University of Oxford
The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation, it grew from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge; the two'ancient universities' are jointly called'Oxbridge'. The history and influence of the University of Oxford has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world; the university is made up of 38 constituent colleges, a range of academic departments, which are organised into four divisions. All the colleges are self-governing institutions within the university, each controlling its own membership and with its own internal structure and activities, it does not have a main campus, its buildings and facilities are scattered throughout the city centre.
Undergraduate teaching at Oxford is organised around weekly tutorials at the colleges and halls, supported by classes, lectures and laboratory work provided by university faculties and departments. It operates the world's oldest university museum, as well as the largest university press in the world and the largest academic library system nationwide. In the fiscal year ending 31 July 2018, the university had a total income of £2.237 billion, of which £579.1 million was from research grants and contracts. The university is ranked first globally by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings as of 2019 and is ranked as among the world's top ten universities, it is ranked second in all major national league tables, behind Cambridge. Oxford has educated many notable alumni, including 27 prime ministers of the United Kingdom and many heads of state and government around the world; as of 2019, 69 Nobel Prize winners, 3 Fields Medalists, 6 Turing Award winners have studied, worked, or held visiting fellowships at the University of Oxford, while its alumni have won 160 Olympic medals.
Oxford is the home of numerous scholarships, including the Rhodes Scholarship, one of the oldest international graduate scholarship programmes. The University of Oxford has no known foundation date. Teaching at Oxford existed in some form as early as 1096, but it is unclear when a university came into being, it grew from 1167 when English students returned from the University of Paris. The historian Gerald of Wales lectured to such scholars in 1188 and the first known foreign scholar, Emo of Friesland, arrived in 1190; the head of the university had the title of chancellor from at least 1201, the masters were recognised as a universitas or corporation in 1231. The university was granted a royal charter in 1248 during the reign of King Henry III. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled from the violence to Cambridge forming the University of Cambridge; the students associated together on the basis of geographical origins, into two'nations', representing the North and the South.
In centuries, geographical origins continued to influence many students' affiliations when membership of a college or hall became customary in Oxford. In addition, members of many religious orders, including Dominicans, Franciscans and Augustinians, settled in Oxford in the mid-13th century, gained influence and maintained houses or halls for students. At about the same time, private benefactors established colleges as self-contained scholarly communities. Among the earliest such founders were William of Durham, who in 1249 endowed University College, John Balliol, father of a future King of Scots. Another founder, Walter de Merton, a Lord Chancellor of England and afterwards Bishop of Rochester, devised a series of regulations for college life. Thereafter, an increasing number of students lived in colleges rather than in halls and religious houses. In 1333–34, an attempt by some dissatisfied Oxford scholars to found a new university at Stamford, was blocked by the universities of Oxford and Cambridge petitioning King Edward III.
Thereafter, until the 1820s, no new universities were allowed to be founded in England in London. The new learning of the Renaissance influenced Oxford from the late 15th century onwards. Among university scholars of the period were William Grocyn, who contributed to the revival of Greek language studies, John Colet, the noted biblical scholar. With the English Reformation and the breaking of communion with the Roman Catholic Church, recusant scholars from Oxford fled to continental Europe, settling at the University of Douai; the method of teaching at Oxford was transformed from the medieval scholastic method to Renaissance education, although institutions associated with the university suffered losses of land and revenues. As a centre of learning and scholarship, Oxford's reputation declined in the Age of Enlightenment. In 1636 William Laud, the chancellor and Archbishop of Canterbury, codified the university's statutes. These, to a large extent, remained its gove
London Business School
London Business School is a business school and a constituent college of the federal University of London. LBS was founded in 1964 and awards post-graduate degrees. LBS is considered to be one of the world's best business schools and its motto is "To have a profound impact on the way the world does business". LBS was ranked 1st in Europe by 2nd in the world by the QS ranking. LBS' post-experience Masters in Finance programme is ranked 1st in the world by the Financial Times; the main campus is located in London next to Regent's Park in Sussex Place, built by the architect John Nash. In 2015, the school acquired the Marylebone Town Hall and spent £60 million to refurbish it with the objective of expanding its teaching facilities by 70%. LBS has a secondary campus in Dubai, dedicated to Executive Education and the Dubai EMBA; the London Business School was founded in 1964 under the name of the'London Graduate School of Business Studies', with Dr. Arthur Earle as Dean. In 1965, the school was registered as a company and was designated by the University of London as an institution having recognised teachers.
In 1966, the first Executive Development Programme was launched, followed by the Senior Executive Programme. The same year, a full-time MSc degree was launched, with Sheila Cross enrolling as the School's first female student. In 1968, the School inaugurated the Sloan Fellowship MSc programme, the first one outside of the US. 17 students were enrolled and the programme was funded by the Alfred P. Sloan foundation; the first doctoral programme was established in 1969 and in 1970 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II opened the School's Regent's Park campus. The first PhD was awarded in 1974, that year women made up over 15% of the student body for the first time. In 1983, the first part-time MBA programme was held under the direction of Sir Andrew Likierman, a former Dean of the School. In 1986, the school became the London Business School and was incorporated by Royal Charter, which gave LBS the right to confer and grant degrees. In 1992, the School was given the Queen's Award for Export in recognition of providing educational services to managers and companies worldwide.
The following year, the school started its first Masters in Finance programme and in 2001, the EMBA-Global degree programme in partnership with the Columbia Business School. In 2007 a new campus was opened in Dubai to offer both Executive MBA and Executive Education Programmes. In 2009, the school started two new programmes: The EMBA-Global Asia, in partnership with the University of Hong Kong and Columbia Business School, the Masters in Management. In 2012, the school acquired Marylebone Town Hall and restored it with the objective of expanding its teaching facilities by 70 per cent; the building was renamed "The Sammy Ofer Centre" in honour of a generous donor, the Ofer Family, who made a gift for the development of the building, opened in 2017. In 2016, LBS launched a new programme, the Masters in Financial Analysis, aimed at recent graduates who wish to pursue a career in finance, acquired the lease of the neighbouring building of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaenocologists, which it will occupy in 2020.
With the objective of increasing its size, the school organised a £100 million funding campaign. By the beginning of 2016, it had raised £98 million, £40 million of which will be used to renovate the Marylebone Town Hall, with £28 million for research, £18 million in scholarships for students, £10 million to increase the school's endowment, £4 million to improve technology across the school. By June 2016, the school had raised £125 million, including two £25 million gifts from alumni Jim Ratcliffe and Idan Ofer. François Ortalo-Magné, the French-born former Dean of the Wisconsin School of Business, succeeded Sir Andrew Likierman as Dean in August 2017; the campus is located on the perimeter of Regent's Park. The main building, designed by John Nash, along with the entire area of Regents Park, was built as 26 terraced houses in 1822–23. There are ten pointed cupolas along the roof line, the façade is adorned with Corinthian columns. LBS maintains a number of facilities, including a sports centre, three cafes and a library, all dedicated for the exclusive use of its community.
There is a run pub,'The Windsor Castle' attached to the campus. Most classrooms for the MBA are located in the Sainsbury Wing, the centre of the terrace, most of which are 100-student amphitheatre rooms. There is no accommodation on campus for students in full-time programmes, although there are rooms on-campus for visiting faculty and executive education participants. Most students choose to live in nearby private residential buildings or in students halls of residence such as the International Students House, London. LBS is expanding its campus in central London; the business school has redeveloped the Old Marylebone Town Hall into classrooms and offices as the Sammy Ofer Centre. It will further expand it in 2020. List of the Deans from 1965 to today: All candidates must take international exams related to their English abilities or IELTS and mathematic/logic skills. Candidates are asked to write several essays; the recruitment process has two steps. The first one consists of sending an application with the following information: An application form Several essays The GMAT or GRE scores.
The average GMAT score is around 700 Th
Marine Le Pen
Marion Anne Perrine "Marine" Le Pen is a French politician and lawyer serving as President of the National Rally political party since 2011, with a brief interruption in 2017. She has been the member of the National Assembly for Pas-de-Calais's 11th constituency since 18 June 2017, she is the youngest daughter of party founder Jean-Marie Le Pen and the aunt of former FN MP Marion Maréchal. Le Pen joined the FN in 1986 and was elected as a Regional Councillor, a Member of European Parliament, a municipal councillor in Hénin-Beaumont, she won the leadership of the FN in 2011, with 67.65% of the vote, defeating Bruno Gollnisch and succeeding her father, president of the party since he founded it in 1972. In 2012, she placed third in the presidential election with 17.90% of the vote, behind François Hollande and Nicolas Sarkozy. She launched a second bid to become President of France at the 2017 presidential election, she finished second in the first round of the election, with 21.30% of the vote, faced Emmanuel Macron of centrist party En Marche! in the second round of voting.
On 7 May 2017, she conceded after receiving 33.9% of the vote in the second round. Described as more republican than her nationalist father, Le Pen has led a movement of "de-demonization of the National Front" to soften its image, based on renovated positions and renewed teams, expelling controversial members accused of racism, antisemitism, or Pétainism, she expelled her father from the party on 20 August 2015, after he made new controversial statements. She has relaxed some political positions of the party, advocating for civil unions for same-sex couples instead of her party's previous opposition to legal recognition of same-sex partnerships, accepting unconditional abortion and withdrawing the death penalty from her platform. A vocal opponent of the United States and NATO, she has pledged to remove France from their spheres of influence. Le Pen was ranked among the most influential people in 2011 and 2015, by the Time 100. In 2016, she was ranked by Politico as the second-most influential MEP in the European Parliament, after President of the European Parliament Martin Schulz.
Marion Anne Perrine Le Pen was born on 5 August 1968 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, the youngest of three daughters of Jean-Marie Le Pen, a Breton politician and former paratrooper, his first wife, Pierrette Lalanne. She was baptized 25 April 1969, at La Madeleine by Father Pohpot, her godfather was a relative of her father. She has two sisters: Marie Caroline. In 1976, when Marine was eight, a bomb meant for her father exploded in the stairwell outside the family's apartment as they slept; the blast ripped a hole in the outside wall of the building, but Marine, her two older sisters and their parents were unharmed. She was a student at the Lycée Florent Schmitt in Saint-Cloud, her mother left the family in 1984, when Marine was 16. Le Pen wrote in her autobiography that the effect was "the most awful, crushing of pains of the heart: my mother did not love me." Her parents divorced in 1987. Le Pen studied law at Panthéon-Assas University, graduating with a Master of Laws in 1991 and a Master of Advanced Studies in criminal law in 1992.
Registered at the Paris bar association, she worked as a lawyer for six years, appearing before the criminal chamber of the 23rd district court of Paris which judges immediate appearances, acting as a public defender. She was a member of the Bar of Paris until 1998, when she joined the legal department of the National Front. Le Pen was raised Roman Catholic. In 1995, she married a business executive who worked for the National Front, she has three children with Chauffroy. After her divorce from Chauffroy in 2000, she married Eric Lorio in 2002, the former national secretary of the National Front and a former adviser to the Regional election in Nord-Pas-de-Calais, they divorced in 2006. Since 2009, she has been in a relationship with Louis Aliot, of ethnic French Pied-Noir and Algerian Jewish heritage, he was the National Front general secretary from 2005 to 2010 the National Front vice president. She spends most of her time in Saint-Cloud, has lived in La Celle-Saint-Cloud with her three children since September 2014.
She has an apartment in Hénin-Beaumont. In 2010, she bought a house with Aliot in Millas. Marine Le Pen joined the FN in 1986, at the age of 18, she acquired her first political mandate in 1988 when she was elected a Regional Councillor for Nord-Pas-de-Calais. In the same year, she joined the FN's juridical branch, which she led until 2003. In 2000, she became president of Generations Le Pen, a loose association close to the party which aimed at "de-demonizing the Front National", she became a member the FN Executive Committee in 2000, vice-president of the FN in 2003. In 2006, she managed the presidential campaign of Jean-Marie Le Pen, she became one of the two executive vice-presidents of the FN in 2007, with responsibility for training and publicity. Early in 2010 Le Pen expressed her intention to run for leader of the FN, saying that she hoped to make the party "a big popular party that addresses itself not only to the electorate on the right but to all the French people". On 3 September 2010, she launched her leadership campaign at Var.
During a meeting in Paris on 14 November 2010, she said that her goal was "not only to assemble our political family. It consists of shaping the Front National as the center of grouping of the whole French people", adding that in her view the FN leader should be the party's candidate in the 2012 presidential electi
Dorking is a market town in Surrey, England between Ranmore Common in the North Downs range of hills and Leith Hill in the Greensand Ridge, centred 21 miles from London. In the Georgian and Victorian periods six prominent sites in the former parish or on its boundaries became grand country estates: Leith Hill Place, Norbury Park, Polesden Lacey, Wotton House and Deepdene. Dorking is a commuter and retirement settlement with three railway stations and a few large offices of multinational companies. Malden in 1911, noted the place was "almost residential and agricultural, with some lime works on the chalk, though not so extensive as those in neighbouring parishes, a little brick-making, water-mills at Pixham Mill, timber and saw-mills". Fine sand in veins of pink, used for mortar and in glassmaking was dug in the 19th century — the Dorking Caves were accordingly excavated under southern parts of the town centre itself. Dorking chickens with short five-toed legs are a major local breed; the town has a local government headquarters and hosts repeating loops of the FIA-ranked London-Surrey cycle classic elite category event every year.
Dorking began to become more than an agricultural village as a small staging post on Stane Street, the Roman road between London and Chichester on the English Channel. Dorking appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as the Manor of Dorchinges, it was held by William the Conqueror. Its Domesday assets were: one church, three mills worth 15s 4d, 16 ploughs, 3 acres of meadow and herbage for 88 hogs, it rendered £18 per year to its feudal system overlords. Subsequent Lords of the Manor included the Dukes of Norfolk, who lived in Dorking until they moved to Arundel. One of them is buried in Dorking churchyard. In the medieval period, Dorking was a prosperous agricultural and market town with businesses, including milling and brewing, capitalising on its position on the junction of a number of long distance roads and local tracks. In 1750, the construction of a turnpike road made Dorking a staging post on the route to Brighton and the coast; the Bull's Head in South Street had a famous coachman, William Broad, whose portrait hangs in Dorking Museum in West Street.
An inn in the centre of Dorking, the White Horse, was developed in the 18th century. Dorking held a big wheat and cattle market in the High Street; the poultry market was held in the corner of round Butter Hill. Here the famous Dorking fowl were sold; this breed, which has five claws instead of the normal four, was a favourite for 19th century tables, including that of Queen Victoria. Dorking lost its stagecoaches when the railways arrived, but attracted wealthy residents who built large houses in and around the town, such as Denbies House and Pippbrook House. Surrounding land and beauty spots such as Cotmandene and Box Hill were donated by landowners for public use, protected by the Metropolitan Green Belt and the AONB designation of the North Downs and Greensand Ridge. Cotmandene is a 4.78 ha area of common land to the east of the town centre. Cricket matches were played on the heath during the 18th century and are recorded in Edward Beavan's 1777 poem Box Hill. A painting entitled A Cricket Match on Cotmandene, Dorking by the artist James Canter, dating to around 1770, is now held by the Marylebone Cricket Club.
A game resembling rugby was once played here. The two sides were unlimited in number, representing the west of the town; the goals were the two bridges on the Pipp Brook. The Town Crier stopped play at 6 pm; the game was "rioted" up and down the High Street. It ceased in 1897 after complaints by tradesmen and it was stopped under section 72 of the Highway Act 1835. Dorking was an urban district from 1894 to 1974. In 1911 it was described in the Victoria County History, compiled for the county that year and the next, as "almost residential and agricultural, with some lime works on the chalk, though not so extensive as those in neighbouring parishes, a little brick-making, water-mills at Pixham Mill, timber and saw-mills." The town is in the west of the area between hill ranges in southern England known as Holmesdale which has headwaters of several rivers. The town's geography is undulating; the Mole's nearest point to the town lies at 45 metres. Just northeast of the town the River Mole cuts a steep-sided valley through the North Downs.
On the west bank is Denbies Vineyard, the largest vineyard in the UK. On the east bank is Box Hill, owned by the National Trust and Britain's first Country Park; the hill has been designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest, because of the large number of rare orchids which grow there in the summer. Further north is Norbury Park, which contains a forest of ancient yew trees. To the south west of the town is Leith Hill owned by the National Trust, the second highest point in the south east of England after Walbury Hill; the tower on the summit elevates the hill to 1,000 ft above sea level. The area is towards the east of the Surrey Hills AONB surrounded by the Greensand Ridge, including Holmbury Hill and Pitch Hill, as well as the nearby escarpment of the North Downs from Box Hill to Newlands Corner. A s
Earl's Court is a district in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in central London, bordering the sub-districts of South Kensington to the east, West Kensington to the west, Chelsea to the south and Kensington to the north. The Earl's Court Exhibition Centre was one of the country's largest indoor arenas and a popular concert venue until its closure in 2014. Earl's Court was once a rural area, covered with green fields and market gardens; the Saxon Thegn Edwin held the lordship of the area prior to the Norman conquest. For over 500 years the land, part of the ancient manor of Kensington, was under the lordship of the Vere family, the Earls of Oxford and descendants of Aubrey de Vere I, who held the manor of Geoffrey de Montbray, bishop of Coutances, in the Domesday Book in 1086. By circa 1095, his tenure had been converted, he held Kensington directly of the crown. A church had been constructed there by 1104; the earls held their manorial court where Old Manor Yard is now, just by the London Underground station.
Earl's Court Farm is visible on Greenwood's map of London dated 1827. The construction of the Metropolitan District Railway station in 1865–69 was a catalyst for development. In the quarter century after 1867, Earl's Court was transformed into a densely populated suburb with 1,200 houses and two churches. Eardley Crescent and Kempsford Gardens were built between 1867 and 1873, building began in Earl's Court Square and Longridge Road in 1873, in Nevern Place in 1874, in Trebovir Road and Philbeach Gardens in 1876 and Nevern Square in 1880; the Earl's Court ward had a population of 9,659 according to the 2001 census. Following the Second World War a number of Polish immigrants settled in the Earl's Court area leading to Earl's Court Road being dubbed the "Polish Corridor". During the late 1960s a large transient population of Australian and New Zealand travellers began to use Earl's Court as a UK hub and over time it gained the name "Kangaroo Valley", it was at the time one of the cheapest areas close to central London, up until the 1990s remained a somewhat down-at-heel district compared to its more upmarket neighbours to the North and East.
The area was, for the place to buy and sell the ubiquitous VW camper van. This moved off in the direction of the New North Road in the 1980s. Today, while there are still significant numbers of students or other people on temporary visas, many of the Australians and New Zealanders appear to have moved on to now-cheaper areas further North and West; the name "Kangaroo Valley" lingers on in the usage of older expatriate Australasians and Australasian visitors, as does the alternative nickname "Kangaroo Court". The change in the area's population is owed to rocketing property prices and the continued gentrification of the area; the scale of change is illustrated by the economic divide between the eastern and western areas of Earl's Court. Despite fighting fiercely for the exhibition centre it has, according to Dave Hill in The Guardian, been destroyed by this economic growth. Howard Carter, English archaeologist and primary discoverer of the tomb of Tutankhamun, lived at 19 Collingham Gardens. Benjamin Britten, English composer, conductor and pianist, lived at 173 Cromwell Road.
Edwin Arnold, English poet and journalist, lived at 31 Bolton Gardens. Alfred Hitchcock, English filmmaker and producer, lived at 153 Cromwell Road. Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, British soldier and administrator famous for his role during the First World War when he led the Egyptian Expeditionary Force in the conquest of Palestine and Syria, lived at 24 Wetherby Gardens. Dame Ellen Terry, leading Shakespearian stage actress in Britain in the 1880s and 1890s, lived at 22 Barkston Gardens. Sir William Orpen, Irish portrait painter, lived at 8 South Bolton Gardens. Norman Lockyer, English scientist and astronomer credited with discovering the gas helium, lived at 16 Penywern Road. Hattie Jacques an English comedy actress of stage and screen including the Carry On films, lived at 67 Eardley Crescent. In November 1995 a blue plaque was unveiled at this house by Eric Sykes and Clive Dunn, a colleague from her Players' Theatre days. Diana, Princess of Wales, the first wife of Prince Charles, lived at 60 Coleherne Court, Old Brompton Road, from 1979 to 1981.
The 3-bedroom flat was bought for her by her parents for £50,000 as an 18th birthday present. Diana, who shared the space with three roommates who paid her £18 per week rent, once said it was where she spent the happiest time of her life. Diana lived there until February 1981 when she moved into Clarence House, the Queen Mother's residence, on the night before her engagement to Prince Charles was announced. In the 1990s, Diana returned to the area to work out at Earl's Court Gym next to Earl's Court underground station. Stewart Granger, was born in Coleherne Court, Old Brompton Road, spent most of his childhood there Adelaide Hall Jazz singer and entertainer lived at 1 Collingham Road with her husband Bert Hicks. Syd Barrett of Pink Floyd lived at 29 Wetherby Mansions, Earl’s Court Square from December 1968 to some time in the 1970's. Tara Palmer-Tomkinson, socialite and 90s It Girl lived in a flat in Bramham Gardens Horace Donisthorpe and coleopterist, lived at 58 Kensington Mansions, Trebovir Road.
Memorable for championing the renaming of the genus Lasius after him as Donisthorpea, for discovering new species of beetles and ants, he is considered the greatest figure in British myrmecology. Major Sir William Palliser (
Elderly care, or eldercare, is the fulfillment of the special needs and requirements that are unique to senior citizens. This broad term encompasses such services as assisted living, adult day care, long term care, nursing homes, hospice care, home care; because of the wide variety of elderly care found nationally, as well as differentiating cultural perspectives on elderly citizens, it cannot be limited to any one practice. For example, many countries in Asia use government-established elderly care quite infrequently, preferring the traditional methods of being cared for by younger generations of family members. Elderly care emphasizes the social and personal requirements of senior citizens who need some assistance with daily activities and health care, but who desire to age with dignity, it is an important distinction, in that the design of housing, activities, employee training and such should be customer-centered. It is noteworthy that a large amount of global elderly care falls under the unpaid market sector.
The form of care provided for older adults varies among countries and is changing rapidly. Within the same country, regional differences exist with respect to the care for older adults. However, it has been observed globally that older people consume the most health expenditures out of any other age group. An observation that shows comprehensive eldercare may be similar. One must account for an large proportion of older people worldwide in developing nations, as continued pressure is put on limiting fertility and decreasing family size. Traditionally, care for older adults has been the responsibility of family members and was provided within the extended family home. In modern societies, care is now being provided by state or charitable institutions; the reasons for this change include decreasing family size, greater life expectancy, the geographical dispersion of families, the tendency for women to be educated and work outside the home. Although these changes have affected European and North American countries first, they are now affecting Asian countries as well.
In most western countries, care facilities for older adults are residential family care homes, freestanding assisted living facilities, nursing homes, continuing care retirement communities. A family care home is a residential home with support and supervisory personnel by an agency, organization, or individual that provides room and board, personal care and habilitation services in a family environment for at least two and no more than six persons. According to Family Caregiver Alliance, the majority of family caregivers are women:"Many studies have looked at the role of women as family caregivers. Although not all have addressed gender issues and caregiving the results are still generalizable to Estimates of the age of family or informal caregivers who are women range from 59% to 75%; the average caregiver is age 46, female and worked outside the home earning an annual income of $35,000. Although men provide assistance, female caregivers may spend as much as 50% more time providing care than male caregivers."
According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services, the older population—persons 65 years or older—numbered 39.6 million in 2009. They represented 12.9% of the U. S. population, about one in every eight Americans. By 2030, there will be about 72.1 million older persons, more than twice their number in 2000. People aged over 65 years represented 12.4% of the population in the year 2000, but, expected to grow to be 19% of the population by 2030. This means. There were more than 36,000 assisted living facilities in the United States in 2009, according to the Assisted Living Federation of America. More than 1 million senior citizens are served by these assisted living facilities. Last-year-of-life expenses represent 22% of all medical spending in the United States, 26% of all Medicare spending, 18% of all non-Medicare spending, 25 percent of all Medicaid spending for the poor. In the United States, most of the large multi-facility providers are publicly owned and managed as for-profit businesses.
However, there are exceptions. Given the choice, most older adults would prefer to continue to live in their homes. Many elderly people lose functioning ability and require either additional assistance in the home or a move to an eldercare facility, their adult children find it challenging to help their elderly parents make the right choices. Assisted living is one option for the elderly, it is still considered expensive for most people. Home care services may allow seniors to live in their own home for a longer period of time. One new service in the United States that can help keep older people in their homes longer is respite care; this type of care allows caregivers the opportunity to go on a vacation or a business trip and to know that their family member has good quality temporary care. Without this help the elder might have to move permanently to an outside facility. Another unique type of care cropping in U. S. hospitals is called acute care of elder units, or ACE units, which provide "a homelike setting" within a medical center for older adults.
Information about long-term care options in the United States
Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron is a French politician serving as President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra since 2017. He was Minister of the Economy and Digital Affairs from 2014 to 2016. Macron was born in Amiens and studied philosophy at Paris Nanterre University, completed a Master's of Public Affairs at Sciences Po and graduated from the École nationale d'administration in 2004, he worked as a senior civil servant at the Inspectorate General of Finances and became an investment banker at Rothschild & Cie Banque. Macron was appointed Deputy Secretary General to the President by François Hollande in May 2012, he was appointed Minister of Economy and Digital Affairs in August 2014 under the Second Valls government, where he pushed through business-friendly reforms. He resigned in August 2016 to launch a bid in the 2017 presidential election. After being a member of the Socialist Party from 2006 to 2009, Macron ran in the election under the banner of a centrist political movement he founded in April 2016, En Marche!.
He won the election on 7 May 2017 with 66.1% of the vote in the second round. At age 39, Macron became the youngest President of France in history and appointed Édouard Philippe to be Prime Minister. In the June 2017 legislative elections, Macron's party, renamed "La République en marche", together with its ally the Democratic Movement, secured a majority in the National Assembly. Born in Amiens, Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron is the son of Françoise, a physician, Jean-Michel Macron, professor of neurology at the University of Picardy; the couple were divorced in 2010. Macron has two siblings, born in 1979 and Estelle, born in 1982. Françoise and Jean-Michel's first child was born stillborn. Raised in a non-religious family, he was baptized a Roman Catholic at his own request at age 12, although he is agnostic today; the Macron family legacy is traced back to the village of Authie in Hauts-de-France. One of Macron's paternal great-grandfathers, George William Robertson, was English, was born in Bristol, United Kingdom.
His maternal grandparents and Germaine Noguès, are from the Pyrenean town of Bagnères-de-Bigorre, Gascony. Macron visited Bagnères-de-Bigorre to visit his grandmother Germaine, whom he called "Manette". Macron associates his enjoyment of reading and his left-ward political leanings to Germaine, after coming from a modest upbringing of a stationmaster father and a housekeeping mother, became a teacher a principal, died in 2013. Macron was educated at the Jesuit Lycée la Providence in Amiens before his parents sent him to finish his last year of school at the elite Lycée Henri-IV in Paris, where he completed the high school curriculum and the undergraduate program with a "Bac S, Mention Très bien". At the same time he was nominated for the "Concours Général" in French literature and received his diploma for his piano studies at Amiens Conservatory, his parents sent him off to Paris due to their alarm at the bond he had formed with Brigitte Auzière, a married teacher with three children at Jésuites de la Providence, who became his wife.
In Paris, he failed to gain entry to the École normale supérieure twice. He instead studied Philosophy at the University of Paris-Ouest Nanterre La Défense, obtaining a DEA degree. Around 1999 Macron worked as an editorial assistant to Paul Ricoeur, the French Protestant philosopher, writing his last major work, La Mémoire, l'Histoire, l'Oubli. Macron worked on the notes and bibliography. Macron became a member of the editorial board of the literary magazine Esprit. Macron did not perform national service. Born in December 1977, he belonged to the last year. Macron obtained a master's degree in public affairs at the Sciences Po, majoring in "Public Guidance and Economy" before training for a senior civil service career at the selective École nationale d'administration, training at an embassy in Nigeria and in an office in Oise before graduating in 2004. After graduating from ENA in 2004, Macron became an Inspector in the Inspection générale des finances, a branch of the Finance Ministry. Macron was mentored by Jean-Pierre Jouyet, the then-head of the IGF.
During his time as an Inspector of Finances, Macron gave lectures during the summer at the "prep'ENA" at IPESUP, an elite private school specializing in preparation for the entrance examinations of the Grandes écoles, such as HEC or Sciences Po. In 2006, Laurence Parisot offered him the job of managing director for Mouvement des Entreprises de France, the largest employer federation in France, but he declined. In August 2007, Macron was appointed deputy rapporteur for Jacques Attali's "Commission to Unleash French Growth". In 2008, Macron paid €50,000 to buy himself out of his government contract, he became an investment banker in a highly-paid position at Rothschild & Cie Banque. In March 2010, he was appointed to the Attali Commission as a member. In September 2008, Macron left his job as an Inspector of Finances and took a position at Rothschild & Cie Banque. Macron was inspired to leave the government due to the election of Nicolas Sarkozy to the presidency, he was offered the job by François Henrot.
His first responsibility at Rothschild & Cie Banque was assisting with the acquisition of Cofidis by Crédit Mutuel Nord Europe. Macron formed a relationship with a businessman on the supervisory board of Le Monde. In 2010, Macron