An apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and some accompanying study. Apprenticeship enables practitioners to gain a license to practice in a regulated profession. Most of their training is done while working for an employer who helps the apprentices learn their trade or profession, in exchange for their continued labor for an agreed period after they have achieved measurable competencies. Apprenticeships last 3 to 7 years. People who complete an apprenticeship reach the "journeyman" or professional certification level of competence. Although the formal boundaries and terminology of the apprentice/journeyman/master system do not extend outside guilds and trade unions, the concept of on-the-job training leading to competence over a period of years is found in any field of skilled labor. In early modern usage, the clipped form prentice was common; the system of apprenticeship first developed in the Middle Ages and came to be supervised by craft guilds and town governments.
A master craftsman was entitled to employ young people as an inexpensive form of labour in exchange for providing food and formal training in the craft. Most apprentices were males, but female apprentices were found in crafts such as seamstress, cordwainer and stationer. Apprentices began at ten to fifteen years of age, would live in the master craftsman's household. Most apprentices aspired to becoming master craftsmen themselves on completion of their contract, but some would spend time as a journeyman and a significant proportion would never acquire their own workshop. In Coventry those completing seven-year apprenticeships with stuff merchants were entitled to become freemen of the city. Subsequently, governmental regulation and the licensing of technical colleges and vocational education formalized and bureaucratized the details of apprenticeship. Australian Apprenticeships encompass all traineeships, they cover all industry sectors in Australia and are used to achieve both'entry-level' and career'upskilling' objectives.
There were 475,000 Australian Apprentices in-training as at 31 March 2012, an increase of 2.4% from the previous year. Australian Government employer and employee incentives may be applicable, while State and Territory Governments may provide public funding support for the training element of the initiative. Australian Apprenticeships combine time at work with formal training and can be full-time, part-time or school-based. Australian Apprentice and Traineeship services are dedicated to promoting retention, therefore much effort is made to match applicants with the right apprenticeship or traineeship; this is done with the aid of aptitude tests and information on'how to retain an apprentice or apprenticeship'. Information and resources on potential apprenticeship and traineeship occupations are available in over sixty industries; the distinction between the terms apprentices and trainees lies around traditional trades and the time it takes to gain a qualification. The Australian government uses Australian Apprenticeships Centres to administer and facilitate Australian Apprenticeships so that funding can be disseminated to eligible businesses and apprentices and trainees and to support the whole process as it underpins the future skills of Australian industry.
Australia has a unusual safety net in place for businesses and Australian Apprentices with its Group Training scheme. This is where businesses that are not able to employ the Australian Apprentice for the full period until they qualify, are able to lease or hire the Australian Apprentice from a Group Training Organisation, it is a safety net, because the Group Training Organisation is the employer and provides continuity of employment and training for the Australian Apprentice. In addition to a safety net, Group Training Organisations have other benefits such as additional support for both the Host employer and the trainee/apprentice through an industry consultant who visits to make sure that the trainee/apprentice are fulfilling their work and training obligations with their Host employer. There is the additional benefit of the trainee/apprentice being employed by the GTO reducing the Payroll/Superannuation and other legislative requirements on the Host employer who pays as invoiced per agreement.
Apprenticeship training in Austria is organized in a dual education system: company-based training of apprentices is complemented by compulsory attendance of a part-time vocational school for apprentices. It lasts two to four years – the duration varies among the 250 recognized apprenticeship trades. About 40 percent of all Austrian teenagers enter apprenticeship training upon completion of compulsory education; this number has been stable since the 1950s. The five most popular trades are: Retail Salesperson, Car Mechanic, Cook. There are many smaller trades with small numbers of apprentices, like "EDV-Systemtechniker", completed by fewer than 100 people a year; the Apprenticeship Leave Certificate provides the apprentice with access to two different vocational careers. On the one hand, it is a prerequisite for the admission to the Master Craftsman Exam and for qualification tests, on the other hand it gives access to higher education via the TVE-Exam or the Higher Education Entrance Exam which are prerequisites for taking up studies at colleges, universities, "Fachhochschulen", post-secondary courses and post-secondary colleges.
The person responsible for overseeing the training in
Plumbing is any system that conveys fluids for a wide range of applications. Plumbing uses pipes, plumbing fixtures and other apparatuses to convey fluids. Heating and cooling, waste removal, potable water delivery are among the most common uses for plumbing, but it is not limited to these applications; the word derives from the Latin for lead, plumbum, as the first effective pipes used in the Roman era were lead pipes. In the developed world, plumbing infrastructure is critical to public sanitation. Boilermakers and pipefitters are not plumbers, although they work with piping as part of their trade, but their work can include some plumbing. Plumbing originated during ancient civilizations such as the Greek, Persian and Chinese cities as they developed public baths and needed to provide potable water and wastewater removal, for larger numbers of people. Standardized earthen plumbing pipes with broad flanges making use of asphalt for preventing leakages appeared in the urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization by 2700 BC.
The Romans used lead pipe inscriptions to prevent water theft. The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire; the Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes and some were covered with lead. Lead was used for piping and for making baths. Plumbing reached its early apex in ancient Rome, which saw the introduction of expansive systems of aqueducts, tile wastewater removal, widespread use of lead pipes. With the Fall of Rome both water supply and sanitation stagnated—or regressed—for well over 1,000 years. Improvement was slow, with little effective progress made until the growth of modern densely populated cities in the 1800s. During this period, public health authorities began pressing for better waste disposal systems to be installed, to prevent or control epidemics of disease. Earlier, the waste disposal system had consisted of collecting waste and dumping it on the ground or into a river; the development of separate, underground water and sewage systems eliminated open sewage ditches and cesspools.
Most large cities today pipe solid wastes to sewage treatment plants in order to separate and purify the water, before emptying into streams or other bodies of water. For potable water use, galvanized iron piping was commonplace in the United States from the late 1800s until around 1960. After that period, copper piping took over, first soft copper with flared fittings with rigid copper tubing utilizing soldered fittings; the use of lead for potable water declined after World War II because of increased awareness of the dangers of lead poisoning. At this time, copper piping was introduced as a safer alternative to lead pipes; the major categories of plumbing systems or subsystems are: potable cold and hot tap water supply plumbing drainage venting sewage systems and septic systems with or without hot water heat recycling and graywater recovery and treatment systems Rainwater and subsurface water drainage fuel gas piping hydronics, i.e. heating and cooling systems utilizing water to transport thermal energy, as in district heating systems, like for example the New York City steam system.
A water pipe is a pipe or tube made of plastic or metal, that carries pressurized and treated fresh water to a building, as well as inside the building. For many centuries, lead was the favoured material for water pipes, because its malleability made it practical to work into the desired shape; this was a source of lead-related health problems in the years before the health hazards of ingesting lead were understood. Lead water pipes were still used in the early 20th century, remain in many households. In addition, lead-tin alloy solder was used to join copper pipes, but modern practice uses tin-antimony alloy solder instead, in order to eliminate lead hazards. Despite the Romans' common use of lead pipes, their aqueducts poisoned people. Unlike other parts of the world where lead pipes cause poisoning, the Roman water had so much calcium in it that a layer of plaque prevented the water contacting the lead itself. What causes confusion is the large amount of evidence of widespread lead poisoning amongst those who would have had easy access to piped water.
This was an unfortunate result of lead being used in cookware and as an additive to processed food and drink, for example as a preservative in wine. Roman lead pipe inscriptions provided information on the owner to prevent water theft. Wooden pipes were elsewhere during the 16th and 17th centuries; the pipes were hollowed-out logs, which were tapered at the end with a small hole in which the water would pass through. The multiple pipes were sealed together with hot animal fat, they were used in Philadelphia and Montreal in the 1800s, built-up wooden tubes were used in the USA during the 20th century. These pipes, used in place of corrugated iron or reinforced concrete pipes, were made of sections cut from short lengths of wood. Locking of adjacent rings with hardwood dowel pins produced a flexible structure. About 100,000 feet of these wooden pipes were installed during WW2 in drainage culverts, storm sewers and conduits, under highways and at army camps, naval stations and ordnance plants. Cast iron and ductile iron pipe was long a lower-cost alternative to copper, before the advent of durable plastic materials but special non-conductive fittings must be used where transitions are to be made to other metallic pipes, except for terminal fittin
An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media such as film and television; the analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής "one who answers". The actor's interpretation of their role—the art of acting—pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs when the actor is "playing themselves", as in some forms of experimental performance art. In ancient Greece and Rome, the medieval world, the time of William Shakespeare, only men could become actors, women's roles were played by men or boys. After the English Restoration of 1660, women began to appear on stage in England. In modern times in pantomime and some operas, women play the roles of boys or young men. After 1660 in England, when women first started to appear on stage, the terms actor or actress were used interchangeably for female performers, but influenced by the French actrice, actress became the used term for women in theater and film.
The etymology is a simple derivation from actor with -ess added. When referring to groups of performers of both sexes, actors is preferred. Actor is used before the full name of a performer as a gender-specific term. Within the profession, the re-adoption of the neutral term dates to the post-war period of the 1950 and'60s, when the contributions of women to cultural life in general were being reviewed; when The Observer and The Guardian published their new joint style guide in 2010, it stated "Use for both male and female actors. The guide's authors stated that "actress comes into the same category as authoress, manageress,'lady doctor','male nurse' and similar obsolete terms that date from a time when professions were the preserve of one sex.". "As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper:'An actress can only play a woman. I'm an actor – I can play anything.'" The UK performers' union Equity has no policy on the use of "actor" or "actress". An Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the "...subject divides the profession".
In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that "Actress" remains the common term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. With regard to the cinema of the United States, the gender-neutral term "player" was common in film in the silent film era and the early days of the Motion Picture Production Code, but in the 2000s in a film context, it is deemed archaic. However, "player" remains in use in the theatre incorporated into the name of a theatre group or company, such as the American Players, the East West Players, etc. Actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as "players". In 2015, Forbes reported that "...just 21 of the 100 top-grossing films of 2014 featured a female lead or co-lead, while only 28.1% of characters in 100 top-grossing films were female...". "In the U. S. there is an "industry-wide in salaries of all scales. On average, white women get paid 78 cents to every dollar a white man makes, while Hispanic women earn 56 cents to a white male's dollar, Black women 64 cents and Native American women just 59 cents to that."
Forbes' analysis of US acting salaries in 2013 determined that the "...men on Forbes' list of top-paid actors for that year made 21/2 times as much money as the top-paid actresses. That means that Hollywood's best-compensated actresses made just 40 cents for every dollar that the best-compensated men made." The first recorded case of a performing actor occurred in 534 BC when the Greek performer Thespis stepped onto the stage at the Theatre Dionysus to become the first known person to speak words as a character in a play or story. Prior to Thespis' act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are called Thespians; the male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama: tragedy and the satyr play. Western theatre developed and expanded under the Romans; the theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre, nude dancing, acrobatics, to the staging of situation comedies, to high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies.
As the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies and other entertainments were popular. From the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder. Small nomadic bands of actors traveled around Europe throughout the period, performing wherever they could find an audience. Traditionally, actors were not of high status. Early Middle Ages actors were denounced by the Church during the Dark Ages, as they were viewed as dangerous and pagan. In many parts of Europe, traditional beliefs of the region and time period meant actors could not receive a Christian burial. In the Early Middle Ages, churches in Europe began staging dramatized versions of biblical events. By the middle of the 11th century, liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia
The Prince's Trust
The Prince's Trust is a charity in the United Kingdom founded in 1976 by Charles, Prince of Wales to help vulnerable young people get their lives on track. It supports 11 to 30 year-old who are unemployed and those struggling at school and at risk of exclusion. Many of the young people helped by The Trust are in or leaving care, facing issues such as homelessness or mental health problems, or have been in trouble with the law, it runs a range of training programmes, providing practical and financial support to build young people's confidence and motivation. Each year they work with about 60,000 young people. In 1999, the numerous Trust charities were brought together as The Prince's Trust and was acknowledged by The Queen at a ceremony in Buckingham Palace where she granted it a Royal Charter; the following year it devolved in Wales, Northern Ireland and other English regions but overall control remained in London. The Prince's Trust fundraising and campaign events are hosted and feature entertainers from around the world.
In April 2011 the youth charity Fairbridge became part of the Trust. The Prince's Trust is one of the most successful funding organisations in the UK and the UK's leading youth charity, having helped over 870,000 young people turn their lives around, created 125,000 entrepreneurs and given business support to 395,000 people in the UK. From 2006 to 2016, its work for the youth has been worth an estimated £1.4 billion. The Prince's Trust aims to work with young people from four priority target groups; these are the long-term unemployed, people who have been in trouble with the law, people who are in difficulty at school, people who have been in care. These young people are considered by the Prince's Trust as being "disadvantaged". A small number of people who are employed go on some Prince's Trust courses. Known as the employed participants scheme, it is used as a learning and development opportunity, as additional support to the programme's young people and as a fundraising initiative. Charles, Prince of Wales, founded The Prince's Trust and is now its president, a figurehead position with no legal responsibility.
The Prince's Trust Council are the trustees of the charity and are responsible for management and deciding policy. Lloyd Dorfman was appointed Chairman of The Prince's Trust Council in March 2015 following the departure of Charles Dunstone. Nick Stace, the chief executive of The Trust, joined in October 2017, replacing Dame Martina Milburn DCVO CBE, now Group Chief Executive for The Prince's Trust. In 2010 The Prince's Trust employed 644 people, including 555 people who worked in charitable purposes and support, 87 in fundraising and publicity, 2 in governance; the cost of employing these staff is £21 million a year and is the organisation's single biggest expenditure. This is down from the 2009 total following an efficiency drive which saw a number of voluntary redundancies. Two members of staff earned between £110,000 – £120,000. Fifteen staff earned between £60,000 – £100,000 – down from 17 staff earning these amounts in 2009; the Chief Executive of the Prince's Trust is Martina Milburn who joined the organisation in 2004.
She worked as the Chief Executive of BBC Children in Need. The Prince's Trust consist of different kinds of Ambassadors: The first are young ambassadors, these are young leaders who are volunteers and support the Prince's Trust in different ways including motivating other young people and winning contributors and the media about the work the Prince's Trust do; the second are job ambassadors. These group have taken part in a Prince's Trust programme and have graduated from being a Young Ambassador, they are employed by The Prince's Trust and work to inspire and assist the young people in fulfilling the programmes they enrol in. Lastly, there are celebrity ambassadors who help raise awareness of the work, done by The Prince's Trust in young people's lives. Celebrity ambassadors involve themselves by visiting the young people during courses and programmes and help fundraising events and additionally start and support campaigns for the Prince's Trust. Past and current ambassadors include Phil Collins, Bryan Adams, Phillip Schofield, Gary Lineker, Jeremy Irons, Joss Stone, Kevin Spacey, Tom Hardy, Rita Ora, Geri Halliwell, Benedict Cumberbatch, Idris Elba, Gemma Arterton and Sharon Osbourne.
In 2017, The Prince's Trust recruited Tom Fletcher and Giovanna Fletcher as the charity's first Digital Celebrity Ambassadors, following the great support they had given following their attendance at our Celebrate Success Awards. In 2009–10 The Prince's Trust charity, its trading subsidiary, Prince's Trust Trading Ltd, had a total income of nearly £36 million, expenditure of £38 million. Facing the impact of the economic climate and a decline in funding it drew on its reserves, which stand at £22 million, representing six months operating costs; the Prince's Trust is one of the 100 largest charities in the UK ranked by expenditure. Voluntary income represented the largest source of funding for the organisation, totalling £18 million in 2009–10 (representing a small increase on 2008–09. Public Sector income fell from £17 million to just under £14 million; the cost of raising the voluntary income was £5.5 million, which means that for every £1 donated, 70p was spent on charitable activities. For the past ten years, its work is reported to be worth an estimated £1.4billion.
Para-cycling is the sport of cycling adapted for cyclists who have various disabilities. It is governed by the Union Cycliste Internationale; the sport consists of seven different events which include track races. The world's elite para-cyclists compete at Worlds Championships, the Paralympic Games and the World Cup. Para-cycling originated in the 1980s, starting with visually impaired riders who competed on a tandem with a sighted partner, it entered the Summer Paralympic Games in 1984, where it consisted of only road races for riders with cerebral palsy. By 1996 track cycling was a variety of disabilities in various functional categories. Handcycling was included in the 2000 Paralympics in Sydney Australia as an exhibition event. Para-cycling events consist of the following three road races and four track events: Road race Individual time trial Handcycling relay Tandem sprint Team sprint 500 m or 1000 m time trial Individual pursuit Classification of riders consists of four broad groups; these are subdivided into 14 functional categories for women.
Riders are placed in the appropriate category according to their functional ability. Racerunning
Kingston University London is a public research university located within the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, in South West London, United Kingdom. The university specialises in the arts, fashion, science and business, it received university status in 1992, before which the institution was known as Kingston Polytechnic. Its roots, however, go back to the Kingston Technical Institute, founded in 1899; the university has four campuses situated in Roehampton. Kingston University London, is a member of the Association of MBAs, the European University Association and the Association of Commonwealth Universities. Kingston was founded as Kingston Technical Institute in 1899, it offered courses in chemistry, electrical wiring and nursing. In 1917 Gipsy Hill College for teacher training opened, a predecessor of Kingston University. In 1930 the Kingston School of Art separated from the Technical Institute to become Kingston College of Art in 1945. In 1946 Gipsy Hill College moved to Kingston Hill.
In 1951, the first Penryhn Road campus buildings opened. Kingston was recognised as a'Regional College of Technology' by the Ministry of Education in 1957. In 1970, the College of Technology merged with the College of Art to become Kingston Polytechnic, offering 34 major courses, of which 17 were at degree level. In 1975, Kingston merged with the Gipsy Hill College of Education, incorporating the College's faculty into Kingston's Division of Educational Studies. Kingston was granted university status under the Further and Higher Education Act 1992. In 1993, Kingston opened the Roehampton Vale campus building and in 1995, Kingston acquired Dorich House. In 2008, the BBC obtained e-mails circulated within Kingston's School of Music, relating to the opinions of an external examiner moderating the BMus course; the messages showed. The examiner was persuaded to moderate her criticism following contact from a member of the University's staff; the e-mails detailed a plan to replace her with a more experienced and broad-based external examiner, a process which Kingston stressed breaks no rules relating to the appointment of such examiners.
In October 2008, Peter Williams, Chief Executive of the UK Quality Assurance Agency, presented the agency's findings to a Parliamentary Select Committee charged with investigating standards in British higher education. Following an investigation of the allegations by a former University staff member that undue pressure was applied to the School of Music's External Examiner, QAA upheld all charges of wrongdoing, as alleged. In 2015, Prime Minister David Cameron named and shamed four British universities which gave platforms to allegedly'extremist' speakers. Kingston's Vice Chancellor Julius Weinberg defended his decision to allow controversial speakers in the name of free speech. In 2008, an audio recording obtained by student media included two psychology lecturers asking students to inflate their graded opinions given as part of the National Student Survey. One member of staff was recorded as encouraging students to boost specific satisfaction scores, because "if Kingston comes down the bottom the bottom line is that nobody is going to want to employ you because they are going to think your degree is shit".
In response, Vice-Chancellor Peter Scott confirmed that the recording was genuine but added that he believed that the incident was an isolated one. In July 2008, the Higher Education Funding Council of England removed the University's Department of Psychology of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences from the League Tables for the year as its sanction for having fraudulently manipulated the National Student Survey results; this is the main university campus located close to Kingston town centre. Students based here study: Arts and Social Sciences, Civil Engineering and Planning, Computing and Information Systems and Mathematics, Earth Sciences and Geography, Biosciences, Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science, Radiography. Development at this site has extended it to the Learning Resources Centre. In 2015, the Union of Kingston Students, moved into the main building. Penrhyn Road houses the refurbished Fitness Centre. Kingston Hill caters to Nursing, Education, Music and Social Sciences. Before 1989, this campus was known as Gipsy Hill.
The Business School moved to a new building on the Kingston Hill Campus in 2012. Located on Grange road, Knights Park campus is home to the Kingston School of Art; the campus is built on the northern banks of the Hogsmill River and opened in 1939. The Roehampton Vale campus was opened in 1993 by Sir William Barlow, the president of the Royal Academy of Engineering; the site is located on the outskirts of Kingston. Facilities on site include a wind tunnel, engineering workshops, a flight simulator, a flying condition Learjet 25, plus automotive and aeronautical learning resources. Former church converted into the Kingston Drama students’ base, the Reg Bailey has two theatres with professional lighting and sound equipment, three rehearsal rooms and a costume room while its annexed Surrey Club is dedicated to Dance students through imposing performance studio with a state-of-the-art LED lighting system and professional sound technology, two rehearsal studios and a body conditioning room, all with sprung Harlequin floors.
The Reg Bailey has been home to such alumni members as Ben Barnes, Sam Chan, Mandy Takhar, Alphonsia Emmanuel, Jessie Cave, Laura Harling and Trevor Eve. The University’s 55-acre sports ground houses twelves football pitches, two rugby pitches, three cricket sq
Matthew James Bellamy is an English singer and songwriter. He is best known as the lead singer, guitarist and primary songwriter of the rock band Muse, he is recognised for his eccentric stage persona, wide tenor vocal range, abilities on the piano and guitar. Many Muse songs are recognisable by Bellamy's use of vibrato and melismatic phrasing, influenced by Jeff Buckley; as a guitarist, Bellamy uses the arpeggiator and pitch-shift effects to create a more "electronic" sound, citing Jimi Hendrix and Tom Morello as influences. His guitar playing is influenced by Latin and Spanish guitar music, his lyrics incorporate political and dystopian themes. Muse have won numerous awards, including two Grammy Awards, winning the Grammys for Best Rock Album for The Resistance and Drones, two Brit Awards, winning Best British Live Act twice, five MTV Europe Music Awards and eight NME Awards, they have sold over 20 million albums worldwide. In 2012 the band received the Ivor Novello Award for International Achievement from the British Academy of Songwriters and Authors.
Matthew James Bellamy was born on 9 June 1978 in Cambridgeshire. He has an older brother named Paul, his father, George Bellamy, was the rhythm guitarist of the 1960s pop group The Tornados, who were the first British band to have a U. S. number-one song with "Telstar". His mother, was born in Belfast and moved to England in the 1970s. On her first day in England, she met Bellamy's father, working as a taxi driver in London at the time, they moved to Cambridge and in the mid-1980s to Teignmouth, Devon. After Bellamy's parents had divorced, Matthew lived with his brother, he started playing the piano at the age of six and guitar when he was 11. His first musical performance was in June 1991, aged 12, playing piano in front of his school at Teignmouth Community College. Muse's origins can be traced to Teignmouth, Devon at Teignmouth Community School, where Bellamy had been in a number of bands including Carnage Mayhem and Gothic Plague with drummer Dominic Howard; when members of Gothic Plague left because of other interests and Howard asked Wolstenholme to join.
In 1994, using the name Rocket Baby Dolls, they won the school's "Battle of the Bands" which led them to take the band more seriously. They decided to change their name to a more "professional" one, Muse was born; the band consisted of Chris Wolstenholme and Dominic Howard. Muse struggled to establish itself during their early years, but have since gone on to enjoy worldwide success. Muse blends alternative, art rock, experimental rock, progressive rock, classical music and many other styles; the band is well known for its energetic and visually dazzling live performances. On 16–17 June 2007, Muse became the first band to sell out the newly built Wembley Stadium in London. Muse released their debut album, Showbiz, in 1999, showcasing Bellamy's falsetto and a melancholic alternative rock style, their second album, Origin of Symmetry, expanded their sound, incorporating wider instrumentation and romantic classical influences, earned them a reputation for energetic live performances. Absolution saw further classical influence, with orchestra on tracks such as "Butterflies and Hurricanes", became the first of five consecutive UK number-one albums.
Black Holes and Revelations incorporated electronic and pop elements, influenced by 1980s groups such as Depeche Mode, displayed in singles such as "Supermassive Black Hole". The album brought Muse wider international success; the Resistance and The 2nd Law explored themes of government oppression and civil uprising and cemented Muse as one of the world's major stadium acts. Their seventh album, was a concept album about drone warfare and returned to a harder rock sound, their eighth album, Simulation Theory, featuring a retro 1980s style, was released on November 9, 2018. Muse have won numerous awards, including two Grammy Awards, winning the Grammys for Best Rock Album for The Resistance and Drones, two Brit Awards, winning Best British Live Act twice, five MTV Europe Music Awards and eight NME Awards. In 2012 the band received the Ivor Novello Award for International Achievement from the British Academy of Songwriters and Authors. Muse have sold over 20 million albums worldwide. Bellamy was ranked No. 19 on Gigwise's list of The 50 Greatest Guitarists Ever.
Total Guitar readers voted Bellamy No. 29 on a list of the Top 100 Guitarists of All Time. Bellamy's riff from "Plug in Baby" was No. 13 in Total Guitar's poll of the Top 100 Riffs of All Time. In April 2005, Kerrang! magazine ranked him No. 28 in their "50 Sexiest People in Rock" poll. Cosmopolitan chose him as the sexiest rocker of 2003 and 2004. NME Magazine voted him the 14th Greatest Rock'n' roll Hero of all time, ahead of John Lennon and Bob Dylan. Bellamy won the Sexiest Male Award at the 2007 NME Awards, he won again in 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013 and 2014 and was nominated in 2012. Bellamy, declared himself "too short to be sexy", said the award should have gone to Dominic Howard, Muse's drummer. In 2001 and 2012 NME awards Bellamy won "Hero of the year award". On 26 September 2008, the University of Plymouth awarded the members of Muse an honorary doctorate degree for their work in music. In the January 2010 edition of Total Guitar, Bellamy was named "Guitarist of the Decade" and was proclaimed to be "the Hendrix of his generation".
In the Guinness Book of World Records 2010, Bellamy is credited as holding the world record for most guitars smashed on a tour. His record, 140, was set during the Absolution Tour. In April 2010