Trinity is a town in Morgan County, United States and is included in the Decatur Metropolitan Area, as well as the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population of the town was 2,095, up from 1,841 in 2000, it was incorporated in 1901. Trinity was developed in the 1810s as area plantation owners built houses atop Trinity Mountain to escape the mosquito-infested lowlands. A post office operated at Trinity from 1848 to 1853; the post office reopened under the name "Trinity Station" in 1866. The town incorporated in 1901, changed its name to "Trinity" two years later. Trinity is located across a scattered area between U. S. Route 72 on State Route 24 to the south. Decatur lies just to the east, Wheeler Lake lies to the north; the southern parts of the town are located atop Trinity Mountain, a broad ridge that rises several hundred feet above the surrounding terrain. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.6 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,841 people, 691 households, 563 families residing in the town.
The population density was 508.5 people per square mile. There were 728 housing units at an average density of 201.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 88.00% White, 9.61% Black or African American, 1.25% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.16% from other races, 0.87% from two or more races. 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 691 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.9% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 18.4% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 2.96. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $54,271, the median income for a family was $60,139. Males had a median income of $43,393 versus $27,552 for females; the per capita income for the town was $21,467. About 4.6% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 2,095 people, 783 households, 647 families residing in the town; the population density was 581.9 people per square mile. There were 823 housing units at an average density of 228.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 88.6% White, 6.7% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.7% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. 3.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 783 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.9% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 17.4% were non-families.
14.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 2.95. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $61,060, the median income for a family was $71,818. Males had a median income of $54,250 versus $34,205 for females; the per capita income for the town was $28,628. About.9% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over. Media related to Trinity, Alabama at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Decatur metropolitan area, Alabama
The Decatur, Alabama Metropolitan Statistical Area is a moderately urban region of North-Central Alabama. The 2008 estimate population is 150,125, one-third of which resides within the boundaries of its core city, Alabama, it is considered to be part of the North and North-Central regions of Alabama. The metropolitan area is the combined area of the City of Decatur and the surrounding areas in suburban and more developed parts of Morgan and Lawrence Counties; this portion of North Alabama makes up nearly one-third of the larger Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. However, the Decatur Metropolitan Area is considered separate by the government. Decatur Hartselle Moulton Interstate 65 - enters the area at the southern Morgan County line between Morgan and Cullman Counties, near Lacon. Bends around a mountain where it passes over US 31, it continues north towards Hartselle. Leaving Hartselle, I-65 travels towards Decatur where small portions of the city limits leak over into rural Priceville.
I-65 soon is lifted onto a 3.5-mile-long bridge, linking Limestone County. After entering Limestone County, an interchange with I-565, Alt US 72, Alabama 20 give routes to Huntsville, Decatur. U. S. Highway 31 - from the southern Morgan County line between Morgan and Cullman Counties, near Lacon; the route continues north, towards Hartselle. After traversing through Hartselle, US 31 enters unincorporated land, but enters the Decatur city limits; as the highway passes through Decatur, it gives access to places such as: Decatur High School / Ogle Stadium, Cooks Natural Science Museum, views of the downtown area. US 31 leaves the metro area after passing over the Captain William J. Hudson "Steamboat Bill" Memorial Bridges into Limestone County where the Decatur city limits end. U. S. Highway 72 Alternate - enters the metro area in the Limestone County portion of Decatur at the interchange with I-65 and I-565.. Crosses the Tennessee River on the Captain William J. Hudson "Steamboat Bill" Memorial Bridges, combined with US 31 and State Route 20, into urban northern Decatur.
Alt 72 bends west and continues into the industrial portion of Decatur. The Port of Decatur, such notable industries as The United Launch Alliance, Vulcan Materials, 3M have operations along this route; the United Launch Alliance is important, since all satellite launch vehicles used by NASA, are produced at this single location. Alt 72 leaves the metro area as it exits Lawrence County, enters Colbert County of The Shoals. U. S. Highway 231 - enters the metro area from southern Huntsville. Crossing the Tennessee River, connecting Madison and northeastern Morgan Counties. US 231 continues south, passing towards the Gadsden area. State Route 20 - enters the metro area in the Limestone County portion of Decatur at the interchange with I-65 and I-565.. Crosses the Tennessee River on the Captain William J. Hudson "Steamboat Bill" Memorial Bridges, combined with US 31 and U. S. Highway 72 Alternate, into urban northern Decatur. Alabama 20 continues into the industrial portion of Decatur; the Port of Decatur, such notable industries as The United Launch Alliance, Vulcan Materials, 3M have operations along this route.
The United Launch Alliance is important, since all satellite launch vehicles used by NASA, are produced at this single location. Alabama 20 leaves the metro area as it exits Lawrence County, enters Colbert County of The Shoals. State Route 24 State Route 33 State Route 36 State Route 67 - enters the area at Hulaco and continues to Somerville. Passes by the old Morgan County Courthouse. Travels through Priceville, enters Decatur at an interchange with I-65; as SR 67 crosses 6th Avenue it becomes known as the Beltline, a bypass, constructed to alleviate traffic problems on the swollen 6th Avenue. The highway continues on a north-northwesterly curve and terminates at US 72 Alt./SR 20 inside Decatur. List of Metropolitan areas of Alabama
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Per capita income
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita income is national income divided by population size. Per capita income is used to measure an area's average income and compare the wealth of different populations. Per capita income is used to measure a country's standard of living, it is expressed in terms of a used international currency such as the euro or United States dollar, is useful because it is known, is calculable from available gross domestic product and population estimates, produces a useful statistic for comparison of wealth between sovereign territories. This helps to ascertain a country's development status, it is one of the three measures for calculating the Human Development Index of a country. In the United States, it is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as the following: "Per capita income is the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man and child in a geographic area."
Critics claim that per capita income has several weaknesses in measuring prosperity: Comparisons of per capita income over time need to consider inflation. Without adjusting for inflation, figures tend to overstate the effects of economic growth. International comparisons can be distorted by cost of living differences not reflected in exchange rates. Where the objective is to compare living standards between countries, adjusting for differences in purchasing power parity will more reflect what people are able to buy with their money, it does not reflect income distribution. If a country's income distribution is skewed, a small wealthy class can increase per capita income while the majority of the population has no change in income. In this respect, median income is more useful when measuring of prosperity than per capita income, as it is less influenced by outliers. Non-monetary activity, such as barter or services provided within the family, is not counted; the importance of these services varies among economies.
Per capita income does not consider whether income is invested in factors to improve the area's development, such as health, education, or infrastructure. List of countries by average wage List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP at market or government official exchange rates per inhabitant List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP calculated at purchasing power parity exchange per inhabitant List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by income equality Total personal income
Neel is an unincorporated community in western Morgan County, United States. It is located south of Decatur and west of Hartselle at the 5-way stop intersection of Ironman Road, Danville Road, Neel School Road. For statistical purposes, Neel is included within the Decatur Metropolitan Area which is, in turn, part of the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. A post office operated under the name Neel from 1890 to 1906. In 2016, the county opened a new Dollar General in Neel, it is across of the Baptist church, the Smokes & More place. On November 27, 2016 a devastating EF3 tornado struck Neel, destroying 4 homes. Luckily, no lives were taken during this natural disaster