UK Singles Chart
The UK Singles Chart is compiled by the Official Charts Company, on behalf of the British record industry, listing the top-selling singles in the United Kingdom, based upon physical sales, paid-for downloads and streaming. The Official Chart, broadcast on BBC Radio 1 and MTV, is the UK music industry's recognised official measure of singles and albums popularity because it is the most comprehensive research panel of its kind, today surveying over 15,000 retailers and digital services daily, capturing 99.9% of all singles consumed in Britain across the week, over 98% of albums. To be eligible for the chart, a single is defined by the Official Charts Company as either a'single bundle' having no more than four tracks and not lasting longer than 25 minutes or one digital audio track not longer than 15 minutes with a minimum sale price of 40 pence; the rules have changed many times as technology has developed, the most notable being the inclusion of digital downloads in 2005 and streaming in July 2014.
The OCC website contains the Top 100 chart. Some media outlets only list the Top 75 of this list; the chart week runs from 00:01 Friday to midnight Thursday, with most UK physical and digital singles being released on Fridays. From 3 August 1969 until 5 July 2015, the chart week ran from 00:01 Sunday to midnight Saturday; the Top 40 chart is first issued on Friday afternoons by BBC Radio 1 as The Official Chart from 16:00 to 17:45, before the full Official Singles Chart Top 100 is posted on the Official Charts Company's website. A rival chart show, The Vodafone Big Top 40, is based on iTunes downloads and commercial radio airplay across the Global Radio network only, is broadcast on Sunday afternoons from 16:00 to 19:00 on 145 local commercial radio stations across the United Kingdom; the Big Top 40 is not regarded by the industry or wider media. There is a show called "Official KISS Top 40", counting down 40 most played songs on Kiss FM every Sunday 17:00 to 19:00; the UK Singles Chart began to be compiled in 1952.
According to the Official Charts Company's statistics, as of 1 July 2012, 1,200 singles have topped the UK Singles Chart. The precise number of chart-toppers is debatable due to the profusion of competing charts from the 1950s to the 1980s, but the usual list used is that endorsed by the Guinness Book of British Hit Singles and subsequently adopted by the Official Charts Company; the company regards a selected period of the New Musical Express chart and the Record Retailer chart from 1960 to 1969 as predecessors for the period prior to 11 February 1969, where multiples of competing charts coexisted side by side. For example, the BBC compiled its own chart based on an average of the music papers of the time; the first number one on the UK Singles Chart was "Here in My Heart" by Al Martino for the week ending date 14 November 1952. As of the week ending date 18 April 2019, the UK Singles Chart has had 1352 different number-one hits; the current number-one single is "Someone You Loved" by Lewis Capaldi.
Before the compilation of sales of records, the music market measured a song's popularity by sales of sheet music. The idea of compiling a chart based on sales originated in the United States, where the music-trade paper Billboard compiled the first chart incorporating sales figures on 20 July 1940. Record charts in the UK began in 1952, when Percy Dickins of the New Musical Express gathered a pool of 52 stores willing to report sales figures. For the first British chart Dickins telephoned 20 shops, asking for a list of the 10 best-selling songs; these results were aggregated into a Top 12 chart published in NME on 14 November 1952, with Al Martino's "Here in My Heart" awarded the number-one position. The chart became a successful feature of the periodical. Record Mirror compiled its own Top 10 chart for 22 January 1955; the NME chart was based on a telephone poll. Both charts expanded in size, with Mirror's becoming a Top 20 in October 1955 and NME's becoming a Top 30 in April 1956. Another rival publication, Melody Maker, began compiling its own chart.
It was the first chart to include Northern Ireland in its sample. Record Mirror began running a Top 5 album chart in July 1956. In March 1960, Record Retailer had a Top 50 singles chart. Although NME had the largest circulation of charts in the 1960s and was followed, in March 1962 Record Mirror stopped compiling its own chart and published Record Retailer's instead. Retailer began independent auditing in January 1963, has been used by the UK Singles Chart as the source for number-ones since the week ending 12 March 1960; the choice of Record Retailer as the source has been criticised. With available lists of which record shops were sampled to compile the charts some shops were subjected to "hyping" but, with Record Retailer being less followed than some charts, it was subject to less hyping. Additionally, Retailer was set up by independent record shops and had no funding or affiliation with record companies. However, it had a smaller sample size than some ri
Barry McGuire is an American singer-songwriter. He is known for the hit song "Eve of Destruction", as a pioneering singer and songwriter of contemporary Christian music. McGuire was born in Oklahoma City and moved to California in early childhood, when he was two years old. After working as a commercial fisherman, going on to become a journeyman pipe fitter, McGuire got a job singing in a bar. In 1961, he released his first single called "The Tree", not a hit, he formed a duo with Barry Kane called Barry. The new duo folk act performed their own brand of original folk arrangements—noticeably impressive melodies laced with rich harmonies—at The Ice House, a small folk club in Pasadena, California before moving on to The Troubadour in Hollywood in the spring of 1962. At The Troubadour they both joined The New Christy Minstrels, a large folk group performing there, McGuire sang lead vocals on their novelty single "Three Wheels on My Wagon", they continued to perform their separate duo act there as well as performing with The New Christy Minstrels.
Under Horizon Records, they cut their first and only album as Barry & Barry, called Here And Now, which contained songs such as "Gold Wedding Ring", "Land Of Odin", the single "Another Man", "Summer's Over", "You Know My Name", "Bull'Gine Run", "Far Side Of The Hill". It included "If I Had A Hammer", released three months after the release of the same song by folk trio Peter and Mary. In 1963, McGuire, along with Randy Sparks, co-wrote and sang lead vocal on the Christys' first and biggest hit single: "Green, Green." He left the Christys in January 1965, after recording the album Cowboys and Indians, although, on the 1965 album Chim Chim Cher-ee, he sang on the title cut. As a folk rock solo singer in the 1960s, he was best known for his hits "Eve of Destruction" and "Sins of a Family", both written by P. F. Sloan. Barry's other chart successes were "Child of Our Times" and "Cloudy Summer Afternoon". "Eve of Destruction" sold over one million copies, was awarded a gold disc. The album, Eve of Destruction, peaked at No. 37 on the Billboard 200 album chart during the week ending September 25, 1965.
That same week the single went to No. 1 on both the Billboard Hot 100 chart. McGuire was never again to break into the Top 40; the song knocked "Help!" by The Beatles out of the top spot on the chart. According to McGuire, "Eve of Destruction" was recorded in one take on a Thursday morning and he got a call from the record company at 7:00 the next Monday morning, telling him to turn on the radio — his song was playing; the recording includes an "ahhh". The Temptations referenced McGuire's song "Eve of Destruction" in their song "Ball of Confusion"; the album This Precious Time was released in his second with Dunhill Records. It includes a version of "California Dreamin'" with The Mamas & the Papas singing backing vocals. McGuire is mentioned several times in The Mamas & the Papas hit "Creeque Alley". Frank Zappa wrote McGuire's name in the sleeve of his Freak Out! Album as one of his musical influences. McGuire appeared in the 1967 movie The President's Analyst with James Coburn as the character "Old Wrangler" and in Werewolves on Wheels in 1971.
He starred for a year in the Broadway musical Hair in 1968. McGuire became a born-again Christian in 1971 after a brief encounter with evangelist Arthur Blessitt in October 1970. In 1973, he released the album Seeds; this album is notable for the backing vocals provided by the family trio that would become known as the 2nd Chapter of Acts. In 1974, McGuire released his second Jesus music album Lighten Up, which included a remake of "Eve of Destruction", he toured with 2nd Chapter of Acts and "a band called David", in 1975 this collaborative effort resulted in the double live album To the Bride. In 1976, he left Myrrh, joining Sparrow Records, he recorded seven albums on Sparrow, the best known of, Cosmic Cowboy, released in 1978. That year he released a top-selling children's album Bullfrogs and Butterflies for Sparrow's subsidiary label, Birdwing. In 1978, he toured England and Wales with the Jimmy Owens' musical The Witness, in which he played the part of the apostle Peter, a part he played on the studio recording of The Witness.
In the 1980s, McGuire left the music industry, settled for a time in New Zealand with his wife, Mari. He returned to the United States in the 1990s, teaming up with Terry Talbot and recording as Talbot McGuire; the duo released four albums between 1996 and 2000. In 1990, he published a novel co-written with Logan White. A paperback, In the Midst of Wolves, told a story about a group of bikers, he did a brief stint with The New Mamas and the Papas in 1997–1998. As of 2006, he undertook engagements which include a few songs and talks on a mixture of topics, by both McGuire and his wife; the McGuires reside in Fresno, but spend part of every year in New Zealand. On March 12, 2008, McGuire appeared on the Australian music comedy/game show and Specks, performing an updated version of "Eve of Destruction", with new lines such as, "You're old enough to kill / you just started voting" and "... can live for ten years in space". The reference to "Red China" was removed. In 2009, McGuire released "Eve 2012", w
The Wrecking Crew (music)
The Wrecking Crew was a loose collective of session musicians based in Los Angeles whose services were employed for thousands of studio recordings in the 1960s and early 1970s, including several hundred Top 40 hits. The musicians were not publicly recognized in their era, but were viewed with reverence by industry insiders, they are now considered one of the most successful and prolific session recording units in music history. Most of the players associated with the Wrecking Crew had formal backgrounds in jazz or classical music; the group had no official name in its active years, it remains a subject of contention whether or not they were referred to as "the Wrecking Crew" at the time. Drummer Hal Blaine popularized the name in his 1990 memoir, attributing it to older musicians who felt that the group's embrace of rock and roll was going to "wreck" the music industry; some of Blaine's colleagues corroborated his account, while guitarist/bassist Carol Kaye contended that they were called "The Clique".
Another unofficial name was "The First Call Gang", sometimes used in the 1950s for an early version of the group headed by bassist Ray Pohlman which featured some of the same musicians. The unit coalesced in the early 1960s as the de facto house band for Phil Spector and helped realize his Wall of Sound production style, they subsequently became the most requested session musicians in Los Angeles, playing behind many popular recording artists such as Jan & Dean, Sonny & Cher, the Mamas & the Papas, the 5th Dimension, Frank Sinatra, Nancy Sinatra. The musicians were sometimes used as "ghost players" on recordings credited to rock groups, such as the Byrds' debut rendition of Bob Dylan's "Mr. Tambourine Man", the first two albums by the Monkees, the Beach Boys' 1966 album Pet Sounds; the Wrecking Crew's contributions to so many hit recordings went unnoticed until the publication of Blaine's memoir and the attention that followed. Keyboardist Leon Russell and guitarist Glen Campbell were members who became popular solo acts, while Blaine is reputed to have played on more than 140 top-ten hits, including 40 number-one hits.
Other musicians who formed the unit's ranks were drummer Earl Palmer, saxophonist Steve Douglas, guitarist Tommy Tedesco, keyboardist Larry Knechtel, who became a member of Bread. Blaine and Palmer were among the inaugural "sidemen" inductees to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2000, the entire Wrecking Crew was inducted into the Musicians Hall of Fame and Museum in 2007. In 2008, they were the subject of the documentary The Wrecking Crew. In the era when the Wrecking Crew was in demand, session players were active in local recording scenes concentrated in places such as New York City, Memphis and Muscle Shoals, as well as Los Angeles, the Wrecking Crew's base of operations; each local scene had its circle of "A-list" session musicians, such as The Nashville A-Team that played on numerous country and rock hits of the era, the two groups of musicians in Memphis, the Memphis Boys and the musicians who backed Stax/Volt recordings, the Funk Brothers in Detroit, who played on many Motown recordings.
At the time, multi-tracking equipment, though common, was less elaborate, instrumental backing tracks were recorded "hot" with an ensemble playing live in the studio. Musicians had to be available "on call" when producers needed a part to fill a last-minute time slot. Los Angeles was considered the top recording destination in the United States—consequently studios were booked around the clock, session time was sought after and expensive. Songs had to be recorded in the fewest possible takes. In this environment, Los Angeles producers and record executives had little patience for needless expense or wasted time and depended on the service of reliable standby musicians who could be counted on to record in a variety of styles with minimal practice or takes, deliver hits on short order; the Wrecking Crew were the "go to" session musicians in Los Angeles during this era. Its members were musically versatile but had formal backgrounds in jazz or classical music, were exceptional at sight reading.
The talent of this group of "first call" players was used in every style of recording, including television theme songs, film scores, advertising jingles and many genres of American popular music from the Monkees to Bing Crosby. Several of the Los Angeles recording studios in which the Wrecking Crew appeared were Gold Star Studios, United Western Recorders built by Bill Putnam, Capitol Records' studios located at their tower on Vine Street, Columbia Records' Los Angeles complex, the RCA recording facility, located on Sunset Boulevard near Wallichs Music City, a music store that supplied instruments for L. A. session players. Like all session musicians who worked in Los Angeles, the Wrecking Crew's members belonged to the American Federation of Musicians, Local 47, which represented their interests in areas such as pay scale and enforcement of regulations; the name "Wrecking Crew" was popularized by drummer and member Hal Blaine in his 1990 memoir, Hal Blaine and the Wrecking Crew. Though the unit did not have an official moniker during their years of activity, Blaine has stated that the term was sometimes used disparagingly in the early 1960s by members of the industry's old guard of "coat and tie" session players, who felt that, with their penchant for wearing "t-shirts and jeans" to sessions and their embrace of rock and roll, they were going to "wreck" the music industry.
According to biographer Kent Hartman, "Some of the studio musicians I interviewed swear they heard it applied to themselves as early as 1963. One says it was never used at all". Blaine's memoirs, the
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Where Were You When I Needed You
Where Were You When I Needed You is the debut studio album by the American rock band The Grass Roots, released in October 1966 by Dunhill Records. Most of the album is performed by the songwriter/producer duo of P. F. Sloan and Steve Barri; some of the album features members of a San Francisco band. The members who recorded are vocalist drummer Joel Larson; the A and B side singles released are "Mr. Jones", "You're a Lonely Girl", "Where Were You When I Needed You", " Bad Times", "Only When You're Lonely", "This Is What I Was Made For", Tip of My Tongue" and "Look Out Girl". Sloan and Barri had written the song "Where Were You When I Needed You" for the Hermans Hermits movie Hold On! The Hermits chose not to release the song as the follow-up single to the Sloan and Barri song, "A Must to Avoid". Sloan and Barri persuaded their boss, Dunhill Records head Lou Adler, to let them record a single version of the song in 1965; the demo received a favorable review. However, Dunhill insisted that they find a "real group" to tour as the Grass Roots, since they were too valuable to Dunhill as songwriters for the label to allow them to perform live concerts or make TV appearances.
Sloan and Barri chose a San Francisco band to become the Grass Roots. The band consisted of lead singer/lead guitarist Fulton, rhythm guitarist Denny Ellis, bassist David Stensen and drummer Larson; the band had no shortage of live performances, as they became a resident band at the Los Angeles club "The Trip" and made frequent appearances at San Francisco's Avalon Ballroom. They supported the Dunhill artists The Mamas and the Papas, Johnny Rivers and Barry McGuire on their TV performances. However, with the exception of Fulton's vocals and Larson on drums, they did not appear on the Grass Roots records, which featured Sloan and various session musicians; the band's single version of Bob Dylan's "Ballad of a Thin Man" only reached the lower reaches of the Billboard Magazine charts, peaking at #121 in late 1965. A new single of "Where Were You When I Needed You", with Fulton's voice replacing Sloan's as the lead vocal, was released in June 1966 and reached the Top 40, peaking at #28, but that success was too late for the band members, who were frustrated by Dunhill's reluctance to let them record as a band.
Although much of the first album had been recorded at that time, the band decided to return to San Francisco in early 1966. After the band quit, Sloan once again took over as lead singer of the Grass Roots sessions, as he had been on the original demos. Sloan stated that Dunhill policy at the time required albums to include "other people's hits" that "they were trying to get into stores", why the album does not only feature Sloan and Barri originals; because there was no longer a band for TV appearances or live concerts and Barri were never able to continue the success of "Where Were You When I Needed You". The twelve track vinyl album featured three songs sung by Fulton and the rest by Sloan, including Sloan's single version of "Where Were You When I Needed You", it failed to chart. Fulton was guitarist and vocalist in Tower of Power on their albums East Bay Grease, Bump City and Power. Larson played with Gene Clark, The Merry-Go-Round, The Turtles and Lee Michaels before returning to the Grass Roots in 1971.
Ellis and Stensen joined a San Francisco group named The Serpent Power led by Beat poet David Meltzer and his wife Tina. They released a self-titled album in 1967. In 1994, the original CD version of the album was released on Varèse Sarabande, it included six bonus tracks. Five were sung by Fulton and one titled "Tip of My Tongue" by Sloan; this CD version of the album included a total of ten songs sung by Sloan and eight songs sung by Fulton. In 2005, an English CD reissue on Rev-Ola Records included all of the previous tracks plus two more bonus tracks, they were the second and third vocal versions of "Where Were You When I Needed You" sung by Fulton first and by the most famous Grass Roots lead singer Rob Grill. Since the original demo of "Where Were You When I Needed You" the song has been covered by other artists, they include Herman's Hermits, Tommy Roe, Del Shannon, The Hitmakers and The Bangles. All songs written by P. F. Sloan and Steve Barri except as noted. "Only When You're Lonely" – 3:09 "Look Out Girl" - 2:16 "Ain't That Lovin' You, Baby" ** - 2:48 "I've Got No More to Say" - 2:47 "I Am a Rock" - 3:01 "Lollipop Train" - 3:09 "Where Were You When I Needed You" - 3:01 "You Didn't Have to Be So Nice" - 2:19 "Tell Me" ** - 3:24 "You Baby" - 2:20 "This Is What I Was Made For" - 2:22 "Mr. Jones" ** - 2:54 "You're a Lonely Girl"** - 2:21 " Bad Times"** - 3:04 "Tip of My Tongue" - 2:32 "You've Got to Hide Your Love Away" ** - 2:50 "Hitch Hike" ** - 2:39 "Eve of Destruction" ** - 3:35 "Where Were You When I Needed You" ** - 3:01 "Where Were You When I Needed You" - 2:59 P.
F. Sloan - lead and backing vocals, guitars, co-producer Steve Barri - backing vocals, percussion, co-producer Willie Fulton - lead vocals on songs marked ** Joel Larson - drums Bones Howe - drums Larry Knechtel - keyboards Session musicians – various instruments
Lester Louis Adler is a Grammy Award-winning American record producer, music executive, talent manager, film director, film producer, co-owner of the famous Roxy Theatre in West Hollywood, California. Adler has produced and developed a number of iconic musical artists, including Carole King, Jan & Dean, The Mamas & the Papas and The Grass Roots. King's Diamond-certified album Tapestry, produced by Adler, won the 1972 Grammy Award for Album of the Year, is considered one of the greatest rock & roll albums of all time. Adler was an executive producer of The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running theatrical film in history, he discovered and produced comedy albums and films for Cheech & Chong. In 2006, Adler was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his achievements in music, he was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 2013 as the winner, alongside Quincy Jones, of the Ahmet Ertegun Award. Adler was born to a Jewish family, the son of Manny and Josephine Adler in Chicago, Illinois in 1933 and raised in the Boyle Heights section of Los Angeles, California.
His career in music began alongside Herb Alpert, of Jan & Dean. Adler and Alpert transitioned from managing into songwriting, composing the song "River Rock" in 1958 for Bob "Froggy" Landers and The Cough Drops, "Wonderful World" with Sam Cooke. In 1964, Adler founded Dunhill Records, he was President and chief record producer of the label from 1964 to 1967. During this time, Adler signed The Mamas & the Papas to Dunhill, producing six top-five hits for the group, including "California Dreamin'" and "Monday, Monday". Dunhill reached #1 on the pop charts with Barry McGuire's single "Eve of Destruction". Through additional efforts by co-producers and songwriting duo P. F. Sloan and Steve Barri, the label reached #8 on the pop charts with The Grass Roots single "Let's Live for Today". Capitalizing on Dunhill's success, Adler sold the label to ABC in 1967 and founded Ode Records, to which he signed Carole King, Cheech & Chong, Scott McKenzie, Peggy Lipton, others. Adler produced all of King's albums on Ode, which include four Gold, one Platinum, one Diamond certified albums by the RIAA.
King's second album for Ode, sold more than 25 million copies worldwide, is considered one of the greatest albums of all time. Adler's work on Tapestry garnered him two Grammy Awards in 1972: Record of the Year and Album of the Year. In addition to work with his own label's artists, Adler produced a number of live albums for Johnny Rivers. In June 1967, Adler helped to produce the Monterey International Pop Festival, as well as the film version, Monterey Pop. In 1975, Adler served as executive producer of the cult classic The Rocky Horror Picture Show. After seeing The Rocky Horror Show at a theater in London, Adler bought the American rights to the show, presented it live in Los Angeles, executive-produced the film version; the movie went on to become the longest-running theatrical film in history. In 1978, Adler directed the movie Up In starring Cheech & Chong; the movie remains a cult hit, in 2000 Adler recorded a commentary track along with Cheech Marin for the DVD release. His 1981 film and Gentlemen, The Fabulous Stains, did not make a large impact upon release but has enjoyed a long life on cable TV broadcasts.
In 1981, Adler executive produced the follow-up to The Rocky Horror Picture Show, Shock Treatment. Adler was produced several of her songs, they separated in 1966 but were not formally divorced until 1980. In 1973 he fathered Nic Adler, with actress Britt Ekland. In 1978 he fathered Cisco Adler, with then-girlfriend Phyllis Somer. Today, Adler is married to three decades his junior; the couple has four sons: Manny, Ike and Oscar. Adler can be seen sitting courtside next to Jack Nicholson at Los Angeles Lakers home games. Adler owns The Roxy Theatre with his son Nic, who operates the historic music venue on the Sunset Strip in West Hollywood, California. Peter Fonda based his character Terry Valentine in The Limey on Adler. In 1976, Adler and his administrative assistant were kidnapped; the two men were released after $25,000 in ransom money was paid. Three suspects were arrested and sheriff's deputies recovered $14,900 of the ransom money. Two suspects were convicted and one suspect was sentenced to life in prison.
The following is a list of albums produced by Lou Adler: The following is a list of films produced and/or directed by Lou Adler: Monterey Pop - producer Brewster McCloud - producer The Rocky Horror Picture Show - executive producer Up in Smoke - director, producer Shock Treatment - executive producer Ladies and Gentlemen, The Fabulous Stains - director Murphy's Romance - music producer American Me - executive producer Cheech & Chong's Animated Movie - producer The Rocky Horror Picture Show: Let's Do the Time Warp Again - producer Lou Adler on IMDb Lou Adler at AllMusic Musicguide Bio "Lou Adler". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame; the Pop Chronicles interviewed Adler on 1.1.1968. The Grass Roots Official Site
The Grass Roots
The Grass Roots is an American rock band that charted between 1966 and 1975. The band was the creation of Lou Adler and songwriting duo P. F. Sloan and Steve Barri. In their career, they achieved two gold albums, one gold single and charted singles on the Billboard Hot 100 a total of 21 times. Among their charting singles, they achieved Top 10 three times, Top 20 three times and Top 40 eight times, they have sold over 20 million records worldwide. Until his death in 2011, early member Rob Grill and a newer lineup of the Grass Roots continued to play many live performances each year. Since 2012, band members chosen by Grill are carrying on the legacy of the group with nationwide live performances; the name "Grass Roots" originated in mid-1965 as the name of a band project by the Los Angeles songwriter and producer duo of P. F. Sloan and Steve Barri. Sloan and Barri had written several songs in an attempt by their record company, Dunhill Records, to cash in on the budding folk rock movement. One of these songs was "Where Were You When I Needed You,", recorded by Sloan and Barri.
Sloan provided the lead vocals and played guitar, Larry Knechtel played keyboards, Joe Osborn played the bass and Bones Howe was on drums. The song was released under "The Grass Roots" name and sent, as a demo, to several radio stations of the San Francisco Bay area; when moderate interest in this new band arose and Barri went to look for a group that could incorporate the Grass Roots name. They found one, The Bedouins, in a San Francisco band that won a Battle of the Bands at a Teenage Fair in San Mateo, California. A new version of "Where Were You When I Needed You" with that band's lead vocalist, Willie Fulton was recorded. In late 1965, the Grass Roots got their first official airplay on Southern California radio stations, such as KGB in San Diego and KHJ in Los Angeles, with a version of the Bob Dylan song "Mr. Jones". Dylan granted Sloan the opportunity to cover the song after Sloan showed appreciation for his first listen to Dylan's demo acetate of the song. For some months, the group appeared.
They were utilized by Dunhill to back up The Mamas & the Papas and Barry McGuire and became a house band at The Trip nightclub in Hollywood. The partnership with Sloan and Barri broke up when the band demanded more space for their own more blues rock-oriented material. Willie Fulton, Denny Ellis, David Stensen went back to San Francisco, with drummer Joel Larson being the only one who remained in Los Angeles. Fulton and Stensen continued to appear as the Grass Roots, with original Bedouins drummer Bill Shoppe, until Dunhill ordered them to cease since they decided to start all over again with another group they would groom to be the Grass Roots. In the meantime, the second version of "Where Were You When I Needed You" peaked in the Top 40 in mid-1966, while an album of the same name sold poorly. Still looking for a group to record their material and promote it with live dates, in 1966 Sloan and Barri offered Wisconsin-based band The Robbs a chance to assume the identity of the Grass Roots, but the group declined.
The group's third – and by far most successful – incarnation was found in a Los Angeles band called The 13th Floor. This band consisted of Creed Bratton, Rick Coonce, Warren Entner, Kenny Fukomoto and had formed only a year earlier. Entner, attending film school at UCLA alongside future Doors members Jim Morrison and Ray Manzarek, was drifting through Europe in the summer of 1965 singing and playing on street corners, when he met fellow busker and American Creed Bratton in Israel, where an Israeli businessman expressed interest in managing and promoting them, but the duo moved on individually and ended up back in LA by 1966, where they formed the 13th Floor and submitted a demo tape to Dunhill Records. After Fukomoto was drafted into the army, the group went through two replacements before finding singer/bassist Rob Grill. In 1967 the band was offered the choice to go with their own name or choose to adopt a name, heard of nationwide. In the beginning, they were one of many U. S. guitar pop/rock bands, but with the help of Barri and their other producers, they developed a unique sound for which they drew as on British beat as on soul music and blues and folk rock.
Many of their recordings featured a brass section, a novelty in those days among American rock bands, with groups like Chicago just developing. The bulk of the band's material continued to be written by Dunhill Records staff and the LA studio-musicians who were part of what became known as the Wrecking Crew played the music on most, if not all, of their hits; the Grass Roots recorded songs written by the group's musicians, which appeared on their albums and the B-sides of many hit singles. As the Grass Roots, they had their first Top 10 hit in the summer of 1967 with "Let's Live for Today", an English-language cover version of "Piangi con me", a 1966 hit for the Anglo-Italian quartet The Rokes. "Let's Live for Today" was awarded a gold disc. With Rob Grill as lead singer, they recorded a third version of "Where Were You When I Needed You." The band continued in a similar hit-making vein for the next five years. The Grass Roots played at the Fantasy Fair and M