An expert witness, in England and the United States, is a person whose opinion by virtue of education, certification, skills or experience, is accepted by the judge as an expert. The judge may consider the witness's specialized opinion about evidence or about facts before the court within the expert's area of expertise, referred to as an "expert opinion". Expert witnesses may deliver "expert evidence" within the area of their expertise, their testimony may be rebutted by testimony by other evidence or facts. The forensic expert practice is an ancient profession. For example, in ancient Babylonia, midwives were used as experts in determining pregnancy and female fertility; the Roman Empire recognized midwives, handwriting experts and land surveyors as legal experts. The codified use of expert witnesses and the admissibility of their testimony and scientific evidence has developed in the Western court system over the last 250 years; the concept of allowing an expert witness to testify in a court setting and provide opinionated evidence on the facts of other witnesses was first introduced by Lord Mansfield in the case of Folkes v. Chadd in 1782.
In this particular case, the court was hearing litigation regarding the silting of Wells Harbor in Norfolk and allowed leading civil engineer, John Smeaton, to provide scientific rationale behind the proposed legislation. The decision by the English Court to allow for an expert to provide contextual background and detail on a case is cited as the root of modern rules on expert testimony. Expert witnesses are called upon in the court system to serve as an objective party to the lawsuit and never function as an advocate for one side or the other. Expert witnesses are present in litigation to explain complicated scientific issues, not to influence the jury or judge with fervor; the main responsibilities of expert witnesses are to evaluate potential problems, deficiencies, or errors only when able to appreciate a process or system. Expert witnesses are obligated to study the processes prior to making a survey or postpone the assignment prior to missing the target due to lack of specific condition understanding.
They are called to testify under the assumption with all the preparation required for a competent evaluation of the process. Experts are relied on for opinions on severity of injury, degree of sanity, cause of failure in a machine or other device, loss of earnings and associated benefits, care costs, the like. In an intellectual property case an expert may be shown two music scores, book texts, or circuit boards and asked to ascertain their degree of similarity. In the majority of cases, the expert's personal relation to the defendant is considered and irrelevant; the tribunal itself, or the judge, can in some systems call upon experts to technically evaluate a certain fact or action, in order to provide the court with a complete knowledge on the fact/action it is judging. The expertise has the legal value of an acquisition of data; the results of these experts are compared to those by the experts of the parties. The expert has a great responsibility, in penal trials, perjury by an expert is a punished crime in most countries.
The use of expert witnesses is sometimes criticized in the United States because in civil trials, they are used by both sides to advocate differing positions, it is left up to a jury to decide which expert witness to believe. Although experts are prohibited from expressing their opinion of submitted evidence until after they are hired, sometimes a party can surmise beforehand, because of reputation or prior cases, that the testimony will be favorable regardless of any basis in the submitted data. An expert witness at the time of trial is qualified by the court and must be re-qualified each time that person comes to trial for the offering of opinions; the qualification is given by each trial judge and takes place regardless of prior appearances by a particular expert witness. Expert witnesses are those who the court has deemed qualified to speak on a topic to provide background to anyone on a lay jury. In high stakes cases multiple experts, in multiple topics, are retained by each party. Although it is still rare, the court itself may retain its own independent expert.
In all cases, fees paid to an expert may not be contingent on the outcome of the case. Expert evidence is the most important component of many civil and criminal cases today. Fingerprint examination, blood analysis, DNA fingerprinting, forensic firearm examination are common kinds of expert evidence heard in serious criminal cases. In civil cases, the work of accident analysis, forensic engineers, forensic accountants is important, the latter to assess damages and costs in long and complex cases. Intellectual property and medical negligence cases are typical examples. Electronic evidence has entered the courtroom as critical forensic evidence. Audio and video evidence must be authenticated by both parties in any litigation by a forensic expert, an expert witness who assists the court in understanding details about that electronic evidence. Voice-mail recordings and closed-circuit television systems produce electronic evidence used in litigation, more so today than in the past. Video recordings of bank robberies and audio recordings of life threats are presented in court rooms by electronic expert witnesses.
One important rule that applies to the expert witness but not the percipient witness is the exception to the hearsay rule. A percipient witness tells only what he/she knows about a case and nothing more. Percipient witness
Vishvjit Prithvijit Singh was an Indian politician with the Indian National Congress party. He is a great grandson of Col the Honourable Kanwar Sir Pratap Singh Bahadur of Kapurthala. Singh was born on 29 October 1946 at Kapurthala House, Jalandhar, to father Kanwar Ranjit Singh and Mother Kanwarani Anjana Singh of Kapurthala, was adopted by Kanwarani Surjit Kaur, the widow of Captain Kanwar Prithvijit Singh of Kapurthala, he studied at Dehra Dun. He was first elected to the Rajya Sabha in April 1982, he returned for a second term in April 1988. In 1989, he married Kanwarani Vijay Thakur Singh, a diplomat of the Indian Foreign Service and is serving at the Ministry of External Affairs, India as Secretary. Singh has been a delegate to several International Conferences as well as to the United Nations General Assembly a number of times, he has been a member of numerous committees of the Indian Parliament and has done work in the field of perspective planning. He has written extensively in magazines and newspapers on issues related to planning perspectives.
As chairman of his party's computer department, Singh has driven initiatives to make more use of technology in election efforts, including putting publicity material and posters online, installing servers, setting up SMS software to facilitate the sending of bulk SMSs, establishing a support team. Singh supports dividing the larger Indian states into smaller units. In 2010, he wrote a book of Hindi poetry entitled Kuch Shabd Kuch Lakeerein, published by Yatra Books, the Hindi imprint of Penguin India; the book was released at the Doon Literary Festival in April 2010. In 1994, Singh was investigated, along with many other members of the Upper House of the Indian Parliament including the current Prime Minister of India, for seeking election from a state of which he was not a resident by Chief Election Commissioner T. N. Seshan. However, he expressed grudging admiration for the results Seshan achieved in ensuring free and fair elections in which all parties followed the rules; the matter regarding the anomaly in the law was settled by an amendment to the law and all these prosecutions have lapsed.
Singh has been overweight since childhood. Upon his election to Parliament, then-Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered Arun Nehru to help him lose weight, as he was nearly 160 kg. Member of the Special Working Group of the Accommodation Committee for the 9th Asian Games in 1982 Member of The Advisory Council of The Ministry of Textiles, 1984–89 Member of The Working Group for the chapter on Textiles in the 7th Plan Document Member of the National Productivity Council, 1988 Member, Public Accounts Committee, Ninth Lok Sabha, 1990–91 Member, Public Accounts Committee, Tenth Lok Sabha, member of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations, 1989–90 Member of the Indian Board of Forestry, 1990–91 Member of the Parliament Standing Committee on Agriculture, Tenth Lok Sabha, 1992–93 Member of the Joint Committee of Parliament for the Copyright Bill, 1992–93 Member of the Parliament Standing Committee on Petroleum and Chemicals, Tenth Lok Sabha, 1993–94 Ex Officio Member of the Publicity and Publication Committee, All India Congress Committee, Indian National Congress,?-present Special Representative of Congress President and Prime Minister of India to The Working Group Set Up for the Elections to the Namibian Parliament, 1998 Special Representative of Congress President and Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi to Mozambique, 1989 Special Representative of Congress President Rajiv Gandhi to Afghanistan, 1990 Member of Indian parliamentary delegations to New Zealand −1986, Spain −1987, Colombia −1990 Member of Indian parliamentary delegations to the International Parliamentary Union at Punta Del Este, Uruguay in 1990, New Delhi, 1994.
Member of the Indian Delegation to the United Nations General Assembly for the 46th Session in 1991, the 47th Session in 1992, the 50th Session in 1995 and the 63rd Session in 2008 Chairman, Computer Department, All India Congress Committee, Indian National Congress,?-present Author of Kuchh Shabd Kuchh Lakeerein, Wrote various articles on politics and perspective planning in: The Telegraph, The Daily, The Free Press Journal, The Hindustan Times, The Pioneer, The Tribune, The Asian Age. Co-author of Congress Approach to Electoral Reforms, New Delhi, 1988. New Delhi, 1989; the Kapurthala Royal Collateral Families Pratap Singh of Kapurthala Bikrama Singh Rajya Sabha Who is who, published by the Rajya Sabha Website of the Indian National Congress Chat session with Singh hosted by Rediff Eradication of Poverty & other Development Issues – Agenda Item 53 – Statement by Mr. Vishvjit P. Singh, Member of The Indian Delegation at The Second Committee of The 63rd Session of The United Nations General Assembly on 22 October 2008 Statement by Mr. Vishvjit P. Singh, Member of the Indian Delegation, at the Thematic Debate on Nuclear Weapons in the First Committee of the 63rd session of the United Nations General Assembly on 16 October 2008 Statement by Mr. Vishvjit P. Singh, Former Member of Parliament and Member of the Indian Delegation, on Agenda Item 27 – Effects of Atomic Radiation at the Fourth Committee of the 63rd Session of the Unit
Me is the autobiography of the English singer Elton John. It was released on 15 October 2019 by Macmillan Publishers, it was ghostwritten by journalist Alexis Petridis, who worked on the book with John for three and a half years. The book recounts events from John's childhood in Pinner through to his final tour, Farewell Yellow Brick Road, he describes his depression and suicide attempts as well as drug addiction and his prostate cancer diagnosis. He admits he spent his whole career "trying to show my father what I'm made of", he explains the reasons behind his advocacy against AIDS. In the book, despite being good friends with him John said that the American singer Michael Jackson was "genuinely mentally ill" and "disturbing to be around". Jackson died in 2009, his legacy was affected after a documentary revisited allegations that he had molested children which leads John to defend the singer; the comments arose from a lunch John hosted to introduce his husband David Furnish to Jackson in 1993.
Me was released by Macmillan Publishers on 15 October 2019. Excerpts read by Taron Egerton aired on BBC Radio 4's Book of the Week in the first week of its release. Hadley Freeman, a writer for The Guardian, called the book "racy and crammed with scurrilous anecdotes", saying: "Elton makes fun of no one more than himself, he is utterly, hilariously self-lacerating". Variety dubbed the book "deeply dishy". A Time review said: "Like John’s songs, Me overflows with whimsical characters, twisted humor, winking self-aggrandizement and stark pathos. True to his spirit, it's a little silly and over the top, but it's an absorbing and unfettered joy."In The Daily Telegraph, Neil McCormick said: "If you are in the market for an autobiography crammed with sex and rock and roll, Elton is your man."In The Times, Will Hodgkinson said that John's "sad, funny memoir reveals the insecurities that drive his needy behaviour."
Dada was an artistic and cultural movement between the years 1913 and 1923. Considered to have been instigated by Marcel Duchamp's "Fountain" exhibited at the Armory Show in 1913, becoming a movement at the Cabaret Voltaire in February, 1916, in Zürich, the Dadaism as a loose network of artists spread across Europe and other countries, with New York becoming the primary center of Dada in the United States; the word Dada is notoriously difficult to define and its origins are disputed amongst the Dadaists themselves. The Dada movement has had continuous reverberations in New York art culture and in the art world ever since its inception, it was a major influence on the New York School and Pop Art. Any attempt to articulate solid links between Dada and these movements must be tenuous at best; such an attempt must begin philosophically with an acknowledgement of the Dadaists' demand to create a new world and artistically with an examination of the techniques the Dadaists used to do so. "New York Dada" refers in general to the actions and principles of a group of loosely affiliated people involved in the production, display and criticism of art, being produced in the years 1913 to 1923 in New York City.
Because of this group’s philosophical orientation, techniques of art production, critique of prior forms of art, self-pronounced allegiances, relation to other similar groups in Europe, they are referred to as Dada. This said, it is important to note that "New York Dada" developed independently of Zurich Dada, in fact, according to Hans Richter, "We in Zurich remained unaware until 1917 or 1918 of a development, taking place, quite independently, in New York."The creations of Duchamp, Man Ray, others between the Armory Show in 1913 and 1917 eluded the term Dada at the time, "New York Dada" came to be seen as a post facto invention of Duchamp. At the outset of the 1920s the term Dada flourished in Europe with the help of Duchamp and Picabia, who had both returned from New York. Notwithstanding, Dadaists such as Tzara and Richter claimed European precedence. Art historian David Hopkins notes: Ironically, Duchamp's late activities in New York, along with the machinations of Picabia, re-cast Dada's history.
Dada's European chroniclers—primarily Richter and Huelsenbeck—would become preoccupied with establishing the pre-eminence of Zurich and Berlin at the foundations of Dada, but it proved to be Duchamp, most strategically brilliant in manipulating the genealogy of this avant-garde formation, deftly turning New York Dada from a late-comer into an originating force. Beginning with a showing of the work of Picabia at gallery 291, owned and operated by renowned and influential photographer Alfred Stieglitz, this group began to take shape Coupled with Stieglitz’s gallery, the patronage and intellectual support of the Arsenbergs provided the economic conditions of possibility for the Dada artists to exist in New York at that time; the arche-typical city of modernity New York was an attractive destination for Duchamp as well as others because of the relative calm it offered in comparison to war plagued Europe as well as its incredible energy. Speaking of a series of New York inspired paintings, Picabia once said that "they express the spirit of New York as I feel it, the crowded streets... their surging, their unrest, their commercialism, their atmospheric charm...
You of New York should be quick to understand me and my fellow painters your New York is the cubist, futurist city." According to Naumann, Alfred Stieglitz was unquestionably "the individual most responsible for the introduction of modern art to America." An active artist a photographer, as well as activist in the service of modern art, Stieglitz provided an avenue for the thought and work of the proto-Dada artists as well as the Dada artists with his journal and gallery, both named 291. Stieglitz first made contact with the Dadaists at the notorious Armory show of 1913 where Picabia and Duchamp exhibited paintings that caused an uproar in the New York art scene. Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase and Picabia's Dances at the Spring featured prominently at the show and caught the eye of Stieglitz, they proved to be just a taste of what was to come. According to Richter, "Stieglitz was a man of lively perception, intensely interested in everything, new and revolutionary," undoubtedly this demeanor and demand to seek new forms of artistic expression made him a perfect match for the European's coming ashore.
Walter Conrad Arensberg and his wife Louise were eccentric collectors of modern art and some of the earliest backers of the Dada artists. Without their support it is unlikely that any of the European Dadaists would have been able to live comfortably in New York and produce their art, they hosted parties and every other conceivable form of gathering at their large and minimalist apartment in midtown Manhattan. Beginning with the Armory show of 1913 Walter w
New Jersey Motorsports Park is a road course "Motorsports Entertainment Complex" located in Millville, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It has hosted races since opening in 2008 and boasts a schedule including MotoAmerica Pro Road Racing, 24 Hours of LeMons, American Historic Racing Motorcycle Association, SCCA events, SCCA Pro Racing's F2000 Championship Series. New Jersey Motorsports Park is located on 500 acres adjacent to the Millville Municipal Airport, a location, dedicated in 1941 as America's First Defense Airport, which played a key role in the country's World War II military efforts. NJMP is one of only a handful of facilities in the world housing two circuits that can be operated simultaneously; the tracks both feature many elevation changes, along with lengthy front straightaways. One of the best known features of this course is a stretch on Thunderbolt Raceway known as "the Jersey devil." The Park offers open seating. Grandstands are available in several locations, in addition to camping areas and on-site hotel and condominium accommodations.
The facility includes a full-service bar and restaurant, The Finish Line Pub, located at the center of the property. In addition to the two road courses, NJMP includes a 1.1-mile karting facility called Tempest Raceway. Like the park itself, Tempest consists of two tracks, it hosts daily arrive-and-drive programs, offers custom experiences for groups. The complex hosts competition events sanctioned by various regional and national series. In 2011 The Motorsports park declared Chapter 11 Bankruptcy, defaulting on its contracts with the City of Millville; the Millville Army Air Field opened as a gunnery school for fighter pilots for the Republic P-47 “Thunderbolt” in 1941. During its four-year existence, about 1,500 pilots received advanced P-47 Thunderbolt fighter training here. New Jersey Motorsports Park embraced this rich history by naming its marquee 2.25-mile racetrack “Thunderbolt Raceway.” The 1.9-mile road course – Lightning Raceway – is named after the P-38 Lightning, a World War II fighter aircraft.
The facility carries the historical World War II theme by naming its track-side condominiums “The Villas at Breighton.” Breighton was the name of an allied airfield in Great Britain, where many of the Millville-trained P-47 pilots served during World War II. Other ties to the World War II theme include the English Tudor design of the clubhouse, the Officers Club's Q-Hangar design that contains Cumberland County's largest banquet facility and the Timing Tower that resembles a World War II air traffic control tower. Upon visiting New Jersey Motorsports Park, you will notice that NJMP safety and security vehicles are based on World War II MP Jeeps. While building the various structures at New Jersey Motorsports Park, many World War II artifacts were found and collected for display at the Millville Army Air Field Museum, located on the opposite side of the Millville Airport; the Bore Site range, located just outside Thunderbolt Raceway Paddock was used by Thunderbolt pilots during training as a range to calibrate their machine guns.
Today, a P-47 Thunderbolt - No Glory aircraft is based out of Millville Airport. It is one of only nine in the world still in working condition. NBC's Octane Academy held its east coast qualifier at the Park's 1.9-mile Lightning Raceway in January 2013. New Jersey Motorsports Park's slowest hot lap was done in a Ferrari 458 Italia driven by automotive journalist Danny Korecki on the Lightning Circuit. Korecki drove the Ferrari 458 on three consecutive laps while going no faster than 25 miles per hour. Many renowned racing series have visited New Jersey Motorsports Park; the first was Grand-Am Road Racing's Rolex Sports Car Series in 2008, with Oswaldo Negri and Mark Patterson capturing the first-ever Thunderbolt trophies. The ARCA Racing Series and AMA Superbike Championship joined the NJMP schedule, holding annual points-paying races at the Northeast facility. In 2010, SCCA Pro Racing's Trans-Am Series held its first race at Thunderbolt Raceway and returned in 2012, from 2014 on. Other notable events include the "Devil in the Dark", a 12-hour endurance race put on by the South Jersey region of the SCCA.
Regional and national sportscar and motorcycle clubs hold hundreds of track-day events at the two circuits each season. New Jersey Motorsports Park Official Site Facility Overview video Track History at racing-reference.info Trackpedia guide to NJMP Track Rental Informational video F1 Karting at New Jersey Motorsports Park video NJMP Official Photo Gallery
Loganville High School is located in Walton County, the United States. Loganville is 35 miles east of Atlanta and 38 miles west of Athens. Walton County has nine elementary, three middle, three high schools, a Performance Learning Center. Loganville High School is a public, four-year comprehensive high school for grades nine through twelve, it is accredited by the Southern Association of Schools. The present school facility was first occupied in the fall of 1998. In January 2002, a new wing was opened to house an additional 450 students. With an enrollment of 2,000 students, LHS is a school in transition from rural to urban. In 2008 LHS was awarded bronze for the highest percentage of students meeting and exceeding standards. Loganville High School employs 137 teachers, five administrators, four counselors, two media specialists. 22 staff members are certified to work with gifted children. The school employs five secretaries, ten paraprofessionals, two school resource officers, one school nurse, eight other support personnel.
Five parent volunteers supplement the secretarial and administrative support positions on a regular basis. Many more volunteer their services on other special occasions; the principal is Michael Robison. The assistant principals are Brad Boleman, Cindy Nobles-Bristow, Rick Weeks, Carrin Meadows. LHS uses a 4x4 block schedule that offers academic, technology/career, elective credits. Four levels each of Spanish and French are available. Work-based learning is offered through the Youth Apprenticeship Program. Areas of concentration include cosmetology, early childhood education, construction and health care. Walton Career Academy offers students a chance to take collegiate level courses during high school through the Walton County Public School System. Students can receive both high college credit. Twelve AP courses are offered at LHS. 200 students take advantage of these course offerings. Courses are weighted by adding 10 points to the total class grade; these courses include: AP US History AP World History AP Government AP Economics AP Calculus AP Statistics AP Language AP Literature AP Biology AP Chemistry AP Art AP Computer Science AP Physics AP Human Geography Georgia High School Graduation Test: 2005-2006 Language Arts: 42% Math: 51% Science: 2% Social Studies: 56% Writing: 1%2004-2005 Language Arts: 41% Math: 5% Science: -15% Social Studies: 9% Writing: 19% Before graduation, students must accumulate a minimum of 28 units or credits.
Class of 2006: Four year colleges/universities: 26% Two year colleges/schools: 28% Technical/vocational colleges/schools: 11% Military: 3% Full-time employment: 3% Graduation rate: 79.9% Performed By the Loganville High School Marching Red Devils/Choir: Across the hills of dear old Walton Lives a noble clan Songs of Loganville wait for glory A grand and glorious band Alma Mater, thee we'll honor Ever loyal be Thee, we'll crown forever with glory Loganville, here's to thee. Clint Frazier, Class of 2013 - MLB player for the New York Yankees Brandon Moss, Class of 2002 - MLB player for the Oakland Athletics Michael Bohn, Class of 2006 - Singer for Woe, Is Me and Issues http://www.loganvillehigh.org/