The Clare Champion
The Clare Champion is a weekly local newspaper in Ennis, County Clare, Ireland. It was founded in 1903. In February 1918 it was banned and County Clare was declared a military area. Clare Champion – website of the newspaper
The Irish Press
The Irish Press was an Irish national daily newspaper published by Irish Press plc between 5 September 1931 and 25 May 1995. The paper's first issue was published on the eve of the 1931 Kilkenny v Cork All Ireland Hurling Final. Margaret Pearse, the mother of Padraig and Willie Pearse, pressed the button to start the printing presses; the initial aim of its publisher was to achieve a circulation of 100,000 which it accomplished. It went on to list a subscribership of 200,000 at its peak. Irish Press Ltd. was registered on 4 September 1928, three years before the paper was first published, to create a newspaper independent of the existing media where the Independent Newspapers group was seen as supporting Cumann na nGaedheal/Fine Gael, The Irish Times being pro-union, with a middle-class or Protestant readership. The Irish Press founder Éamon de Valera said the paper's objective was: "To give the truth in the news, that will be the chief aim of The Irish Press; the Irish Press will be a truthful journal and a good newspaper".
The founders planned to produce an evening and Sunday edition of the paper if the daily was successful, they did. The money to launch The Irish Press was raised in the United States during the Irish War of Independence by a bond drive to finance the First Dail; the amount raised was $5 million. However, 60 percent of this money was left in various banks in New York. Nobody has been able to explain why Éamon de Valera ordered the bulk of the money to be left in New York when he returned to Ireland in late 1920. In 1927, as a result of legal action between the Irish Free State government and de Valera, a court in New York ordered that the bond holders be paid back outstanding money due to them; however de Valera's legal team had prepared for the outcome. A number of circulars were sent to the bond holders asking them to sign over their holdings to de Valera; the bond holders were paid 58 cents to the dollar. This money was used as start up capital to launch The Irish Press. Following the 1933 Irish General Election de Valera used his Dáil majority to pass a measure allowing the bond holders to be paid the remaining 42 percent of the money still owed.
In December 1931, the editor Frank Gallagher was prosecuted by an Irish Free State military tribunal for publishing articles alleging that Gardaí had mistreated the opponents of the Irish Free State government. This was facilitated by Amendment No. 17 of Constitution of the Irish Free State and Gallagher was convicted and fined £50. An example of animosity from those who supported Independent Newspapers and the Free State government was that The Irish Press was excluded from the special train which delivered newspapers from Dublin to the countryside; the newspaper was controlled by Éamon de Valera and his family, as a consequence, it supported Fianna Fáil throughout its life, expressing the "national outlook" in keeping with the thoughts and sentiments of his party supporters. The paper was aimed at teachers and schools, with strong coverage of GAA games and the Irish language. Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh was the first Irish language editor; the first editor was Frank Gallagher, who fought alongside Éamon de Valera during the Irish War of Independence.
Its directors included Robert Barton. Seán Lemass was an early managing director. Major Vivion de Valera, son of the founder, subsequently became managing director. De Valera was noted for courtesy amongst those running the business, considered well run. Shareholders came from the United States, it was many years. Douglas Gageby worked on each of the press titles, The Irish Press, Evening Press and The Sunday Press. Tim Pat Coogan, who started working for the Evening Press, became editor of The Irish Press from 1968 until 1987. Derry-born James Patrick McGuinness, editor from 1953 until 1957, brought in journalists such as Benedict Kiely, Seán J. White, Brendan Behan as a columnist. Others who have written for The Irish Press include the poet Patrick Kavanagh. In its early days, it was circulated throughout Ireland by a specially rented train because the rival Independent Newspapers would not rent space on its train to The Irish Press, it sustained itself with its own resources. In its heyday, The Irish Press had a number of first-rate columnists.
One notable section, New Irish Writing was edited by David Marcus. In the 1970s, the Minister for Posts and Telegraphs, Conor Cruise O'Brien, tried to use and amend The Emergency Powers Act and Section 31 of the Broadcasting Authority Act, to censor coverage of the Troubles in Northern Ireland; the Press editor, Tim Pat Coogan, published editorials attacking the Bill. The Fine Gael/Labour Coalition Government tried to prosecute The Irish Press for its cov
The Connaught Telegraph
The Connaught Telegraph is a weekly local newspaper published in Castlebar, County Mayo in Ireland. The paper is in compact format, published every Tuesday. Frederick Cavendish founded the Connaught Telegraph or Mayo Telegraph as it was named, on 17 March 1828, used it as an organ to help fight the battles of the lower classes, he swiftly established a reputation as a man of authority and strong opinions, demonstrated how powerful the press could be in the long and arduous struggle to achieve Home Rule for Ireland. As editor, Cavendish earned a reputation as a man to be respected; when setting up the newspaper, he incorporated it into the titles of other local publications. As a result, many historians believe the Telegraph goes back as far as 1808, they base their assertion on the fact the name or title of a newspaper does not and could not take from the age of the original newspaper. In July 2014, after being bought out by Celtic Media Group, the Connaught Telegraph changed from its Broadsheet format to a smaller compact format in line with other local and national titles Connaught Telegraph
The Sunday Times
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category. It is published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News UK, in turn owned by News Corp. Times Newspapers publishes The Times; the two papers were founded independently and have been under common ownership only since 1966. They were bought by News International in 1981; the Sunday Times occupies a dominant position in the quality Sunday market. While some other national newspapers moved to a tabloid format in the early 2000s, The Sunday Times has retained the larger broadsheet format and has said that it will continue to do so, it sells more than twice as many copies as its sister paper, The Times, published Monday to Saturday. The Sunday Times has acquired a reputation for the strength of its investigative reporting – much of it by its award-winning Insight team – and for its wide-ranging foreign coverage, it has a number of popular writers and commentators including Jeremy Clarkson and Bryan Appleyard.
A. A. Gill was a prominent columnist for many years, it was Britain's first multi-section newspaper and remains larger than its rivals. A typical edition contains the equivalent of 450 to 500 tabloid pages. Besides the main news section, it has standalone News Review, Sport and Appointments sections – all broadsheet. There are two tabloid supplements, it has a website and separate digital editions configured for both the iOS operating system for the Apple iPad and the Android operating system for such devices as the Google Nexus, all of which offer video clips, extra features and multimedia and other material not found in the printed version of the newspaper. The paper publishes The Sunday Times Rich List, an annual survey of the wealthiest people in Britain and Ireland, equivalent to the Forbes 400 list in the United States, a series of league tables with reviews of private British companies, in particular The Sunday Times Fast Track 100; the paper produces an annual league table of the best-performing state and independent schools at both junior and senior level across the United Kingdom, entitled Parent Power, an annual league table of British universities and a similar one for Irish universities.
It publishes The Sunday Times Bestseller List of books in Britain, a list of the "100 Best Companies to Work For", focusing on UK companies. It organises The Sunday Times Oxford Literary Festival, held annually, The Sunday Times Festival of Education, which takes place every year at Wellington College; the paper began publication on 18 February 1821 as The New Observer, but from 21 April its title was changed to the Independent Observer. Its founder, Henry White, chose the name in an apparent attempt to take advantage of the success of The Observer, founded in 1791, although there was no connection between the two papers. On 20 October 1822 it was reborn as The Sunday Times, although it had no relationship with The Times. In January 1823, White sold the paper to a radical politician. Under its new owner, The Sunday Times notched up several firsts: a wood engraving it published of the coronation of Queen Victoria in 1838 was the largest illustration to have appeared in a British newspaper; the paper was bought in 1887 by Alice Anne Cornwell who had made a fortune in mining in Australia and floating the Midas Mine Company of the London Stock Exchange.
She bought the paper to promote her new company, The British and Australasian Mining Investment Company, as a gift to her lover Frederick Stannard Robinson. Robinson was installed as editor and she married him in 1894, she sold it in 1893 to Frederick Beer, who owned Observer. Beer appointed Rachel Sassoon Beer, as editor, she was editor of Observer – the first woman to run a national newspaper – and continued to edit both titles until 1901. There was a further change of ownership in 1903, in 1915 the paper was bought by William Berry and his brother, Gomer Berry ennobled as Lord Camrose and Viscount Kemsley respectively. Under their ownership, The Sunday Times continued its reputation for innovation: on 23 November 1930, it became the first Sunday newspaper to publish a 40-page issue and on 21 January 1940, news replaced advertising on the front page. In 1943, the Kemsley Newspapers Group was established, with The Sunday Times becoming its flagship paper. At this time, Kemsley was the largest newspaper group in Britain.
On 12 November 1945, Ian Fleming, who created James Bond, joined the paper as foreign manager and special writer. The following month, circulation reached 500,000. On 28 September 1958 the paper launched a separate Review section, becoming the first newspaper to publish two sections regularly. In 1959 the Kemsley group was bought by Lord Thomson, in October 1960 circulation reached one million for the first time. In another first, on 4 February 1962 the editor, Denis Hamilton, launched The Sunday Times Magazine; the cover picture of the first issue was of Jean Shrimpton wearing a Mary Quant outfit and was taken by David Bailey. The magazine got off to a slow start, but the advertising soon began to pick up, over time, other newspapers laun
The Irish News
The Irish News is a compact daily newspaper based in Belfast, Northern Ireland. It is available throughout Ireland, it is perceived as being broadly Irish nationalist in its viewpoint, though it features unionist columnists. The Irish News is the only independently owned daily newspaper based in Northern Ireland, has been so since its launch on 15 August 1891 as an anti-Parnell newspaper by Dr Patrick MacAlister, it merged with the Belfast Morning News in August 1892, the full title of the paper has since been The Irish News and Belfast Morning News. The Irish News saw a dramatic growth in its circulation with the beginning of The Troubles in 1968. In June 1982 the paper came under the control of the company’s present owners; the paper has an average daily circulation of 34,082. The Irish News online
An Phoblacht was a weekly, monthly, newspaper published by Sinn Féin in Ireland. From early 2018 An Phoblacht will move to a magazine format. Editorially the paper took a left-wing, Irish republican position and was supportive of the Northern Ireland peace process. Along with covering Irish political and trade union issues the newspaper featured interviews with celebrities, artists and international activists; the paper sold an average of up to 15,000 copies every week. During the 1981 Irish hunger strike its sales soared to over 70,000 per week, it was the first Irish paper to provide an edition online and has in excess of 100,000 website hits per week. The original An Phoblacht was founded as the official organ of the Dungannon Clubs in Belfast in 1906 and its first edition was printed on 13 December 1906 under the English-language version of the title The Republic. In the first edition, Bulmer Hobson, one of the founders of the Dungannon Clubs, set out their aims: "Ireland today claims her place among the free peoples of the Earth.
She has never surrendered that claim, nor will she surrender it, today forces are working in Ireland that will not be still until her claim is acknowledged and her voice heard in the councils of the nations." A year the paper merged with a Dublin title called The Peasant. However, the title An Phoblacht was again used from 1925 with Patrick Little as editor and continued until 1937 with a tumultuous history of internal splits and constant state oppression. From 1925 into 1926 Seán Lemass wrote a number of articles advocating the engagement into politics prior to the establishment of Fianna Fáil. Peadar O'Donnell took over as editor in April 1926 following a split in the republican movement. Frank Ryan edited the paper for some time other contributors were Maurice Twomey, Seán MacBride, Frank Gallagher, Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington and Fr Michael O'Flanagan, were just some of the prominent contributors during this time; the title appeared again in 1966 as the paper of a small IRA splinter group based in Cork.
Its modern version was again refounded following the Sinn Féin split by Jimmy Steele in January 1970, An Phoblacht supporting the group led by Ruaírí O'Bradaigh that became the Provisional IRA when the split with the Official Irish Republican Army occurred. In 1970, An Phoblacht was at first circulated only in the South with another republican paper established in Northern Ireland in 1970, Republican News, under the editorship of veteran republican Jimmy Steele, it supported the campaign of the Provisional Irish Republican Army and published a weekly column titled "War News", which outlined IRA actions and conflict with the British Army, provided in depth analysis of the policies being formulated by the Republican Movement. An Phoblacht began with a circulation of 20,000 per month. Located at 2a Lower Kevin Street in Dublin’s south inner city, it moved to the northside of the capital, to Kevin Barry House, 44 Parnell Square, in August 1972, and in that October it became a fortnightly publication under the editorship of Éamonn MacThomáis, a writer and historian who instituted changes in layout and general improvements so that it became a weekly publication.
After 1976, the Minister for Post and Telecommunications, Conor Cruise O'Brien, a Labour Party minister in the Fine Gael/Labour coalition, strengthened Jack Lynch’s original 1971 Section 31 censorship directive banning members of the IRA or its political wing Sinn Féin from the airwaves. However this ban did not extend to the print media. Section 31 produced a climate where many career journalists engaged in self-censorship to avoid official opprobrium. An Phoblacht became more important in disseminating the republican message and highlighting what it saw as the naked state oppression by the Unionist Party and the Royal Ulster Constabulary in Northern Ireland. However, it was the southern Irish government which harassed An Phoblacht most stridently, with regular Garda Special Branch investigations into the publication's links to the IRA. Mac Thomáis was arrested and charged with IRA membership and sentenced to 15 months’ imprisonment having been found guilty of the offence; the paper continued under the stewardship of Dublin journalist Deasún Breathnach until Mac Thomáis resumed duties on his release in July 1974.
Within two months, Mac Thomáis was again sentenced to another 15 months. Another editor, Coleman Moynihan, who had succeeded Seán Ó Brádaigh in 1972, suffered a similar fate; the paper continued on with the succeeding editors being Gerry Danaher, Gerry O’Hare, Deasún Breathnach. The Republican Movement felt that a single paper for the whole of Ireland was required to provide a clear and coherent line from the leadership and to counter what they regarded as any partitionist thinking which might flow from the British division of Ireland. Accordingly, on 27 January 1979, the first 12-page issue of the merged publications, under the banner of An Phoblacht/Republican News, appeared under the editorship of Danny Morrison. In the final editorial of Republican News on 20 January 1979, the essential thinking behind the merger was outlined: "To improve on both our reporting and analysis of the war in the North and of popular economic and social struggles in the South... the absolute necessity of one single united paper providing a clear line of republican leadership... the need to overcome any partitionist thinking which results from the British-enforced division of this
Vincent Browne is an Irish print and broadcast journalist. He is The Sunday Business Post and a non-practising barrister. From 1996 until 2007, he presented a nightly talk-show on RTÉ Radio, Tonight with Vincent Browne, which focused on politics, the proceedings of tribunals on political corruption and police misconduct. From 2007 to 2017 he presented Tonight with Vincent Browne on TV3, broadcast from Monday to Thursday at 11:00pm. Born in 1944, he grew up in County Limerick, where he attended the local national school, he spent a year at the Irish language college, Coláiste na Rinne in An Rinn, County Waterford a year at St. Mary's secondary school in Dromcolliher, County Limerick, before going to Castleknock College, he graduated from University College Dublin with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Politics and Economics. He founded the oldest surviving UCD newspaper, the College Tribune, in 1989, he served as UCD Young Fine Gael's Chairperson in 1968. He worked on RTÉ's The Late Late Show for five months in 1967–68.
He reported on the Soviet and Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 for The Irish Times and edited a monthly news magazine, Nusight in 1969–1970. He was appointed Northern news editor of The Irish Press group in 1970 and covered the most intense and violent period of the Northern Ireland conflict. In 1974, he joined Independent Newspapers and, after a brief period in the Evening Herald, worked for the Sunday Independent edited by Conor O'Brien and by Michael Hand, he launched Magill magazine in September 1977 with Mary Holland. Magill became Ireland's foremost investigative publication. Among its writers were Gene Kerrigan, Pat Brennan and Paddy Agnew, he remained editor of Magill until 1983, when he became involved in the relaunch of the Sunday Tribune with Tony Ryan of GPA and of Ryanair. A series of articles he published in Magill highlighting the links between the Workers' Party of Ireland and the Official IRA in the 1980s caused him and other journalists to receive death threats.
After the publication of "The Lost Revolution: the Story of the Official IRA and the Workers' Party" it was revealed that the Official IRA had planned to assassinate him by planting a bomb on his boat, but the operation was called off at the last minute. He was editor of the Sunday Tribune until 1994, he has written a weekly column for The Irish Times since and since 2000, has written weekly for The Sunday Business Post. He started broadcasting on RTÉ radio in 1996. In 1997, he relaunched Magill magazine, which had ceased publication in 1990. In the 13 issues he published the magazine broke several major stories. One led to the establishment of the Planning Tribunal chaired by Mr Justice Fergus Flood, he sold the Magill title to Hosen publisher, Mike Hogan, in November 1998. He was called for a while practised as a barrister, he no longer practices law. In October 2004, he launched Village, of which he was editor. Village ceased publication in August 2008 before being re-launched under a new editor, Michael Smith.
Browne now writes a column for Village magazine. He was involved in a controversy over the tapping of his telephone by the Irish state from February 1975 to February 1983; when this was disclosed by former minister for justice Seán Doherty, Browne sued the State. He made a settlement with the State in early 1997 which included an agreement to publish a statement on the settlement, inter alia, that the State had intercepted his telephone conversations for reasons of State security — Browne had written much about the IRA in the early- to mid-1970s — while accepting that Browne had himself never been involved in subversion or crime. On being given access to the transcripts from 1981, Browne claimed that it was apparent the motivation for the interception of his telephone conversations for the eight-year period had little to do with the security of the State — it was aimed at garnering information on his work as a journalist aside from his reporting of the IRA. Browne sought to have the agreement altered to permit a public acknowledgement that the intercepts were not done for security reasons.
The Fine Gael–Labour-Democratic Left coalition government refused. He subsequently disclosed this himself on television and in print. For ten years he presented the programme Tonight with Vincent Browne on RTÉ Radio 1. In August 2000, he substituted for John Bowman on the RTÉ television programme Questions and Answers, he presented Prime Time on RTÉ One. Since 14 January 2007, he has presented Tonight with Vincent Browne, a nightly current affairs television show on TV3. Despite airing on what is considered a graveyard slot, the show has been successful drawing an average 166,000 viewers. In June 2012, Denis O'Brien wrote to Browne threatening to sue him. Browne disclosed this letter to the general public. Browne wrote a piece for The Irish Times on why O'Brien "is not a fit person to control INM ". In it he questioned O'Brien's previous threats to sue Sam Smyth and asked "ow plausible is it that the removal of Sam Smyth from a Sunday morning radio programme on Today FM, which Denis O'Brien controls, his ostracisation now within the Irish Independent to which he is contracted, isn't part of the same campaign which Denis O'Brien a