Television, sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome, or in color, in two or three dimensions and sound. The term can refer to a television set, a television program, or the medium of television transmission. Television is a mass medium for advertising and news. Television became available in crude experimental forms in the late 1920s, but it would still be several years before the new technology would be marketed to consumers. After World War II, an improved form of black-and-white TV broadcasting became popular in the United States and Britain, television sets became commonplace in homes and institutions. During the 1950s, television was the primary medium for influencing public opinion. In the mid-1960s, color broadcasting was introduced in most other developed countries; the availability of multiple types of archival storage media such as Betamax, VHS tape, local disks, DVDs, flash drives, high-definition Blu-ray Discs, cloud digital video recorders has enabled viewers to watch pre-recorded material—such as movies—at home on their own time schedule.
For many reasons the convenience of remote retrieval, the storage of television and video programming now occurs on the cloud. At the end of the first decade of the 2000s, digital television transmissions increased in popularity. Another development was the move from standard-definition television to high-definition television, which provides a resolution, higher. HDTV may be transmitted in various formats: 1080p, 720p. Since 2010, with the invention of smart television, Internet television has increased the availability of television programs and movies via the Internet through streaming video services such as Netflix, Amazon Video, iPlayer and Hulu. In 2013, 79 % of the world's households owned; the replacement of early bulky, high-voltage cathode ray tube screen displays with compact, energy-efficient, flat-panel alternative technologies such as LCDs, OLED displays, plasma displays was a hardware revolution that began with computer monitors in the late 1990s. Most TV sets sold in the 2000s were flat-panel LEDs.
Major manufacturers announced the discontinuation of CRT, DLP, fluorescent-backlit LCDs by the mid-2010s. In the near future, LEDs are expected to be replaced by OLEDs. Major manufacturers have announced that they will produce smart TVs in the mid-2010s. Smart TVs with integrated Internet and Web 2.0 functions became the dominant form of television by the late 2010s. Television signals were distributed only as terrestrial television using high-powered radio-frequency transmitters to broadcast the signal to individual television receivers. Alternatively television signals are distributed by coaxial cable or optical fiber, satellite systems and, since the 2000s via the Internet; until the early 2000s, these were transmitted as analog signals, but a transition to digital television is expected to be completed worldwide by the late 2010s. A standard television set is composed of multiple internal electronic circuits, including a tuner for receiving and decoding broadcast signals. A visual display device which lacks a tuner is called a video monitor rather than a television.
The word television comes from Ancient Greek τῆλε, meaning'far', Latin visio, meaning'sight'. The first documented usage of the term dates back to 1900, when the Russian scientist Constantin Perskyi used it in a paper that he presented in French at the 1st International Congress of Electricity, which ran from 18 to 25 August 1900 during the International World Fair in Paris; the Anglicised version of the term is first attested in 1907, when it was still "...a theoretical system to transmit moving images over telegraph or telephone wires". It was "...formed in English or borrowed from French télévision." In the 19th century and early 20th century, other "...proposals for the name of a then-hypothetical technology for sending pictures over distance were telephote and televista." The abbreviation "TV" is from 1948. The use of the term to mean "a television set" dates from 1941; the use of the term to mean "television as a medium" dates from 1927. The slang term "telly" is more common in the UK; the slang term "the tube" or the "boob tube" derives from the bulky cathode ray tube used on most TVs until the advent of flat-screen TVs.
Another slang term for the TV is "idiot box". In the 1940s and throughout the 1950s, during the early rapid growth of television programming and television-set ownership in the United States, another slang term became used in that period and continues to be used today to distinguish productions created for broadcast on television from films developed for presentation in movie theaters; the "small screen", as both a compound adjective and noun, became specific references to television, while the "big screen" was used to identify productions made for theatrical release. Facsimile transmission systems for still photographs pioneered methods of mechanical scanning of images in the early 19th century. Alexander Bain introduced the facsimile machine between 1843 and 1846. Frederick Bakewell demonstrated a working laboratory version in 1851. Willoughby Smith discovered the photoconductivity of the element selenium in 1873; as a 23-year-old German university student, Paul Julius Gottlieb Nipkow proposed and patented the Nipkow disk in 1884.
This was a spinning disk with a spiral pattern of holes in it, so each hole scanned a line of the image. Although he never built a working model
Drama Studio London
Drama Studio London, based in Ealing, United Kingdom, Accredited Drama Training. Established reputation for excellent vocational acting courses. Teaching by the profession, for the profession. A founder member of the Federation of Drama Schools accredited by CDMT validated by Trinity College London and in partnership with De Montfort University. Validated by Trinity College LondonThe school was founded in 1966 by Peter Layton out of the need for a new, more realistic approach to actor training that took account of the professional requirements and demands of the theatre for which the students were being prepared. DSL offers both a 1 and 2 Year Diploma in Professional Acting as well as a BA in Professional Acting validated by De Montfort University. Students on the 1 & 2 Year Diplomas can top up to a degree with Middlesex University. There are short and part time courses to choose from. In 1995, Friends of DSL, under the Presidency of Dame Judi Dench, was established in order to help provide scholarships for future students.
Drama Studio London's facilities: The Grange Court Theatre TV Studio Radio Suite 5 Rehearsal studios Common Room Library and computer suite Emily Watson Helen Schlesinger Forest Whitaker Aiysha Hart Leland Orser Adrian Lukis Enzo Cilenti Roma Downey Miranda Hennessy Pip Torrens Olivia Vinall Nadine Lewington Lesley Vickerage Lisa Goldman Natalie Marie Ames Trevor Cooper Cory English Shobu Kapoor Murray McArthur John Vickery Cynthia Stevenson Ursula Holden-Gill Robert LuPone Charles Martinet Adil Hussain Cristiana Dell’Anna Drama Studio London
Sparrow (1993 film)
Sparrow is a 1993 Italian drama film directed by Franco Zeffirelli. It is an adaptation of Giovanni Verga's novel, Storia di una capinera and was filmed in Sicily in 1993, it stars Angela Bettis, premiered at the Tokyo International Film Festival in October 1993. In cholera-ridden Sicily of 1854, Maria, a future nun is evacuated from her convent home in Catania to her father's Mount Etna shadowed villa. During her stay she falls in love with a family friend, but things fall apart when Catania is declared safe for her to return to, meaning she must renounce her love and concentrate on serving God. Angela Bettis as Maria Johnathon Schaech as Nino Vanessa Redgrave as Sister Agata Valentina Cortese as Mother Superior Frank Finlay as Father Nunzio Sinéad Cusack as Matilde Denis Quilley as Baron Cesaro Pat Heywood as Sister Teresa Eva Alexander as Annetta John Castle as Giuseppe Gareth Thomas as Corrado Andrea Cassar as Gigi The film was awarded and nominated for awards in Italy and Portugal. David di Donatello Awards David Award for Best Costume Design - Piero Tosi Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Silver Ribbon for Best Costume Design - Piero Tosi Gramado Film Festival Golden Kikito Award for Best Latin Film - Franco Zeffirelli Sparrow on IMDb
Waking the Dead (TV series)
Waking the Dead is a British television police procedural crime drama series, produced by the BBC, that centres on a fictional London-based Cold Case unit composed of CID police officers, a psychological profiler and a forensic scientist. A pilot episode aired in September 2000, a total of nine series followed; each story is split into two hour-long episodes, shown on consecutive nights on BBC One. A third series episode won an International Emmy Award in 2004; the programme was shown on BBC America in the United States, though these screenings are edited to allow for advertising breaks, as well as UKTV in Australia and New Zealand and ABC1 in Australia. The show aired its final episode on 11 April 2011. A spin-off from the series, titled The Body Farm, revolving around forensic scientist Eve Lockhart, was announced by the BBC in January 2011 and ran for just one series. In 2018, a five-part radio prequel to the series, The Unforgiven, was broadcast on BBC Radio 4, with Sue Johnston, Claire Goose, Wil Johnson and Holly Aird reprising their roles.
All five episodes were written by series creator Barbara Machin. The programme follows the work of a special police team that investigates "cold cases", which concern murders that took place a number of years ago, were never solved; the team, composed of head officer Detective Superintendent Peter Boyd, psychological profiler Dr Grace Foley, Detective Inspector Spencer Jordan, as well as a number of other supporting characters, uses evidence which has come to light, as well as contemporary technology to examine former evidence. Boyd and Spence were accompanied by junior DC Mel Silver, stern forensic scientist Frankie Wharton, however both left after the end of the fourth series. Felix Gibson and Stella Goodman replaced them in the fifth series, before Eve Lockhart replaced Felix from the sixth series onwards. Katarina Howard replaced Stella in series eight, while Sarah Cavendish replaced Katarina in series nine. Although the plotlines centre around the case, other storylines have been incorporated across the years, including Boyd's anger management issues and his being re-united with his son, Grace suffering from cancer, Spencer being shot at the hands of one of his former colleagues, Mel's death, which creates a chain of events lasting across two series.
The show addressed sensitive issues such as fanaticism within different religions, international organised crime, child abuse within the Catholic Church, war crimes in Bosnia, forced child labour, torture and racism. The BBC issued disclaimers twice on the show when it touched upon issues sensitive to the Labour government of the time; some of the issues were dealt with through the conflicting views of Spencer Jordan. Trevor Eve stated that the ninth series would be his last, the series was wrapped up rather than continuing without Eve as the star. A total of 46 stories aired across the nine series; the Body Farm, a spin-off revolving around forensic scientist Eve Lockhart, was commissioned by the BBC. However, after poor ratings and reviews, it was wrapped up after just one series. Trevor Eve as Det. Supt. Peter Boyd Sue Johnston as Dr. Grace Foley Wil Johnson as DS/DI Spencer Jordan Claire Goose as DC/DS Amelia Silver Holly Aird as Dr. Frankie Wharton Esther Hall as Dr. Felix Gibson Félicité du Jeu as DC Stella Goodman Tara Fitzgerald as Dr. Eve Lockhart Stacey Roca as DS Katrina Howard Eva Birthistle as Det.
Supt. Sarah Cavendish Simon Kunz as DAC Ralph Christie George Rainsford as Luke Boyd Ruth Gemmell as Linda Cummings Elizabeth Rider as DCC Maureen Smith Det. Supt. Peter Boyd – Boyd is the head of the unit, his involvement in the unit stemmed from the disappearance of his son in the 1990s. Though sometimes appearing detached, Boyd is close to his team, Mel Silver, whose death haunts him after he is unable to come to terms with it. Boyd's son Luke, a drug-dependent runaway who disappeared whilst living on the streets, was murdered during the seventh series, leading Boyd back to an old adversary whom he put away earlier in the series; as a detective superintendent, Boyd is stern with suspects, is unafraid to give them a beating. Boyd appeared in every episode. DS / DI Spencer Jordan – Spencer was one of the original officers assigned to the unit when it opened, soon became Boyd's main sidekick joining him in "good-cop-bad-cop" routines in the interview room, leading the other officers within the team.
He was promoted to detective inspector at the start of the fourth series, having joined as a detective sergeant. Before joining the unit, Spencer worked for the Atomic Energy Constabulary. Spencer reveals his intention to transfer out of the unit in "End of the Night", but in "Endgame", liaises with the unit during his stint in CID, in order to help Boyd track down Linda Cummings. DC / DS Amelia "Mel" Silver – Mel was a feisty, young achiever who worked hard to be promoted from her initial role as constable to sergeant, who questioned Boyd if she believed he was looking in the wrong direction on a case, she was close to Frankie, the pair soon became best friends. It is revealed that Mel was adopted, as her birth mother was deemed mentally unfit, that her real name is
A presenter is a person who introduces or hosts television programs. Nowadays, it is common for personalities in other fields to take on this role, but some people have made their name within the field of presenting within children's television series, to become television personalities; some presenters may double as an actor, singer, etc. Others may be subject matter experts, such as scientists or politicians, serving as presenters for a programme about their field of expertise; some are celebrities who have made their name in one area leverage their fame to get involved in other areas. Examples of this latter group include British comedian Michael Palin who now presents programmes about travel, American actor Alan Alda, who presented Scientific American Frontiers for over a decade. Another example would be American stand-up comedian Joe Rogan, a commentator and post-fight interviewer in UFC; the term is used in other countries including Ireland and Sri Lanka. In the US, such a person is called a host, such as in the terminology talk show host, or an MC.
In the context of TV news programs, they are known as anchors. News presenter Radio personality Horror host Sports commentator
University of Bristol
The University of Bristol is a red brick research university located in Bristol, United Kingdom. It received its royal charter in 1909, although like the University of the West of England and the University of Bath, it can trace its roots to the Merchant Venturers' Technical College, founded as a school in 1595 by the Society of Merchant Venturers, its key predecessor institution, University College, had been in existence since 1876. Bristol is organised into six academic faculties composed of multiple schools and departments running over 200 undergraduate courses situated in the Tyndalls Park area of the city; the university had a total income of £642.7 million in 2017/18, of which £164.0 million was from research grants and contracts. It is the largest independent employer in Bristol; the University of Bristol is ranked 44th by the QS World University Rankings 2018, is ranked amongst the top 10 of UK universities by QS, THE, ARWU. A selective institution, it has an average of 6.4 to 13.1 applicants for each undergraduate place.
It was ranked 9th in the UK amongst multi-faculty institutions for the quality of its research and for its Research Power in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework. Current academics include 21 fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences, 13 fellows of the British Academy, 13 fellows of the Royal Academy of Engineering and 44 fellows of the Royal Society; the university has been associated with 13 Nobel laureates throughout its history, including Paul Dirac, Sir William Ramsay, Cecil Frank Powell, Sir Winston Churchill, Dorothy Hodgkin, Hans Albrecht Bethe, Max Delbrück, Gerhard Herzberg, Sir Nevill Francis Mott, Sir Paul Nurse, Harold Pinter, Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio and most 2015 Economics Nobel Prize winner Angus Deaton. Bristol is a member of the Russell Group of research-intensive British universities, the European-wide Coimbra Group and the Worldwide Universities Network, of which the university's previous vice-chancellor, Eric Thomas, was chairman from 2005 to 2007. In addition, the university holds an Erasmus Charter, sending more than 500 students per year to partner institutions in Europe.
The earliest antecedent of the university was the engineering department of the Merchant Venturers' Technical College which became the engineering faculty of Bristol University. The university was preceded by Bristol Medical School and University College, founded in 1876, where its first lecture was attended by only 99 students; the university was able to apply for a royal charter due to the financial support of the Wills and Fry families, who made their fortunes in tobacco plantations and chocolate, respectively. The Wills Family made a vast fortune from the tobacco industry and gave generously to the city and university; the royal charter was gained in May 1909, with 288 undergraduates and 400 other students entering the university in October 1909. Henry Overton Wills III became its first chancellor; the University College was the first such institution in the country to admit women on the same basis as men. However, women were forbidden to take examinations in medicine until 1906. Since the founding of the university itself in 1909, it has grown and is now one of the largest employers in the local area, although it is smaller by student numbers than the nearby University of the West of England.
Bristol is spread over a considerable geographic area. Most of its activities, are concentrated in the area of the city centre, referred to as the "University Precinct", it is a member of the Russell Group of research-led UK universities, the Coimbra Group of leading European universities and the Worldwide Universities Network. After the founding of the University College in 1876, Government support began in 1889. After mergers with the Bristol Medical School in 1893 and the Merchant Venturers' Technical College in 1909, this funding allowed the opening of a new medical school and an engineering school—two subjects that remain among the university's greatest strengths. In 1908, gifts from the Fry and Wills families £100,000 from Henry Overton Wills III, were provided to endow a University for Bristol and the West of England, provided that a royal charter could be obtained within two years. In December 1909, the King erected the University of Bristol. Henry Wills became Conwy Lloyd Morgan the first vice-chancellor.
Wills died in 1911 and in tribute his sons George and Harry built the Wills Memorial Building, starting in 1913 and finishing in 1925. Today, it houses parts of the academic provision for earth sciences and law, graduation ceremonies are held in its Great Hall; the Wills Memorial Building is a Grade II* listed building. In 1920, George Wills bought the Victoria Rooms and endowed them to the university as a Students' Union; the building now is a Grade II * listed building. At the point of foundation, the university was required to provide for the local community; this mission was behind the creation of the Department of Extra-Mural Adult Education in 1924 to provide courses to the local community. This mission continues today. Among the famous names associated with Bristol in this early period is Paul Dirac, who graduated in 1921 with a degree in engineering, before obtaining a second degree in mathematics in 1923 from Cambridge. For his subsequent pioneering work on quantum mechanics, he was awarded the 1933 Nobel Prize for Physics.
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 is a 2010 fantasy film directed by David Yates and distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures, it is the first of two cinematic parts based on J. K. Rowling's 2007 novel of the same name and features an ensemble cast; the film, the seventh and penultimate instalment in the Harry Potter film series, was written by Steve Kloves and produced by David Heyman, David Barron, Rowling. The film stars Daniel Radcliffe as Harry Potter, with Rupert Grint and Emma Watson reprising roles as Harry's best friends Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger, it is the sequel to Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince and is followed by the concluding entry, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2. The story follows Harry Potter, tasked by Dumbledore with finding and destroying Lord Voldemort's secret to immortality – the Horcruxes. Filming began on 19 February 2009 and was completed on 12 June 2010. Part 1 was released in 2D cinemas and IMAX formats worldwide on 19 November 2010.
In the film's worldwide opening weekend, Part 1 grossed $330 million, the third-highest in the series, the highest opening of 2010, as well as the eighth-highest of all time. With a worldwide gross of $960 million, Part 1 is the third highest-grossing film of 2010, behind Toy Story 3 and Alice in Wonderland, the third-highest-grossing Harry Potter film in terms of worldwide totals, behind Deathly Hallows – Part 2 and Philosopher's Stone; the film at one point became the tenth highest-grossing film of all time, is the 42nd as of July 2018. Additionally, it received two nominations at the 83rd Academy Awards: Best Art Direction and Best Visual Effects; the Minister of Magic Rufus Scrimgeour addresses the wizarding media, stating that the Ministry remains strong despite Lord Voldemort gaining power and the Death Eaters committing mass killings of Muggles and infiltrating the Ministry. Meanwhile, Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, Hermione Granger resolve to complete the mission Albus Dumbledore gave Harry by hunting down and destroying Voldemort's Horcruxes.
Severus Snape informs Voldemort of Harry's impending departure from Privet Drive. Voldemort commandeers Lucius Malfoy's wand, due to his own wand sharing the same core as Harry's and therefore being unable to kill him; the Order of the Phoenix escort Harry to safety using Polyjuice Potion. During their flight, they are ambushed by Death Eaters who kill Mad-Eye Moody and Hedwig, injure George Weasley, incapacitate Rubeus Hagrid. Arriving at The Burrow, Harry has a vision of the wand-maker Gregorovitch being tortured by Voldemort; the next day, Scrimgeour arrives with Dumbledore's will. Ron receives Dumbledore's Deluminator, Hermione receives a copy of The Tales of Beedle the Bard, Harry receives the first Golden Snitch that he caught in a Quidditch match. Scrimgeour reveals that Harry was bequeathed the Sword of Gryffindor, which has gone missing; the Death Eaters replace him with Pius Thicknesse. The Ministry begins persecuting Muggle-born witches and wizards. Death Eaters attack during Bill Weasley and Fleur Delacour's wedding.
Kingsley Shacklebolt's patronus charm forewarns the wedding party, most escape. Harry and Ron disapparate to London, but are attacked in a diner by Death Eaters; the trio seek refuge at Grimmauld Place. They discover that the "R. A. B." from the fake Horcrux locket is Regulus Arcturus Black, younger brother of Sirius Black. Kreacher, the Blacks' house elf, tells them that Mundungus Fletcher broke in and stole many items from the house, including the real locket. Kreacher and Dobby apprehend Fletcher, who reveals that the locket is in the possession of Dolores Umbridge. Using Polyjuice Potion, the trio find the locket around Umbridge's neck. Harry stuns Hermione retrieves the locket; the trio escape their pursuers by apparating in the wilderness, but Ron is injured and cannot apparate again until he recovers. After unsuccessful attempts to destroy the Horcrux, the trio take turns wearing it to dilute its power. Harry sees a vision of Voldemort interrogating and killing the wand-maker Gregorovitch, who claims a teenage boy stole the legendary Elder Wand from his shop.
While Ron is wearing the locket, he is overcome by negative feelings and falls out with Harry before abandoning him and Hermione. Hermione deduces that the Sword of Gryffindor can destroy Horcruxes and decides to go with Harry to Godric's Hollow, they visit the house where they were killed. They encounter Bathilda Bagshot. Bathilda lets them into her house before revealing herself as Nagini, possessing Bathilda's reanimated corpse. Hermione and Harry escape into the Forest of Dean, but Hermione accidentally breaks Harry's wand whilst fighting Nagini, she identifies the mysterious thief in Harry's vision as Gellert Grindelwald. Harry sees a Patronus in the form of a doe. Gryffindor's sword lies beneath the pond's ice, which Harry jumps into; the locket around his neck strangles Harry. Harry uses parseltongue to open the Horcrux locket, which Ron decides to destroy. Hermione and Ron reconcile, the trio decide to visit Xenophilius Lovegood to learn more about a symbol left in the book Dumbledore left Hermione.
Lovegood explains to them that the symbol represents the Deathly Hallows, three magical objects that can make a wizard master of Death. Hermione reads the story of the Hallows, after which the trio awkwardly attempt to leave but are stopped by Lovegood, he reveals that Luna Lovegood has been kidnapped and summons the Death Eaters, intending to hand over Harry in exchange for her. Harry and Hermione dis