Zimmer was an American automaker, based in Syracuse, New York. The original company was founded in 1978 as Zimmer Motorcars Corporation by Paul Zimmer. Art Zimmer purchased the rights to the company in 1997 and established the Art Zimmer Neo-Classic Motor Car Company which builds 10-20 automobiles and 10-20 custom 4-door dually Silverado trucks each year. Zimmer Motorcars Corporation was established in 1978 as a manufacturer of neo-classic automobiles; the idea for this automobile was drawn on a napkin at a private dinner between Paul Zimmer and President of Zimmer Corporation and Bob Zimmer, Paul Zimmer's son and shareholder of the company. Paul Zimmer drew what was to become the Golden Spirit on a napkin, handed it to Bob Zimmer and told him that not only were we going to build a neo-classic automobile, but that the younger Zimmer would be responsible for all functions of the operation and ongoing supervision of Zimmer Motorcars Corporation. Bob Zimmer became the company's President. At its peak in the 1980s, Zimmer Motorcars Corporation employed 175 people and generated $25 million in annual revenue.
The Zimmer Golden Spirit was the flagship of the Zimmer Motorcars Corporation with more than 1,500 produced during its production run from 1978 to 1988. The original Golden Spirit was built using drivetrain; the second Zimmer Motorcars Corporation offering was the mid-engined Pontiac Fiero-based Quicksilver, built between 1984 and 1988. Both models were built in the same factory in Pompano Beach, Florida, on simultaneous production lines between the years 1979 to 1988. Ford supplied new Mustangs, which were modified by stretching the frame for a longer wheelbase and modifying the bodywork etc; the Mustang VIN was retained. In 1988, Bob Zimmer purchased an automobile dealership. Shortly after that, Paul Zimmer became less involved. At that time a group of employees and members of the Board of Directors attempted to direct the operation of the company and were not able to navigate such a large entity during a difficult economy and the loss of the company's most important and influential member. Zimmer Corporation fell into serious economic distress and the $325 million a year parent company was forced into bankruptcy, taking down with it all of its operating divisions, including the successful and profitable $25 million a year car company.
In September 1996, Art Zimmer became aware that an automobile had been manufactured which shared his surname. Shortly thereafter, he acquired the "Zimmer Motorcars" name and various Zimmer Motorcars Corporation materials and established the Zimmer Motor Car Club for Zimmer car owners. By 2001, there were over 500 members in the club. In 1997 Art Zimmer, president and CEO, started the Art Zimmer Neo-Classic Motor Car Company after buying a model in a local automobile dealership; the company known as Zimmer Motor Car Company builds 10 to 20 automobiles each year and is headquartered in Jamesville, New York. The Zimmer is considered an "era" car. Era cars were built from available parts and made to replicate the long hood, exposed headlight, side-mount spare tire look of the classics of the 1930s. All the parts used were either new or rebuilt to be better than new. There were several brands made and they were all made to the same formula; the current Zimmer Golden Spirit retails for $175,900 and is billed by the company as "the most awesome automobile in the world."
It is the first four-door convertible produced in decades and is based on a Lincoln Town Car chassis. The company offers a two-door model, built on a Ford Mustang chassis which retails for $109,900; the advantage to owners is that the automobile can be serviced at any Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer. This includes Ford parts and warranty work. Additionally, the automobile has all the latest safety and modern engineering features available; because Zimmers are built atop existing chassis, the company can use the legal certification of the Town Car and Mustang, obviating the need for separate crash and emissions certification by Zimmer. Art Zimmer established the company's manufacturing facilities in Cambridge, in December 1998 the first Zimmer Golden Spirit produced by the newly formed Zimmer Motorcars rolled out of the factory. During 2000, the company established a Syracuse presence when two of its operations and Chadwick, a metal fabricating company, won the contract to supply heavy-duty steel bumpers, badge bars, associated support parts.
For the first time since 1934, when Franklin Automobile Company closed, automotive manufacturing returned to Syracuse. In May 2000, Zimmer and Sam Vigliotti, president of Sam's Auto Body and Service Center on West Genesee Street, located in Syracuse's historic Automobile Row, announced that the latest Zimmer model in development, would be manufactured at Sam's Auto Body; because of this alliance, by 2001, the company was able to manufacture a new vehicle every six to eight weeks. Zimmers are sold through an international distribution network; the largest distribution center is located in Amman and there are other distribution centers in several states in the United States, as well as throughout the world such as Saudi Arabia. Clénet Coachworks Excalibur Cumberford Martinique Stutz Blackhawk Art Zimmer's Golden Spirit by Travellady magazine Zimmer Motor Cars
Phyllis Ada Driver, better known as Phyllis Diller, was an American actress and stand-up comedian, best known for her eccentric stage persona, her self-deprecating humor, her wild hair and clothes, her exaggerated, cackling laugh. Diller was a groundbreaking stand-up comic—one of the first female comics to become a household name in the U. S, she paved the way for Joan Rivers, Roseanne Barr, Ellen DeGeneres, among others, who credit her influence. Diller is considered a gay icon, she was one of the first celebrities to champion plastic surgery, for which she was recognized by the industry. Diller worked beginning with 1961's Splendor in the Grass, she appeared in many television series in cameos, but including her own short-lived sitcom and variety show. Some of her credits are Night Gallery, The Muppet Show, The Love Boat and Boston Legal, plus eleven seasons of The Bold and the Beautiful, her voice-acting roles included the monster's wife in Mad Monster Party, the Queen in A Bug's Life, Granny Neutron in The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius, Thelma Griffin in Family Guy.
Diller was born Phyllis Ada Driver in Lima, Ohio on July 17, 1917, the only child of Perry Marcus Driver, an insurance agent, Frances Ada. She had Irish ancestry, she was raised Methodist but became an atheist. Her parents were older than most when she was born and Diller attended several funerals while growing up; the exposure to death at a young age led her to an early appreciation for life and she realized that her comedy was a form of therapy. She discovered she had the gift of humor early on. Although she wasn't a class clown, calling herself a "quiet and dedicated" student, she enjoyed making people laugh once school was out. Diller studied piano for three years at the Sherwood Music Conservatory of Columbia College Chicago but decided against a music career and transferred to Bluffton College where she studied literature, history and philosophy, she met Sherwood Diller at Bluffton and they married in 1939. Diller didn't finish school and was a housewife, taking care of their five children.
After moving to Alameda, Diller began working in broadcasting in 1952 at KROW radio in Oakland, California. In November of that year, she filmed several fifteen-minute segments for the Bay Area television series Phyllis Dillis, the Homely Friendmaker—dressed in a housecoat to offer absurd "advice" to homemakers. Diller worked as a copywriter at KSFO radio in San Francisco and a vocalist for a music-review TV show called Pop Club, hosted by Don Sherwood. With the encouragement of her husband, Diller made her debut as a stand-up comedian at age 37 in the basement of the San Francisco North Beach club, The Purple Onion, on March 7, 1955. Up until she had only tried out her jokes for fellow PTA moms at nearby Edison Elementary School, her first professional show was a success and the two-week booking stretched out to 89 consecutive weeks. Diller had found her calling and eventual financial success while her husband's business career failed, she explained, "I became a stand-up comedienne because I had a sit-down husband."In a 1986 NPR interview, Diller said she had no idea what she was doing when she started playing clubs and in the beginning she never saw another woman on the comedy circuit.
With no female role models in a male-dominated industry, she used props and drew from her educational and work background as a basis for satire, spoofing classical music concerts and advice columns. She kept a file cabinet full of her gags, honing her nightclub act. Sid Caesar, Milton Berle, Jonathan Winters were early influences, but Diller developed a singular comedic persona — a surreal version of femininity; this absurd caricature with garish baggy dresses and gigantic, clownish hair made fun of her lack of sex appeal while brandishing a cigarette holder, punctuating the humor with a hearty cackle to show she was in on the joke. At the time, Diller said, "They had no idea, it was like—'Get a stick and kill it before it multiplies!'"Her first national television appearance was as a contestant on Groucho Marx's quiz show You Bet Your Life in 1958. Multiple bookings on the Jack Paar Tonight Show led to an appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, which brought her national prominence as she continued to perform stand-up throughout the U.
S. Starting in 1959 and throughout the 1960s, she released multiple comedy albums, including the titles Wet Toe in a Hot Socket!, Are You Ready for Phyllis Diller?, The Beautiful Phyllis Diller. In the early'60s, Diller performed at the Bon Soir in Greenwich Village, where an up-and-coming Barbra Streisand was her opening act, she was offered film work and became famous after co-starring with her mentor Bob Hope, who described her as "a Warhol mobile of spare parts picked up along a freeway." They worked together in films such as Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number!, Eight on the Lam, The Private Navy of Sgt. O'Farrell, all critically panned, but Boy... did well at the box office. Diller accompanied Hope to Vietnam in 1966 with his USO troupe during the height of the Vietnam War, she appeared as a special guest on many television programs, including What's My Line? Mystery Guests; the blindfolded panel on that evening's broadcast included Sammy Davis, Jr. and they were able to discern Diller's identity in three guesses.
Diller made regular cameo appearances, making her trademark wisecra
Clénet was a manufacturer of Neoclassic automobiles with old retro styling, mixed with modern technology. Each limited-production model was conceived and produced by a small team of men and women in Santa Barbara County, California, in the 1970s and 1980s; the automobile's distinctive styling was based on the high-end automobiles of the 1930s. Despite their retro looks, Clénets used modern drive trains and suspension systems. Clénet Coachworks, Inc. was formed by Alain Clénet and investors in 1975. Started in a garage, the company was moved into an airplane hangar where an assembly line style of production was begun to be reborn in a "high tech" facility in Goleta, where production of Series II continued until the company ran into financial difficulties in 1980, ceased production, Alain Clénet filed for bankruptcy; the remaining bodies and equipment went up for auction. Soon after the bankruptcy, Sir Alfred J. DiMora owner of Classic Clenet Club and one of the first employee of Clenet, purchased of the assets of Clénet Coachworks, Inc.
Clénet's first car was called the Series I. It was a roadster designed in a 1930s style; this was replaced by the heavier-looking Series II in 1979. A total of 250 factory-authorized Clénet Series I, 187 Series II, 65 Series III, 15 Series IV cars were produced by Clenet Coachworks, Inc. Clénets sold for around US$105,000 in the 1970s. Clénets in excellent or new condition with no mileage have sold for US$100,000 to $150,000. Sir Alfred J. DiMora purchased the assets of Clénet Coachworks, Inc. revived Clénet and moved the company to a new production factory in Carpinteria, California. He re-established the production of the automobile to the same standards of the original, employing many of the original craftsmen from the first Clénet company. Production resumed; the Series IV and Series V Designed by Sir Alfred J. DiMora were added to the line of Clénet automobiles. Clénet Coachworks automobiles offered such features as Italian walnut burl dashboards and etched glass accented by Waterford crystal ashtrays which brought many Clénet models in at over $100,000.
Buyers included Farrah Fawcett, Rod Stewart, Ken Norton, Sylvester Stallone and King Hussein of Jordan. Clénets were called "Driven Art" by the "American Rolls-Royce" by Fortune, it is advertised in DiMora's website that DiMora's Clénet was selected as the "Official Centennial Car" in 1986, when President Ronald Reagan declared the Centennial Year of the Gasoline-Powered Automobile and that it resulted in honors for both DiMora and the Clénet at the Automotive Hall of Fame in Michigan. However, there is no information available to back these claims as there are no official records of the nomination. Neither the name of the car nor the manufacturer can be found in the official Automotive Hall of Fame website. Clénet appeared in media during the 1980s as a symbol of sophistication. Spoiled young heiress Fallon Carrington drove a Clénet during the first two seasons of soap opera Dynasty in 1981–1982. Pamela Barnes Ewing's love interest and brief fiancé, suave man-of-the-world playboy Mark Graison, drove a Clénet Series I throughout the seventh and ninth seasons of Dallas in 1983–1986.
Buyers of Clénet automobiles include entertainer Julio Iglesias, producer Dan Enright, producer Aaron Spelling, actress Farrah Fawcett, entertainer Rod Stewart, boxer Ken Norton, entertainer Sylvester Stallone, entertainer Wayne Newton, Vince McMahon, King Hussein of Jordan. A vehicle was featured on the video for the Public Image Ltd. Clénet enthusiast Clenet Club
The Mercedes-Benz SSK is a roadster built by German automobile manufacturer Mercedes-Benz between 1928 and 1932. The name is an abbreviation of Super Sport Kurz, German for "Super Sport Short", as it was a short wheelbase development of the Mercedes-Benz Modell S; the SSK's extreme performance and numerous competitive successes made it one of the most regarded sports cars of its era. The SSK was the last car designed for Mercedes-Benz by Ferdinand Porsche before he left to found his own company; the SSK is an evolution of the 1927 Modell S, based on the Modell K variant of the Mercedes-Benz Typ 630. The SSK chassis was 19 inches shorter than the Modell S to make the car lighter and more agile for racing short races and hillclimbs. Fitted with a supercharged single overhead camshaft 7-litre straight-6 engine producing 200–300 metric horsepower and over 500 lb⋅ft of torque, the SSK had a top speed of up to 120 miles per hour, making it the fastest car of its day; the supercharger on the SSK's engine was operated by a clutch, engaged by depressing the throttle pedal and giving the pedal an extra push.
Backing off the throttle pedal disengaged the supercharger clutch. The SSK was driven to victory in numerous races, including in 1929 the 500 Miles of Argentina, the 1929 and 1930 Cordoba Grands Prix, the 1931 Argentine Grand Prix, and, in the hands of legendary Grand Prix racing driver Rudolf Caracciola, the 1929 Ulster Tourist Trophy race, the 1930 Irish Grand Prix, the 1931 German Grand Prix, the 1931 Mille Miglia; the S/SS/SSK line was one of the nominees in the penultimate round of voting for the Car of the Century award in 1999, as chosen by a panel of 132 motoring journalists and a public internet vote. Fewer than 40 SSKs were built during its production span, of which about half were sold as Rennwagen. Many were crashed while subsequently cannibalised for parts. Only four or five original models remain, their scarcity and rich heritage make them among the most sought after cars in the world. Another SSK, a streamlined "Count Trossi"–bodied version owned and restored by fashion designer Ralph Lauren, has won best of show at both the 1993 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance and the 2007 Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este.
The car is a favorite of the manga and cartoon character Lupin III, appearing in several episodes and films
Semon Emil "Bunkie" Knudsen, was a prominent American automobile executive. Knudsen was the son of former General Motors President, Army three-star general William S. Knudsen. Although close with his father, he was not spoiled, he was interested in mechanical things automobiles. When he asked for a car as a teenager, his father gave him one in pieces, he pursued an engineering education, graduating from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1936. Knudsen began working for General Motors in 1939 with Pontiac Division and rose to management becoming general manager of the Detroit Diesel Division in 1955, a vice-president of the company and general manager of Pontiac Division in 1956; when appointed head of Pontiac, he was given the mission to improve the marque's sales. At that time Pontiac had a stodgy image. Knudsen brought in Pete Estes from Oldsmobile as chief engineer and hired John DeLorean away from Packard to be his assistant, with the assignment to create high performance versions of Pontiac's existing models.
The Pontiac Bonneville and the "wide-track Pontiacs" came from this effort. Pontiac became involved in NASCAR racing under Knudsen. Pontiac's new-found performance image led to a dramatic rise in new car sales with the division reaching to third place in industry standings by 1962. In 1961, Knudsen submitted a request to add a new personal-luxury car to his division's lineup to better compete with the Ford Thunderbird but was turned down as the car was assigned to Buick, which introduced it as the 1963 Riviera. Knudsen ordered his division to fancy up the full-sized Catalina hardtop coupe with sporty and luxurious appointments, which became a reality as the Pontiac Grand Prix for 1962. Knudsen's success at Pontiac led to his promotion to general manager of Chevrolet Division in 1961. While at Pontiac he was noted for his interest in performance, this continued with the introduction of the Chevrolet Super Sport models, he insisted on changes to improve the safety of the Chevrolet Corvair, not reported publicly until it was revealed by John DeLorean in his book On a Clear Day You Can See General Motors.
Knudsen reportedly rejected an idea to offer a Pontiac version of the revolutionary Corvair in favor a front-engine compact car to be offered by Oldsmobile and Buick for 1961. Pontiac introduced its version of the Buick-Olds-Pontiac compact as the Tempest for 1961, but gave that car some unique engineering features such as a slanted four-cylinder engine, rear swing axles and a rear transaxle driven by a flexing shaft to eliminate the driveshaft hump for increased interior space. Knudsen was elected an executive vice-president of GM in 1965, he was head of GM's Overseas and Defense Operation in February 1968 when he created controversy by resigning to become president of the Ford Motor Company. Rumors at the time suggested that Knudsen's move to Ford was prompted by his having been passed over for the GM presidency in favor of Ed Cole, the father of the ubiquitous and successful small block eight cylinder engine for the Chevrolet Corvette from 1955 to the present, the Corvair. Henry Ford II was looking for a seasoned executive to take charge at his company, which would allow him to spend more time on outside activities.
Certain GM-like styling cues in several Ford products attributable to Knudsen became reality starting with the 1970 model year, including the new'eagle beak' on the Thunderbird nicknamed the'Bunkie Beak' by many T-Bird enthusiasts. It was similar to the V-nose grille found on the 1969 Pontiac Grand Prix, a sporty/luxurious model whose addition to the 1962 Pontiac lineup Knudsen had ordered prior to his move to Ford. Further Evidence of Knudsen's styling cues can be seen on the front-end of the restyled 1971 full-sized Ford line-up. Knudsen was credited for ordering the design of a larger Mustang from a sporty compact ponycar to a heavier and almost-intermediate sized car for 1971, with much of the enlargement reported to be necessary in order to fit Ford's large 429 cubic-inch Cobra Jet V8 under its hood without extensive modifications. However, by the time the'71 Mustang was introduced in September, 1970, the musclecar market had collapsed due to exorbitant insurance premiums and stringent emission regulations that led to the design of engines that could run on unleaded gasoline.
Few Mustangs were ordered with the 429 engine, offered only in 1971 and dropped for 1972. The plummeting sales of the larger Mustangs led Ford to return its ponycar to its roots beginning with a downsized Mustang in 1974, based upon the Pinto platform. Although the car was not well received by enthusiasts, it fit well into its intended market. Political infighting with career Ford executives, notably Lee Iacocca, led to his dismissal from Ford on September 11, 1969. Henry Ford II sent Ford's vice president for public relations, Ted Mecke, to Knudsen's home the previous night to inform him that he would be fired, telling Knudsen that "Henry sent me here to tell you that tomorrow will be a rough day at work." When Ford made the decision official the next day, Bunkie said "I'm shocked" to which Ford replied, "I imagine you would be." Noted for his laconic replies to difficult questions, Mr. Ford told the media "Things just didn't work out", but reports indicated many career Ford executives allied themselves with Iacocca and were working against Knudsen.
His dismissal led to a wide
For the 1928 Stutz land speed record car, see Stutz Black Hawk Special. The Stutz Blackhawk is an American luxury car manufactured from 1971 through 1987. Other than the name it bears no resemblance to the original Blackhawk; the Stutz Motor Company was revived in August 1968 by New York banker James O'Donnell. He joined forces with retired Chrysler stylist Virgil Exner. Exner's design included a spare tire that protruded through the trunklid, a massive'kidney' grille, freestanding headlamps; the new Blackhawk was prototyped by Ghia in Italy at a cost of over US$300,000. To offer exclusivity and still allow easy servicing in the U. S. a custom built Italian body was added to engine. The Blackhawk debuted in January 1970 at the Waldorf Astoria in New York City. Prices ranged from US$22,500 to US$75,000. All early Blackhawks were coupes. Convertible versions were called Bearcat. Stutz Blackhawks became the car of choice among elite entertainers of the day. By 1976 Stutz had sold 205 Blackhawks and about six a month were handbuilt in Italy and shipped to the U.
S. By April 1980 350 Blackhawks had been sold and by the time production ended in 1987 500 to 600 cars had been manufactured. With an extra heavy gauge steel body handmade at Carrozzeria Padane in Modena and from 1972 at Carrozzeria Saturn in Cavallermaggiore, near Torino and greater than 19 feet long, the production Blackhawk uses Pontiac Grand Prix running gear, Pontiac's 7.5 L V8 engine, a GM TH400 three-speed automatic transmission. With its engine tuned to produce 425 hp and 420 ft·lbf, the 5000 lb Blackhawk can accelerate to 60 mph in 8.4 seconds with a 130 mph top speed, delivering eight miles per gallon. Blackhawks use Pontiac's 403 and 350. Ford and Cadillac engines were used; the handbuilt Blackhawk has 18 to 22 hand-rubbed lacquer paint coats. Total production time for each vehicle was over 1500 man-hours. In 1980, the Blackhawk was redesigned for the Pontiac Bonneville chassis and 1985, the Oldsmobile Delta 88/Buick LeSabre Chassis. Exner's design included a spare tire that protruded through the freestanding headlamps.
The fuel filler cap is positioned inside the spare tire on the first models. The interior includes 24-carat gold plated trim and bird's eye maple or burled walnut and redwood, Connolly leather seats and dash, instrument markings in both English and Italian, fine wool or mink carpeting and headlining, a cigar lighter, a liquor cabinet in the back. There is a clock in the steering wheel hub on some models. Other special features include automatic headlamp controls with twilight sensor, cornering lamps, bilevel automatic airconditioning, Superlift air adjustable shockabsorbers, Safe-T-Track limited slip differential, an electric sunroof, cruise control, central locking, a burglar alarm, non-functional exhaust side pipes, a high-end Lear Jet AM/FM eight-track quadraphonic sound system; the first models rolled on rims. These were taken off the market. Stutz Blackhawk became the most luxurious car; the 1971 Blackhawk's factory price was US$22,500. In 1974 the factory price had increased to US$35,000.
A year in 1975, the factory price was US$41,500. In 1976 a Blackhawk’s base price was US$47,500, and in 1981 the coupe sold for US$84,500. Mint condition early generations estimated US$32,000 to US$35,000 in 2002. After his death Wilson Pickett's well preserved 1974 Stutz Blackhawk was auctioned off in 2007 for US$50,600; the first Blackhawk sold was purchased by Elvis Presley on October 9, 1970, for US$26,500. This was the second Blackhawk prototype. Frank Sinatra had vied with Presley for the car. Sinatra was offered the second prototype on the condition that the distributor, Jules Meyers, could show the car at the L. A. auto show, get publicity photos with Sinatra upon delivery. Sinatra declined. Presley had it customized by George Barris after purchase. In January 1971, Presley had a mobile telephone installed for US$1,467.50. In July 1971, a hired driver destroyed the car. Distributor Jules Meyers offered US$1,000 for the wreck, but Presley declined and put the wrecked car in storage, it was only restored, with non-original parts, after his death and can now be seen at the Graceland museum.
Presley leased one other. Other famous owners included Dick Martin, Lucille Ball, Sammy Davis Jr. Dean Martin, Robert Goulet, Evel Knievel, Wilson Pickett, Luigi Colani, Johnnie Taylor, Johnny Cash, Lenora "Doll" Carter Curt Jürgens, Erik Estrada, Larry Holmes, as well as Jerry Lewis, Willie Nelson, Lou Brock, Isaac Hayes, Muhammad Ali, George F
Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States. The seat of the eponymous county, it is on Lake Michigan's western shore. Ranked by its estimated 2014 population, Milwaukee was the 31st largest city in the United States; the city's estimated population in 2017 was 595,351. Milwaukee is the main cultural and economic center of the Milwaukee metropolitan area which had a population of 2,043,904 in the 2014 census estimate, it is the second-most densely populated metropolitan area in the Midwest, surpassed only by Chicago. Milwaukee is considered a Gamma global city as categorized by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network with a regional GDP of over $105 billion; the first Europeans to pass through the area were French Catholic Jesuit missionaries, who were ministering to Native Americans, fur traders. In 1818, the French Canadian explorer Solomon Juneau settled in the area, in 1846, Juneau's town combined with two neighboring towns to incorporate as the city of Milwaukee.
Large numbers of German immigrants arrived during the late 1840s, after the German revolutions, with Poles and other eastern European immigrants arriving in the following decades. Milwaukee is known for its brewing traditions, begun with the German immigrants. Beginning in the early 21st century, the city has been undergoing its largest construction boom since the 1960s. Major new additions to the city in the past two decades include the Milwaukee Riverwalk, the Wisconsin Center, Miller Park, the Milwaukee Streetcar, an expansion to the Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee Repertory Theater, Pier Wisconsin, as well as major renovations to the UW–Milwaukee Panther Arena; the Fiserv Forum opened in late 2018. The name "Milwaukee" comes from an Algonquian word millioke, meaning "good", "beautiful" and "pleasant land" or "gathering place "; the name has a less pleasant connotation in the Menominee language, where it is called Māēnāēwah, "some misfortune happens". Indigenous cultures lived along the waterways for thousands of years.
The first recorded inhabitants of the Milwaukee area are the historic Menominee, Mascouten, Sauk and Ojibwe. Many of these people had lived around Green Bay before migrating to the Milwaukee area around the time of European contact. In the second half of the 18th century, the Native Americans living near Milwaukee played a role in all the major European wars on the American continent. During the French and Indian War, a group of "Ojibwas and Pottawattamies from the far Michigan" joined the French-Canadian Daniel Liénard de Beaujeu at the Battle of the Monongahela. In the American Revolutionary War, the Native Americans around Milwaukee were some of the few groups to ally with the rebel Continentals. After the Revolutionary War, the Native Americans fought the United States in the Northwest Indian War as part of the Council of Three Fires. During the War of 1812, they held a council in Milwaukee in June 1812, which resulted in their decision to attack Chicago in retaliation against American expansion.
This resulted in the Battle of Fort Dearborn on August 15, 1812, the only known armed conflict in the Chicago area. This battle convinced the American government that the Native Americans had to be removed from their land. After being attacked in the Black Hawk War in 1832, the Native Americans in Milwaukee signed the Treaty of Chicago with the United States in 1833. In exchange for their ceding their lands in the area, they were to receive monetary payments and lands west of the Mississippi in Indian Territory. Europeans had arrived in the Milwaukee area prior to the 1833 Treaty of Chicago. French missionaries and traders first passed through the area in the late 18th centuries. Alexis Laframboise, in 1785, coming from Michilimackinac settled a trading post. Early explorers called the Milwaukee River and surrounding lands various names: Melleorki, Mahn-a-waukie and Milwaucki, in efforts to transliterate the native terms. For many years, printed records gave the name as "Milwaukie". One story of Milwaukee's name says, ne day during the thirties of the last century a newspaper calmly changed the name to Milwaukee, Milwaukee it has remained until this day.
The spelling "Milwaukie" lives on in Milwaukie, named after the Wisconsin city in 1847, before the current spelling was universally accepted. Milwaukee has three "founding fathers": Solomon Juneau, Byron Kilbourn, George H. Walker. Solomon Juneau was the first of the three to come to the area, in 1818, he founded. In competition with Juneau, Byron Kilbourn established Kilbourntown west of the Milwaukee River, he ensured. This accounts for the large number of angled bridges. Further, Kilbourn distributed maps of the area which only showed Kilbourntown, implying Juneautown did not exist or the river's east side was uninhabited and thus undesirable; the third prominent developer was George H. Walker, he claimed land to the south of the Milwaukee River, along with Juneautown, where he built a log house in 1834. This area became known as Walker's Point; the first large wave of settlement to the areas that would become Milwaukee County and the City of Milwaukee began in 1835, following removal of the tribes in the Co