Marylebone Cricket Club
Marylebone Cricket Club is a cricket club founded in 1787 and based since 1814 at Lord's cricket ground, which it owns, in St John's Wood, England. The club was the governing body of cricket in England and Wales and, as the sport's legislator, held considerable global influence. In 1788, the MCC took responsibility for the Laws of Cricket. Although changes to the Laws are now determined by the International Cricket Council, the copyright is still owned by MCC. For much of the 20th century, commencing with the 1903–04 tour of Australia and ending with the 1976–77 tour of India, MCC organised international tours in which the England cricket team played Test matches. On these tours, the England team was called MCC in non-international matches. In 1993, its administrative and governance functions were transferred to the ICC and the Test and County Cricket Board; the club's own teams are ad hoc because they have never taken part in any formal competition. MCC teams have always held first-class status depending on the quality of the opposition.
To mark the beginning of each English season, MCC plays the reigning County Champions. The origin of MCC was as a gentlemen's club that had flourished through most of the 18th century, including, at least in part, an existence as the original London Cricket Club, which had played at the Artillery Ground through the middle years of the century. Many of its members became involved with the Hambledon Club through the 1770s and in the early 1780s, had returned to the London area where the White Conduit Club had begun in Islington, it is not known for certain when the White Conduit was founded but it seems to have been after 1780 and by 1785. According to Pelham Warner, it was formed in 1782 as an offshoot from a West End convivial club called the Je-ne-sais-quoi, some of whose members frequented the White Conduit House in Islington and played matches on the neighbouring White Conduit Fields, a prominent venue for cricket in the 1720s. Arthur Haygarth said in Scores and Biographies that "the Marylebone Club was founded in 1787 from the White Conduit's members" but the date of the formation of the White Conduit "could not be found".
This gentlemen's club, multi-purpose, had a social meeting place at the Star and Garter on Pall Mall. It was the same club, responsible for drafting the Laws of Cricket at various times, most notably in 1744 and 1774, this lawgiving responsibility was soon to be vested in the MCC as the final repose of these cricketing gentlemen; when the White Conduit began, its leading lights were George Finch, 9th Earl of Winchilsea and the Hon. Colonel Charles Lennox, who became the 4th Duke of Richmond. White Conduit was nominally an exclusive club that only "gentlemen" might play for, but the club did employ professionals and one of these was the bowler Thomas Lord, a man, recognised for his business acumen as well as his bowling ability; the new club might have continued except that White Conduit Fields was an open area allowing members of the public, including the rowdier elements, to watch the matches and to voice their opinions on the play and the players. The White Conduit gentlemen were not amused by such interruptions and decided to look for a more private venue of their own.
Winchilsea and Lennox asked Lord to find a new ground and offered him a guarantee against any losses he may suffer in the venture. Lord took a lease from the Portman Estate on some land at Dorset Fields where Dorset Square is now sited, it was called the New Cricket Ground because it was off what was called "the New Road" in Marylebone, when the first known match was played there on 21 May but, by the end of July, it was known as Lord's. As it was in Marylebone, the White Conduit members who relocated to it soon decided to call themselves the "Mary-le-bone Club"; the exact date of MCC's foundation is lost but seems to have been sometime in the late spring or the summer of 1787. On 10 & 11 July 1837, a South v North match was staged at Lord's to commemorate the MCC's Golden Jubilee. Warner described it as "a Grand Match to celebrate the Jubilee of the Club" and reproduced the full scorecard. On Wednesday, 25 April 1787, the London Morning Herald newspaper carried a notice: "The Members of the Cricket Club are desired to meet at the Star and Garter, Pall Mall, on Mon.
April 30. Dinner on table at half past five o'clock. N. B; the favour of an answer is desired". The agenda is unknown but, only three weeks on Saturday, 19 May, the Morning Herald advertised: "A grand match will be played on Monday, 21 May in the New Cricket Ground, the New Road, Mary-le-bone, between eleven Noblemen of the White Conduit Club and eleven Gentlemen of the County of Middlesex with two men given, for 500 guineas a side; the wickets to be pitched at ten o'clock, the match to be played out". No post-match report has been found but, as G. B. Buckley said, it was "apparently the first match to be played on Lord's new ground". A total of eight matches are known to have been played at Lord's in 1787, one of them a single wicket event; the only one which featured the Mary-le-bone Club took place on 30 July. It was advertised in The World on Friday, 27 July 1787: "On Monday, 30 July will be played a match between 11 gentlemen of the Mary-le-bone Club and 11 gentlemen of the Islington Club".
Buckley stated that "this is the earliest notice of the Marylebone Club". As with the inaugural match at Lord's, no post-match report of the inaugural MCC match has been found. There have been three Lord's grounds: the original on the Portman Estate and two on the Eyre Estate
In cricket, a player's bowling average is the number of runs they have conceded per wicket taken. The lower the bowling average is, the better the bowler is performing, it is one of a number of statistics used to compare bowlers used alongside the economy rate and the strike rate to judge the overall performance of a bowler. When a bowler has taken only a small number of wickets, their bowling average can be artificially high or low, unstable, with further wickets taken or runs conceded resulting in large changes to their bowling average. Due to this, qualification restrictions are applied when determining which players have the best bowling averages. After applying these criteria, George Lohmann holds the record for the lowest average in Test cricket, having claimed 112 wickets at an average of 10.75 runs per wicket. A cricketer's bowling average is calculated by dividing the numbers of runs they have conceded by the number of wickets they have taken; the number of runs conceded by a bowler is determined as the total number of runs that the opposing side have scored while the bowler was bowling, excluding any byes, leg byes, or penalty runs.
The bowler receives credit for any wickets taken during their bowling that are either bowled, hit wicket, leg before wicket or stumped. B o w l i n g a v e r a g e = R u n s c o n c e d e d W i c k e t s t a k e n A number of flaws have been identified for the statistic, most notable among these the fact that a bowler who has taken no wickets can not have a bowling average, as dividing by zero does not give a result; the effect of this is that the bowling average can not distinguish between a bowler who has taken no wickets and conceded one run, a bowler who has taken no wickets and conceded one hundred runs. The bowling average does not tend to give a true reflection of the bowler's ability when the number of wickets they have taken is small in comparison to the number of runs they have conceded. In his paper proposing an alternative method of judging batsmen and bowlers, Paul van Staden gives an example of this: Suppose a bowler has bowled a total of 80 balls, conceded 60 runs and has taken only 2 wickets so that..
30. If the bowler takes a wicket with the next ball bowled 20. Due to this, when establishing records for bowling averages, qualification criteria are set. For Test cricket, the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack sets this as 75 wickets, while ESPNcricinfo requires 2,000 deliveries. Similar restrictions are set for one-day cricket. A number of factors other than purely the ability level of the bowler have an effect on a player's bowling average. Most significant among these are the different eras; the bowling average tables in Test and first-class cricket are headed by players who competed in the nineteenth century, a period when pitches were uncovered and some were so badly looked after that they had rocks on them. The bowlers competing in the Howa Bowl, a competition played in South African during the apartheid-era, restricted to non-white players, during which time, according to Vincent Barnes: "Most of the wickets we played on were underprepared. For me, as a bowler, it was great." Other factors which provided an advantage to bowlers in that era was the lack of significant safety equipment.
Other variations are caused by frequent matches against stronger or weaker opposition, changes in the laws of cricket and the length of matches. Due to the varying qualifying restrictions placed on the records by different statisticians, the record for the lowest career bowling average can be different from publication to publication. In Test cricket, George Lohmann is listed as having the superior average by each of the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, ESPNcricinfo and CricketArchive. Though all three use different restrictions, Lohmann's average of 10.75 is considered the best. If no qualification criteria were applied at all, three players—Wilf Barber, A. N. Hornby and Bruce Murray—would tie for the best average, all having claimed just one wicket in Test matches, without conceding any runs, thus averaging zero. ESPNcricinfo list Betty Wilson as having the best Women's Test cricket average with 11.80, while CricketArchive accept Mary Spear's average of 5.78. In One Day Internationals, the varying criteria set by ESPNcricinfo and CricketArchive result in different players being listed as holding the record.
ESPNcricinfo has the stricter restriction, requiring 1,000 deliveries: by this measure, Joel Garner is the record-holder, having claimed his wickets at an average of 18.84. By CricketArchive's more relaxed requirement of 400 deliveries, John Snow leads the way, with an average of 16.57. In women's One Day International cricket, Caroline Barrs tops the CricketArchive list with an average of 9.52, but by ESPNcricinfo's stricter guidelines, the record is instead held by Gill Smith's 12.53. The record is again split for the two websites for Twenty20 International cricket. George O'Brien's average of 8.20 holds the record using those criteri
Vallance William Crisp Jupp was an amateur cricketer who played for Sussex and Northamptonshire. Jupp played eight Test matches for England, was named as one of the five Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 1928. Born 27 March 1891 in Burgess Hill, England, Jupp started his career in 1909 with Sussex, before moving to Northamptonshire in 1921 to take up the secretaryship of the club; this provided Jupp with an income and allowed him to retain his status as an "amateur" cricket player. After he qualified to play for Northamptonshire by residence, he assisted that county, by 1927 was, in Wisden's opinion, the best all-round amateur in first-class cricket at the time. Jupp played for Sussex after his first year with them, making such steady improvement that in 1914, with a highest innings of 217 not out, against Worcestershire at Worcester, he finished third in the batting figures, had an average of over 36. In that season he scored over 1,500 runs and, with fifty-one wickets, headed the bowling. By this time it was obvious Sussex had discovered one of the most promising all-round players in the country.
On the outbreak of the First World War he joined the Royal Engineers in December 1914, served in France and Palestine where he transferred as a cadet to the Royal Air Force. Demobilised in July 1919, he played for Sussex as an amateur in the remaining matches of that season, quickly showed that over four years absence from cricket had not impaired his powers. In 1921 he scored nearly 2,000 runs, heading the county batting with an average of over 47, took 93 wickets for rather less than 23 runs apiece, At the end of the summer of 1920 he received an invitation to be a member of the Marylebone Cricket Club team in Australia, but was unable to accept. Two years afterwards, however, he went to South Africa under the captaincy of Frank Mann, but did not reproduce his English form, he enjoys the distinction of having, on five occasions, achieved the double feat of scoring 1,000 runs, taking 100 wickets in a season of first-class cricket. In 1921 he played for England against Australia at Trent Headingley.
He went on to play four Tests against South Africa in 1922/3 and two Tests against the West Indies in 1928. As a batsman Jupp struck the happy medium between caution, he watched the ball so well that when occasion demanded he could play a rigidly defensive game, while on a fast wicket there were few cricketers of his day better worth watching. He possessed a wide variety of strokes, could drive or cut with equal power and facility, his footwork, was so good that on a treacherous pitch he was a valuable batsman. Before the First World War, for a time afterwards he bowled medium pace rather on the quick side, but took a shorter run, became a slow to slow-medium bowler. Few bowlers of the 1920s spun the ball as much as he did and, with a wicket to help him, he could make it turn to a pronounced degree. One of the secrets of his success as a bowler was his cleverness in adapting himself to the changing conditions of a pitch, he was rated as a brilliant fieldsman at cover point. In 1927 Jupp became captain of Northamptonshire, a post he held until 1931.
He continued as a player for the county until 1939. Jupp achieved the double of 1,000 runs and 100 wickets in a season ten times, along with Freddie Brown is one of the only two cricketers to have achieved that feat for two different teams, his best season as a bowler was the one after the one for which he was named Wisden Cricketer of the Year – in 1928 he took 166 wickets at 20.15. He continued playing first-class cricket for Northamptonshire until 1938, but did not play at all in 1934 or 1935; this is because of the fact – unmentioned by Wisden at the time – that he had been convicted of manslaughter after his car had been in collision with a motorcycle, killing the latter's pillion passenger. Jupp was sentenced to nine months in prison, was released in June 1935 after serving half his sentence, but did not play cricket again until the following year. Jupp collapsed and died in the garden at his home in Spratton on 9 July 1960, he was 69. Media related to Vallance Jupp at Wikimedia Commons Wisden's citation of Jupp as a Cricketer of the Year in 1928, this text, being more than 70 years old is now out of copyright and much of this article has been based on it.
Cricinfo page on Vallance Jupp CricketArchive page on Vallance Jupp
Frederick John Titmus MBE was an English cricketer, whose first-class career spanned five decades. He was the fourth man after W. G. Grace, Wilfred Rhodes and George Hirst to take 2,500 wickets and make 20,000 runs in first-class cricket. Although he was best known for his off spin, he was an accomplished lower-order batsman who deserved to be called an all-rounder opening the batting for England on six occasions. Outside of cricket, Titmus was an able footballer. Educated at William Ellis School, London, Titmus was in his school's first XI by the age of thirteen, when sixteen he wrote to Lord's, the ground being close to his home, to ask for a trial, he was accepted on to the groundstaff after bowling only a few balls, in June 1949 he made his first-class cricket debut for Middlesex against Somerset at Bath, at the age of 16 years and 213 days, Middlesex's youngest cricketer at that point.1950 was Titmus's first full season of county cricket, he performed reasonably well, taking 55 wickets including 7–34 against Minor Counties in July.
His appearances in 1951 and 1952 were restricted because of his National Service obligations, although he played for the Combined Services. In 1953 he returned to play for Middlesex full-time, took 105 wickets, the first of 16 years in which he would reach three figures. 1955 was a good year for Titmus, as he did the double for the first time: he took what would remain his best season's haul of 191 wickets at just 16.31, taking five or more wickets in an innings on no less than 18 occasions. 158 of these wickets were for his county. He passed a thousand runs for the first time, scoring 1,235 including the first of his six centuries, making 104 against Hampshire albeit in a losing cause as Middlesex lost by an innings. A fine display for MCC against the South Africans, where he took 8–43 in the second innings, brought Titmus his England debut for the second Test at Lord's, but he took only one wicket and failed twice with the bat, he was dropped. From 1956 to 1962 inclusive, Titmus achieved the double in every year except 1958, but a place in the Test team still eluded him.
1961 was his best year with the bat, as he scored 1,703 runs at a fine average of 37.02, including 14 half-centuries. His form in 1962, 136 wickets and 1,238 runs, led to Titmus being recalled to Test cricket, he played in the third and fourth Tests against Pakistan. For his performances that year he was made one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in the 1963 edition of the Almanack. Titmus went to Australia for the 1962-63 Ashes series and made his highest first-class century of 137 not out vs South Australia, he played in all five Tests, took more wickets than any other English bowler. For five years Titmus was selected for England, he produced some outstanding displays, not least in India in 1963/64, when in the course of a five-Test series he picked up 27 wickets to help relieve the monotony as every game finished in a draw. In 1964 he opened the batting against Australia with Geoff Boycott at Trent Bridge after John Edrich was injured. Meanwhile, he continued to be invaluable for Middlesex, achieving up to 100 wickets in most years and contributing when batting, as well as captaining the county side between 1965 and 1968.
He toured Australia again for the 1965-66 Ashes series. He was appointed vice-captain for the Tour of the West Indies in 1967/68, but his run came to an end in Barbados on that same tour. Titmus was involved in an accident shortly before the Third when, whilst swimming, he caught his foot in the propellor of a boat, he lost four toes, for a time there was a doubt whether he would play again. He received a paltry £90 compensation from the MCC's insurance policy. By May 1968 he was once again bowling as normal for Middlesex, doubts about his fitness were dispelled as he claimed 111 victims that season and topped Middlesex's batting averages, though averaging under 26 an innings. Titmus's batting became less effective, from 1969 onwards he passed fifty only six more times, though he did make an unbeaten 112 against Warwickshire as late as 1976; until 1976 he took at least 57 first-class wickets in every year. 1974/75 saw Titmus make an unexpected return to the England team, as he played in four of the six Ashes Tests.
Though he took only seven wickets, he scored 61 at Perth. That winter Titmus played his only two One Day Internationals, both against New Zealand. Both games were ruined by rain, but in the second at Wellington he took 3–53 from his seven eight-ball overs, his only ODI wickets. Having coached in South Africa on several occasions earlier in his career, in the 1975/76 winter Titmus played for Orange Free State in that country's Currie Cup competition, took 42 wickets at 16.30. His career was beginning to
Wilfred Rhodes was an English professional cricketer who played 58 Test matches for England between 1899 and 1930. In Tests, Rhodes took 127 wickets and scored 2,325 runs, becoming the first Englishman to complete the double of 1,000 runs and 100 wickets in Test matches, he holds the world records both for the most appearances made in first-class cricket, for the most wickets taken. He completed the double of 1,000 runs and 100 wickets in an English cricket season a record 16 times. Rhodes played for Yorkshire and England into his fifties, in his final Test in 1930 was, at 52 years and 165 days, the oldest player who has appeared in a Test match. Beginning his career for Yorkshire in 1898 as a slow left arm bowler, a useful batsman, Rhodes established a reputation as one of the best slow bowlers in the world. However, by the First World War he had developed his batting skills to the extent that he was regarded as one of the leading batsmen in England and had established an effective opening partnership with Jack Hobbs.
The improvement in Rhodes's batting was accompanied by a temporary decline in his bowling performances, but the loss of key Yorkshire bowlers after the war led to Rhodes resuming his role as a front-line bowler. He played throughout the 1920s as an all-rounder before retiring after the 1930 cricket season, his first appearance for England was in 1899 and he played in Tests until 1921. Recalled to the team in the final Ashes Test of 1926 aged 48, Rhodes played a significant part in winning the match for England who thus regained the Ashes for the first time since 1912, he ended his Test career in the West Indies in April 1930. As a bowler, Rhodes was noted for his great accuracy, variations in flight and, in his early days, sharp spin. Throughout his career he was effective on wet, rain affected pitches where he could bowl sides out for low scores, his batting was regarded as solid and dependable but unspectacular, critics accused him of excessive caution at times. However, they considered him to be an astute cricket thinker.
Following his retirement from playing cricket, he coached at Harrow School but was not a great success. His eyesight began to fail from around 1939 to the point where he was blind by 1952, he was given honorary membership of the Marylebone Cricket Club in 1949 and remained a respected figure within the game until his death in 1973. On 9 August 2009, Rhodes was inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame. Rhodes was born in the village of Kirkheaton, just outside Huddersfield, in 1877, his family moved to a farm two miles away while he was young. He went to school in nearby Hopton, to Spring Grove School in Huddersfield, his father, Alfred Rhodes, was captain of the Kirkheaton cricket team's Second XI and encouraged his son to play cricket, buying him equipment and having a pitch laid near their home for Wilfred to practice. By the time Rhodes left school, aged 16, he had joined Kirkheaton Cricket Club and started to take cricket seriously: he watched Yorkshire when they played close to his home and began to consider a career as a professional cricketer.
Around 1893 he took a job working on the railway in the local town of Mirfield. By now playing for Kirkheaton Second XI, Rhodes's keenness to reach one game on time led him to ring the off-duty bell before the end of the shift and as a result he lost his job. Subsequently, he worked on a local farm. By 1895 he achieved a place in the Kirkheaton first team, was recommended to Gala Cricket Club, of Galashiels, Scotland, as a professional. Rhodes played for Gala Cricket Club in 1896 and 1897, as an all-rounder who opened the batting and bowled medium paced seamers, he took 92 wickets in his first season, discovered that bowling an occasional slow ball brought him some success. He decided to change his bowling style to spin, spent the winter of 1896–97 practising on the family farm while working again on the railway, this time as a signalman. Over several months, Rhodes used his practice sessions to develop control of spin and different types of delivery. In his second season at Galashiels, now bowling slow left-arm, he took fewer wickets but at a better average.
At the end of the 1897 season, encouraged by a Scottish member of the MCC, he resigned from Gala to look for work in England. In response to an advertisement, Rhodes applied to join the groundstaff of Warwickshire County Cricket Club, but the club were unable to offer him an engagement for financial reasons. At this time, Yorkshire were looking for a slow left arm spinner to replace Bobby Peel, sacked following a disciplinary lapse on the field in front of his captain Lord Hawke in August 1897. Rhodes applied for a place in a Yorkshire Colts team to play against the County XI. However, by his own admission, Rhodes had a poor match, while his rival for Peel's place in the side, Albert Cordingley, took nine wickets. In early spring 1898, Rhodes was invited to the nets at Headingley, which led to him playing in some friendly matches. Rhodes went on to make his first-class debut for Yorkshire on 12 May 1898 against the MCC, taking six wickets in the match. In his second game, he made his County Championship debut on 16 May 1898 against Somerset, taking 13 wickets for 45 runs.
In the 1898 season, according to Wisden Cricketers' Almanack Rhodes "sprang at once into fame, bowling in match after match for Yorkshire with astounding success." By the end of the season he had taken 154 wickets at an average of 14.60, was named as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year for 1899. The citation stated: "There can be no doubt as to the greatness of his achie
Maurice William Tate was an English cricketer of the 1920s and 1930s and the leader of England's Test bowling attack for a long time during this period. He was the first Sussex cricketer to take a wicket with his first ball in Test cricket; the son of Sussex off spinner Fred Tate and nicknamed "Chubby", Maurice began his career for Sussex as a hard-hitting batsman and spin bowler with one match in 1912. He played a few matches in 1913 and 1914, but established himself as a batsman in 1919 by scoring over a thousand runs for the first of eleven consecutive seasons. In the following two years, Tate's batting developed further with a double hundred against Northamptonshire in 1921 representing his highest first-class score. However, his bowling remained secondary throughout this period. In 1922 Tate had, aided by some poor batting sides, enjoyed more success as a bowler than in previous years. However, in a famous incident at practice with his captain Arthur Gilligan, he bowled a faster ball, it scattered the stumps.
This led to the famous quote "Maurice, you must change your style of bowling immediately". From on Tate developed as a tireless fast-medium bowler and the founder of modern seam bowling. Though not exceptionally fast through the air, Tate gave the illusion of gaining speed off the pitch, his easy, rhythmic action and solid build allowed him to do a great amount of bowling – his bowling of 9567 deliveries in 1925 is unparalleled among bowlers of medium pace or above, this when he was still opening the batting for Sussex in many matches. From 1923 to 1925, Tate had great success, not only in county cricket, but in Test matches. In each of those years he took over 200 wickets, but his batting did not suffer though Sussex were weak in this department and though bowling support from Gilligan disappeared after 1924 due to a serious injury. In 1924, on his Test debut, he and Gilligan dismissed South Africa for 30 in just 12.3 overs in the first innings of the First Test, played at Edgbaston. He took 4/12 with Gilligan taking 6/7.
Moreover, when he toured Australia in 1924-5, on pitches which had proved too much for all English bowlers since Sydney Barnes and Frank Foster in 1911/1912, Tate took 38 wickets and got through over 600 balls in three of the five Tests with no useful bowling support. It is still the record number of wickets by an Englishman in an Ashes series in Australia. In the following six years, Tate's grand all-round service to Sussex and England continued, with his batting reaching a peak in 1927, when he hit five centuries for Sussex. In 1929, Tate hit his only Test century against South Africa, but from 1930, whilst he remained a force as a bowler, his batting declined and he began to go in late in the order; the storm created by Don Bradman. From that time, with exceptionally fast bowlers such as Harold Larwood and Bill Voce available, Tate was no longer an essential member of the England side, though he was still a match-winner for Sussex with 164 wickets in 1932. On his third tour of Australia, he did not play a Test match, with Larwood unavailable in 1934, Tate was not chosen for any Test.
In 1936, Tate's bowling waned, except for 7 for 19 against Hampshire, he was much more expensive than before, after 1937, when he had been in and out of the first eleven, Sussex chose not to retain Tate any longer, but he continued to be a keen observer of the game until his death. Tate continues to hold the record for the most wickets in a season outside England, he achieved the exceptional double of 200 wickets in a season three years running. His career total of 2,784 wickets is the 11th highest and with 21,717 runs he is one of only nine people to get a career double of 20,000 runs and 2,000 wickets, he took three hat tricks in his career. He was Wisden Cricketer of the year in 1924. Tate was one of the fastest scorer in Test cricket history. Media related to Maurice Tate at Wikimedia Commons Test Bowling in Each Season By Maurice Tate First-Class Batting And Fielding In Each Season By Maurice Tate First-Class Bowling In Each Season By Maurice Tate
Glamorgan County Cricket Club
Glamorgan County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the historic county of Glamorgan. Founded in 1888, Glamorgan held minor status at first and was a prominent member of the early Minor Counties Championship before the First World War. In 1921, the club joined the County Championship and the team was elevated to first-class status, subsequently playing in every top-level domestic cricket competition in England and Wales. Glamorgan is the only Welsh first-class cricket club, they have won the English County Championship competition in 1948, 1969 and 1997. Glamorgan have beaten international teams from all of the Test playing nations, including Australia whom they defeated in successive tours in 1964 and 1968; the club's limited overs team is called Glamorgan. Kit colours are yellow for limited overs matches; the club is based in Cardiff and plays most of its home games at Sophia Gardens, located on the bank of the River Taff.
Matches have occasionally been played at Swansea, Colwyn Bay and Cresselly. County Championship: 1948, 1969, 1997 Sunday/National League: 1993, 2002, 2004 Minor Counties Championship Shared: 1900 Second XI Championship: 1965, 1980 Cricket reached Wales and Glamorgan by the end of the 17th century; the earliest known reference to cricket in Glamorgan is a match at Swansea in 1780. The formation of Glamorgan CCC took place on 6 July 1888 at a meeting in the Angel Cardiff; the club competed in the Minor Counties Championship for many years and applied for first-class status after the First World War. Glamorgan CCC played its initial first-class match versus Sussex CCC at Cardiff Arms Park on 18–20 May 1921 and thus increased the County Championship to 17 teams. Captained by N. V. H. Riches, Glamorgan won this first match by 23 runs. Only one more victory was achieved that summer. Glamorgan won the county championship in 1948 under the captaincy of Wilf Wooller, whose advocacy of high fielding standards was the key to beating stronger batting and bowling teams.
Glamorgan was the unintentional venue for a piece of cricket history on 31 August 1968 when, during Glamorgan v Notts at Swansea, Gary Sobers hit all six balls in an over from Malcolm Nash for six. Glamorgan won the championship again under Tony Lewis in 1969 and Matthew Maynard in 1997. Lewis is the only Glamorgan player to captain England in Tests, when he became the first Glamorgan cricketer to lead an England tour abroad to play series against India and Pakistan in 1972-73. Maynard, who retired at the end of the 2005 season, was one of the most successful batsmen in first class cricket over the previous 20 years; the 2005 captain, off spinner Robert Croft, proved effective on England tours, was a useful pinch hitter in List A one-day games. The club had plans in April 2006 to extend its grounds in the Grade 2 Listed Heritage Park, Sophia Gardens, with a 17,500 seat super-stadium. Sophia Gardens became a Test cricket venue in 2009 when the First Test in the Ashes series against Australia was held there.
It is known as The SSE SWALEC due to the club's commercial partnership with electricity supply and distribution company SWALEC. No. Denotes the player's squad number, as worn on the back of their shirt. Denotes players with international caps. * denotes a player, awarded a county cap. Team totals Highest Total For: 718/3d v Sussex at Colwyn Bay, 2000 Highest Total Against: 712 by Northamptonshire at Northampton, 1998 Lowest Total For: 22 v Lancashire at Liverpool, 1924 Lowest Total Against: 33 by Leicestershire at Ebbw Vale, 1965Batting Highest Score: 309* S. P. James at Colwyn Bay, 2000Best partnership for each wicket Bowling Best Bowling: 10/51 J. Mercer v Worcestershire at Worcester, 1936 Best Match Bowling: 17/212 J. C. Clay v Worcestershire at Swansea, 1937 List of Glamorgan CCC players List of Glamorgan cricket captains H S Altham, A History of Cricket, Volume 1, George Allen & Unwin, 1962 Derek Birley, A Social History of English Cricket, Aurum, 1999 Rowland Bowen, Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development, Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1970 Roy Webber, The Playfair Book of Cricket Records, Playfair Books, 1951 Playfair Cricket Annual – various editions Wisden Cricketers' Almanack – various editions Official website