonies, in this colony in particular." And that, "the conduct of the lieutenant-governor and the council...does carry with it the colour of great prejudice and partiality, of an intention to intimidate these Indians from prosecuting their claims." Upon a second hearing before New York Provincial Governor Sir Henry Moore and the Council, John Morin Scott argued that legal title to the land was only a secondary concern. Returning the land to the Indians would set an adverse precedent regarding other similar disputes. Daniel's son Abraham Nimham was appointed captain of a company of Indian scouts serving with the Continental Army, a confederacy of Mohicans, Wappingers and other local tribes.

Stockbridge Militia by General George Washington. Daniel and Abraham Nimham and his fellow Stockbridge warriors fought for the American cause during the Revolution and were some of America's first Veterans, they served with Washington at Valley Forge and with General Marquis de Lafayette's troops. It is noted that Daniel "faithfull

The Hotel (British TV series)

The Hotel is a fly-on-the-wall British television documentary series which ran for four series consisting of 33 episodes. It has been broadcast on Channel 4 since 17 April 2011. Unlike Hotel, a 1997 BBC docu-soap that offered similar backstage access to the Adelphi Hotel in Liverpool, the series is filmed using fixed cameras positioned in several locations around the complex rather than using a camera crew; the second and third series of the show were broadcast in the 8pm slot on Sundays on Channel 4, featured the same hotel, The Grosvenor Hotel in Torquay run by Mark Jenkins. On 25 May 2014 it was confirmed the show had been commissioned for a fourth series at The Grosvenor's rival hotel, The Cavendish. Mark Jenkins appears in the show as Entertainment Manager; the fourth series began airing on 28 December 2014 on Channel 4 in the 8pm slot. The final episode in the series, on 15 February 2015, aired in the 7pm slot. Series 1 consisting of eight episodes, was filmed at the Damson Dene Hotel in the Lake District over five weeks in the summer of 2010.

It was first broadcast in 2011. The second series was filmed at the Grosvenor Hotel in Torquay, owned by manager Mark Jenkins; the second series ran from Sunday 1 January 2012 and aired until 26 February 2012 with 8 episodes and The Hotel at Christmas episode. Due to the popularity of the second series, a third series filmed at the Grosvenor Hotel, began on 30 December 2012 and consisted of 8 episodes; these episodes were filmed throughout the summer of 2012 and as featured in the last episode of the third series, Mark Jenkins sold The Grosvenor to the Richardson Hotel Group. No jobs were lost in the sale. In May 2014, a fourth series was commissioned by Channel 4; this was filmed in The Cavendish Hotel in Torquay throughout July and August 2014 and saw Mark Jenkins being employed by The Cavendish for five weeks throughout the summer season as their new entertainments manager. The series of eight episodes commenced on 28 December 2014 and concluded on 15 February 2015. Series One was set at The Damsen Dene Hotel in the Lake District.

Viewing figures are from BARB. Series Two was set at The Grosvenor Hotel in Torquay. Viewing figures are from BARB. Episode 9 was a Christmas themed episode entitled The Hotel at Christmas. Series Three was announced after the success of Series Two earlier in 2012, it was filmed again at The Grosvenor Hotel in Torquay, it saw Mark Jenkins selling the hotel to The Richardson Group at the end of the series. It was an eight episode series. Viewing figures are from BARB; the fourth series of The Hotel began airing on 28 December 2014 on Channel 4. It sees Mark Jenkins, former owner of The Grosvenor Hotel, becoming an entertainment manager for The Cavendish Hotel for one summer season. Viewing figures are from BARB; the Hotel on IMDb Official website

Vintage Guitar (magazine)

Vintage Guitar magazine is an American consumer publication that focuses on vintage and classic fretted instruments, amplifiers and related gear, as well as notable players from all genres and eras. The publication's feature stories and monthly columns cover a diverse range of topics by contributors, including some of the biggest names in the industry and renowned authorities like Dan Erlewine, George Gruhn, Wolf Marshall, Richard Smith, Seymour W. Duncan, as well as some of the best-known writers in the field, including Walter Carter, A. R. Duchoissoir, Dan Forte, Lisa Sharken, Rich Kienzle, Michael Dregni, John Heidt, John Peden, Greg Prato, others; the magazine's classified-ad section provides readers with access to thousands of classic and new guitars, accessories, books and more for sale. Other editorial content focuses on reviews of music as well as objective reviews of new gear. Vintage Guitar includes monthly repair columns written by noted luthiers Dan Erlewine and Will Kelly. Published as The Music Trader, its inaugural issue was distributed in September, 1986, with the intent of achieving two goals: to supply musicians with a market to buy and sell instruments and equipment or locate other musicians, to inform and entertain readers.

Today, these remain the basic goals of the magazine. Though The Music Trader was a publication for all types of instruments, the majority of advertisements and articles were guitar-centric. In 1989, publisher Alan Greenwood changed its name to Vintage Guitar magazine because he felt it better represented the publication. From 1993–1997, Vintage Guitar published the periodical VG Classics. Much like the monthly, it focused on classic guitars and amps but in a traditionally-sized format on thicker, glossy stock and employing layouts designed to highlight the artistic photography commissioned for its use. In 2001, VG began using glossy paper in the editorial sections of its monthly offering. For more than two decades, the magazine has published The Official Vintage Guitar Price Guide through its Vintage Guitar Books imprint. Adapted from the 1988 article "Asking Price – Selling Price," The Guide appeared as a monthly installment titled "The Instrument Price Guide" in the April'89 issue. In 1992, the company issued the first version of The Guide as a booklet, today the annual book compiles historical data and lists values on more than 2,000 brands derived from comprehensive research and market analysis on thousands of vintage and recent–model guitars, basses, effects pedals, lap steels and banjos.

It is regarded by professional players, guitar dealers, collectors as the premier source for accurate values on vintage gear. To date, The Guide has sold more than 150,000 copies, in 2012 it became available on digital e–readers; the company's Vintage Guitar Book imprint has published several other books: Stellas & Stratocasters, by Willie G. Moseley, is an anthology of articles and columns from the pages of VG, including talks with Eric Johnson, Jeff Cook, Noel Redding. Guitar Stories: Volume One, by Michael Wright, is a look at the histories of some of the more interesting instruments that have – and sometimes unsuccessfully – tried to win the hearts of Americans dreaming of their 15 minutes of fame strapped to a six–string. Executive Rock: A Fan's Perspective on the Evolution of Popular Music Since 1950, by Willie G. Moseley, is a collection of essays that appeared in the VG column "Executive Rock." Guitar Stories: Volume Two, by Michael Wright, continues where Volume One left off. A foray into more brands that made a heavy impact in the world of the guitar, how its many forms came to be.

More than 800 rare photos help tell the tale of these instruments, from the innovations of Mario Maccaferri to Martin's journeys into the solid body kingdom. Guitar People, by Willie G. Moseley, includes 65 profiles and interviews with guitar players and builders, discussing equipment and performances. Bill Carson: My Life and Time with Fender Musical Instruments, by Bill Carson with Willie G. Moseley, is the inspiring, quintessential American success story of Bill Carson and Fender. Since 1995, VG has maintained a website that features archival editorial content, the magazine's Hall of Fame page, an RSS feed with the latest industry news, regular promotional giveaways, a store in which it sells books and other merchandise, various other features; the magazine maintains a Twitter account that features news from industry insiders and insight into the latest products and technology, more. And in 2012, the magazine began publishing a twice-monthly e-newsletter called VG Overdrive, or VGOD; each year, Vintage Guitar magazine honors those who inspire and awe guitar players and listeners by inducting great players and instruments to the VG Hall of Fame.

The Hall of Fame began in 1990 with the induction of the Fender Stratocaster and Gibson Les Paul Standard. Today, the Hall of Fame includes four categories: Instrument, Innovator and Album of the Year. Nominations are solicited from visitors to the magazine's web site. 2011 – Seymour W. Duncan 2010 – Paul Reed Smith 2009 – George Fullerton 2008 – Floyd Rose 2007 – Dick Denney 2006 – John D'Angelico 2005 – John Dopyera and Rudy Dopyera 2004 – Hartley Peavey 2003 – Lloyd Loar 2002 – Paul Bigsby 1999 – Adolf Rickenbacker 1998 – Jim Marshall 1997 – Seth Lover 1996 – C. F. Martin, Sr. 1995 – Ted McCarty 1993 – Les Paul 1992 – Orville Gibson 1991 – Leo Fender 2011 – Fender Deluxe Reverb 2010 – Gibson Byrdland 2009 – Gibson SG Standard 2008 – Gibson Les Paul Model 2007 – Gibson J-45 and Vox AC15 2006 – Fender Jaguar and Gibson ES-5 2005 – Mesa-Boogie