European professional club basketball system

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The European professional club basketball system or European professional club basketball pyramid is a series of interconnected competitions for professional basketball clubs in Europe. The system has a hierarchical format with a promotion and demotion system between competitions at different levels.

The tier pyramid[edit]

There are currently four different competitions on the pyramid – the 1st tier level EuroLeague, the 2nd tier level EuroCup, FIBA's self-anointed 2nd-tier level (which is disputed by Euroleague Basketball, which considers it as the 3rd-tier level) Champions League, and the 4th tier level FIBA Europe Cup. The EuroLeague and EuroCup competitions are organized by Euroleague Basketball, and the Champions League and FIBA Europe Cup competitions are organized by FIBA Europe.[1][2]

The tier levels[edit]

For the 2017–18 season, the European professional club basketball system is as follows:[1][2]

Level Competition
1 Turkish Airlines EuroLeague
(16 teams)
2
7DAYS EuroCup
(24 teams)
3
Champions League
(32 teams)
4 FIBA Europe Cup
(32 teams)

Evolution of the European basketball competitions[edit]

The table below shows the tier structure of the pyramid for both the former FIBA era, and the current Euroleague Basketball era. Current competitions are indicated in green.[1]

Years/Tiers 1st tier 2nd tier 3rd tier 4th tier
1958–1965 FIBA European Champions Cup
1965–1971 FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup
1971–1991 FIBA Korać Cup
1991–1996 FIBA European League FIBA European Cup
1996–1998 FIBA EuroLeague FIBA EuroCup
1998–2000 FIBA Saporta Cup
2000–2001 FIBA SuproLeague (disputed)
Euroleague (disputed)
2001–2002 Euroleague
2002–2003 ULEB Cup FIBA Europe Champions Cup
2003–2005 FIBA Europe League FIBA Europe Cup
2005–2007 FIBA EuroCup FIBA EuroCup Challenge
2007–2008
2008–2015 Eurocup EuroChallenge
2015–2016 FIBA Europe Cup
2016–present EuroLeague EuroCup Champions League FIBA Europe Cup

History of names[edit]

The evolution of the names of the various international European inter-continental and European inter-regional professional club basketball competitions (since 1990):[1]

1990–91
  • FIBA European Champions' Cup
  • FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup (last season)
  • FIBA Korać Cup
1991–92
  • FIBA European League ("FIBA Euro League") (previously named FIBA European Champions' Cup)
  • FIBA European Cup (previously named FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup)
  • FIBA Korać Cup
1992–96
  • FIBA European League ("FIBA Euro League")
  • FIBA European Cup
  • FIBA Korać Cup
1996–97
  • FIBA EuroLeague (previously named FIBA European League ("FIBA Euro League"))
  • FIBA EuroCup (previously named FIBA European Cup)
  • FIBA Korać Cup
1997–98
  • FIBA EuroLeague
  • FIBA EuroCup (last season)
  • FIBA Korać Cup
1998–99
  • FIBA EuroLeague
  • FIBA Saporta Cup (previously named EuroCup)
  • FIBA Korać Cup
1999–2000
  • FIBA EuroLeague (last FIBA Europe–sanctioned season)
  • FIBA Saporta Cup
  • FIBA Korać Cup
2000–01
  • Euroleague (first Euroleague Basketball–sanctioned season)
  • FIBA SuproLeague (previously known as FIBA EuroLeague, when it was still organized by FIBA Europe)
  • FIBA Saporta Cup
  • FIBA Korać Cup
2001–02
  • Euroleague (combination of Euroleague Basketball and FIBA SuproLeague)
  • FIBA Saporta Cup (last season)
  • FIBA Korać Cup (last season)
  • Adriatic League (first season)
2002–03
  • Euroleague
  • ULEB Cup (first season)
  • FIBA Europe Champions Cup (first season)
  • Adriatic League
2003–04
  • Euroleague
  • ULEB Cup
  • FIBA Europe League (first season)
  • FIBA Europe Cup (previously named FIBA Europe Champions Cup)
  • Adriatic League
2004–05
  • Euroleague
  • ULEB Cup
  • FIBA Europe League
  • FIBA Europe Cup
  • Adriatic League
  • Baltic League (first season)
2005–06
  • Euroleague
  • ULEB Cup
  • FIBA EuroCup (previously named FIBA Europe League)
  • FIBA EuroCup Challenge (previously named FIBA Europe Cup)
  • Adriatic League
  • Baltic League
2006–07
  • Euroleague
  • ULEB Cup
  • FIBA EuroCup
  • FIBA EuroCup Challenge (last season)
  • Adriatic League
  • Baltic League
2007–08
  • Euroleague
  • ULEB Cup
  • FIBA EuroCup
  • Adriatic League
  • Baltic League
2008–09
  • Euroleague
  • Eurocup (previously named ULEB Cup)
  • FIBA EuroChallenge (previously named FIBA EuroCup)
  • Adriatic League
  • Balkan International League (first season)
  • Baltic League
2009–10
  • Euroleague
  • Eurocup
  • FIBA EuroChallenge
  • VTB United League (first season)
  • Adriatic League
  • Balkan International League
  • Baltic League
2010–15
  • Euroleague
  • Eurocup
  • FIBA EuroChallenge
  • VTB United League
  • Adriatic League
  • Balkan International League
  • Baltic League
2015–16
  • Euroleague
  • Eurocup
  • FIBA Europe Cup (first season)
  • VTB United League
  • Adriatic League
  • Alpe Adria Cup (first season)
  • Balkan International League
  • Baltic League
2016–17
  • EuroLeague (previously named Euroleague)
  • EuroCup (previously named Eurocup)
  • Champions League (first season)
  • FIBA Europe Cup
  • VTB United League
  • Adriatic League
  • Alpe Adria Cup
  • Balkan International League
  • Baltic League
2017–18
  • EuroLeague
  • EuroCup
  • Champions League
  • FIBA Europe Cup
  • VTB United League
  • Adriatic League
  • Alpe Adria Cup
  • Balkan International League
  • Baltic League

There also have been a few other international club basketball competitions played in Europe, which do not exist anymore. Many others have changed their names multiple times.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "European Basketball Main Page - eurobasket". www.eurobasket.com. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b "World's best basketball leagues outside of the NBA". ESPN.com. 7 December 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2018.

External links[edit]