Kathleen H. Liebert is an American professional poker player. Liebert started her professional poker career as a prop player in Colorado, she would go on to enter tournaments and she won the first Party Poker Million event in 2002, the first limit poker tournament with a $1 million prize. She has made six World Poker Tour final tables, including a third-place finish in the 2005 Borgata Poker Open, making her the highest finishing woman on the WPT until a runner-up finish by J. J. Liu in the 2007 Bay 101 Shooting Stars tournament. Liebert went on to tie the record at the 2009 Shooting Stars tournament, placing second to Steve Brecher in the longest final table in WPT history, her record was broken on March 5, 2008, when Van Nguyen became the first woman to win a televised WPT mixed event at the WPT Invitational in Commerce, California. At the 2004 World Series of Poker, Liebert won a gold bracelet in a $1,500 Limit Texas hold'em Shootout event, she was one of three women to win an open event in that year's WSOP.
Liebert appeared on and won the series 2005 Poker Royale: Battle of the Sexes. After being eliminated from the World Speed Poker Open in London in September 2005, Kathy provided commentary on the final table alongside Gary Jones. On June 1, 2008, Liebert made the final table of the $10,000 Pot-Limit Hold'em World Championship at the 2008 World Series of Poker and finished in 3rd place, earning $306,064; as of 2017, she has one World Series of Poker bracelet and her total live tournament winnings exceed $6,175,000. Liebert now resides in Las Vegas and Downey, California. Official site
Poker is a family of card games that combines gambling and skill. All poker variants involve betting as an intrinsic part of play, determine the winner of each hand according to the combinations of players' cards, at least some of which remain hidden until the end of the hand. Poker games vary in the number of cards dealt, the number of shared or "community" cards, the number of cards that remain hidden, the betting procedures. In most modern poker games the first round of betting begins with one or more of the players making some form of a forced bet. In standard poker, each player bets according to the rank they believe their hand is worth as compared to the other players; the action proceeds clockwise as each player in turn must either match the maximum previous bet, or fold, losing the amount bet so far and all further involvement in the hand. A player who matches a bet may "raise" the bet; the betting round ends when all players folded. If all but one player folds on any round, the remaining player collects the pot without being required to reveal their hand.
If more than one player remains in contention after the final betting round, a showdown takes place where the hands are revealed, the player with the winning hand takes the pot. With the exception of initial forced bets, money is only placed into the pot voluntarily by a player who either believes the bet has positive expected value or, trying to bluff other players for various strategic reasons. Thus, while the outcome of any particular hand involves chance, the long-run expectations of the players are determined by their actions chosen on the basis of probability and game theory. Poker has increased in popularity since the beginning of the 20th century and has gone from being a recreational activity confined to small groups of enthusiasts to a popular activity, both for participants and spectators, including online, with many professional players and multimillion-dollar tournament prizes. Poker was developed sometime during the early 19th century in the United States. Since those early beginnings, the game has grown to become an popular pastime worldwide.
In the 1937 edition of Foster's Complete Hoyle, R. F. Foster wrote: "the game of poker, as first played in the United States, five cards to each player from a twenty-card pack, is undoubtedly the Persian game of As-Nas." By the 1990s some gaming historians including David Parlett started to challenge the notion that poker is a direct derivative of As-Nas. Developments in the 1970s led to poker becoming far more popular. Modern tournament play became popular in American casinos after the World Series of Poker began, in 1970. In casual play, the right to deal a hand rotates among the players and is marked by a token called a dealer button. In a casino, a house dealer handles the cards for each hand, but the button is rotated clockwise among the players to indicate a nominal dealer to determine the order of betting; the cards are dealt clockwise around one at a time. One or more players are required to make forced bets either an ante or a blind bet; the dealer shuffles the cards, the player on the chair to his or her right cuts, the dealer deals the appropriate number of cards to the players one at a time, beginning with the player to his or her left.
Cards may be dealt depending on the variant of poker being played. After the initial deal, the first of what may be several betting rounds begins. Between rounds, the players' hands develop in some way by being dealt additional cards or replacing cards dealt. At the end of each round, all bets are gathered into the central pot. At any time during a betting round, if one player bets, no opponents choose to call the bet, all opponents instead fold, the hand ends the bettor is awarded the pot, no cards are required to be shown, the next hand begins; this is. Bluffing is a primary feature of poker, one that distinguishes it from other vying games and from other games that make use of poker hand rankings. At the end of the last betting round, if more than one player remains, there is a showdown, in which the players reveal their hidden cards and evaluate their hands; the player with the best hand according to the poker variant being played wins the pot. A poker hand comprises five cards. Poker variations are played where a "low hand" may be the best desired hand.
In other words, when playing a poker variant with "low poker" the best hand is one that contains the lowest cards. So while the "majority" of poker game variations are played "high hand", where the best high "straight, flush etc." wins, there are poker variations where the "worst hand" wins, such as "low ball, acey-ducey, high-lo split etc. game variations". To summarize, there can be variations that are "high poker", "low poker", "high low split". In the case of "high low split" the pot is divided among low hand. Poker has many variations, all following a similar pattern of play and using the same hand ranking hierarchy. There are four main families of variants grouped by the protocol of card-dealing and betting: Straight A complete hand is dealt to each player, players bet in one round, with raising and re-raising allowed; this is the oldest poker family.
2008 World Series of Poker
The 2008 World Series of Poker was the 39th annual World Series of Poker. Held in Las Vegas, Nevada at the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino, the series began on May 30, 2008, featured 55 poker championships in several variants. All events but the $10,000 World Championship No Limit Texas hold'em Main Event, the most prestigious of the WSOP events, ended by July 15; as has been the WSOP custom since 1976, each of the event winners received a championship bracelet in addition to that event's prize money, which ranged from $87,929 to $9,119,517. Highlights of the 2008 series include the selection of Erick Lindgren, who won a bracelet and made three final tables, as recipient of the "Player of the Year Award". Nikolay Evdakov led all players with a record 10 money finishes, Phil Hellmuth set a WSOP record of 41 career final tables; the Main Event, which began with 6,844 participants, was suspended once the event was down to the nine players needed for the final table. This year was the first in which the Main Event was suspended in this fashion, a change introduced at ESPN's request to allow the television network to do a same-day Main Event broadcast.
In a stunning statistical improbability, Justin Phillips knocked out Motoyuki Mabuchi in the Main Event. Phillips held a Royal Flush and Mabuchi held quad aces. One of the broadcasters, Lon McEachern, mentioned on air that the chances of such a showdown occurring were 1:2.7 billion. Ray Romano had just sat down at the table. Nikolay Evdakov set a WSOP record for most cashes at a single World Series with 10; the previous record of eight was held by five players: Chris Ferguson, Phil Hellmuth, Humberto Brenes, Michael Binger, Chad Brown. Evdakov's achievement represents the most cashes by a player at one WSOP without reaching a single final table. Hellmuth, who made two final tables, established a new WSOP career record of 41 final tables, two more than T. J. Cloutier. Scotty Nguyen became the first player to hold both a Main Event and a $50,000 H. O. R. S. E World Championship bracelet. Several nationals were the first from their country to win bracelets. Brazilian Alexandre Gomes won Event 48 to become the first South American player to win a WSOP bracelet since Ecuadorian-born Carlos Mortensen won the 2001 Main Event.
Rob Hollink won Event 30, becoming the first Dutch WSOP bracelet winner, Davidi Kitai won Event 38, becoming the first Belgian player to win a bracelet. The 2008 Main Event final table took 15 hours and 28 minutes to play, beating the previous record of 14 hours and 2 minutes in 2005; the $10,000 World Championship No Limit Texas Hold'em Main Event began on July 3 with the first of four starting days. After reaching the final table of nine players on July 14, the final table was delayed until November 9; this change in schedule was made to allow ESPN to broadcast the final table on November 11, shortly after it was played. All final table players were paid ninth place prize money in July, with the remaining prize pool distributed in November. Instead of the Amazon Room, aka "the Poker Room," where all of the events were held, the final table would be held in the Penn and Teller Theatre. On November 9, players played down from nine to two and the winner was decided the next night; the final table consisted of 274 hands in total.
After a large decrease in Main Event participants in 2007 compared to 2006, the number increased in 2008 but was still far from the 2006 number. As in 2007, the payout structure is flatter than in 2006 and before, with the lowest payouts at $21,230, as compared to $10,616 in 2006; the "last woman standing" in the 2008 Main Event was Tiffany Michelle. Celebrities best known from television and professional sports, among other areas participated, with two placing in the money; the list includes: Out in Day 1: Jason Alexander, Nick Cannon, José Canseco, Jeff Fenech, Larry Flynt, Forrest Griffin, Orel Hershiser, Chuck Liddell, Brad May, Mekhi Phifer, Sam Simon, Jennifer Tilly, David Wells. Out in Day 2: Paul Azinger, Bruce Buffer, Shannon Elizabeth, Sully Erna, Ray Romano. Out in Day 3: Andy Griggs, Shane Warne. Out in Day 4: Steve Davis. Out in Day 5: Kara Scott. *Career statistics prior to the beginning of the 2008 Main Event At the age of 22, Peter Eastgate became the youngest Main Event winner, surpassing Phil Hellmuth, 24 when he won in 1989 and became the first European to capture the title since Carlos Mortensen won in 2001.
His winning hand was a five high straight known as a "wheel", made from his hole cards A♦ 5♠ and three of the community cards which were 2♦ K♠ 3♥ 4♣ 7♠, while his opponent Ivan Demidov lost with 4♥ 2♥ for two pair. NB: This list is restricted to top 30 finishers with an existing Wikipedia entry. Twenty past WSOP Main Event champions, representing 22 bracelets, participated in the 2008 Main Event. Two champions from the late 1980s finished in the money: Johnny Chan placed 329th for $32,166, Phil Hellmuth finished 45th for $154,400
Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian. Canada is a multilingual and multicultural society home to people of many different ethnic and national origins, with the majority of the population made up of Old World immigrants and their descendants. Following the initial period of French and the much larger British colonization, different waves of immigration and settlement of non-indigenous peoples took place over the course of nearly two centuries and continue today. Elements of Indigenous, French and more recent immigrant customs and religions have combined to form the culture of Canada, thus a Canadian identity. Canada has been influenced by its linguistic and economic neighbour—the United States. Canadian independence from the United Kingdom grew over the course of many years since the formation of the Canadian Confederation in 1867.
World War I and World War II in particular, gave rise to a desire among Canadians to have their country recognized as a fully-fledged sovereign state with a distinct citizenship. Legislative independence was established with the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Canadian Citizenship Act of 1946 took effect on January 1, 1947, full sovereignty was achieved with the patriation of the constitution in 1982. Canada's nationality law mirrored that of the United Kingdom. Legislation since the mid-20th century represents Canadians' commitment to multilateralism and socioeconomic development; as of 2010, Canadians make up only 0.5% of the world's total population, having relied upon immigration for population growth and social development. 41% of current Canadians are first- or second-generation immigrants, 20% of Canadian residents in the 2000s were not born in the country. Statistics Canada projects that, by 2031, nearly one-half of Canadians above the age of 15 will be foreign-born or have one foreign-born parent.
Indigenous peoples, according to the 2011 Canadian Census, numbered at 1,400,685 or 4.3% of the country's 33,476,688 population. While the first contact with Europeans and indigenous peoples in Canada had occurred a century or more before, the first group of permanent settlers were the French, who founded the New France settlements, in present-day Quebec and Ontario. 100 Irish-born families would settle the Saint Lawrence Valley by 1700, assimilating into the Canadien population and culture. During the 18th and 19th century; this arrival of newcomers led to the creation of the Métis, an ethnic group of mixed European and First Nations parentage. The British conquest of New France was preceded by a small number of Germans and Swedes who settled alongside the Scottish in Port Royal, Nova Scotia, while some Irish immigrated to the Colony of Newfoundland. In the wake of the British Conquest of 1760 and the Expulsion of the Acadians, many families from the British colonies in New England moved over into Nova Scotia and other colonies in Canada, where the British made farmland available to British settlers on easy terms.
More settlers arrived during and after the American Revolutionary War, when 60,000 United Empire Loyalists fled to British North America, a large portion of whom settled in New Brunswick. After the War of 1812, British and Irish immigration was encouraged throughout Rupert's Land, Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Between 1815 and 1850, some 800,000 immigrants came to the colonies of British North America from the British Isles as part of the Great Migration of Canada; these new arrivals included some Gaelic-speaking Highland Scots displaced by the Highland Clearances to Nova Scotia. The Irish Potato Famine of the 1840s increased the pace of Irish immigration to Prince Edward Island and the Province of Canada, with over 35,000 distressed individuals landing in Toronto in 1847 and 1848. Descendants of Francophone and Anglophone northern Europeans who arrived in the 17th, 18th, 19th centuries are referred to as Old Stock Canadians. Beginning in the late 1850s, the immigration of Chinese into the Colony of Vancouver Island and Colony of British Columbia peaked with the onset of the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush.
The Chinese Immigration Act placed a head tax on all Chinese immigrants, in hopes of discouraging Chinese immigration after completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The population of Canada has risen, doubling every 40 years, since the establishment of the Canadian Confederation in 1867. In the mid-to-late 19th century, Canada had a policy of assisting immigrants from Europe, including an estimated 100,000 unwanted "Home Children" from Britain. Block settlement communities were established throughout western Canada between the late 19th and early 20th centuries; some were planned and others were spontaneously created by the settlers themselves. Canada was now receiving a large number of European immigrants, predominantly Italians, Scandinavians, Dutch and Ukrainians. Legislative restrictions on immigration that had favoured British and other European immigrants were a
Jennifer C. Harman is an American professional poker player, she has won two World Series of Poker bracelets in open events, one of only three women to have done so. Harman won her first World Series of Poker bracelet in 2000 at the No Limit Deuce to Seven Lowball Event, she had never played that game prior to the event, but received a five-minute tutoring session from Howard Lederer before playing. She won her second WSOP bracelet in 2002 at the $5K Limit Texas hold'em event, she was the first woman to hold two bracelets in WSOP open events, joined by Vanessa Selbst in 2012 and Loni Harwood in 2015. In 2004, Harman took a year away from poker to have her second kidney transplant. Problems with her kidneys – shared by her sister and mother, who died from the same illness when Harman was 17 – had plagued her since her childhood. Since her return to the poker tournament circuit, Harman has finished 4th at the World Poker Tour Five-Diamond World Poker Classic, 5th in the inaugural Professional Poker Tour event, 2nd in the WSOP Circuit Championship Event at the Rio.
Harman authored the limit hold'em chapter for Super System II. Harman is the only woman, a regular player in the "Big Game" at Bobby's Room, the high-stakes cash game at the Bellagio, she was an active participant in "The Corporation", a group of high-stakes poker players who played Andy Beal for limits of up to $100,000/$200,000. Harman has appeared on the GSN series High Stakes Poker and on the NBC series Poker After Dark, where she won Week 8's tournament. In 2007, Harman finished as runner-up in the inaugural World Series of Poker Europe, where she lost in the HORSE event to Thomas Bihl. Harman was a member of "Team Full Tilt" at Full Tilt Poker; as of 2016, her total live tournament winnings exceed $2,700,000. $1,022,174 of her total winnings have come from cashes at the WSOP. Although Harman has had success in tournament poker, most of her wealth and prestige has come from playing in high stakes cash games. Harman starred in the American reality television series Sin City Rules on TLC, she appeared in the 2007 Warner Bros. film Lucky You.
In 2015, she was inducted into the Poker Hall of Fame. In 2004, Harman took a year off from poker to have her second kidney transplant, she founded Creating Organ Donation Awareness, a non-profit organization to raise money for the cause. Harman is a frequent charity poker tournament host. In March 2009, she organized a number of poker celebrities including ESPN analyst Lon McEachern and Howard Lederer in a two-day event that raised $111,000 for the National Kidney Foundation with the help of Curtis and Co Watches and Dream Team Poker. Harman is an active fundraiser for the Nevada Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, for which she has raised hundreds of thousands of dollars through live tournaments and online tournaments at Full Tilt. In April 2009, she hosted the 3rd annual Jennifer Harman Charity Poker Tournament at the Venetian poker room in Las Vegas; the tournament has raised over half a million dollars and, in the past, has featured prizes such as a seat at the World Series of Poker Main Event, dinner with Jennifer and Pete Rose.
Harman was married to stylist Marco Traniello. They have twin boys. Traniello and Harman have since divorced. PokerListings.com Player Profile
Cycalona "Clonie" Gowen is an American professional poker player, based in Dallas, Texas. Gowen was born in Florida, grew up in Kiowa, Oklahoma, her first name was inspired by the fact. She won Miss Teen McAlester, Oklahoma, at age 15, as a teenager moved to Corsicana, Texas, she placed seventh in state high jump. Gowen was introduced to poker by her boyfriend's father, started playing while living in Dallas, driving to Shreveport, Louisiana, on the weekends, she finished tenth in a World Poker Tour event in late 2002, before gaining national recognition in 2003, winning the televised WPT Ladies' Night event. Over the next five years, Gowen added ten more top-40 finishes in WPT and World Series of Poker events, she has not been active in tournament events since a high finish in the 2009 Aussie Millions in January 2009. Gowen served as a guest commentator for the Ultimate Poker Challenge, The Gaming Club World Poker Championship and the 888.com Women's Poker UK Open. She was a regular columnist for All In magazine.
She hosted tournaments and charity events and was a partner in a poker school. In 2007 and 2008, Gowen played in five different episodes/games of the first four seasons of Poker After Dark, a production of gaming company Full Tilt Poker, airing on NBC as a series of televised cash poker games. Gowen finished with second most in a fourth game. Gowen was an inaugural member of "Team Full Tilt", a group of professional poker players sponsored by, promoting, the Full Tilt Poker online site. In early November 2008, a few weeks before season five of Poker After Dark began taping, Gowen was released by Full Tilt Poker, was not invited to the final three seasons of the Poker After Dark series. In late November 2008, Gowen filed a lawsuit against a company associated with Full Tilt Poker. Filed in a Nevada court against software company Tiltware LLC, the suit sought damages of $40 million for breach of contract regarding a 1% ownership share, among other things; the suit was dismissed by a trial court, but partly reinstated on appeal—though no final outcome has been publicized as of 2014.
As of 2014, having not returned to tournament play since a few weeks after filing her 2008 lawsuit, Gowen's total live tournament winnings stand at nearly $1,640,000
Cue sports known as billiard sports, are a wide variety of games of skill played with a cue stick, used to strike billiard balls and thereby cause them to move around a cloth-covered billiards table bounded by elastic bumpers known as cushions. The umbrella term was billiards. While that familiar name is still employed by some as a generic label for all such games, the word's usage has splintered into more exclusive competing meanings in various parts of the world. For example, in British and Australian English, "billiards" refers to the game of English billiards, while in American and Canadian English it is sometimes used to refer to a particular game or class of games, or to all cue games in general, depending upon dialect and context. In colloquial usage, the term "billiards" may be used colloquially to refer to pocket billiards games, such as pool, snooker, or Russian pyramid. There are 3 major subdivisions of games within cue sports: Carom billiards, referring to games played on tables without pockets 10 feet in length, including balkline and straight rail, cushion caroms, three-cushion billiards, artistic billiards and four-ball Pool, covering numerous pocket billiards games played on six-pocket tables of 7-, 8-, or 9-foot length, including among others eight-ball, nine-ball, ten-ball, straight pool, one-pocket, bank pool Snooker, English billiards and Russian pyramid, games played on a billiards table with six pockets called a snooker table, all of which are classified separately from pool based on a separate historical development, as well as a separate culture and terminology that characterize their play.
There are other variants that make use of obstacles and targets, table-top games played with disks instead of balls. Billiards has a long and rich history stretching from its inception in the 15th century, to the wrapping of the body of Mary, Queen of Scots, in her billiard table cover in 1586, through its many mentions in the works of Shakespeare, including the famous line "let's to billiards" in Antony and Cleopatra, through the many famous enthusiasts of the sport such as: Mozart, Louis XIV of France, Marie Antoinette, Immanuel Kant, Abraham Lincoln, Mark Twain, George Washington, French president Jules Grévy, Charles Dickens, George Armstrong Custer, Theodore Roosevelt, Lewis Carroll, W. C. Fields, Babe Ruth, Bob Hope, Jackie Gleason. All cue sports are regarded to have evolved into indoor games from outdoor stick-and-ball lawn games, as such to be related to the historical games jeu de mail and palle-malle, modern trucco and golf, more distantly to the stickless bocce and bowls; the word "billiard" may have evolved from the French word billart or billette, meaning "stick", in reference to the mace, an implement similar to a golf club, the forerunner to the modern cue.
The modern term "cue sports" can be used to encompass the ancestral mace games, the modern cueless variants, such as finger billiards, for historical reasons. "Cue" itself came from the French word for a tail. This refers to the early practice of using the tail of the mace to strike the ball when it lay against a rail cushion. A recognizable form of billiards was played outdoors in the 1340s, was reminiscent of croquet. King Louis XI of France had the first known indoor billiard table. Louis XIV further refined and popularized the game, it swiftly spread among the French nobility. While the game had long been played on the ground, this version appears to have died out in the 17th century, in favor of croquet and bowling games, while table billiards had grown in popularity as an indoor activity. Mary, Queen of Scots, claimed that her "table de billiard" had been taken away by those who became her executioners. Billiards grew to the extent that by 1727, it was being played in every Paris café. In England, the game was developing into a popular activity for members of the gentry.
By 1670, the thin butt end of the mace began to be used not only for shots under the cushion, but players preferred it for other shots as well. The cue as it is known today was developed by about 1800; the mace was used to push the balls, rather than strike them. The newly developed striking cue provided a new challenge. Cushions began to be stuffed with substances to allow the balls to rebound, in order to enhance the appeal of the game. After a transitional period where only the better players would use cues, the cue came to be the first choice of equipment; the demand for tables and other equipment was met in Europe by John Thurston and other furniture makers of the era. The early balls were made from wood and clay. Early billiard games involved various pieces of additional equipment, including the "arch", "port" and "king" in the 1770s, but other game variants, relying on the cushions, were being formed that would go on to play fundamental roles in the development of modern billiards; the early croquet-like games led to the development of the carom or carambole billiards category – what most non-Commonwealth and non-US speakers mean by the word "billiards".