# Exa-

Exa is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting 1018 or 1000000000000000000. It was added as an SI prefix to the International System of Units (SI) in 1975,[1] and has the unit symbol E.

Exa comes from the Ancient Greek ἕξ, used as a prefix ἑξά-, meaning six (like hexa-), because it is equal to 10006.

Examples:

• The total storage needed by Google Mail as of April 2012, ignoring backups and compression, is more than an exabyte (10,240 megabytes of storage per user multiplied by an estimated 260 million users).
• 1 EeV = 1018 electronvolts = 0.1602 joule
• United States electric energy consumption is about 15 exajoule per year.
• 1 exasecond is approximately 32 billion years
• 1 exametre is approximately 110 light years
• 0.43 Es ≈ the approximate age of the Universe
• 1.6 Em—172 ± 12.5 light years—Diameter of Omega Centauri (one of the largest known globular clusters, perhaps containing over a million stars)[2][3]
• 23.6 exahashes/s is the calculation rate of the Bitcoin network ≈ 23600000000000000000 hashes per second (Mar 2018)[4]
Prefix Base 1000 Base 10 Decimal English word Adoption[nb 1]
Name Symbol Short scale Long scale
yotta Y  10008  1024 1000000000000000000000000  septillion  quadrillion 1991
zetta Z  10007  1021 1000000000000000000000  sextillion  trilliard 1991
exa E  10006  1018 1000000000000000000  quintillion  trillion 1975
peta P  10005  1015 1000000000000000  quadrillion  billiard 1975
tera T  10004  1012 1000000000000  trillion  billion 1960
giga G  10003  109 1000000000  billion  milliard 1960
mega M  10002  106 1000000  million 1873
kilo k  10001  103 1000  thousand 1795
hecto h  10002/3  102 100  hundred 1795
deca da  10001/3  101 10  ten 1795
10000  100 1  one
deci d  1000−1/3  10−1 0.1  tenth 1795
centi c  1000−2/3   10−2 0.01  hundredth 1795
milli m  1000−1  10−3 0.001  thousandth 1795
micro µ  1000−2  10−6 0.000001  millionth 1873
nano n  1000−3  10−9 0.000000001  billionth  milliardth 1960
pico p  1000−4  10−12 0.000000000001  trillionth  billionth 1960
femto f  1000−5  10−15 0.000000000000001  quadrillionth  billiardth 1964
atto a  1000−6  10−18 0.000000000000000001  quintillionth  trillionth 1964
zepto z  1000−7  10−21 0.000000000000000000001  sextillionth  trilliardth 1991
yocto y  1000−8  10−24  0.000000000000000000000001  septillionth  quadrillionth 1991
1. ^ Prefixes adopted before 1960 already existed before SI. 1873 was the introduction of the CGS system.

3. ^ van de Ven, G.; van den Bosch, R. C. E.; Verolme, E. K.; de Zeeuw, P. T. (January II 2006). "The dynamical distance and intrinsic structure of the globular cluster ω Centauri". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 445 (2): 513–543. arXiv:. Bibcode:2006A&A...445..513V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20053061. best-fit dynamical distance D=4.8±0.3 kpc ... consistent with the canonical value 5.0±0.2 kpc obtained by photometric methods Check date values in: `|date=` (help)