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Exotic atom

An exotic atom is an otherwise normal atom in which one or more sub-atomic particles have been replaced by other particles of the same charge. For example, electrons may be replaced by other negatively charged particles such as pions; because these substitute particles are unstable, exotic atoms have short lifetimes and all observed atoms cannot persist under normal conditions. In a muonic atom, an electron is replaced by a muon, like the electron, is a lepton. Since leptons are only sensitive to weak and gravitational forces, muonic atoms are governed to high precision by the electromagnetic interaction. Since a muon is more massive than an electron, the Bohr orbits are closer to the nucleus in a muonic atom than in an ordinary atom, corrections due to quantum electrodynamics are more important. Study of muonic atoms' energy levels as well as transition rates from excited states to the ground state therefore provide experimental tests of quantum electrodynamics. Muon-catalyzed fusion is a technical application of muonic atoms.

A hadronic atom is an atom in which one or more of the orbital electrons are replaced by a negatively charged hadron. Possible hadrons include mesons such as the pion or kaon, yielding a pionic atom or a kaonic atom, collectively called mesonic atoms. Unlike leptons, hadrons can interact via the strong force, so the orbitals of hadronic atoms are influenced by nuclear forces between the nucleus and the hadron. Since the strong force is a short-range interaction, these effects are strongest if the atomic orbital involved is close to the nucleus, when the energy levels involved may broaden or disappear because of the absorption of the hadron by the nucleus. Hadronic atoms, such as pionic hydrogen and kaonic hydrogen, thus provide experimental probes of the theory of strong interactions, quantum chromodynamics. An onium is the bound state of its antiparticle; the classic onium is positronium, which consists of an electron and a positron bound together as a metastable state, with a long lifetime of 142 ns in the triplet state.

Positronium has been studied since the 1950s to understand bound states in quantum field theory. A recent development called non-relativistic quantum electrodynamics used this system as a proving ground. Pionium, a bound state of two oppositely-charged pions, is useful for exploring the strong interaction; this should be true of protonium, a proton-antiproton bound state. Understanding bound states of pionium and protonium is important in order to clarify notions related to exotic hadrons such as mesonic molecules and pentaquark states. Kaonium, a bound state of two oppositely charged kaons, has not been observed experimentally yet; the true analogs of positronium in the theory of strong interactions, are not exotic atoms but certain mesons, the quarkonium states, which are made of a heavy quark such as the charm or bottom quark and its antiquark. Exploration of these states through non-relativistic quantum chromodynamics and lattice QCD are important tests of quantum chromodynamics. Muonium, despite its name, is not an onium containing a muon and an antimuon, because IUPAC assigned that name to the system of an antimuon bound with an electron.

However, the production of a muon/antimuon bound state, an onium, has been theorized. Atoms may be composed of electrons orbiting a hypernucleus that includes strange particles called hyperons; such hypernuclear atoms are studied for their nuclear behaviour, falling into the realm of nuclear physics rather than atomic physics. In condensed matter systems in some semiconductors, there are states called excitons which are bound states of an electron and an electron hole. An exotic molecule contains one or more exotic atoms. Di-positronium, two bound positronium atoms Positronium hydride, a positronium atom bound to a hydrogen atom"Exotic molecule" can refer to a molecule having some other uncommon property such as a pyramidal hexamethylbenzene#Dication and a Rydberg atom. Antihydrogen Antiprotonic helium Kaonic hydrogen Lattice QCD Muonium Neutronium Positronium Quantum chromodynamics Quantum electrodynamics Quarkonium

The Seamstress (painting)

The Seamstress is an 1893 oil painting by French artist Édouard Vuillard, located in the Indianapolis Museum of Art, in Indianapolis, Indiana. It is a intimate image of a woman sewing; the Seamstress depicts a woman with her back to the viewer. A feeling of three-dimensionality is created by the juxtaposition of vividly patterned wallpaper with plain grey walls; the painting seems unfinished, since Vuillard left the underlying board exposed in the table, the seamstress' dress, the wall. The stripe of wallpaper that dominates the left third of the composition is ambiguously related to the rest of the room, leaving the viewer to decide their orientation to the subject; the interplay of those beiges and reds with the stark, flat pink of the window fills that ambiguous space with intensity. The scraps of cloth and wallpaper create patterns of color and shape as visually arresting as the subject matter. Vuillard is most famous for indoor scenes such as this, which reveal the details of their subjects' lives in claustrophobic detail.

Most of his 1890s output was small and feminine as a result of the artist's corset-maker mother's heavy influence on his life. The physical, though not emotional, diminutiveness, of these early works dissatisfied Vuillard, who used his connections to spend the rest of his lengthy career focusing on large decorative panels. For these, he abandoned his distinctive style and moved to more conventional depictions of objects and space. Thus, the current artistic consensus is that his career peaked in his first decade, though he was active for more than forty years; as an eager young student, he had helped form les Nabis, a group of progressive artists inspired by Gauguin and the Symbolists. They prioritized the decorative functions of shape and color; as he grew more conventional, Vuillard abandoned such visually engaging habits. The Seamstress has been on view in many locations, including Le Barc de Boutteville of Paris in 1893. C. and Brooklyn in 1989-1990. C. the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, the Galeries nationales du Grand Palais in Paris, the Royal Academy of Arts in London in 2003-2004.

The IMA acquired The Seamstress in 1969 as a gift of Miss Blanche Stillson in memory of Caroline Marmon Fesler. It has the acquisition number 69.68. It is on display in the Sidney and Kathy Taurel gallery. IMA page

Surathkal railway station

Surathkal railway station is one of the main railway stations of Mangalore along with Mangalore Central railway station & Mangalore Junction railway station, located in north Mangalore. Twenty-two trains halt here. KRCL operates RO-RO services to Verna and Karembeli; the station has only one platform, a single diesel broadgauge track. During the landslips occurred in August 2019 at Padil-Kulashekar railway section in Mangaluru, Several trains were terminated at Surathkal railway stations. There is an urgent need of constructing another platform at Surathkal railway station to handle such emergencies and increasing passengers. Surathkal railway station has waiting room and running room. Rolling IN and Rolling OUT of RORO rakes are carried here. Surathkal is a suburb of Mangalore city located on National Highway 66 in the Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka state, India on the shore of Arabian Sea, it is a municipality merged with Mangalore City Corporation. It lies between the Pavanje rivers, it can be considered as the northern most area of Mangalore City Corporation geographical limits.

Surathkal is six kilometres north of New Mangalore sea port. The nearest airport is Mangalore International Airportat fifteen kilometres away from Surathkal railway station. Mangalore petroleum refinery is three kilometres from this railway station. National Institute of Technology,Karnataka is at distance of two kilometres from Suratkal railway station; the Surathkal railway station is located 22 meters above mean sea level. The entrance to railway station is from Surathkal-Bajpe Road now known as Surathkal-MRPL road; the Surathkal railway station is just 500 metres east of national highway NH-66. There is bus stop at the entrance of railway station where one can get city buses to Hampankatta, Kulai, Mangalore, Krishnapura,Katipalla and Bajpe; the following trains have stop at Surathkal railway station in both directions Matsyagandha Express,Netravati Express, Mumbai CSMT/Mangalore express, SBC-Karwar express, SBC-Karwar express, Hapa express, Madgaon- Mangalore Intercity express, Mangalore Madgaon passenger,Mangalore/Madgaon DEMU,Yeshvantpur/Karwar express.

Some special trains running through this route have stop at Surathkal railroad station

Forgemasters (band)

Forgemasters was a British electronic music act composed of Robert Gordon, Winston Hazel and Sean Maher. Their single "Track with No Name" was the first release by Warp Records and would help define the sound of Warp and bleep techno. Robert Gordon, Sean Maher and Winston Hazel were colleagues in the FON record shop and studio in Sheffield. Gordon was co-founder of Warp Records; the name Forgemasters was taken from Sheffield Forgemasters. Their single "Track with No Name" was the first release by Warp Records, it was of a techno subgenre, the Sheffield based bleep techno, written in four hours one evening at Gordon's home studio. Dave Simpson, writing in Fact in 2012, described it as "driven by an eerie pulse, a sound which would soon be called a ‘bleep’ and become the distinctive signature of hardcore northern techno and, for its first two years, the sound of Warp." Matt Anniss, writing for Resident Advisor in 2014, called it "one of the defining records of the era". "Track with No Name" – released in association with Outer Rhythm The Black Steel E.

P. Quabala EP "Network Retro #8: Back 2 Back Classics" – "Somebody New" by MK* / "Track with No Name" by Forgemasters Warp 10: Influences, Remixes – Warp 10+2: Classics 89–92 – includes "Track with No Name" Rob Gordon Projects by Rob Gordon – includes "Clap Your Hands", "Metalic" and "Presence" "Man Machine mix", Man Machine – "Man Machine" and "Man Machine" mixed by Forgemasters "15 Inches+" – The Wad. Included on 7 Hills Clash – Rebuilt EP "Commercial Rain" – Inspiral Carpets. Included on "Commercial Rain"/"She Comes in the Fall" Nightmares on Wax Sweet Exorcist Tricky Disco Forgemasters discography at Discogs

Sam Wetzel

Robert Lewis "Sam" Wetzel is a retired United States Army lieutenant general. Robert Lewis "Sam" Wetzel, of Clarksburg, West Virginia, graduated high school in 1948 and was planning to attend Purdue University and a career as an engineer. A approved candidate for the United States Military Academy at West Point dropped out, Wetzel ended up being his replacement, he graduated from West Point in 1952 as an infantry officer. He was deployed to the Korean War, where he saw action as a company commander. In 1961, Captain Wetzel was the aide of Major General William Westmoreland Superintendent of the United States Military Academy, he commanded a mechanized infantry company in Germany. Lieutenant Colonel Wetzel was deployed to Vietnam in 1968 as the commander of the 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment, the "Polar Bears". After an enemy bullet nicked him on the forehead, he declined a Purple Heart, judging the wound too insignificant to mention, despite the fact that it left him with a permanent scar.

Returning from the front, Wetzel married an American Vietnam widow with five young children. He soon assumed command of a brigade in Fort Carson, Colorado. In 1975, he was sent to West Germany, he began a rapid ascent. He was given command of the First Infantry Division in Germany; when this command concluded, the commander of all European and American forces in Europe, General Alexander Haig personally pinned Wetzel's second star on him. From 1978-79, Wetzel served as Haig's chief-of-staff in Belgium. Just before Wetzel's arrival at Haig's office, the Soviets had deployed their SS-20 theater nuclear missiles in Europe; this upset the entire balance of Western security. During this year together, Haig and the rest of the staff crafted what became the West's strategic response - deployment in Europe of the Pershing II missiles, which could hit Moscow in the event of war, allowing only minutes for the Soviets to react. During the next four years, domestic political battles began in NATO countries as to whether the Pershing II missiles would be deployed.

After serving as Haig's Chief of Staff, Wetzel commanded the Third Infantry Division in Würzburg. Wetzel led his division to victory in the annual war games staged in West Germany. In 1981, Wetzel was diagnosed with terminal melanoma cancer, he was given less than a year to live, offered a full medical disability in exchange for retirement. Wetzel refused; the Army reluctantly permitted only after he signed a full waiver. Judging Wetzel to be at death's door, the Army sent him back to the United States. However, he made a full recovery, he was soon placed in command of the infantry training center in Georgia. In 1983, Wetzel was promoted to lieutenant general, and he returned to the troops in Germany. Wetzel's first position back in Germany was Deputy Commander in Chief of U. S. Forces in Europe; the NATO allies had approved the Pershing II plan. Upon his arrival, it became Wetzel's job to receive and deploy the Pershing II missiles in the midst of anti-war demonstrations all over Europe. Today, Cold War historians credit the deployment of the Pershing II missiles as one of three key factors that broke the Soviets' back and ended the Cold War.

In 1986, Colin Powell succeeded him in command of V Corps in Germany. That was Wetzel's last assignment before retirement. Wetzel's awards include the Distinguished Service Medal, Bronze Star, two Legion of Merits, six Air Medals, Joint Superior Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, Combat Infantryman's Badge with Star

Church of Panagia Theoskepasti

Panagia Theoskepasti is a Byzantine Church of Cyprus church at the center of Kato Paphos, Cyprus. It is part of an area inscribed in the list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1980, its history starts back in the 10th century AD when the island of Cyprus was part of the Byzantine Empire. During the Byzantine times Christianity prospered in the island and many monasteries and churches were built. Among them was Theoskepasti church, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, it was built within meters from the sea on a protruding rock. By the end of the 11th century Saracens start attacking Cyprus. Theoskepasti church, due to its position, could be discerned by invading Arabs, during their raids. However, according to a legend the church was veiled with dark clouds of fog and rendered invisible as soon as the Saracens approached it. Due to this legend the church got the name "Theoskepasti" from the Greek words "Theos" and "skepazo" which mean "God" and "to veil" respectively. So, the name is'Veiled by God'.

According to another tradition, when once a Saracen managed to enter the church and tried to steal the golden candle, divine power cut off his hands. The present-day Panagia Theoskepasti church was built on the foundations of the older Byzantine church in 1923; the architecture of the previous church was preserved. A full restoration of the present-day church was completed in March 2009. Precious portable icons are kept at Theoskepasti Church. Among them, a miraculous silver-covered icon, believed to have been one of the seventy icons painted by Evangelist Luke