Silver Linings Playbook
Silver Linings Playbook is a 2012 American romantic comedy-drama film written and directed by David O. Russell, it was adapted from Matthew Quick’s 2008 novel The Silver Linings Playbook. The film stars Bradley Cooper and Jennifer Lawrence, with Robert De Niro, Jacki Weaver, Chris Tucker, Anupam Kher, Julia Stiles in supporting roles. Cooper plays Patrizio "Pat" Solitano, Jr. a man with bipolar disorder, released from a psychiatric hospital and moves back in with his parents, played by Robert De Niro and Jacki Weaver. Determined to win back his estranged wife, Pat meets widowed Tiffany Maxwell, portrayed by Jennifer Lawrence, who offers to help him get his wife back if he enters a dance competition with her; the two become closer as they train and Pat, his father, Tiffany examine their relationships with each other as they cope with their problems. Silver Linings Playbook premiered at the 2012 Toronto International Film Festival on September 8, 2012, was released in the United States on November 16, 2012.
The film earned numerous accolades. It received eight Academy Award nominations, including for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, it became the first film since 1981's Reds to be Oscar-nominated for the four acting categories and the first since 2004's Million Dollar Baby to be nominated for the Big Five Oscars, with Lawrence winning the Academy Award for Best Actress. It achieved four Golden Globe Award nominations, with Lawrence winning Best Actress; the film was a success at the box office, grossing over $236 million worldwide, more than eleven times its budget. After eight months of treatment in a mental health facility for bipolar disorder, Patrizio "Pat" Solitano, Jr. is released into the care of his father Patrizio, Sr. and mother Dolores at his childhood home in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania. His main focus is to reconcile with Nikki, she has moved away and obtained a restraining order against him after Pat had found her in the shower with another man and badly beat him.
During his time in the clinic Pat befriends Danny McDaniels, an easygoing man, embroiled in a legal dispute with the clinic on whether or not he is eligible to leave. Pat's therapist, Dr. Patel, does his best to convince him to keep taking his medication, as a repeat of his violent outbursts might send him back to the clinic, but Pat tells him that he has a new outlook on life: he attempts to see the good, or silver linings, in all that he experiences. Patrizio employs the Latin phrase "Excelsior" translated as "always higher" or "ever upward" as the mantra of his new positive outlook. At dinner with his friend Ronnie and his wife Veronica, Pat meets Veronica's sister Tiffany Maxwell, a young widow with depression and relationship problems, they connect over dinner talking about different medications they took since they're both mentally ill. Sparks fly between Pat and Tiffany and she tries to connect by offering casual sex, but Pat keeps focusing on getting Nikki back. Tiffany tries to get closer to Pat and offers to deliver a letter to Nikki—if, in return, he will practice dancing with her and to partner with her in an upcoming dance competition.
He reluctantly agrees and the two begin a rigorous practice regimen over the following weeks. Danny comes to help but when he does Pat starts to get jealous and shows a bit of affection for Tiffany but tries to push it away. Pat believes the competition will be a good way to show Nikki that he has changed and become a better person; the elder Patrizio has resorted to illegal bookmaking. Having bet all of his money on the outcome of a Philadelphia Eagles game, he asks Pat to attend as a "good-luck charm". Pat asks Tiffany for time off from practice to attend the game, she gives him a typed reply from Nikki, in which she cautiously hints there may be a chance for reconciliation between them. Before he gets into the stadium, Pat gets involved in a fight when some racist fans harass the Indian fans there including his therapist Dr. Patel, is hauled away by the police; the Eagles lose Patrizio is furious. Tiffany shows up at their house and points out that the way she is "reading the signs," Philadelphia teams do better when she and Pat are together.
Convinced, Patrizio makes a parlay with his gambling friend: if the Eagles win their next game and Tiffany and Pat score 5 out of 10 in their dance competition, he will win back double the money he lost on the first bet. Pat is reluctant, Tiffany and Patrizio conspire to persuade Pat to dance in the competition by telling him that Nikki will be there. Pat notices that the letter from Nikki refers to "reading the signs" and realizes that Tiffany wrote it. Tiffany and their friends and family arrive at the competition on the night of the football game. Tiffany despairs when she finds that Nikki is in the audience, invited by Ronnie and Veronica who want Nikki to lift her restraining order on Pat and give Pat the chance to reconcile with her. Tiffany walks to the bar and starts drinking. Pat drags her onto the dance floor, they begin their routine. At the conclusion of their set and Pat receive an average score of 5.0 points. Amid cheers from friends and
Excelsior College is a private, non-profit college in Albany, New York. The college offers undergraduate and graduate degrees and comprises five schools: the School of Business and Technology, the School of Health Sciences, the School of Liberal Arts, the School of Nursing, the School of Public Service. Excelsior College was founded in 1971 by the New York State Board of Regents as its external degree program, known as The Regents External Degree Program; the initial development of the program was funded by major grants from the Ford Foundation and the Carnegie Corporation. Known as Regents College from 1984 until 1998, it operated as a program of the Board of Regents. In April 1998, the Board of Regents granted the school an absolute charter to operate as a private, independent institution. On January 1, 2001, Regents College, required to change its name under the terms of the separation, became Excelsior College. Excelsior College has more than 36,000 students enrolled in a wide variety of undergraduate and graduate degree programs.
The college is regionally accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools. Its nursing programs are accredited by the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing, Inc. known as the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission. The School of Nursing has twice been designated a Center of Excellence in Nursing Education by the National League for Nursing, its baccalaureate degree programs in electrical engineering technology and nuclear engineering technology are accredited by the Technology Accreditation Commission of ABET, Inc. The bachelor's degree programs in accounting and business are accredited by the International Assembly for Collegiate Business Education; the Master of Arts in Liberal Studies program has been accepted into full membership by the Association of Graduate Liberal Studies Programs. Excelsior College is exceptionally liberal in accepting transfer credit from other institutions. Any credit from a regionally accredited institution will be accepted, if the course falls within one of Excelsior's degree programs.
In fact Excelsior Regents College, was founded in part to address this question. The college has added time limits: transfer credit will not be accepted if it is more than 5, 7, 10, or 20 years prior to the date of enrollment. With these restrictions, this is a more liberal policy than most other colleges. Excelsior College is well known for its non-resident degree programs. Sources of college credit that can be used towards an Excelsior College degree program, to which advisors will refer an Excelsior student, include Excelsior College distance learning courses, courses from other regionally accredited institutions, college-level subject-matter examinations, non-collegiate training, evaluated for college-level credit by the American Council on Education, assessments of prior learning portfolios. Unlike most colleges, Excelsior College sets no limitations on the amount of allowable transfer credit. Excelsior College offers Excelsior College Examinations which are comparable to CLEP and DSST exams and are accepted as a source of credits by many colleges in the United States.
Excelsior College is a member of the Servicemembers Opportunity Colleges Consortium of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities. SOC institutions are dedicated to helping servicemembers and their families earn college degrees. Military students can take courses in their off-duty hours at or near military installations in the United States, on navy ships. Additionally, Excelsior College has been nominated as a top military-friendly school by multiple organizations. Excelsior College is one of several regionally accredited colleges operating on a model similar to Thomas Edison State College in New Jersey and Charter Oak State College in Connecticut. John E. Walsh, Lieutenant Governor of Montana, United States Senator from Montana, by mid-term appointment, February 9, 2014 – 2015. Gilbert King, BSL'85, winner of the 2013 Pulitzer Prize in non-fiction for Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, the Dawn of the New America. Charles W. Bowen, 10th Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard, 2006–2010 Joe R. Campa Jr. 11th Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy, 2006–2008 Anthony Munroe, President of Essex County College Carl Hausman, Professor of Journalism at Rowan University and author of Lies We Live By.
Anthony J. O'Donnell, Maryland politician Major General Joseph J. Taluto, retired Adjutant General of the New York National Guard Stacey Campfield, former Republican member of the Tennessee Senate from the 7th district. Judd Matheny, Republican member of the Tennessee House of Representatives from the 47th House District consisting of Coffee County and part of Warren County. Daniel A. Dailey, BS, 15th Sergeant Major of the Army Malcolm Nance, author and media commentator on international terrorism, intelligence and torture. Miguel A. Baez Jr. Sergeant Major, graduate of Class 65 from the United States Army Sergeants Major Academy. Who turned into an Actor, Stunt Performer, a Military Technical Advisor for the Film & TV industry. Official website
Carl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammar was a Swedish composer and pianist. Stenhammar was born in Stockholm, was the brother of architect Ernst Stenhammar, he received his first musical education in Stockholm. He went to Berlin to further his studies in music, he became a glowing admirer of German music that of Richard Wagner and Anton Bruckner. Stenhammar himself described the style of his First Symphony in F major as "idyllic Bruckner", he subsequently sought to emancipate himself and write in a more "Nordic" style, looking to Carl Nielsen and Jean Sibelius for guidance. The latter's Symphony No. 2 had a great effect on him, leading him to change his style and refuse to refer to his First Symphony as anything but a trivial piece. From 1906 to 1922 he was Artistic Director and chief conductor of the Gothenburg Symphony, the first full-time professional orchestra in Sweden. In this capacity, he organised many performances of music by contemporary Scandinavian composers. In 1909, he held the position of director of music at Uppsala University, where he was succeeded the following year by Hugo Alfvén.
Wilhelm Stenhammar died of a stroke at 56 years of age in Jonsered in the historic province of Västergötland. He is buried in Gothenburg, his works were quite varied and included two completed symphonies, a substantial Serenade for Orchestra, two piano concertos, four piano sonatas, a violin sonata, six string quartets, many songs and other vocal works, including several large-scale works for chorus or voices and orchestra: the early ballad Florez och Blanzeflor, Op. 3, written around 1891, Ithaka, Op. 21, from 1904, the cantatas Ett folk from 1905 and Sången, Op. 44, from 1921. Writing in The Chamber Music Journal, R. H. R. Silvertrust notes that Stenhammar's six string quartets are the most important written between those of Johannes Brahms and Béla Bartók. Whether or not this is so, there is no denying that Stenhammar's quartets represent a important development during the twenty-five years he was writing chamber music. Tonally, they range from the middle late Romantics to a style akin to mature Sibelius.
Though not unknown by the Swedish chamber music public, his string quartets have been neglected elsewhere. In 2008 Musikaliska konstföreningen published the world premiere edition of his Allegro Brillante for piano quartet composed in 1891 and his Allegro non tanto for piano trio composed in 1895. Stenhammar was considered the finest Swedish pianist of his time. Pianists who venture into the realm of the string quartet wind up writing compositions which sound as though they were composed at, are better played on, the piano; that Stenhammar's works show no such trait is because for nearly half of his life, he worked intimately with the Aulin Quartet, the top Swedish string quartet of his day and one of the best performing in Europe. In fact, he toured throughout Europe with them for many years and a piano quintet was nearly always featured on their programmes, thus it is no accident that his quartets show a fine grasp of instrumental technique. The part writing is always idiomatic and evenly distributed.
Stenhammar recorded five piano rolls for Welte-Mignon on 21 September 1905. Orchestral works Piano Concerto No. 1 in B-flat minor, Op. 1 Excelsior! Concert Overture, Op. 13 Symphony No. 1 in F major Piano Concerto No. 2 in D minor, Op. 23 Two Sentimental Romances for violin and orchestra, Op. 28 Serenade in F major, Op. 31 Symphony No. 2 in G minor, Op. 34 Symphony No. 3 in C major Opera and choral works Florez and Blanzeflor, Op. 3 Gildet på Solhaug, Op. 6 Tirfing, Op. 15 Ithaka, Op. 21 Ett Folk, Op. 22 Midvinter, Op. 24 Sången, Op. 44 Around 60 songs Chamber music String Quartet No. 1 in C major, Op. 2 String Quartet No. 2 in C minor, Op. 14 String Quartet No. 3 in F major, Op. 18 String Quartet in F minor String Quartet No. 4 in A minor, Op. 25 String Quartet No. 5 in C major, Op. 29 String Quartet No. 6 in D minor, Op. 35 Violin Sonata in A minor, Op. 19 Allegro ma non tanto in A major, for piano trio Allegro brillante in E-flat major, for piano quartet Piano music Sonata No. 1 in C major Sonata No. 2 in C minor Sonata No. 3 in A-flat major Sonata No. 4 in G minor Three Fantasies, Op. 11 Sonata in A-flat major, Op. 12 Late Summer, 5 piano pieces, Op. 33 Incidental music Lodolezzi sjunger, Op. 39 The Chamber Music Journal, V: 1,4.
Riverwoods, IL: Cobbett Association. ISSN 1535-1726; some information in the above article appears on the website of Edition Silvertrust. Permission to use, copy and distribute has been given to Wikipedia under the GNU License and GFDL. Works by or about Wilhelm Stenhammar at Internet Archive Wilhelm Stenhammar Complete String Quartets, Violin Sonata Op.19 & Allegro Brillante for Piano Quartet Soundbites & Information Biography on the site of the Swedish Music Information Centre Listen to Tre Körvisor - free MP3 recordings of: September, I Seraillets Have och Havde jeg en Dattersøn with Umeå Akademiska Kör. Listen to a free MP3 recording of Vårnatt with Hemavans Sommarkör 2006. Free scores by Stenhammar at the International Music Score Library Project
Excelsior Wet Plate Camera
The Excelsior Wet Plate Camera is a type of wet plate camera invented by August Semmendinger, one of the first manufacturers of wet plate photography. Excelsior cameras were manufactured in both New York City and Fort Lee, New Jersey starting in 1859. August Semmendinger began to manufacture cameras in 1859 in New York City at Nos. 410 & 412 West 16th Street under the business name "A. Semmendinger & Sons", he was one of the first major manufacturers of wet plate cameras, a type of photography, discovered eight years prior in 1851 by Frederick Scott Archer and Gustave Le Gray. Using their new methods of photography, Semmendinger drew up plans for his own wet plate camera and branded it "Excelsior"; the Excelsior camera evolved over time to use novel features created by Semmendinger himself. The first, Patent No. 27,241, involved combining a spring board with a typical photographic apparatus "for the purpose of facilitating a rapid multiplication in photographing". This patent is an integral part of all known Excelsior cameras in existence today.
Six months another wet plate upgrade was patented under Patent No. 29,523, which expanded on the first aiding "in attaching the camera to a movable frame... for the purpose of facilitating the copying of large pictures by photographing."After several years of camera production in New York City, the Semmendinger & Sons business moved across the river to Fort Lee, NJ. August Semmendinger died in 1885 leaving the business to his younger sons who continued the manufacturing of Excelsior wet plate cameras for some time. Many Semmendinger cameras may be found in museums such as the George Eastman Museum, the UCR/California Museum of Photography. Semmendinger cameras were most single lens cameras under the model name Excelsior. All were made of finely polished mahogany with a cloth of brass focusing screws. After Semmendinger's invention of the silver corners, these were included in all future Excelsior model cameras. In addition to the common single lens variety, Semmendinger produced stereo cameras with combinations of either two or four lenses.
All cameras produced by Semmendinger were part of the Excelsior brand, yet attempts have been made to distinguish between variations. Variation 1 refers to the Excelsior camera featuring a cone, or tapered, bellows; this camera had a compartment on the front under the lenses where the brass screws used for focusing and moving the lens board would have been kept. Sizes for variation 1 varied from 6½x8½" to 17x20"; this model was available to be made in a 5x8" stereoscopic size. Variation 2 refers to the Excelsior without the tapered bellows; this camera lacked the compartment under the lens, was used more as a studio or portrait camera. Sizes for variation 2 varied from 4¼x5½" to 20x24". Semmendinger's "Mammoth plate" wet-collodion camera saw use in remote landscape photography despite its weight and that of the glass plates it used, it was considered a "monster". Semmenndinger's idea of utilizing that portion of the camera just under the lens and converting it into a sort of cupboard was thought novel.
Excelsior Geyser Crater known as Excelsior Geyser, is a dormant fountain-type geyser in the Midway Geyser Basin of Yellowstone National Park in the United States. Excelsior was named by the Hayden Geological Survey of 1871; the Excelsior Geyser pool discharges 4,000 to 4,500 gallons of 199 °F water per minute directly into the Firehole River. In the late 19th century, it was an active geyser. Most eruptions were about 100 feet high, although some exceeded 300 feet in both width, it is believed that the powerful eruptions damaged its internal plumbing system, it now boils as a productive hot spring most of the time. In 1985, Excelsior returned to activity for a 46-hour period from September 14 to 16; these eruptions were small at 30 feet but a few were as much as 80 feet tall and 100 feet wide. All of these eruptions lasted about 2 minutes at intervals of 5 to 66 minutes. Between 2004 and 2006, Excelsior did have violent boiling strong enough to be considered as eruptions; this boiling reached between 5 to 10 feet and had a duration of seconds
Excelsior Public School (Excelsior, Minnesota)
Excelsior Public School is a former school building in Excelsior, United States, listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The school was built in the Georgian Revival style between 1899 and 1901 to serve Excelsior during a time of growth in the community. Before this building was built, two other school buildings were located on the site; the first was moved to 321-323 Third Street, the second was destroyed by fire. The building housed grades 1 through 7 in four classrooms on the first floor, eighth-grade and high school students were on the second floor. At the time of its construction, it was deemed the finest school in rural Hennepin County. By 1908, the school served 308 students, by 1915 the high school students had moved to a new building on Oak Street; the school bell, mounted in a bell tower, had to be removed from the tower in 1962 because of a decaying structure. It was mounted on a granite pedestal next to the Excelsior Public Library in 1966. In 1964, the school was closed, became administrative offices for the Minnetonka School District.
The building is used for office space. History of the current Excelsior Elementary School
Washougal is a city in Clark County, United States. The population was 14,095 as of the 2010 Census. Washougal was incorporated on December 4, 1908, its Mount Pleasant Grange Hall is the oldest continually used grange hall in Washington. This small community is located on the Washington side of the Columbia River, with its lowlands and famous prairie situated on the west entrance to the scenic Columbia River Gorge. Motorists who approach Washougal from the west on the Lewis & Clark Highway can see Mount Hood rising above the Cascade Mountains framed by the columnar cliffs that signal the gateway of the Gorge, it is home to Washougal High School. It can be stated that Washougal is the "crossroads to discovery" in the Pacific Northwest. Shortly after Capt. Robert Gray, a Boston fur trader, entered the mouth of the Columbia River in May 1792, the famed British explorer George Vancouver traveled to the region to verify Gray's discovery. In October 1792, Vancouver directed a young Lieutenant named William Broughton to lead a party of men in a long boat up the Columbia to explore its head waters.
Broughton landed near the east end of Reed Island. He named Mount Hood after Point Vancouver after his commanding officer. Broughton incorrectly assumed the head waters of the Columbia originated from Mount Hood. In reality, the river originates some 1,000 miles to the north and east in Canada, but it would be 18 years before the entire river was charted by another famed British explorer named David Thompson. Captain Gray's discovery of the Columbia opened trade between Europeans and Chinook Indians who lived along the lower Columbia between the Cascade region and the river's mouth. U. S. British and Russian fur traders bartered for sea otter and beaver skins in the late 18th century. Another important group of explorers visited the region in 1805–1806, but this group came from the east, which marked the first cross-continental expedition; these famed explorers were William Clark. The Corps of Discovery was impressed with the fertile valley located near Washougal. In fact, when they reached the Pacific Coast and conducted their historic vote on selecting their winter camp site, the three viable options considered were the Clatsop area near Astoria, the north bank near Chinook, the fertile valley near the Sandy and Washougal Rivers.
But, because the Corps had reached the Pacific in late November, they did not have much time to construct a winter fort before the cold weather set in, therefore choosing the Clatsop region because of the abundance of big game and its view of the Pacific—and they hoped to make contact with a fur trading ship to get word back to President Jefferson about the success of their mission. On their return to the east, the Corps of Discovery rowed hard against the current hoping to return to the Nez Perce in early spring; the Nez Perce were caring for their horses over the winter and they needed the horses to travel over the Rocky Mountains. They arrived at Washougal on Monday, March 31, 1806. Lewis wrote in his journals that they camped on the lower end of a handsome prairie two miles up from the mouth of Seal River and directly across from the upper Quicksand River channel. By triangulating these landmarks, it places their campsite close to present day Capt. William Clark Park at Cottonwood Beach.
The Corps would camp at this location for six days in order to kill big game, dry the meat, sew leather sacks in which to store the meat. Natives descending the river told them of scarcity in provisions east of the Cascades. So the handsome prairie in present-day Washougal turned into a provisioning camp which became their second longest campsite in present-day Washington State. So within a 13-year period Washougal would have famous travelers visit its banks from both the east and west—again in 1811 another famed explorer would camp near the same "handsome prairie" on his famous journey to chart the entire length of the Columbia River. In 1825, the Hudson's Bay Fur Company established Fort Vancouver near present-day Vancouver, Washington. Fur trappers and loggers began to visit regions of the Columbia River and they assigned names to familiar locations. Washougal became known as Washougally Camp, thought to be a derivative of an Indian word meaning "rushing water." One of the first Europeans to settle in this area was a British seaman named Richard Ough who arrived in 1838.
While working at Ft. Vancouver, he met and fell in love with Betsy White Wing, a Native American Princess of the Cascades people, her father, Chief Slyhorse Schluyhus, agreed to their marriage as a political alliance, but he stipulated as a condition that Richard must settle down. After their marriage in 1838, they stayed at Ft. Vancouver. In the 1840s, Richard bought a large swath of land near current downtown Washougal, he purchased it from a fellow settler for $45, a horse, a saddle, a few loaves of bread. Washougal was founded on part of the Oughs' original claim. Among Washougal's first and foremost citizens, the Oughs were generous with money; the Oughs had ten children in all, Grace, Benjamin, Mary, Cecelia and John Thomas. Both Richard and Betsy Ough lived long and fulfilling lives owning a dairy dying at the ages 90 and 96, respectively. Both are buried in the local Catholic Cemetery and they have descendants who still live in Washougal. Personal belongings of the Ough's—including clothing and Indian artifacts—can be found in the Two Rivers Heritage Museum in Washougal.
Just downstream from the handsome prairie where Lewis & Clark and David Th