Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario. Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; as of 2016, Ottawa had a city population of 964,743 and a metropolitan population of 1,323,783 making it the fourth-largest city and the fifth-largest CMA in Canada. Founded in 1826 as Bytown, incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into the political centre of Canada, its original boundaries were expanded through numerous annexations and were replaced by a new city incorporation and amalgamation in 2001 which increased its land area. The city name "Ottawa" was chosen in reference to the Ottawa River, the name of, derived from the Algonquin Odawa, meaning "to trade". Ottawa has the most educated population among Canadian cities and is home to a number of post-secondary and cultural institutions, including the National Arts Centre, the National Gallery, numerous national museums. Ottawa has the highest standard of living in low unemployment.
With the draining of the Champlain Sea around ten thousand years ago, the Ottawa Valley became habitable. Local populations used the area for wild edible harvesting, fishing, trade and camps for over 6500 years; the Ottawa river valley has archaeological sites with arrow heads and stone tools. Three major rivers meet within Ottawa, making it an important trade and travel area for thousands of years; the Algonquins called the Ottawa River Kichi Sibi or Kichissippi meaning "Great River" or "Grand River". Étienne Brûlé regarded as the first European to travel up the Ottawa River, passed by Ottawa in 1610 on his way to the Great Lakes. Three years Samuel de Champlain wrote about the waterfalls in the area and about his encounters with the Algonquins, using the Ottawa River for centuries. Many missionaries would follow the early traders; the first maps of the area used the word Ottawa, derived from the Algonquin word adawe, to name the river. Philemon Wright, a New Englander, created the first settlement in the area on 7 March 1800 on the north side of the river, across from the present day city of Ottawa in Hull.
He, with five other families and twenty-five labourers, set about to create an agricultural community called Wrightsville. Wright pioneered the Ottawa Valley timber trade by transporting timber by river from the Ottawa Valley to Quebec City. Bytown, Ottawa's original name, was founded as a community in 1826 when hundreds of land speculators were attracted to the south side of the river when news spread that British authorities were constructing the northerly end of the Rideau Canal military project at that location; the following year, the town was named after British military engineer Colonel John By, responsible for the entire Rideau Waterway construction project. The canal's military purpose was to provide a secure route between Montreal and Kingston on Lake Ontario, bypassing a vulnerable stretch of the St. Lawrence River bordering the state of New York that had left re-supply ships bound for southwestern Ontario exposed to enemy fire during the War of 1812. Colonel By set up military barracks on the site of today's Parliament Hill.
He laid out the streets of the town and created two distinct neighbourhoods named "Upper Town" west of the canal and "Lower Town" east of the canal. Similar to its Upper Canada and Lower Canada namesakes "Upper Town" was predominantly English speaking and Protestant whereas "Lower Town" was predominantly French and Catholic. Bytown's population grew to 1,000 as the Rideau Canal was being completed in 1832. Bytown encountered some impassioned and violent times in her early pioneer period that included Irish labour unrest that attributed to the Shiners' War from 1835 to 1845 and political dissension evident from the 1849 Stony Monday Riot. In 1855 Bytown was incorporated as a city. William Pittman Lett was installed as the first city clerk guiding it through 36 years of development. On New Year's Eve 1857, Queen Victoria, as a symbolic and political gesture, was presented with the responsibility of selecting a location for the permanent capital of the Province of Canada. In reality, Prime Minister John A. Macdonald had assigned this selection process to the Executive Branch of the Government, as previous attempts to arrive at a consensus had ended in deadlock.
The "Queen's choice" turned out to be the small frontier town of Ottawa for two main reasons: Firstly, Ottawa's isolated location in a back country surrounded by dense forest far from the Canada–US border and situated on a cliff face would make it more defensible from attack. Secondly, Ottawa was midway between Toronto and Kingston and Montreal and Quebec City. Additionally, despite Ottawa's regional isolation it had seasonal water transportation access to Montreal over the Ottawa River and to Kingston via the Rideau Waterway. By 1854 it had a modern all season Bytown and Prescott Railway that carried passengers and supplies the 82-kilometres to Prescott on the Saint Lawrence River and beyond. Ottawa's small size, it was thought, would make it less prone to rampaging politically motivated mobs, as had happened in the previous Canadian capitals; the government owned the land that would become Parliament Hill which they thought would be an ideal location for the Parliament Buildings. Ottawa was th
Mannheim is a city in the southwestern part of Germany, the third-largest in the German state of Baden-Württemberg after Stuttgart and Karlsruhe with a 2015 population of 305,000 inhabitants. The city is at the centre of the larger densely populated Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region which has a population of 2,400,000 and is Germany's eighth-largest metropolitan region. Mannheim is located at the confluence of the Rhine and the Neckar in the northwestern corner of Baden-Württemberg; the Rhine separates Mannheim from the city of Ludwigshafen, just to the west of it in Rhineland-Palatinate, the border of Baden-Württemberg with Hesse is just to the north. Mannheim is downstream along the Neckar from the city of Heidelberg. Mannheim is unusual among German cities in that its streets and avenues are laid out in a grid pattern, leading to its nickname "die Quadratestadt"; the eighteenth century Mannheim Palace, former home of the Prince-elector of the Palatinate, now houses the University of Mannheim.
The city is home to major corporations including Daimler, John Deere, Caterpillar, ABB, Fuchs Petrolub, IBM, Reckitt Benckiser, Phoenix Group and several other well-known companies. In addition, Mannheim's SAP Arena is not only the home of the German ice hockey record champions the Adler Mannheim, but the well-known handball team, the Rhein-Neckar Löwen. According to the Forbes magazine, Mannheim is known for its exceptional inventive power and was ranked 11th among the Top 15 of the most inventive cities worldwide; the New Economy Magazine elected Mannheim under the 20 cities that best represent the world of tomorrow emphasizing Mannheim's positive economic and innovative environment. Since 2014, Mannheim has been a member of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network and holds the title of "UNESCO City of Music". Mannheim is a Smart City; the city's tourism slogan is "Leben. Im Quadrat.". The civic symbol of Mannheim is der Wasserturm, a Romanesque water tower completed in 1886 that rises to 60 metres above the highest point of the art nouveau area Friedrichsplatz.
Mannheim is the finishing point of the Bertha Benz Memorial Route. The name of the city was first recorded as Mannenheim in a legal transaction in 766, surviving in a twelfth-century copy in the Codex Laureshamensis from Lorsch Abbey; the name is interpreted as "the home of Manno", a short form of a Germanic name such as Hartmann or Hermann. Mannheim remained a mere village throughout the Middle Ages. In 1606, Frederick IV, Elector Palatine started building the fortress of Friedrichsburg and the adjacent city centre with its grid of streets and avenues. On January 24, 1607, Frederick IV gave Mannheim the status of a "city", whether it was one by or not. Mannheim was levelled during the Thirty Years War around 1622 by the forces of Johan Tilly. After being rebuilt, it was again damaged by the French Army in 1689 during the Nine Years' War. After the rebuilding of Mannheim that began in 1698, the capital of the Electorate of the Palatinate was moved from Heidelberg to Mannheim in 1720 when Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine began construction of Mannheim Palace and the Jesuit Church.
During the eighteenth century, Mannheim was the home of the "Mannheim School" of classical music composers. Mannheim was said to have one of the best court orchestras in Europe under the leadership of the conductor Carlo Grua; the royal court of the Palatinate left Mannheim in 1778. Two decades in 1802, Mannheim was removed from the Palatinate and given to the Grand Duchy of Baden. In 1819, Norwich Duff wrote of Mannheim: In 1819, August von Kotzebue was assassinated in Mannheim; the climate crisis of 1816-17 caused the death of many horses in Mannheim. That year Karl Drais invented the first bicycle. Infrastructure improvements included the establishment of Rhine Harbour in 1828 and construction of the first Baden railway, which opened from Mannheim to Heidelberg in 1840. Influenced by the economic rise of the middle class, another golden age of Mannheim began. In the March Revolution of 1848, the city was a centre for revolutionary activity. In 1865, Friedrich Engelhorn founded the Badische Anilin- und Soda-Fabrik in Mannheim, but the factory was constructed across the Rhine in Ludwigshafen because Mannheim residents feared air pollution from its operations.
From this dye factory, BASF has developed into the largest chemical company in the world. After opening a workshop in Mannheim in 1871 and patenting engines from 1878, Karl Benz patented the first motor car in 1886, he was born in Mühlburg. The Schütte-Lanz company, founded by Karl Lanz and Johann Schütte in 1909, built 22 airships; the company's main competitor was the Zeppelin works. When World War I broke out in 1914, Mannheim's industrial plants played a key role in Germany's war economy; this contributed to the fact that, on 27 May 1915, Ludwigshafen was the world's first civilian settlement behind the battle lines to be bombed from the air. French aircraft attacked the BASF plants; the precedent was set for this attack by Germany's repeated air raids against British civilian populations throughout southeastern Britain during the first half of 1915. When Germany lost the war in 1918, according to the peace terms, the left bank of the Rhine was occupied by French troops; the French occupation lasted until 1930, some of Ludwigshafen's most elegant houses were erected for the officers of the French garrison.
After the First World War, the Heinric
In Your Room (Depeche Mode song)
"In Your Room" is Depeche Mode's fourth and final single from their 1993 album Songs of Faith and Devotion, the 30th UK single overall, released on 10 January 1994 in the UK and 18 January in the USA. The song reached number 8 in the UK Singles Chart; the version of "In Your Room" used for the single release is the "Zephyr Mix", a radically different mix of the original album version, nearly redone by Butch Vig of Nirvana fame. Other official single remixes include the "Apex Mix", produced by Brian Eno, which sounds closer to the album version, Johnny Dollar's "The Jeep Rock Mix", which appears on Remixes 81 - 04. During concerts in 1993 and 1994, the album version was played live. From the 1998 Singles Tour onwards, the "Zephyr Mix" of the song has been played live instead. However, during the 2009 Tour of the Universe a mixture of both versions was played live. During "Global Spirit Tour" the band returned to the album version again; the single was released in a special foldout digipak with room to hold three different versions of the "In Your Room" single: the original release, a live disc and a remix disc.
The b-sides consist of a remix of album track "Higher Love", along with some live songs from the Devotional Tour. Depeche Mode's first appearance on the "Late Show with David Letterman", filmed during a stop on their "The Singles Tour", featured an abbreviated version of "In Your Room." The music video for "In Your Room" was directed by Anton Corbijn and features references to the videos for "Strangelove", "I Feel You", "Walking in My Shoes", "Halo", "Enjoy the Silence", "Personal Jesus", "Condemnation" and "Never Let Me Down Again". Corbijn described the video as a retrospective of the work he had done with Depeche Mode, he said he made it that way because he wasn't sure if he was going to do another Depeche Mode video after it.. He elaborated stating, that this video was made during the rise of band troubles so it was uncertain whether the band would still exist for another video to be made; the video features Alexandra Kummer, who sometimes is clothed. Because of the partial nudity and scenes of bondage, the video only aired after prime time on MTV in the US.
Since the video had only limited screen play the single was not a hit in the US. This is the last Depeche Mode single with Alan Wilder as a band member, the last music video he appears in. All songs written by Martin Gore. "In Your Room" - 4:52 Higher Love" - 4:48 "In Your Room" - 4:52 "In Your Room" - 6:45 "In Your Room" - 6:19 "Higher Love" - 7:49 "In Your Room" - 6:43 "In Your Room" - 6:52 "Policy of Truth" - 5:08 "World in My Eyes" - 6:16 "Fly on the Windscreen" - 5:20 "Never Let Me Down Again" - 5:01 "Death's Door" - 2:45 "In Your Room" - 4:52 "In Your Room" - 6:43 "Never Let Me Down Again" - 5:01 "Death's Door" - 2:45This CD is the 1994 Single Box Release, containing three separately sold cd singles. This one came with the box, with space to hold the other two, LCDBong24 and XLCDBong24, which were released on cardboard sleeve. "In Your Room" - 6:52 "Policy of Truth" - 5:08 "World in My Eyes" - 6:16 "Fly on the Windscreen" - 5:20 "In Your Room" - 6:19 "In Your Room" - 6:45 "Higher Love" - 7:49 "In Your Room" - 4:52 "Higher Love" - 4:48 "In Your Room" - 6:45 "In Your Room" - 6:19 "Higher Love" - 7:49 "In Your Room" - 6:43 "In Your Room" - 6:52 "Policy of Truth" - 5:08 "World in My Eyes" - 6:16 "Fly on the Windscreen" - 5:20 "Never Let Me Down Again" - 5:01 "Death's Door" - 2:45This CD was part of the Remixes Box Set.
"In Your Room" - 6:19 "Higher Love" - 7:49 "In Your Room" - 6:43 "In Your Room" - 6:43 "In Your Room" - 6:45 "In Your Room" - 6:19 "Higher Love" - 7:49 "In Your Room" - 4:52 "In Your Room" - 6:45 "Higher Love" - 7:49 "In Your Room" - 6:20 "Policy of Truth" - 5:07 "In Your Room" - 6:44 "In Your Room" - 6:52All live songs recorded in Lievin, France on 29 July 1993. Fallon Bowman's band, Amphibious Assault, covered the song for their debut LP District Six in 2003. Single information from the official Depeche Mode web site Allmusic song review Allmusic US CD single review Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Anaheim is a city in Orange County, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 336,265, making it the most populous city in Orange County and the 10th-most populous city in California. Anaheim is the second-largest city in Orange County in terms of land area, is known for being the home of the Disneyland Resort, the Anaheim Convention Center, two major sports teams: the Anaheim Ducks ice hockey club and the Los Angeles Angels baseball team. Anaheim was founded by fifty German families in 1857 and incorporated as the second city in Los Angeles County on March 18, 1876. Anaheim remained an agricultural community until Disneyland opened in 1955; this led to the construction of several hotels and motels around the area, residential districts in Anaheim soon followed. The city developed into an industrial center, producing electronics, aircraft parts and canned fruit. Anaheim is a charter city. Anaheim's city limits extend from Cypress in the west to the Riverside County line in the east and encompass a diverse collection of neighborhoods and communities.
Anaheim Hills is a master-planned community located in the city's eastern stretches, home to many of the city's affluent. Downtown Anaheim has three mixed-use historic districts, the largest of, the Anaheim Colony; the Anaheim Resort, a commercial district, includes the Disneyland Resort, with its two theme parks, multiple hotels, retail district, numerous hotels and retail complexes. The Platinum Triangle, a neo-urban redevelopment district surrounding Angel Stadium, is planned to be populated with mixed-use streets and high-rises. Anaheim Canyon is an industrial district north of California State Route 91 and east of California State Route 57. Anaheim's name is a blend of Ana, after the nearby Santa Ana River, German -heim meaning "home", a common Germanic place name compound; the city of Anaheim was founded in 1857 by 50 German-Americans who were residents of San Francisco and whose families had originated in Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Franconia in Bavaria. After traveling through the state looking for a suitable area to grow grapes, the group decided to purchase a 1,165 acres parcel from Juan Pacifico Ontiveros' large Rancho San Juan Cajon de Santa Ana in present-day Orange County for $2 per acre.
For $750 a share, the group formed the Anaheim Vineyard Company. Their new community was named meaning "home by the Santa Anna River" in German; the name was altered to Anaheim. To the Spanish-speaking neighbors, the settlement was known as Campo Alemán. Although grape and wine-making was their primary objective, the majority of the 50 settlers were mechanics and craftsmen with no experience in wine-making; the community set aside 40 acres for a town center and a school was the first building erected there. The first home was built in 1857, the Anaheim Gazette newspaper was established in 1870 and a hotel in 1871; the census of 1870 reported a population of 565 for the Anaheim district. For 25 years, the area was the largest wine producer in California. However, in 1884, a disease infected the grape vines and by the following year the entire industry was destroyed. Other crops – walnuts and oranges – soon filled the void. Fruits and vegetables had become viable cash crops when the Los Angeles – Orange County region was connected to the continental railroad network in 1887.
Polish actress Helena Modjeska settled in Anaheim with her husband and various friends, among them Henryk Sienkiewicz, Julian Sypniewski and Łucjan Paprocki. While living in Anaheim, Helena Modjeska became good friends with Clementine Langenberger, the second wife of August Langenberger. Helena Street and Clementine Street are named after these two ladies, the streets are located adjacent to each other as a symbol of the strong friendship which Helena Modjeska and Clementine Lagenberger shared. Modjeska Park in West Anaheim, is named after Helena Modjeska. During the first half of the 20th century, before Disneyland opened its doors to the public, Anaheim was a massive rural community dominated by orange groves and the landowners who farmed them. One of the landowners was Bennett Payne Baxter, who owned much land in northeast Anaheim that today is the location of Angel Stadium, he came up with many new ideas for irrigating orange groves and shared his ideas with other landowners. He was not only successful, he helped other landowners and businesspeople succeed as well.
Ben Baxter and other landowners helped to make Anaheim a thriving rural community before Disneyland changed the city forever. Today, a street runs along Edison Park, named Baxter Street. During this time, Rudolph Boysen served as Anaheim's first Park Superintendent from 1921 to 1950. Boysen created a hybrid berry which Walter Knott named the boysenberry, after Rudy Boysen. Boysen Park in East Anaheim was named after him. In 1924, Ku Klux Klan members were elected to the Anaheim City Council on a platform of political reform. Up until that point, the city had been controlled by a long-standing business and civic elite, German American. Given their tradition of moderate social drinking, the German Americans did not support prohibition laws of the day; the mayor himself was a former saloon keeper. Led by the minister of the First Christian Church, the Klan represented a rising group of politically oriented non-ethnic Germans who denounced the elite as corrupt and self-serving; the Klansmen aimed to create what they saw as a model, orderly community, one in which prohibition against alcohol
Quebec City Québec, is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec. The city had a population estimate of 531,902 in July 2016, the metropolitan area had a population of 800,296 in July 2016, making it the second largest city in Quebec after Montreal, the seventh largest metropolitan area and eleventh largest city in the country; the Algonquian people had named the area Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows", because the Saint Lawrence River narrows proximate to the promontory of Quebec and its Cape Diamant. Explorer Samuel de Champlain founded a French settlement here in 1608, adopted the Algonquin name. Quebec City is one of the oldest European cities in North America; the ramparts surrounding Old Quebec are the only fortified city walls remaining in the Americas north of Mexico. This area was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 as the "Historic District of Old Québec"; the city's landmarks include the Château Frontenac hotel that dominates the skyline and the Citadelle of Quebec, an intact fortress that forms the centrepiece of the ramparts surrounding the old city and includes a secondary royal residence.
The National Assembly of Quebec, the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, the Musée de la civilisation are found within or near Vieux-Québec. According to the Government of Canada, the Government of Quebec and the Geographical Names Board of Canada, the names of Canadian cities and towns have only one official form. Thus, Québec is spelled with an accented é in both Canadian English and French. In English, the city and the province are distinguished by the fact that the province does not have an accented é and the city does. Informally, the accent is omitted in common usage, so the unofficial form "Quebec City" is used to distinguish the city from the province. In French, the names of provinces are gendered nouns and the names of cities are not, so the city and the province are distinguished by the presence or absence of a definite article in front of the name. For example, the concept of "in Quebec" is expressed as "à Québec" for the city and "au Québec" for the province. Quebec City is one of the oldest European settlements in North America and the only fortified city north of Mexico whose walls still exist.
While many of the major cities in Latin America date from the 16th century, among cities in Canada and the U. S. few were created earlier than Quebec City. It is home to the earliest known French settlement in North America, Fort Charlesbourg-Royal, established in 1541 by explorer Jacques Cartier with some 400 persons but abandoned less than a year due to the hostility of the natives and the harsh winter; the fort was in the suburban former town of Cap-Rouge. Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain, a French explorer and diplomat, on 3 July 1608, at the site of a long abandoned St. Lawrence Iroquoian settlement called Stadacona. Champlain called "The Father of New France", served as its administrator for the rest of his life; the name "Canada" refers to this settlement. Although the Acadian settlement at Port-Royal was established three years earlier, Quebec came to be known as the cradle of North America's Francophone population; the place seemed favourable to the establishment of a permanent colony.
The population of the settlement remained small for decades. In 1629 it was captured by English privateers, led during the Anglo-French War. Samuel de Champlain argued that the English seizing of the lands was illegal as the war had ended, worked to have the lands returned to France; as part of the ongoing negotiations of their exit from the Anglo-French War, in 1632 the English king Charles agreed to return the lands in exchange for Louis XIII paying his wife's dowry. These terms were signed into law with the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye; the lands in Quebec and Acadia were returned to the French Company of One Hundred Associates. In 1665, there were 550 people in 70 houses living in the city. One-quarter of the people were members of religious orders: secular priests, Ursulines nuns and the order running the local hospital, Hotel-Dieu. Quebec City was the headquarters of many raids against New England during the four French and Indian Wars. In the last war, the French and Indian War, Quebec City was captured by the British in 1759 and held until the end of the war in 1763.
It was the site of three battles during Seven Years' War: a French victory. France ceded New France, including the city, to Britain in 1763. At the end of French rule in 1763, villages and pastures surrounded the town of 8,000 inhabitants; the town distinguished itself by its monumental architecture and affluent homes of masonry and shacks in the suburbs of Saint-Jean and Saint-Roch. Despite its urbanity and its status as capital, Quebec City remained a small colonial city with close ties to its rural surroundings. Nearby inhabitants traded their farm surpluses and firewood for imported goods from France at the two city m
I Feel You
"I Feel You" is a song by Depeche Mode, released on 15 February 1993 as their 27th UK single and the first single from the album Songs of Faith and Devotion. The song peaked at number eight on the UK Singles Chart and made number one and number three on the US Modern Rock Tracks and Hot Dance Club Play charts, respectively, it was the band's highest-charting single worldwide. The song is ostensibly about "connection" between two individuals. "I Feel You" demonstrates a more rock-oriented sound, using more non-electronic instruments than before. For example, Alan Wilder plays drums, Martin Gore plays the guitar, but with electronic sounds still included, like the synthesized tyre screeching intro. "I Feel You" has a compound time signature of 6/8. The 7" version of "I Feel You" is the same as the album version; the "Throb Mix" with incomplete lyrics. A part of the "Swamp Mix" is used as an interlude on the Songs of Faith and Devotion album between "Get Right With Me" and "Rush"; the single release contained "One Caress", a track from Songs of Faith and Devotion sung by Martin Gore.
In the USA, Sire/Reprise released "One Caress" as a promo-only single. One promo copy has the original version, the other has the version from Songs of Faith and Devotion Live. There is no remix for the song; the music video for "I Feel You" was directed by Anton Corbijn. The woman in the video was English actress Lysette Anthony. There is a music video for "One Caress", directed by Kevin Kerslake, filmed during one of the off-days of the Devotional Tour in the US, it was a promo-only video, released on The Videos 86>98. Prior to its inclusion on The Videos 86>98, the music video for "One Caress" was broadcast on MTV's Alternative Rock video block 120 Minutes and Sky One. On 2 September 1993, "I Feel You" was nominated in the MTV Video Music Awards. Placebo covered the song in 1999, was released as a single-sided cassette, it was released on Sleeping with Ghosts for the 2 CD version, which included a covers album. Apollo 440 recorded a cover on the tribute album For the Masses. Former The Smiths songwriter and guitarist Johnny Marr released a cover of the song in support of Record Store Day 2015.
List of number-one singles of 1993 List of number-one singles of 1993 Number one modern rock hits of 1993 Single information from the official Depeche Mode web site AllMusic review Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
The Bell Centre known as the Molson Centre, is a sports and entertainment complex in Montreal, Canada. It opened on March 1996, after nearly three years under construction, it is best known as the home of the National Hockey League's Montreal Canadiens ice hockey team, it has the largest arena capacity to host an NHL team. It is owned by a partnership group headed by Geoff Molson and his brothers and Justin; the same ownership group owns the Montreal Canadiens and Evenko, an entertainment event promoter. Since it opened in 1996, it has been listed as one of the world's busiest arenas receiving the highest attendance of any arena in Canada. In 2012, it was the fifth-busiest arena in the world based on ticket sales for non-sporting events. Construction began on the site on June 22, 1993 two weeks after the Canadiens defeated the Los Angeles Kings at the Forum for their 24th and most recent Stanley Cup; the name of the arena reflected Molson, Inc. a brewing company, owner of the Canadiens at the time.
Molson elected not to keep the naming rights when they sold the team and the name was changed on September 1, 2002, after Bell Canada acquired the naming rights. On November 9, 1997, the Molson Centre was the site of WWE's Survivor Series event, the infamous Montreal Screwjob. On October 14, 2015, it was announced that Bell Centre would undergo renovations, including renovated hallways and concessions, new restaurants, public Wi-Fi, the planned conversion of Avenue des Canadiens-de-Montréal into a pedestrian-only street; the renovations, which are not expected to interfere with normal operations, have a budget of $100 million. Bell Centre is located in downtown Montreal, near the corner of Avenue des Canadiens-de-Montréal and De La Montagne Street; the Lucien L'Allier commuter rail terminal, to which it is connected, is next door on that corner. In addition it is located across the street from the 1250 René-Lévesque skyscraper, it is accessible by public transportation, as it is linked to both Lucien-L'Allier and Bonaventure Metro stations.
It is connected to the underground city and Central Station. The building covers an area of 3.87 acres. It has a seating capacity of 21,288, making it the largest hockey arena in the world, it holds six restaurants. Capacities of the Centre are: Arena: 21,302 Arena: 22,114 Concerts: 19,200 Amphitheatre: 10,000–14,000 Theatre: 5,000–9,000 Hemicycle: 2,000–4,000The public address announcer for the Canadiens' games is Michel Lacroix, while the national anthem singer alternates every home game after Charles Prevost-Linton was not asked to return at the end of the 2013–2014 season. Most notable amongst these rotating performers is Quebecois pop legend Ginette Reno, whose appearances to sing the Canadian anthem at playoff games were popular. Diane Bibeau plays the organ on Saturday nights. A new scoreboard was installed prior of the 2008–2009 season; the new scoreboard consists of four 510 square foot video panels. It was the biggest in the NHL until 2012, it is one of only two NHL arenas that uses an old-style siren to mark the end of periods instead of a horn.
The sirens were inherited from the arenas' predecessor facilities, coming from the disused Montreal Forum and the Boston Garden respectively. Unlike most North American arenas, which have been designed by Populous and its predecessors, the Bell Centre was designed by a local consortium, has many unique design features; the grandstands are sloped steeply. Washrooms on the 100 level are centralized on a specific lower level located at each end; the Bell Centre is arranged in a three-tier layout: The lower 100 section referred to as "the reds" since these seats are painted red. The Club Desjardins section is premium section between two levels of corporate boxes. Larger seats and free food and non-alcoholic drinks are provided; the 300–400 section is divided into three zones by seat colour: white section rows AA–FF, the grey section rows A–D, the blue section, labelled "400," and consisting of rows A–D. The ends of the 400 section are further divided into two more groups. At the end the Canadiens shoot towards twice is the Coors Light Zone, featuring section cheerleaders and a band playing in the hallway.
At the opposite end is the Family Zone, featuring child-specific ticket prices and limited alcohol. Seats behind the press gondola, in Sections 318, 319, 320, feature their own scoreboards on the back of the gondola, due to the normal scoreboard being blocked. After some early complaints of a generic feel compared to the Forum, the Canadiens started to incrementally decorate the building with celebrations of the team's history, including a ring of players around the top level of seating; the Molson Ex Zone features its own red theme. See also: List of entertainment events held at the Bell Centre The final two games of the three-game 1996 World Cup of Hockey championship series were held at Bell Centre. Bell Centre was host to two pool games in the 2004 World Cup of Hockey; the Bell Centre hosted the 2009 NHL Entry Draft. Montreal Canadiens home games have been sold out since January 2004. Additionally, the Canadiens have among the top attendance figures in the NHL. For the 2009–2010 sea