It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States. No minor league farm organizations exist in American football and it is in college football where a players performance directly impacts his chances of playing professional football. The best collegiate players will declare for the professional draft after 3 to 4 years of collegiate competition. Those not selected can still attempt to land an NFL roster spot as a free agent. Even after the emergence of the professional National Football League, college football remained extremely popular throughout the U. S, in many cases, college stadiums employ bench-style seating, as opposed to individual seats with backs and arm rests. This allows them to more fans in a given amount of space than the typical professional stadium. College athletes, unlike players in the NFL, are not permitted by the NCAA to be paid salaries, colleges are only allowed to provide non-monetary compensation such as athletic scholarships that provide for tuition and books.
Modern North American football has its origins in various games, all known as football, by the 1840s, students at Rugby School were playing a game in which players were able to pick up the ball and run with it, a sport known as Rugby football. The game was taken to Canada by British soldiers stationed there and was soon being played at Canadian colleges, the first documented gridiron football match was a game played at University College, a college of the University of Toronto, November 9,1861. One of the participants in the game involving University of Toronto students was William Mulock, a football club was formed at the university soon afterward, although its rules of play at this stage are unclear. In 1864, at Trinity College, a college of the University of Toronto, F. Barlow Cumberland, modern Canadian football is widely regarded as having originated with a game played in Montreal, in 1865, when British Army officers played local civilians. The game gradually gained a following, and the Montreal Football Club was formed in 1868, early games appear to have had much in common with the traditional mob football played in England.
The games remained largely unorganized until the 19th century, when games of football began to be played on college campuses. Each school played its own variety of football, Princeton University students played a game called ballown as early as 1820. A Harvard tradition known as Bloody Monday began in 1827, which consisted of a mass ballgame between the freshman and sophomore classes, in 1860, both the town police and the college authorities agreed the Bloody Monday had to go. The Harvard students responded by going into mourning for a figure called Football Fightum. The authorities held firm and it was a dozen years before football was again played at Harvard. Dartmouth played its own version called Old division football, the rules of which were first published in 1871, all of these games, and others, shared certain commonalities
A quarterback is a position in American and Canadian football. Quarterbacks are members of the team and line up directly behind the offensive line. In modern American football, the quarterback is considered the leader of the offensive team. In modern American football, the quarterback is usually the leader of the offense, the quarterback touches the ball on almost every offensive play, and his successes and failures can have a significant impact on the fortunes of his team. Accordingly, the quarterback is among the most glorified and scrutinized positions in team sports, prior to each play, the quarterback will usually tell the rest of his team which play the team will run. After the team is lined up, the center will pass the ball back to the quarterback, usually on a running play, the quarterback will hand or pitch the ball backwards to a half back or full back. On a passing play, the quarterback is almost always the responsible for trying to throw the ball downfield to an eligible receiver downfield.
Depending on the scheme by his team, the quarterbacks role can vary. While quarterbacks in Canadian football need to be able to throw the ball often, in the NFL, quarterbacks are required to wear a uniform number between 1 and 19. In the CFL, the quarterback can wear any number from 0 to 49 and 70 to 99. Because of their numbering, quarterbacks are eligible receivers in the NCAA, NFHS, after a Super Bowl victory, the starting quarterback is the first player to be presented with the Vince Lombardi Trophy. The starting quarterback of the victorious Super Bowl team is chosen for the Im going to Disney World. Campaign, whether they are the Super Bowl MVP or not, examples include Joe Montana, Trent Dilfer, Dilfer was chosen even though teammate Ray Lewis was the MVP of Super Bowl XXXV, due to the bad publicity from Lewis murder trial the prior year. In addition to their role, quarterbacks are occasionally used in other roles. Most teams utilize a backup quarterback as their holder on placekicks, in the Wildcat, a formation where a halfback lines up behind the center and the quarterback lines up out wide, the quarterback can be used as a receiving target or a blocker.
A more rare use for a quarterback is to punt the ball himself, Denver Broncos quarterback John Elway was known to perform quick kicks occasionally, typically when the Broncos were facing a third-and-long situation. As Roger Staubachs back-up, Dallas Cowboys quarterback Danny White was the teams punter, ascending the starting role upon Staubachs retirement, White held his position as the teams punter for several seasons—a double duty he performed to All-American standard at Arizona State University. White had two touchdown receptions as a Dallas Cowboy, both from the halfback option, if quarterbacks are uncomfortable with the formation the defense is using, they may call an audible change to their play
Johnny Maulbetsch was an All-American football halfback at Adrian College in 1911 and for the University of Michigan Wolverines from 1914 to 1916. He is a member of the College Football Hall of Fame, Maulbetsch became known as the Human Bullet because of his unusual low, line-plunging style of play, and was known as the Featherweight Fullback because of his light weight and small size. After his performance against Harvard in 1914, in some reports indicated he gained more than 300 yards, eastern writers, including Damon Runyan. Maulbetsch was selected by Walter Camp to his All-American team, in 1915, Maulbetsch underwent surgery for appendicitis and did not perform to the same level as he had in 1914. He made a comeback as a senior in 1916 and was one of the leading players in college football. Between 1917 and 1920, Maulbetsch was the football coach at Phillips University. Maulbetsch quickly turned Phillips into one of the top programs in the southwest, as his teams beat Oklahoma and Texas, Maulbetsch was the football coach at Oklahoma A&M and Marshall College in the 1920s.
Maulbetsch was born and grew up in Ann Arbor, Michigan and he attended Ann Arbor High School where he led the football team to consecutive state championships in 1908 and 1909. One account of the 1908 playoffs noted, Ann Arbors smashing play in the first half was due to Maulbetsch, Ann Arbors fullback. He clearly outshone his team mates, after graduating from high school, Maulbetsch joined the Ann Arbor Independents, a football team made up of Michigan varsity eligibles and townies. Maulbetsch was once called upon to drive across the goal line for the Independents in a game in which a large crowd, including a farmer with his plow-horse. Head down and legs working like piston rods, Maulbetsch plowed ahead until head struck the plow horse amidships, down went the horse Mauly on top of him. Maulbetsch started his football career at age 21, leading Adrian College to an 8–0 record in 1911. Maulbetschs performance drew the attention of Michigan Coach Fielding H. Yost, after watching Maulbetsch dominate Michigans freshman team, Yost concluded, If I could get that kid into Michigan and keep him up in his studies I’d make an All-American place for him his first year.
Yost persuaded Maulbetsch to transfer, and he played with the scrubs in 1912, Yost told the press at the time he had another Heston in Maulbetsch. Maulbetsch did not play for the varsity team until the fall of 1914 when he was 24 years old, before the season began, Maulbetsch was touted as one of the fastest halfbacks who ever donned moleskins. He weighs 155 pounds, is low, has a powerful pair of shoulders. Another pre-season account said he was a wonder as a line plunger, from the outset, considerable attention was paid to his unusual running style
Phillips University was a private, coeducational institution of higher education located in Enid, United States, from 1906 to 1998. It was affiliated with the Christian Church and it included an undergraduate college and a graduate seminary. The university was home to the Enid-Phillips Symphony Orchestra. Originally named Oklahoma Christian University, the school was founded by Dr. Ely Vaughn Zollars on October 9,1906, enid-area businessmen raised $150,000 and purchased a 40-acre campus east of Enid. M. Funding for the operation of the University was supplied by T. W. Phillips of Butler, following Phillips death in 1912 the University was renamed in his honor. During World War II, the Permanente ship builders manufactured a victory ship named after the university called the SS Phillips Victory, Oklahoma Christian University held its first classes September 17,1907. The first years enrollment was 256 students, and of the freshman class, Phillips High School was created in 1907 as a preparatory school at the same time to prepare students for college-level courses, and continued operations until 1925.
The school became affiliated with the North Central Association of Colleges on March 23,1919, in 1987, Phillips Graduate Seminary incorporated as a freestanding institution independent of Phillips University. It is now known as Phillips Theological Seminary, and is located in Tulsa, Phillips Theological Seminary houses the transcripts of the alumni of Phillips University. Phillips University ran a business school which awarded MBA degrees. It had an international community of students from more than 20 countries. The schools sports teams were called the Haymakers, for one year,1920, the school was a member of the Southwest Athletic Conference. Between 1917 and 1920, John Maulbetsch was the football coach at Phillips University. Maulbetsch was an All-American running back at the University of Michigan in 1914, with his name recognition, he was able to recruit big-name talent to Phillips, including future Pro Football Hall of Famer Steve Owen, and future United States Olympic Committee President Doug Roby.
Maulbetsch quickly turned Phillips into a contender in the southwest, as his teams beat Oklahoma and Texas. The 1919 team, known as Mauleys Iron Men, was considered by experts to be the finest football squad in the southwest that season. After defeating the Oklahoma and Texas football teams, the Haymakers gained a reputation as “one of the strongest teams in the southwest. ”When Phillips defeated Texas 10-0 in Austin, Texas in October 1919, one Texas newspaper reported that Phillips had whitewashed the Longhorns in their own corral. As a result of Phillips success, it was admitted to the Southwest Conference for the 1920 season
George McLaren (American football)
George W. Tank McLaren was an American football and basketball player and coach. Playing at the University of Pittsburgh under legendary football coach Pop Warner, during his playing career, he was never stopped for a loss on a running play. He coached basketball at Wyoming for two seasons, tallying a mark of 28–10, McLaren was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a player in 1965. McLaren grew up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania where he attended and graduated from Peabody High School and he played football at Peabody and competed in several other sports including track and swimming. McLaren attended the University of Pittsburgh, where he was considered one of the greatest all-around athletes that Pitt ever produced, in addition to being a football All-American, he was a two-year member of the basketball and track teams. McLaren played four varsity seasons as fullback at Pittsburgh from 1915 to 1918, while playing for the Panthers he only lost one game while winning thirty decisions.
He was a member of three national championship-winning teams under head coach Glenn Pop Warner, in 1916, the Panthers beat several national powers while not giving up a single point. During the next two seasons McLaren won All-America honors, in 1917 season, McLaren helped the Panthers to a 10–0 record. That season he established single season records when he scored 13 touchdowns. Pitts undefeated 1917 team was known as The Fighting Dentists because on every position was filled by dental students. The dental students on the 1917 team included McLaren, Katy Easterday, Skip Gougler, Jake Stahl, in 1918, his senior season, he served as Captain of the Panther football team and was president of his senior class. He still ranks among the University of Pittsburgh all-time leaders in scoring and rushing. One of McLarens most noted achievements was that he was never stopped for a loss on a running play, McLaren was a college football coach from 1919 to 1929. In 1919, McLaren was named as football coach at Emporia State University, known as Kansas State Normal College, in Emporia.
He got the position based on a recommended by Pop Warner and he became 11th head football coach for Emporia State and held that position for just the 1919 season. His overall coaching record at ESU was 1–5–2 and this ranks him 20th at ESU in terms of total wins and 19th at ESU in terms of winning percentage. He next served as the football coach at Arkansas, where he compiled an 8–5–3 record. As Arkansas head football coach McLaren personally very popular coach but was let go because number of wins did not meet expectations, from 1922 to 1926, he coached at Cincinnati, where he compiled a 16–26–3 record
The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, or else they turn over the football to the opposing team, if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the teams end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponents goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins, American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football and rugby football. The first game of American football was played on November 6,1869, during the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States, Professional football and college football are the most popular forms of the game, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012, nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually, almost all of them men, in the United States, American football is referred to as football.
The term football was established in the rulebook for the 1876 college football season. The terms gridiron or American football are favored in English-speaking countries where other codes of football are popular, such as the United Kingdom, New Zealand, American football evolved from the sports of association football and rugby football. What is considered to be the first American football game was played on November 6,1869 between Rutgers and Princeton, two college teams, the game was played between two teams of 25 players each and used a round ball that could not be picked up or carried. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, head or sides, Rutgers won the game 6 goals to 4. Collegiate play continued for years in which matches were played using the rules of the host school. Representatives of Yale, Columbia and Rutgers met on October 19,1873 to create a set of rules for all schools to adhere to. Teams were set at 20 players each, and fields of 400 by 250 feet were specified, Harvard abstained from the conference, as they favored a rugby-style game that allowed running with the ball.
An 1875 Harvard-Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes and these players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to selling refrigerators to Eskimos. Princeton, Harvard and Columbia agreed to play using a form of rugby union rules with a modified scoring system. These schools formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, although Yale did not join until 1879, the introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt if a scrum resulted in bad field position, however, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring. In 1881, both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records, each team held the ball, gaining no ground, for an entire half, resulting in a 0-0 tie
Dutch Witte was the head mens basketball and football coach of the University of Wyoming from 1930–31 through 1938–39 and 1933 through 1938. He led the Cowboys basketball team to a record of 134–51 in his tenure. His 1933–34 team, led by his brother and two-time consensus All-American Les Witte. He died in 1966 at a hospital in Fremont, Nebraska and he coached Wyoming to three division titles and two outright conference championships. He was inducted in the University of Wyoming Hall of Fame on September 12,2003, University of Wyoming Hall of Fame entry Willard Witte at the College Football Data Warehouse Willard Witte basketball coaching statistics @ sports-reference. com Willard Witte at Find a Grave
Wyoming Cowboys and Cowgirls
Wyoming Cowboys and Cowgirls are the names given to the sports teams of the University of Wyoming. Wyoming is a member of the Mountain West Conference and competes in NCAA Division I, two Wyoming teams compete in other conferences in sports that the MW does not sponsor. The mens swimming and diving competes in the Western Athletic Conference. The football helmets were chosen as the third best logo helmet by Sports Illustrateds 10 Spot, on October 9,2006, Tom Burman was named the Universitys athletic director. The nickname Cowboys was used as early as 1891 when a true cowboy assisted the Wyoming football team against a team from Cheyenne, one of the Cheyenne players allegedly yelled Hey, look at that cowboy, and the name stuck. Wyomings mascot is Pistol Pete, a student dressed up like a cowboy, UW Athletics features Cowboy Joe, a pony primarily present at football games. Pistol Pete roams the sidelines and stands entertaining fans of all ages, the athletic teams are cheered on by the school song Ragtime Cowboy Joe and the fight song Fight, Fight.
Mens athletic teams are known as Cowboys and womens teams are called Cowgirls, teams of either gender are referred to as Pokes, short for Cowpokes. Football began in 1893 at UW, and games were played against local high schools, War Memorial Stadium was built in 1950 with an original capacity of 20,000 fans. The stadium sits at 7,200 feet above sea level, currently the stadium holds 30,514 fans. The Wyoming Cowboys rival is Colorado State and Colorado State meet annually in the Border War, the winner receives the Bronze Boot trophy. The boot was worn by a member of the Colorado State ROTC during the Vietnam War, Wyoming beat Colorado State 42-0 in 2010 for the most lopsided outcome in the 102 games of the rivalry up to that point. The Cowboys are 6–6 in bowl games, in 2004, the Cowboy football team ended a 38-year bowl game victory drought by defeating the UCLA Bruins in the Las Vegas Bowl on December 23,2004. UWs most recent bowl win came in 2009, defeating Fresno State, 35-28 in double overtime, Wyomings Mens Basketball program has a rich tradition.
In 2006, Street & Smith’s published its “Greatest College Basketball Programs of All-Time”, back in 1943, it defeated Georgetown University 46-34 to win the NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Championship. Wyoming defeated St. John’s, 52-47, in New York City’s Madison Square Garden, Kenny Sailors was the national MVP that year. He is the man credited with creation of the shot known today as the jump shot, when Sailors went to the NBA his coaches told him he could never be successful in the game if he didnt learn to shoot with his feet on the ground. Sailors created the jump shot in his youth on his farm in Hillsdale, during pickup games with an older brother
Sacramento is the capital city of the U. S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County. It is at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in the portion of Californias expansive Central Valley. Its estimated 2014 population of 485,199 made it the sixth-largest city in California, Sacramento is the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which includes seven counties with a 2010 population of 2,414,783. In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento Americas Most Diverse City, Sacramento became a city through the efforts of the Swiss immigrant John Sutter, Sr. his son John Augustus Sutter, Jr. and James W. Marshall. Sacramento grew quickly thanks to the protection of Sutters Fort, which was established by Sutter in 1839, the city was named after the Sacramento River, which forms its western border. The river was named by Spanish cavalry officer Gabriel Moraga for the Santísimo Sacramento, California State University, Sacramento, is the largest university in the city and one of 23 campuses in the California State University system.
University of the Pacific is a university with one of its three campuses in Sacramento. In addition, the University of California, located in nearby Davis, operates its UC Davis Medical Center and Plains Miwok Native Americans had lived in the area for perhaps thousands of years. Unlike the settlers who would eventually make Sacramento their home, these Native Americans left little evidence of their existence. Traditionally, their diet was dominated by acorns taken from the oak trees in the region, and by fruits, seeds. In 1808, the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered and named the Sacramento Valley, a Spanish writer with the Moraga expedition wrote, Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths, the air was like champagne, and drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them. The valley and the river were christened after the Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ, John Sutter first arrived on August 13,1839 at the divergence of the American and Sacramento Rivers with a Mexican land grant of 50,000 acres.
The next year, he and his party established Sutters Fort, representing Mexico, Sutter called his colony New Helvetia, a Swiss inspired name, and was the political authority and dispenser of justice in the new settlement. Soon, the colony began to grow as more and more pioneers headed west, within just a few short years, John Sutter had become a grand success, owning a ten-acre orchard and a herd of thirteen thousand cattle. Fort Sutter became a stop for the increasing number of immigrants coming through the valley. In 1847, Sutter hired James Marshall to build a sawmill so that he could continue to expand his empire, Sutter received 2,000 fruit trees in 1847, which started the agriculture industry in the Sacramento Valley. In 1848, when gold was discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutters Mill in Coloma and he hired topographical engineer William H
Montford M. Tubby McIntire, was an American football coach. He served as the 17th head football coach of the West Virginia University Mountaineers located in Morgantown and he held that position for four seasons, from 1916 until 1920. His coaching record at West Virginia was 24 wins,11 losses, McIntire died in 1963 of coronary thrombosis. Mont McIntire at the College Football Data Warehouse
Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame is an American history museum and hall of fame, located at 1000 Hall of Fame Avenue in Springfield, Massachusetts. It serves as the sports most complete library, in addition to promoting and preserving the history of basketball, dedicated to Canadian physician and inventor of the sport James Naismith, it was opened and inducted its first class in 1959. As of the induction of the Class of 2016 on September 9,2016, the Naismith Hall of Fame was established in 1959 by Lee Williams, a former athletic director at Colby College. In the 1960s, the Basketball Hall of Fame struggled to raise money for the construction of its first facility. The Basketball Hall of Fames Board named four inductees in its first year, in addition to honoring those who contributed to basketball, the Hall of Fame sought to make contributions of its own. In 1979, the Hall of Fame sponsored the Tip-Off Classic and this Tip-Off Classic has been the start to the college basketball season ever since, and although it does not always take place in Springfield, generally it returns every few years.
In the 17 years that the original Basketball Hall of Fame operated at Springfield College, the popularity of the Basketball Hall of Fame necessitated that a new facility be constructed, and in 1985, an $11 million facility was built beside the scenic Connecticut River in Springfield. As the new hall opened, it recognized women for the first time, with such as Senda Berenson Abbott. In 2002, the Basketball Hall of Fame moved again—albeit merely 100 yards south along Springfields riverfront—into a $47 million facility designed by renowned architects Gwathmey Siegel & Associates, the buildings architecture features a metallic silver, basketball-shaped sphere flanked by two similarly symmetrical rhombuses. The dome is illuminated at night and features 80,000 square foot, including numerous restaurants, the second Basketball Hall of Fame was not torn down but rather converted into an LA Fitness health clubs. The current Basketball Hall of Fame features Center Court, a basketball court on which visitors can play.
Inside the building there are a gallery, many interactive exhibits, several theaters. A large theater for ceremonies seats up to 300, the honorees inducted in 2002 included the Harlem Globetrotters and Magic Johnson, a five-time NBA champion, three-time NBA finals MVP and Olympic gold medalist. As of 2011, the current Basketball Hall of Fame has greatly exceeded attendance expectations, despite the new facilitys success, a logistical problem remains for the Basketball Hall of Fame and the City of Springfield. Urban planners at universities such as UMass Amherst have called for the I-91 to be moved, in 2010, the Urban Land Institute announced a plan to make the walk between Springfields Metro Center and the Hall of Fame easier. Since 2011, the induction process employs a total of seven committees to both screen and elect candidates, since 2011, the Veterans and International Committees vote to directly induct one candidate for each induction class. Contributor Direct Election Committee Note that other committees may choose to elect contributors, for example, the 2014 class included two contributors.
However, each screening committee is limited as to the number of candidates it can put forth to the Honors Committee—10 from the North American Committee, any individual receiving at least 18 affirmative votes from the Honors Committee is approved for induction into the Hall of Fame