Evanston, Illinois

Evanston is a city in Cook County, United States. Home to Northwestern University, it is situated 12 miles north of downtown Chicago, bordered by Chicago to the south, Skokie to the west, Wilmette to the north, it had a population of 74,486 as of 2010. It is one of the affluent North Shore communities; the boundaries of the city of Evanston are coterminous with those of the former Evanston Township, dissolved in 2014 by voters with its functions being absorbed by the city of Evanston. Prior to the 1830s, the area now occupied by Evanston was uninhabited, consisting of wetlands and swampy forest. However, Potawatomi Indians used trails along higher lying ridges that ran in a general north-south direction through the area, had at least some semi-permanent settlements along the trails. French explorers referred to the general area as "Grosse Pointe" after a point of land jutting into Lake Michigan about 13 miles north of the mouth of the Chicago River. After the first non-Native Americans settled in the area in 1836, the names "Grosse Point Territory" and "Gross Point voting district" were used through the 1830s and 1840s, although the territory had no defined boundaries.

The area remained only sparsely settled, supporting some farming and lumber activity on some of the higher ground, as well as a number of taverns or "hotels" along the ridge roads. Grosse Pointe itself eroded into the lake during this period. In 1850, a township called Ridgeville was organized, extending from Graceland Cemetery in Chicago to the southern edge of the Ouilmette Reservation, along what is now Central Street, from Lake Michigan to Western Avenue in Chicago; the 1850 census shows a few hundred settlers in this township, a post office with the name of Ridgeville was established at one of the taverns. However, no municipality yet existed. In 1851, a group of Methodist business leaders founded Northwestern University and Garrett Biblical Institute. Unable to find available land on the north shore up to Lake Forest, the committee was ready to purchase farmland to the west of the city when Orrington Lunt insisted on one final visit to the present location, they chose a bluffed and wooded site along the lake as Northwestern's home, purchasing several hundred acres of land from Dr. John Foster, a Chicago farm owner.

In 1854, the founders of Northwestern submitted to the county judge their plans for a city to be named Evanston after John Evans, one of their leaders. In 1857, the request was granted; the township of Evanston was split off from Ridgeville Township. The nine founders, including John Evans, Orrington Lunt, Andrew Brown, hoped their university would attain high standards of intellectual excellence. Today these hopes have been fulfilled, as Northwestern ranks with the best of the nation's universities. Evanston was formally incorporated as a town on December 29, 1863, but declined in 1869 to become a city despite the Illinois legislature passing a bill for that purpose. Evanston expanded after the Civil War with the annexation of the village of North Evanston. In early 1892, following the annexation of the village of South Evanston, voters elected to organize as a city; the 1892 boundaries are those that exist today. During the 1960s, Northwestern University changed the city's shoreline by adding a 74-acre lakefill.

In 1939, Evanston hosted the first NCAA basketball championship final at Northwestern University's Patten Gymnasium. In August 1954, Evanston hosted the second assembly of the World Council of Churches, still the only WCC assembly to have been held in the United States. President Dwight Eisenhower welcomed the delegates, Dag Hammarskjöld, secretary-general of the United Nations, delivered an important address entitled "An instrument of faith". Evanston first received power in April 1893. Many people lined the streets on Emerson St. where the first appearance of street lights were lined and turned on. Today, the city is home to Northwestern University, Music Institute of Chicago, other educational institutions, as well as headquarters of Alpha Phi International women's fraternity, Rotary International, the National Merit Scholarship Corporation, the National Lekotek Center, the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, the Sigma Chi fraternity and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Evanston is the birthplace of Tinkertoys, is the one of the locations having originated the ice cream sundae.

Evanston was Company, which for many years supplied the most jobs. Evanston was a dry community from 1858 until 1972, when the City Council voted to allow restaurants and hotels to serve liquor on their premises. In 1984, the Council voted to allow retail liquor outlets within the city limits. According to the 2010 census, Evanston has a total area of 7.802 square miles, of which 7.78 square miles is land and 0.022 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 74,486 people, 30,047 households, 15,621 families residing in the city; the population density was 9,574.0 people per square mile. There were 33,181 housing units at an average density of 4,264.9 per square mile. The 2010 census showed that Evanston is ethnically mixed with the following breakdown in population: 65.6% White, 18.1% Black or African American, 0.2% American Indian or Alaska Native, 8.6% Asian, 0.02% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 3.6% some other race, 3.8% from two or more races. 9.0 % were Latino of any race.

There were 30,047 households, out of which 26.1% had children under the

Fetish & Dreams

Fetish & Dreams is a 1985 film by Swiss filmmaker Steff Gruber. The film premiered at the Film Festival Locarno 1985. A Swiss filmmaker and his camera team are working on a documentary film project in New York, they research the theme of loneliness. 12 million people live in New York City, 7,5 million of them are singles. An impressive background for the project. Loneliness is a flourishing industry in New York. Numerous companies and organisations offer their services for those seeking partners. Lea and Marcy for example, two go-ahead ladies, offer courses for singles with the title ‘Fifty ways to meet your lover’; the two of them teach lonely women the ` know-how', needed to find a partner. Another company of this kind organizes so-called ‘TV-Production Single Evenings’, where participants learn how to use video techniques. But, incidental. Top of everyone’s list is finding a partner through the course. ‘Single Date Line’ is another concept – the search for a partner through answering service. The telephone is everywhere.

‘Pandora’s Box’ is an set-up where lonely men can satisfy their sexual needs – over telephone and against payment of 30 dollars a session. S. records everything on film. Distanced, but as time goes by he finds himself more and more involved personally, he cannot get a woman, he saw on the flight to New York, out of his mind. All that he knows is her name, Michéle, that she studies music in Boston… His telephone quest does not bring anything and he decides to go to Boston. There he puts up posters in the streets. Michéle gets in touch. S. falls in love. The film story meets his personal situation. Distance is no longer possible. A few weeks Michéle visits him in New York, they talk about being in their fears for a steady relationship. It is clear. Shooting is completed, S. returns to Switzerland. He manipulates a sequence in which Michéle declares her love. S. plays and replays his tapes letting Michéle say over and over again: I love you,… Like his first long film Moon in Taurus Gruber's second film, Fetish & Dreams, was created in the USA.

He started work on it in 1982. Filmed in New York, it constitutes a thematic sequel to the one preceding it. In his second long film Gruber embarked on new paths in a technical sense. With the help of a method he developed himself, the film was first created electronically on video before being copied subsequently to 35 mm, making it the first video transfer in Swiss cinema. Fetish & Dreams was given its first showing in the Locarno International Film Festival competition, winning the prize for directorial originality in dealing with documentary and feature film elements. Locarno International Film Festival 1985 Internationale Hofer Filmtage 1985 Montreal Festival of New Cinema and New Media Montréal 1985 Solothurn Film Festival 1986 International Istanbul Filmdays 1988'Special mention' at the Locarno International Film Festival 1985 Quality Prize of the Federal Department of the Interior 1985 Fetish & Dreams on IMDb

Chinese stripe-necked turtle

The Chinese stripe-necked turtle or golden thread turtle, is a species of turtle in the family Geoemydidae. Like many other Geoemydidae, this species hybridizes vigorously with related and not-so-closely related members of its family, it is one of the two most found species used for divination that have been recovered from Shang dynasty sites, despite the Shang capital being over 1000km north of its modern-day distribution range. Chinese-stripe-necked turtles have a green body; as a juvenile, its carapace is grayish green and there are three distinctive ridges. As an adult, the color fades to a brown color and the two ridges disappear; the plastron is ivory in color with small black spots. The male's tail is more long, while adult females will be larger than the males; this species prefers low altitude waters such as ponds and slow-moving rivers. It is found in China, Taiwan and northern & central Vietnam. Chinese stripe-necked turtles are protected by the CITES and IUCN, captive-breeding Chinese stripe-necked turtles are approved.

Another reason that affects its population is the invasion of red-eared sliders. In Hong Kong, mainland China and Taiwan and in some other countries, it is a popular pet turtle. In captivity, hybrids have been produced between this species and Japanese pond turtle, the Chinese pond turtle, as well as with a male Cyclemys shanensis; the supposed species Ocadia glyphistoma is a hybrid between a male M. sinensis and a female Vietnamese pond turtle. A species nearly extinct in the wild. Ocadia philippeni was shown to be of hybrid origin, a male M. sinensis with a female Cuora trifasciata. Both are either occurring or bred for the pet trade. Any individuals that are available as pets therefore need to be kept separate from other members of the family to prevent hybridization. After mating, the female turtle may lay 5-20 eggs. Buskirk, James R.. Salamandra 41: 21-26. PDF fulltext Keightley: Sources of Shang History: The Oracle-Bone Inscriptions of Bronze Age China. David N. Keightley. University of California Press.

1979. Spinks, Phillip Q.. & McCord, William P.: "Phylogenetic hypotheses for the turtle family Geomydidae". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32, 164-182. Academic Press, Cambridge:MA