European Union Military Operation in the Former Yoguslav Republic of Macedonia

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EUFOR Concordia was a European Union (EU) peacekeeping mission in the Republic of Macedonia, which started on 31 March 2003.[1] The EU took over from NATO's operation Allied Harmony and deployed around 300 troops to provide security to EU and Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) monitors overseeing the implementation of the Ohrid Framework Agreement. It thus became the first ever military operation of the EU.

EUFOR Concordia was a significant event in the evolution of the EU's security cooperation; in the words of the then EU High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana, when the Common European Foreign and Security Policy started only about a decade before, in 1992, "[f]ew then believed that... we would send out men in arms under the EU's flag."[2]

On 15 December 2003 the EUFOR Concordia was replaced by an EU Police Mission, code-named EUPOL PROXIMA, and the 400 EU soldiers were replaced by 200 EU police officers.[3][4]


  1. ^ "European Union - EEAS (European External Action Service) | CONCORDIA/FYROM". Retrieved 2015-08-18. 
  2. ^ Solana, Javier. "A joint effort for peace and stability" (PDF). 
  3. ^ "European Union - EEAS (European External Action Service) | EUPOL PROXIMA/FYROM". Retrieved 2015-08-18. 
  4. ^ "EU's first military mission ends". BBC. 2003-12-15. Retrieved 2015-08-18.