The European Grand Prix was a Formula One event, introduced during the mid-1980s and was held every year from 1993 to 2012, except in 1998. During these years, the European Grand Prix was held in a country that hosted its own national Grand Prix at a different point in the same season, at a different circuit; the race returned as a one-off in 2016, being held on a street circuit in Azerbaijan. In earlier years, the European Grand Prix was not a race in its own right, but an honorific title given to one of the national Grands Prix in Europe; the first race to be so named was the 1923 Italian Grand Prix, held at Monza, the last was the 1977 British Grand Prix at Silverstone. The European Grand Prix was created as an honorific title by the AIACR, the FIA's predecessor in the organisation of motor racing events; the first race to receive the title was the Italian Grand Prix, in 1923. After a hiatus in 1929, the Belgian race received the title in 1930, becoming the last race to do so before World War II.
The title was revived by the FIA after the war. For the next thirty years, the title was distributed across several countries, including at the prestigious Monaco Grand Prix in 1963; the last race to receive the title was the 1977 British Grand Prix. All post-war honorific European Grands Prix were Formula One races except for the 1952 event, the Belgian Grand Prix, run to Formula Two regulations; the Italian and Belgian Grands Prix both received the title seven times, more than any other race. The event was created as a stop-gap. In 1983, the Formula One schedule featured a race near Flushing Meadows in New York City; when the race was cancelled three months before the event, track organizers at Brands Hatch were able to create a European Grand Prix at the track in its place. The success of the event, buoyed by a spirited battle for the World Championship, led to the event returning on the schedule the following year. Brands Hatch was unable to host the European Grand Prix in 1984, as it was hosting the British Grand Prix in numbered years so the European GP went to a redesigned and shorter Nürburgring circuit in 1984.
Brands Hatch returned to host the European Grand Prix in 1985, but the race was replaced in 1986 by the Hungarian Grand Prix. In 1990, a wealthy Japanese businessman, Tomonori Tsurumaki, built the Nippon Autopolis with the idea of hosting a Formula One race. In 1992, plans were made to have an Asian Grand Prix in 1993 to replace the Mexican Grand Prix on the schedule. However, these plans failed to materialise. Instead, Bernie Ecclestone added a race at Donington Park to the schedule, which brought back the European Grand Prix moniker; the race was the brainchild of Tom Wheatcroft, trying to bring F1 to the track since an abortive attempt to host the British Grand Prix in 1988. The first and so far only Formula One Grand Prix at Donington Park resulted in Ayrton Senna's victory in mixed wet and dry conditions; the European race would go the following season to Jerez in Spain. Jerez hosted round 14 of 16 in 1994 and the season finale in 1997, it was the site of the famous collision between Michael Schumacher and Jacques Villeneuve which saw Schumacher get disqualified from the championship and it was the scene of Mika Häkkinen's first Formula One victory.
Brands Hatch was unable to host the European Grand Prix in 1984, so the European GP went to a redesigned and shorter Nürburgring circuit in 1984. It was a far cry from the 14-mile Nürburgring that most were used to seeing, was unpopular during Formula One's return; the race returned to Nürburgring in 1995, now popular again with drivers. But after complaints that no other countries were to get the race, the Nürburgring race was renamed the Luxembourg Grand Prix. Jerez got the race back in 1997 as a replacement for the Portuguese Grand Prix. In 1998, the European Grand Prix was dropped from the schedule, but returned in 1999 when the race at Nürburgring re-adopted the European Grand Prix name; the 1999 race saw torrential rain conditions which caused numerous retirements, presenting Johnny Herbert with the opportunity to take Stewart Grand Prix's first and only victory in its final season before being sold to Ford. The race continued to be held at the Nürburgring until 2007. On 29 August 2006 it was announced that it had been removed from the F1 calendar for the 2007 season.
From there would only be one GP hosted in Germany each year, alternating between Hockenheimring and Nürburgring. However, what the name of this Grand Prix would be was uncertain for a time. From 2008 to 2012 the European Grand Prix took place in Spain. During the 2009 event, Valencia signed a deal for a further 5 races, which put Valencia on the calendar until 2014. Despite this, in March 2012, it was announced that the European Grand Prix was to be discontinued in 2013, with the Spanish Grand Prix planned to alternate between Barcelona and Valencia. However, Barcelona has retained the race since 2013, the Valencia circuit was removed from the calendar; the European Grand Prix returned to the Formula One World Championship in 2016, being held on the Baku City Circuit in Azerbaijan. The race was renamed the Azerbaijan Grand Prix for the 2017 season; this means that the European Grand Prix was again discontinued after a one-off
Gregory Joseph Colbrunn is an American former Major League baseball player and hitting coach. A first baseman during his active career, the Fontana, native played in the Major Leagues for 13 seasons and seven different teams, he was listed at 6 feet tall and 190 pounds. He served as the Boston Red Sox hitting coach during the 2014 seasons. Colbrunn graduated from Fontana High School and was selected by the Montreal Expos in the sixth round of the 1987 Major League Baseball draft, turning down a scholarship from Stanford University to begin his professional baseball career. Despite missing the entire 1991 season with an injury, he rose through the Montreal farm system and made his MLB debut with the Expos on July 9, 1992, singled in his first at bat off Francisco Oliveras of the San Francisco Giants. After his debut with Montreal, Colbrunn would play for the Florida Marlins, Minnesota Twins, Colorado Rockies, Atlanta Braves, Arizona Diamondbacks and Seattle Mariners, he batted over.300 five times during his Major League career, had his most successful seasons with the Marlins and Diamondbacks, exceeding the 100-games played mark in 1995, 1996 and 2000.
He set personal bests in home runs and runs batted in for the 1995 Marlins, amassed 146 hits for the Marlins in both 1995 and 1996. He batted.310 in 334 career games with the D-Backs, with a career-high.333 mark during part-time duty in 2002. He hit for the cycle on September 2002, against the San Diego Padres. Colbrunn was part of the Diamondbacks' victorious 2001 World Series team, starting at first base in Game 6 and collecting two singles in five at bats, with a base on balls, two runs scored and one RBI, in Arizona's 15–2 thrashing of the New York Yankees. In his 13-season MLB career, Colbrunn batted.289. After his playing career ended in 2005, Colbrunn became a coach in the Yankees' organization, serving as the hitting instructor for the Charleston RiverDogs of the Single-A South Atlantic League from 2007–09 and in 2011–12. In 2010, Colbrunn managed the RiverDogs to a 65–74 record. Following the 2012 season, Colbrunn joined the coaching staff of new Red Sox manager John Farrell as primary batting instructor.
Under his guidance, the 2013 Red Sox led the Major Leagues in runs scored, runs per game, slugging percentage, on-base percentage, on-base plus slugging, total bases and extra-base hits. The Red Sox won the American League East Division title, the American League pennant and the 2013 World Series. Colbrunn returned to Farrell's staff for 2014. On June 4, he was compelled to take a medical leave of absence after he suffered a cerebral hemorrhage during the Red Sox' road trip to Cleveland and was hospitalized in the Cleveland Clinic, he returned to his duties on a part-time basis on June 30. However, the 2014 Red Sox struggled offensively all season long, finishing at or near the bottom of the American League in every category, including runs scored. After the 2014 season concluded, Colbrunn stepped down from his position with the Red Sox and declined another assignment within the organization. Colbrunn, a resident of nearby Mount Pleasant, South Carolina returned to the Yankees' organization and the Charleston RiverDogs as their batting coach for 2015–16.
In 2017, the Yankees promoted him to roving minor league hitting coordinator, but he returned to being the hitting coach for the 2019 Charleston team, in order to be closer to his family. List of Major League Baseball players to hit for the cycle Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference
Makai Kingdom: Chronicles of the Sacred Tome, released in Japan as Phantom Kingdom, is a tactical role-playing game developed and published by Nippon Ichi Software for the PlayStation 2 video game console. It was released in 2005. An enhanced port of the game for PlayStation Portable titled Phantom Kingdom Portable was released in Japan on October 6, 2011, it included a new scenario called "Papa is the Strongest Overlord in the Universe" and added battles with Valvatorez and Fenrich from Disgaea 4. The main characters of Makai Kingdom are Overlords, beings of godlike power who rule over pocket universes called Netherworlds that appear in the Disgaea series; the protagonist is Zetta, a self-proclaimed "Bad-ass Freakin' Overlord". Other main characters include Pram the Oracle, a young overlord who can see the future, God of Destruction, who wields thunder-based powers and considers Zetta his rival, Demon Overlord Seedle, a former samurai, Salome the Traitor, Zetta's former pupil, Trenia, a mysterious girl with an unknown identity.
After the destruction of his Netherworld is prophesied by Pram the Oracle, Overlord Zetta travels to the Forbidden Library to prevent it. Finding the Sacred Tome, a book that controls reality, Zetta finds a passage claiming that his own stupidity would be the downfall of his Netherworld. Infuriated, he burns the book, only to remember afterwards that destroying the book would destroy his world, he responds by confining his soul to the Sacred Tome and ventures to rewrite his world into existence by having the other Overlords of Netherworlds write wishes within his pages. After fighting through a number of different Netherworlds, Zetta is fatally cursed by a godlike being known as The One. Soon after, his lost former pupil, asks him to marry her. Traveling to her Netherworld, Zetta fatally wounds Salome in battle. However, she reveals that she was dying beforehand; the true strongest Overlord, Salome was giving all of her Mana to Zetta in secret due to her unrequited love for him. Realizing this, Zetta asks Pram to revive Salome, but she is thwarted by the vengeful Overlord Seedle.
Alexander defeats Seedle, but Zetta is left without hope of reviving Salome or returning to his body. However, Trenia reveals herself to be the spirit of the Sacred Tome, exiled from the book when Zetta put himself into it. Believing that Zetta has learned his lesson and become a more humble person, she confines herself back into the Sacred Tome, giving him back his body and full power. Zetta proceeds to revive Salome using his immense power. Meanwhile, it is revealed that the curse of The One is fake, that the true The One is Ophelia; the gameplay is somewhat similar to the gameplay found in Phantom Brave and Disgaea: Hour of Darkness, other games created by Nippon Ichi. The characters summoned in battle have freedom to move within a circle set by the characters' movement points. Victory is achieved by scoring a set number of points, which are given by interacting with items on the map, discovering extension maps, eliminating enemies. Several of the classes from Disgaea: Hour of Darkness exist in this game as well, such as Warrior and Mage, but some of the equivalents of previous classes are different.
Some classes have distinctions between sexes. There are a variety of weapon types, each with their own expansive sets. Characters can equip various other accessories to aid in combat; each class has four weapon types in which they are proficient, can learn new moves to use in combat as characters master the weapons. Vehicles are a new addition from previous Nippon Ichi games, they are similar to battle-capable buildings. They vary in size and purpose, but are faster than travelling on foot. Vehicles can damage opponents and can level-up. However, levelling a vehicle is different from levelling a character. Leveling up high ranked vehicles is difficult, in actuality, impossible to raise them to 9999, as the cost will be more than the player can make. Many of maps are randomly generated. While, in many cases, the first map in a storyline mission is pre-set, the "extensions" to the map are randomly generated; the randomly generated maps creates the potential to have vastly different situations when replaying the same map.
Within the game, there are two separate types of extensions: "Locked" and "Secret". While both extensions can be revealed by throwing something out of bounds into the extension, "Locked" extensions can be unlocked by destroying a specific unit on the field, marked with an icon saying "Key". Once an extension is revealed, there may be "special events" which occur as soon as the extension is unlocked. While many special events affect the enemies that appear in the extension, others will paralyze everyone on the battlefield, put everyone to sleep, or other effects. NIS America Official Website Makai Kingdom: Chronicles of the Sacred Tome at MobyGames