Maksimir is one of the districts of Zagreb, population 48,902. Maksimir stadium and Maksimir Park are located in it and it was named for Bishop Maksimilijan Vrhovac. The urban center of the Maksimir district is located around the Maksimirska street, the southeastern part of the district is a lowland that includes the Maksimir stadium and a large residential area best known as Ravnice. A substantial area in the east of the district is part of the Maksimir Park and it contains the Zagreb Zoo, which is the second-largest in Croatia, and five lakes, called the Maksimir lakes. The central part of the district is residential, with the notable exception of the large campus of the University Hospital Centre Zagreb. The northern parts of the district are hilly, residential areas, the district is bordered by Gornji Grad - Medveščak to the east, Donji grad to the southeast, Pešćenica to the south, Dubrava to the west, and Podsljeme to the north
Medvedgrad is a medieval fortified town located on the south slopes of Medvednica mountain, approximately halfway from the Croatian capital Zagreb to the mountain top Sljeme. For defensive purposes it was built on a hill, Mali Plazur, on a clear day the castle can be seen from far away, especially the high main tower. Below the main tower of the castle is Oltar Domovine which is dedicated to Croatian soldiers killed in the Croatian War of Independence, the city was destroyed and burned to the ground. This prompted the building of Medvedgrad, encouraged by Pope Innocent IV, bishop of Zagreb, built the fortress between 1249 and 1254. It was owned by bans of Slavonia, notable Croatian and Hungarian poet and ban of Slavonia Janus Pannonius died in the Medvedgrad castle on March 27,1472. The last Medvedgrad owners and inhabitants was the Gregorijanec family, who gained possession of Medvedgrad in 1562, in 1574, the walls of Medvedgrad were reinforced, but after the 1590 Neulengbach earthquake, the fortress was heavily damaged and ultimately abandoned.
It remained in ruins until the late 20th century, when it was partly restored, Medvedgrad on WikiMapia 3D-model in Google Earth
A Christian denomination is a distinct religious body within Christianity, identified by traits such as a name, organisation and doctrine. Individual bodies, may use alternative terms to describe themselves, groups of denominations—often sharing broadly similar beliefs and historical ties—are sometimes known as branches of Christianity or denominational families. Individual Christian groups vary widely in the degree to which they recognize one another, several groups claim to be the direct and sole authentic successor of the church founded by Jesus Christ in the 1st century AD. Others, believe in denominationalism, where some or all Christian groups are legitimate churches of the same regardless of their distinguishing labels, beliefs. Because of this concept, some Christian bodies reject the term denomination to describe themselves, the Catholic Church does not view itself as a denomination, but as the original pre-denominational church. This view is rejected by other Christian denominations, Protestant denominations account for approximately 37 percent of Christians worldwide.
Together and Protestantism comprise Western Christianity, Western Christian denominations prevail in Western, Northern and Southern Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, the Americas and Oceania. The Eastern Orthodox Church, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents, is the second-largest Christian organization in the world, unlike the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church is itself a communion of fully independent autocephalous churches that mutually recognize each other to the exclusion of others. The Eastern Orthodox Church, together with Oriental Orthodoxy and the Assyrian Church of the East, Eastern Christian denominations are represented mostly in Eastern Europe, North Asia, the Middle East and Northeast Africa. Christians have various doctrines about the Church and about how the church corresponds to Christian denominations. Both Catholics and Eastern Orthodox hold that their own organizations faithfully represent the One Holy catholic and Apostolic Church to the exclusion of the other, sixteenth-century Protestants separated from the Catholic Church because of theologies and practices that they considered to be in violation of their own interpretation.
But some non-denominational Christians do not follow any particular branch, though regarded as Protestants. Each group uses different terminology to discuss their beliefs and this section will discuss the definitions of several terms used throughout the article, before discussing the beliefs themselves in detail in following sections. A denomination within Christianity can be defined as an autonomous branch of the Christian Church, major synonyms include religious group, Church. Some traditional and evangelical Protestants draw a distinction between membership in the church and fellowship within the local church. Becoming a believer in Christ makes one a member of the universal church, a related concept is denominationalism, the belief that some or all Christian groups are legitimate churches of the same religion regardless of their distinguishing labels and practices. Protestant leaders differ greatly from the views of the leaders of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church, each church makes mutually exclusive claims for itself to be the direct continuation of the Church founded by Jesus Christ, from whom other denominations broke away.
These churches, and a few others, reject denominationalism, Christianity can be taxonomically divided into five main groups, the Church of the East, Oriental Orthodoxy, Eastern Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism, and Protestantism
The Mirogoj Cemetery is a cemetery park that is considered to be among the more noteworthy landmarks in the City of Zagreb. The cemetery inters members of all groups, Orthodox, Jewish, Latter Day Saints. In the arcades are the last resting places of many famous Croatians, the Mirogoj Cemetery was built on a plot of land owned by the linguist Ljudevit Gaj, purchased by the city in 1872, after his death. Architect Hermann Bollé designed the main building, the new cemetery was inaugurated on 6 November 1876. The construction of the arcades, the cupolas, and the church in the entryway was begun in 1879, due to lack of funding, work was finished only in 1929. Unlike the older cemeteries, which were church-owned, Mirogoj was owned by the city, ZET bus line 106 runs between the cemetery and the Kaptol bus terminal in the heart of Zagreb every 20 minutes during the cemeterys opening hours. A less frequent line,226, starts from Kaptol by the same route, Panteon hrvatske povijesti, Zagreb,2010. Official website Mirogoj Cemetery at Association of Significant Cemeteries in Europe
Donja Dubrava, Zagreb
Donja Dubrava is one of the districts of Zagreb, Croatia. It is located in the part of the city and in 2011 had 36,363 inhabitants. Čulinec Donja Dubrava Ivan Mažuranić Novi Retkovec Resnički Gaj Poljanice Stari Retkovec 30, trnava Official web site of Dubrava
General Post Office, Zagreb
The General Post Office in Jurišićeva Street, Zagreb, is the headquarters of the Croatian Post, the national postal service of Croatia. Built in 1904 in the Hungarian Secession style, the Post Office housed mail, parcel and telephone services, today, it is a protected cultural monument. The first government post office in Zagreb was established in 1831, the rise of mail volume, as well as the introduction of telegraph in 1850 and a public telephone system in 1887, created a pressing need for a new post office building. The construction in a 3, 950-square-metre building site in Jurišićeva Street began in 1903, the ground floor was dedicated to mail and parcel services, with a telephone booth section, while the first floor housed telegraph and telephone switchboards. The telephone switchboard had a capacity of 1200 subscribers and 2000 connections, by 1925, the preparations for installing a new automatic switchboard for 10,000 subscribers were already underway. In 1926, an additional three-story courtyard wing was completed, the new Siemens-made automatic switchboard became operational in 1928.
In 1930, the story was added to the building. The sabotage was executed by three employees who managed to smuggle explosives into the strictly guarded building, and plant them in the switchboard during the night shift. After they left the city in the morning, a remotely detonated the charges by dialing a preselected phone number. The blast broke all the windows in the building and killed one police agent, the resulting damage caused significant disruption of international telephone service and required an extensive repair. The building saw its second major adaptation in 1958, in two side entrances were walled up, leaving only the main entrance from Jurišićeva Street. The 2001 adaptation undid some of the changes made in 1958. Today, the General Post Office is a cultural monument. The General Post Office building hosts the Museum of Post and Telecommunications, founded in 1953 and it is owned and operated by T-Hrvatski Telekom. The General Post Office was featured on a HRK2.30 postage stamp issued by the Croatian Post in 2004, Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography and Masmedia.
Zagreb, Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography and Masmedia
Brezovica is a city district of Zagreb, Croatia. It is located in the part of the city and has 12,030 inhabitants. It is one of the rural districts in Zagreb. The A1 highway passes through Brezovica, although it has no exits there, of note is Dvorac Brezovica, an eighteenth-century chateau now owned by the Zagreb Archdiocese. Dvorac Brezovica has been abandoned for years and the building
Gradec or Grič is a part of Zagreb and together with Kaptol it is the medieval nucleus of the city. It is situated on the hill of Gornji Grad, Gradec was given a royal charter by King Béla IV in 1242. The royal charter, called the Golden Bull, was an important document by which Gradec was declared and proclaimed a free royal city on Gradec. This act made Gradec a feudal holding responsible directly to the king, the citizens were given rights of different kinds, among other things they were entitled to elect their own city magistrate fulfilling the role of mayor. They were entitled to manage their own affairs, the citizens engaged in building defensive walls and towers around their settlement, fearing a new Mongol invasion. They completed the system at a time between 1242 and 1261. It could be assumed that by building its fortification walls in the middle of the 13th century. In some places and semicircular towers fortified the defensive walls, kamenita vrata is the only gate still preserved to date.
Gornji Grad is a government unit, encompassing a population of 3,432. Undoubtedly, the point of Gornji Grad is the square around St. Marks Church that had been called St, marks Church is the parish church of Old Zagreb. When guilds developed in Gradec in the 15th, and in the 17th century, being the societies of craftsmen, their members including masters, journeymen, on the opposite side of the Square at the corner of Basaričekova Street lies the St. The house has been standing there since the 16th century, although it underwent reconstruction in the 18th century and had an extension added in the 19th century. At the west end of St. Banski dvori, along with the Baroque mansion beside it, is the seat of the Government of the Republic of Croatia, since 1734, the Croatian Parliament has taken up the east side of St. Gornji Grad was recently closed to car traffic except for residents, making it a primarily pedestrian zone
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia. It is located in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately 122 m above sea level. In the last official census of 2011 the population of the City of Zagreb was 792,875, the wider Zagreb metropolitan area includes the City of Zagreb and the separate Zagreb County bringing the total metropolitan area population up to 1,237,887. It is the biggest metropolitan area in Croatia, and the one with a population of over one million. Zagreb is a city with a history dating from the Roman times to the present day. The oldest settlement located in the vicinity of the city was the Roman Andautonia, the name Zagreb is recorded in 1134, in reference to the foundation of the settlement at Kaptol in 1094. Zagreb became a royal town in 1242. In 1851 Zagreb had its first mayor, Janko Kamauf, and in 1945 it was made the capital of Croatia when the demographic boom, the city extends over 30 kilometres east-west and around 20 kilometres north-south.
The transport connections, concentration of industry and research institutions, Zagreb is the seat of the central government, administrative bodies, and almost all government ministries. Almost all of the largest Croatian companies and scientific institutions have their headquarters in the city and it is a city known for its diverse economy, high quality of living, museums and entertainment events. Its main branches of economy are high-tech industries and the service sector, the etymology of the name Zagreb is unclear. It was used of the city only from 1852, but it had been in use as the name of the Zagreb dioecese since the 12th century. The name is first recorded in a charter by Ostrogon archbishop Felician, dated 1134, the older form of the name is Zagrab, the modern Croatian form Zagreb is first recorded in a 1689 map by Nicolas Sanson. An even older form is reflected in Hungarian Zabrag, for this, Desy proposes the etymology of Chabrag, a well-attested hypocorism of the name Cyprian. The same form is reflected in a number of Hungarian toponyms, the name Agram was used in German in the Habsburg period, this name has been classified as probably of Roman origin but according to Desy it could be an Austrian German reanalysis of *Zugram.
In Middle Latin and Modern Latin, Zagreb is known as Agranum, in Croatian folk etymology, the name of the city has been derived from either the verb za-grab-, meaning to scoop or to dig. One folk legend illustrating this derivation ties the name to a drought of the early 14th century, in another legend, a city governor is thirsty and orders a girl named Manda to scoop water from Manduševac well, using the imperative, Mando. The oldest settlement located near todays Zagreb was a Roman town of Andautonia, now Šćitarjevo and Kaptol were united in 1851 by ban Josip Jelačić, who was credited for this, with the naming the main city square, Ban Jelačić Square in his honour
Esplanade Zagreb Hotel
The Esplanade Zagreb Hotel is a historic luxury hotel in Zagreb, Croatia. It was built in 1925 to provide accommodation for passengers of the famous Orient Express train, in 1917, an international tender was announced in which a number of prominent architects participated, including the famous Swiss architect Adolf Loos, who however was not awarded the contract. The winner was Germanys, Otto Rehnig, whose plans were modified by the Zagreb architect Dionis Sunko. Today, most people consider Sunko to have been the architect of this building from the Belle Epoque period. The hotel was given the name Esplanade, which in its form has the meaning field. The hotel was the center of Zagreb social life, especially in the 1920s, according to legend, the first Croatian striptease party was held there at a farewell celebration for an Italian count. Famous singers, including Ivo Robić, played in Hotel Esplanade, in 1964 the hotel was renamed Hotel Esplanade Intercontinental, having become part of the Inter-Continental Hotels chain.
In 1968, it was nominated as the best hotel among the 62 Inter-Continental hotels in Europe, in 1975, it received a medal from President Josip Broz Tito with a golden wreath. Inter-Continental constructed another hotel nearby in 1975, and the Esplanade left the chain a few years later, throughout the 20th century, the hotel was the site of key social events of the Croatian capital. The hotel was the site for the 1983 miniseries The Winds of War. The hotel closed in 2002 for a renovation, and reopened on May 18,2004 as The Regent Esplanade Zagreb. The hotel left the Regent chain in 2012 and, As of 2015, in 2012, it was named the Best Hotel in Croatia in all three categories by TripAdvisor