Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is an American outdoor sports stadium located in the Exposition Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, United States. Conceived as a hallmark of civic pride, the Coliseum was commissioned in 1921 as a memorial to L. A. veterans of World War I. Completed in 1923, it will be the first stadium to have hosted the Summer Olympics three times: 1932, 1984, 2028, it was declared a National Historic Landmark on July 27, 1984, the day before the opening ceremony of the 1984 Summer Olympics. The stadium serves as the home to the University of Southern California Trojans football team of the Pac-12 Conference, it is the temporary home of the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League. The Coliseum was home to the Rams from 1946 to 1979; the Coliseum is serving as their home stadium again until the completion of Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park in Inglewood. The facility had a permanent seating capacity of 93,607 for USC football and Rams games, making it the largest football stadium in the Pac-12 Conference and the NFL.
USC, which operates and manages the Coliseum, began a major renovation of the stadium in early 2018. During the renovation project the seating capacity will be 78,467 and will be 77,500 upon completion in 2019; the $270 million project is scheduled to be completed by the 2019 football season and is the first major upgrade of the stadium in twenty years. The project includes replacing the seating along with the addition of luxury boxes and club suites. Naming rights were granted to United Airlines but following some concerns expressed by veterans groups and the new president of the Coliseum Commission, the naming rights are in limbo. United Airlines did not approve of any change from United Airlines Memorial Coliseum and suggested that they were willing to step away from the deal; the stadium is located in Exposition Park, owned by the State of California, across the street from USC. The Coliseum is jointly owned by the State of California, Los Angeles County, City of Los Angeles and is managed and operated by the Auxiliary Services Department of the University of Southern California.
From 1959 to 2016, the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena was located adjacent to the Coliseum. Banc of California Stadium, a soccer-specific stadium and home of Major League Soccer's Los Angeles FC, was constructed on the former Sports Arena site and opened in April 2018; the stadium was the temporary home of the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball from 1958 to 1961 and was the host venue for games 3, 4, 5 of the 1959 World Series. It was the site of the First AFL-NFL World Championship Game called Super Bowl I, Super Bowl VII. Additionally, it has served as a home field for a number of other teams, including the Los Angeles Raiders of the NFL, UCLA Bruins football; the Coliseum is now the home of the USC Trojans football team and the temporary home of the Los Angeles Rams. Most of USC's regular home games the alternating games with rivals UCLA and Notre Dame, attract a capacity crowd; the current official capacity of the Coliseum is 78,467. USC's women lacrosse and soccer teams use the Coliseum for selected games involving major opponents and televised games.
USC rents the Coliseum to various events, including international soccer games, musical concerts and other large outdoor events. The Coliseum was commissioned in 1921 as a memorial to L. A. veterans of World War I. The official ground breaking ceremony took place on December 21, 1921 with construction being completed in just over 16 months, on May 1, 1923. Designed by John and Donald Parkinson, the original bowl's initial construction costs were $954,873; when the Coliseum opened in 1923, it was the largest stadium in Los Angeles with a capacity of 75,144. In 1930, with the Olympics due in two years, the stadium was extended upward to seventy-nine rows seats with two tiers of tunnels, expanding the seating capacity to 101,574; the now-signature Olympic torch was added. For a time it was known as Olympic Stadium; the Olympic cauldron torch which burned through both Games remains above the peristyle at the east end of the stadium as a reminder of this, as do the Olympic rings symbols over one of the main entrances.
The football field runs east to west with the press box on the south side of the stadium. The scoreboard and video screen that tower over the peristyle date back to 1983. Over the years new light towers have been placed along south rims; the large analog clock and thermometer over the office windows at either end of the peristyle were installed in 1955. In the mid-and late 1950s the press box was renovated and the "Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum" lettering and Olympic rings, lighted at night, were added to the eastern face of the peristyle tower. Between the double peristyle arches at the east end is the Coliseum's "Court of Honor"—plaques recognizing many of the memorable events and participants in Coliseum history, including a full list of 1932 and 1984 Olympic gold medalists.. For many years the Coliseum was capable of seating over 100,000 spectators. In 1964 the stadium underwent its first major renovation in over three decades. Most of the original pale green wood-and-metal bench seating was replaced by individual theater-type chairs of dark red and yellow.
California African American Museum
The California African American Museum is a museum located in Exposition Park, Los Angeles, United States. The Museum focuses on enrichment and education on the cultural heritage and history of African Americans with a focus on California and western United States. Admission is free to all visitors, their mission statement is "[to research, collect and interpret for public enrichment the history and culture of African Americans with an emphasis on California and the western United States."CAAM hosts independent and collaborative educational programs both on and off site of lectures, innovative programs, hands-on activities that serve public and private school students, museum patrons and community visitors. CAAM was chartered by the State of California in 1977 and first opened in 1981, in temporary quarters at the California Museum of Science and Industry; the museum's first director was arts advocate Aurelia Brooks, while the first object acquired for CAAM’s permanent collection was a magnificent bronze bust of civil rights activist Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune, created by Richmond Barthé.
In 1984, CAAM moved to its permanent home in Exposition Park, just south of Downtown Los Angeles. The inaugural exhibition The Black Olympians 1904-1984 was curated by CAAM's History Curator Lonnie Bunch, now Founding Director of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture; the current CAAM facility was built with state and private funds of around $5 million. African–American architects Jack Haywood and Vince Proby led the design for the museum; the museum building opened to the public during the Los Angeles Olympic Games in July 1984. A major renovation occurred between 2001 and 2003; the museum occupies a 44,000 square feet building. It includes three exhibition galleries, a theater gallery, a 14,000-square-foot sculpture court, a conference center special events room, an archive and research library. Behind the scenes there are administration offices, exhibit artifact storage areas. A 2011 preliminary planning by design firm Huff and Gooden Architects pegged the cost at $67.3 million for a major expansion and renovation that would nearly triple the size of the museum.
CAAM exists to research, collect and interpret for public enrichment, the history and culture of African Americans. The museum conserves more than 6,300 objects of art, historical artifacts and memorabilia, maintains a research library with more than 20,000 books and other reference materials available for limited public use; the permanent collection includes paintings, photographs and artifacts representing the diverse contributions of African Americans. The collection ranges from African art to 19th-century landscape. Along with its permanent collection, CAAM hosts specially mounted exhibitions curated out of its own collection, as well as traveling exhibitions from other museums; the Museum's Education Department offers a broad range of programming and events designed to serve the needs of the greater Los Angeles community. Their focus is to provide a variety of enriching and enlightening learning experiences, to serve as a resource for diverse communities and to broaden public awareness of the artistic and cultural contributions of African Americans and how other cultures intersect with African American history and culture.
More than 80 programs are offered annually. The California African American Museum has a budget of about $3.5 million a year. Admission is free; the state provides $2.5 million, augmented by funds from a private nonprofit museum foundation that in recent years has generated annual contributions and other revenues of $650,000 to $1.4 million. In July 2015, George O. Davis was named as a new executive director to oversee strategic planning, budget management, outreach development of the museum, bringing his expertise from the field of broadcast and entertainment. CAAM welcomed Naima Keith, a curator at the Studio Museum in Harlem, in February 2016 as its deputy director to manage exhibitions and programs.. During her tenure at CAAM, Keith has curated Hank Willis Thomas: Black Righteous Space, Genevieve Gaignard: Smell the Roses and Kenyatta Hinkle: The Evanesced. Under the leadership of Davis and Keith, the museum had the logo redesigned, a new website built, exterior painted vivid white; the California Natural Resources Agency oversees the California African American Museum and the California Science Center.
List of museums focused on African Americans List of museums in Los Angeles California African American Museum - Official website The Museum of African American Art on Google Cultural Institute Birth of the California African American Museum in Los Angeles California African-American Museum.. California African American Museum: "The Brown decision: A California perspective": a roundtable discussion. Los Angeles?: Eighth and Wall Inc. Biggers, J. T. Hammons, D. Outterbridge, J. Cummings, M. Johnson-Calloway, M. California Afro-American Museum Foundation. J. Paul Getty Trust. Crystal Productions.. African American art. Los Angeles, CA: J. Paul Getty Trust
John G. Downey
John Gately Downey was an Irish-American politician and the seventh governor of California from January 14, 1860 to January 10, 1862. Until the election of Arnold Schwarzenegger in 2003, Downey was the only governor of California to be born outside the United States. Downey was the first man from Southern California to serve as governor. Downey was born on June 24, 1827 in the townland of Castlesampson, Taughmaconnell parish, County Roscommon, in central Ireland, to Denis Downey and Bridget Gately. Castlesampson is 12 kilometres west of the town of Athlone, he emigrated with his family at the age of 14 before the famine years. Settling in Charles County, the Downeys joined two stepsisters who had settled in the U. S. Dwindling family finances forced Downey to halt his education at age 16 and start working to become independent, he apprenticed at an apothecary in Washington, D. C. until 1846. Downey relocated to Cincinnati, where he worked as a druggist. Like many who heard about the California Gold Rush, Downey decided to go West.
He stopped along the way at Mississippi. By 1849, Downey had arrived in California prospecting in Grass Valley before finding a job at a drug store in San Francisco, he soon moved to Los Angeles, he was elected for a one-year term to the Los Angeles Common Council in May 1852 and again in May 1856. He resigned from the council in December 1856. A Lecompton Democrat who favored slavery in the Kansas Territory, Downey was elected as a member of the lower house California State Assembly for the 1st District, serving from 1856 to 1857. In the 1859 general elections, Downey was elected Lieutenant Governor, overcoming the party split within the Democratic Party between Lecompton and Anti-Lecompton Democrats, as well as seeing off a challenge from the infant Republican Party. Five days after Downey was sworn in as Lieutenant Governor, Governor Milton Latham resigned after being elected to fill the federal Senate vacancy left by the death of David C. Broderick, killed in a duel in 1859. Downey assumed the governorship on January 14, 1860.
During Downey's governorship, the Assembly and Senate passed the "Bulkhead Bill," a controversial bill supported by San Francisco capitalists. It would have placed the city's waterfront in the hands of private companies within monopolies. Despite support for the bill among San Francisco's wealthy, local merchants and the public alike were in staunch opposition. In a move that stunned many former wealthy supporters, Downey vetoed the Bulkhead Bill, he said, ts provisions are not only in conflict with the constitution and the principles of natural justice, but that the measure as a whole is calculated to work irreparable injury to our commerce and external, of which San Francisco is and must forever remain a metropolis. Downey's veto was popular both in San Francisco and throughout California, it marked the peak of his popularity. Visiting the city shortly afterward, Downey was greeted as a hero. But, supporters of the Bulkhead Bill never forgave the governor. During a visit to San Francisco, Downey described a protester as a "bulkheader."
The man responded with a fist fight, broken up only when Downey supporters physically restrained his opponent. At the 1860 presidential election, the Democratic Party again splintered. Anti-Lecomptons favored Stephen A. Douglas, while Lecomptons supported John C. Breckinridge. Part of the Lecompton faction, Downey sided with Anti-Lecomptons, supporting Douglas in his failed bid against Abraham Lincoln. By the outbreak of the American Civil War, Downey pledged support to the Union, responding to requests by U. S. Secretary of War Simon Cameron for California troop assistance, but Downey's support for the Unionist cause remained vague. According to Victorian historian Theodore H. Hittell, Downey's unionism, it was plain, was not of the kind by which the Union could be preserved, it meant continued submission and subserviency to slavery and the slave power, which had hitherto dominated the country while the advance of the age had outgrown it... It can not be said that Downey had any special love for the slave power.
With the Civil War in its first stages by the 1861 general elections, Downey's earlier support generated by his veto of the Bulkhead Bill had all but evaporated. Downey's Democratic Party again splintered violently over the Union. Despite turning away from the Lecompton "Breckinridge" faction, Downey failed to gain the nomination of the Anti-Lecompton "Unionist" Democrats during the state Democratic convention; this ended his political career. During the election, the Republican Party won the elections. Californians voted for Leland Stanford over Breckinridge Democrat John R. McConnell and Unionist Democrat John Conness. After his term as governor expired in 1862, Downey returned to Southern California. In 1871, he helped co-found Farmers and Merchants Bank, the first successful bank in Los Angeles, with Isaias W. Hellman, a banker and future president of Wells Fargo. In 1879, Downey joined some public-spirited citizens led by Judge Robert Maclay Widney, in laying the groundwork for the University of Southern California, the first university in the region.
When Widney formed a board of trustees, he secured a donation of 308 lots of land from three prominent members of the community: Ozro W. Childs, a
Exposition Park Rose Garden
The Exposition Park Rose Garden is a historic 7-acre sunken garden located in Exposition Park in Los Angeles, California. It has been called "one of the city's best-kept secrets", it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1991. From 1871 to 1911, the site of the rose garden was part of the city's Agricultural Park; the rose garden area was used for horse, camel and automobile racing. In 1914, the city announced plans to construct a wildflower garden at the park, but the rose garden was not built until 1927 with the planting of 15,000 bushes of more than 100 varieties; when the garden was announced, the Los Angeles Times applauded the project: "No more fitting tribute could be paid to the spirit of Southern California than to erect in the center of her largest city the greatest rose garden in the world." During the Great Depression, the lack of funding threatened the closure of the rose garden described as "the largest rose garden in the world." In 1936, four large marble statues by Danish sculptor Thyra Boldsen were installed on pedestals at the four corners of the garden.
The statues were titled "Nymph Finding Pipes of Pan," "The Blessing", "The Start", "Terpsichore". The sculptor explained her intent with the statues this way: "In conceiving and executing these four figures dedicated to womanhood and motherhood, I have had in mind that men for centuries have erected statues symbolizing bravery—these symbolize love and joy." In the 1950s, the annual pruning demonstration drew. By the mid-1980s, the garden had more than 20,000 rose bushes and more than 200 varieties of roses; the All-America Rose Selection, a rose growers organization, began donating its Rose of the Year to the garden in 1940. The garden is visited by more than a million people a year and is a popular location for weddings and other events; the garden has four gazebos, several statues, a central fountain. The garden is located adjacent to the University of Southern California campus, the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, the California Science Center. In 1986, plans to dig up the garden to build an underground parking garage led to protests in the media.
The Los Angeles Times ran an editorial opposing the plan: "There are times when the leaders of Los Angeles seem perversely intent on living up to the image that many outsiders have of them—insensitive and uncouth rabbits who would, dig up a garden to put in a parking lot." The garden had been threatened by an earlier proposal by the Los Angeles Raiders football team to convert the garden into a practice field for the team. In order to protect the garden from such threats, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1991; the exterior of the Old Armory Building, abutting the eastern edge of the Rose Garden, is used in establishing shots of the fictional Jeffersonian Center, in the TV series Bones. The garden can be seen at the end of On a Clear Day You Can See Forever. List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles Official Exposition Park Rose Garden website Travelinlocal.com: "One of Los Angeles' Best Kept Secrets—The Exposition Rose Garden"
Ed Begley Jr.
Edward James Begley Jr. is an American actor. Begley has appeared in hundreds of films, television shows, stage performances, he is most recognized for his role as Dr. Victor Ehrlich, the bumbling surgical partner of William Daniels' Dr. Mark Craig, on the television series St. Elsewhere, he co-hosted, along with wife Rachelle Carson, the green living reality show entitled Living with Ed. Prolific in cinema, Begley's best known films include Stay Hungry, Blue Collar, An Officer and a Gentleman, This Is Spinal Tap, She-Devil, The Accidental Tourist, The Pagemaster, Batman Forever, Auto Focus, Pineapple Express, What's Your Number?, Ghostbusters and CHiPS. He is a recurring cast member in the mockumentaries of Christopher Guest and Eugene Levy, including Best in Show, A Mighty Wind, For Your Consideration and Mascots. Begley was born in Los Angeles, California, in 1949, to Allene Jeanne Sanders and Oscar-winning film actor Ed Begley; when Begley Jr. was born, Begley Sr. was married to Amanda Huff, who died when Begley Jr. was seven years old.
Until he was sixteen, Begley Jr. believed. He only became acquainted with his biological mother, Allene, his paternal grandparents were Irish immigrants. Begley grew up in Buffalo, New York, attended Stella Niagara Education Park, a private Roman Catholic school, in Lewiston, New York. In 1962, the family moved back to California, where he graduated from Notre Dame High School, Sherman Oaks, a Catholic high school, from Los Angeles Valley College in North Hollywood. Begley's numerous roles in television and film include one of his earliest appearances as a guest actor on Maude, he had guest appearances in the 1970s series Room 222. He had recurring roles on Mary Hartman, 7th Heaven, Arrested Development and Six Feet Under and starring roles in Stephen King's Kingdom Hospital, St. Elsewhere, Wednesday 9:30, he has played significant roles in the mockumentary films Best in Show, A Mighty Wind, For Your Consideration. Additionally, Begley played Viper pilot Greenbean on the original Battlestar Galactica TV series, Boba Fett in the radio adaptation of Return of the Jedi, Seth Gillette, a fictional Democratic U.
S. senator from North Dakota on The West Wing. From 2000 to 2016, he was a member of the Board of Governors of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. In 1996, Begley appeared in a TV movie called The Late Shift, where he played real-life CBS executive Rod Perth, he has guest-starred on shows such as Scrubs, Boston Legal, Star Trek: Voyager. He had a recurring guest role in season three of Veronica Mars, he appeared in the 2008 HBO film Recount, which profiled the 2000 Presidential Election and its aftermath, decided by the state of Florida's electoral votes. Begley made an appearance on Tim and Eric Awesome Show, Great Job! Season 3, Episode 3, as a spokesman for Cinco. In 2003, Begley directed the musical Cesar and Ruben, it was performed at the El Portal Theatre in Los Angeles and was revived in 2007. One of Begley's recent acting roles was in the CBS sitcom Gary Unmarried. Begley played Dr. Walter Krandall, the protagonist's former marriage counselor and fiancé of his ex-wife. Since 2008, he has appeared in a series of DirecTV commercials as a "Cable Corp Inc." executive.
In 2013, he appeared on the reality television show Beverly Hills Pawn. Begley has three children, a daughter and son from his first marriage, a daughter from his current marriage. According to a feature on the Bio Channel television program Celebrity Close Calls, Begley nearly died in 1972, after being stabbed multiple times while being mugged by a street gang, his attackers were teenagers, who were apprehended by police. Since 1970, Begley has been an environmentalist, beginning with his first electric vehicle and becoming a vegan, he promotes eco-friendly products like the Toyota Prius, Envirolet composting toilets and Begley's Best Household Cleaner. Begley's home is 1,585 square feet in size, using solar power, wind power via a PacWind vertical-axis wind turbine, an air conditioning unit made by Greenway Design Group, LLC. and an electricity-generating bicycle used to toast bread. He pays around $300 a year in electric bills. Arguing that the suburban lawn is environmentally unsustainable in Southern California, owing to water shortage, Begley has converted his own to a drought-tolerant garden composed of native California plants.
Though he is noted for riding bicycles and using public transportation, he owns a 2003 Toyota RAV4 EV electric-powered vehicle. Begley's hybrid electric bicycle was featured on his television show Living With Ed. Begley spoofed his own environmentalist beliefs on "Homer to the Max", an episode of The Simpsons by showing himself using a nonpolluting go-kart, powered by his "own sense of self-satisfaction" and on an episode of Dharma and Greg, he appeared in "Gone Maggie Gone", another episode of The Simpsons, in Season 20. In the episode, during a solar eclipse, he drives a solar-powered car that stops running on train tracks as a train approaches, but the train stops because it is an Ed Begley Jr. Solar Powered Train. According to Groening's other comedy series, Begley's electric motor is "the most evil propulsion system conceived" as stated in "The Honking". Begley and friend Bill Nye are in a competition to see. In 2009, Begle
2028 Summer Olympics
The 2028 Summer Olympics known as the Games of the XXXIV Olympiad, known as LA 2028, is a forthcoming international multi-sport event, scheduled to take place from July 21 to August 6, 2028, in Los Angeles, United States. The process of bidding for the host city was scheduled to begin in 2019, with the winning bid due to be announced in 2021. However, following the withdrawal of a number of cities from the bidding process for both the 2022 Winter Olympics and the 2024 Summer Olympics, the International Olympic Committee resolved in July 2017 to jointly award both the 2024 and 2028 Games, thus on July 31, 2017, an agreement was reached wherein Los Angeles would bid for the 2028 Games with $1.8 billion of additional funding from the IOC, which cleared the way for Paris to be confirmed as host of the 2024 Games. Both cities were formally announced as winners of their respective Games at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru, on September 13, 2017; the bid was praised by the IOC for using a record-breaking number of existing and temporary facilities and relying on corporate money.
This is the third time that Los Angeles will have hosted the Summer Olympics, making it the third city after London and Paris to host the Games three times and the first American city to do so. These will be the fifth Summer Olympic Games to be hosted in the United States, the previous four occasions being St. Louis 1904, Los Angeles 1932, Los Angeles 1984, Atlanta 1996; these will be the fourth Olympics to be held in the U. S. state of California, the ninth Olympics to be held in the U. S. overall. On September 16, 2015, the International Olympic Committee announced five candidate cities for the 2024 Games: Budapest, Los Angeles and Rome; the candidature process was announced at the same time. Budapest and Rome withdrew their bids, leaving only Los Angeles and Paris. A similar situation had occurred during the bidding for the 2022 Winter Olympics when Krakow, Lviv and Stockholm withdrew, resulting in a two-way race between Beijing and Almaty, where Beijing was declared the winner. On April 3, 2017 at the IOC convention in Denmark, Olympic officials met with bid committees from both Los Angeles and Paris to discuss the possibility of naming two winners in the competition to host the 2024 Summer Games.
After these withdrawals, the IOC Executive Board met in Lausanne, Switzerland to discuss the 2024 and 2028 bid processes on June 9, 2017. The IOC formally proposed electing the 2024 and 2028 Olympic host cities at the same time in 2017, a proposal, approved by an Extraordinary IOC Session on July 11, 2017 in Lausanne; the IOC set up a process where the Los Angeles and Paris 2024 bid committees, the IOC held meetings in July 2017 to decide which city would host in 2024 and who would host in 2028. Following the decision to award the 2024 and 2028 Games Paris was understood to be the preferred host for the 2024 Games. On July 31, 2017, the IOC announced Los Angeles as the sole candidate for the 2028 Games, allowing Paris to be confirmed as the host city for the 2024 Games. On August 11, 2017, the Los Angeles City Council voted unanimously to approve the bid. On September 11, 2017, Los Angeles received formal approval to host the 2028 Games from the IOC's evaluation commission. On September 13, 2017, Los Angeles was formally awarded the 2028 Games following a unanimous vote by the IOC.
On October 16, 2017, Los Angeles 2028 received official support from the state of California. On August 29, 2018, Olympic officials arrived for a two-day visit that included meetings with local organizers and a tour of the city's newest venues. On October 9, 2018, a movement called NOlympics LA released poll results stating that 45% of respondents from Los Angeles County and 47% from across California oppose bringing the 2028 Summer Games to Los Angeles. However, a different poll suggests that more than 88% of Angelenos are in favor of the city's hosting the 2028 Olympic and Paralympic Games. Los Angeles was elected as host city for the 2028 Summer Olympics at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru on September 13, 2017; the three American IOC members, Anita DeFrantz, Angela Ruggiero and Larry Probst, were not eligible to vote in this election under the rules of the Olympic Charter. This was the third time that Los Angeles had been selected as an Olympics host city without facing a competitive bidding process, following similar outcomes in 1932 and 1984.
Los Angeles submitted bids for the Summer Olympics in 1924, 1928, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1976 and 1980, but lost out to Paris, London, Melbourne and Moscow respectively. More Los Angeles applied to be the U. S. candidate city for the 2016 Summer Olympics, but on that occasion Chicago was chosen as U. S. candidate by the United States Olympic Committee. While most host cities have seven years to prepare for the Olympic Games, Los Angeles will see an additional four years, giving the city eleven years for preparations; the Los Angeles bid relied on a majority of existing venues. Banc of California Stadium, which opened in 2018 as the home of Major League Soccer's Los Angeles FC, will host football and several events in athletics. Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park, home of the NFL's Los Angeles Rams and Los Angeles Chargers upon its completion in 2020, will host the main opening ceremony and archery. A
Silver Line (Los Angeles Metro)
The Silver Line is a limited-stop bus route with some bus rapid transit features operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. The Silver Line route runs between the El Monte Station, Downtown Los Angeles, South Los Angeles, the Harbor Gateway Transit Center in Gardena and San Pedro; the Silver Line offers frequent, all-stops service along the El Monte Busway and the Harbor Transitway, two grade-separated transit facilities built into the Los Angeles freeway system. The Silver Line was created as part of the conversion of the El Monte Busway and the Harbor Transitway from lanes reserved for buses and high occupancy vehicles into the Metro ExpressLanes that allow solo drivers to pay a toll to use lanes; the tolls collected have been used to improve amenities at stops. As Silver Line buses travel along the El Monte Busway and the Harbor Transitway they serve stations built into the center or side of the roadway. There is a 3.5 mile gap between the western end of El Monte Busway and the northern end of the Harbor Transitway in Downtown Los Angeles, where Silver Line buses travel on surface streets, making a limited number of stops.
Beginning in 2019, the line will be renamed to the G Line while retaining its silver coloring. Two services are operated under the Silver Line name: Route 910 operates with daily 24-hour service serving only the portion of the route between El Monte station, Downtown Los Angeles and the Harbor Gateway Transit Center. Route 950 operates with daily service serving the entire route between El Monte station, Downtown Los Angeles and San Pedro; the eastern section of Silver Line route runs on the El Monte Busway between the El Monte Station in El Monte and Union Station in Downtown Los Angeles. The southern section of the route runs on the Harbor Transitway between 37th Street/USC station in Downtown Los Angeles and the Harbor Gateway Transit Center near the city of Carson. Buses travel between the eastern and southern sections along surface streets in Downtown Los Angeles where Silver Line buses make a limited amount of stops near major employment centers, tourist destinations and Metro Rail stations.
Silver Line route 950 trips continue south of the Harbor Gateway Transit Center along the Harbor Freeway to San Pedro traveling in general purpose freeway lanes and making two stops en route at stations located on the side of the freeway near off and on ramps. In San Pedro, Silver Line route 950 buses once again travel along surface streets, serving the Harbor Beacon Park & Ride and making frequent stops along Pacific Avenue; the Silver Line connects to all Metro Rail lines, though it will not connect with the Crenshaw/LAX Line, scheduled to open in 2020. The Silver Line charges a premium fare. Metro day passes are accepted as full fare, but all other pass holders must pay for an upgraded 1 zone pass or pay the additional premium charge at the time of boarding. Like the other Metro Rail and Metro Busway lines, the Silver Line operates on a proof-of-payment system. Passengers may board at either the front or rear door of Silver Line buses and validate their Transit Access Pass electronic fare card at readers located on board the bus, near the door.
Metro's fare inspectors randomly inspect buses to ensure passengers have a valid fare product on their TAP card. TAP vending machines are available at most Silver Line stations and are located near most street stops in Downtown Los Angeles. But, because vending machines are not available at all stations and street stops, passengers who need to purchase a card or add funds can do so at the farebox on board the bus. None of the other Metro Rail or Metro Busway lines offer onboard TAP sales; as of December 15, 2014 the fares for the Silver Line are: Metro and Foothill Transit offer a reciprocal fare program called "Silver 2 Silver" where pass holders may ride either Silver Line or Silver Streak buses between Downtown Los Angeles and the El Monte Station. Passengers who have a Metro 7-Day or 30-Day pass, an EZ transit pass, or a Foothill Transit Local 31-Day pass are all charged additional when they board a Silver Line or Silver Streak bus; the El Monte Busway opened along Interstate 10 in 1973.
As the new Harbor Transitway was under construction in the early 1990s, Metro drew up plans to offer a unified bus rapid transit service along both corridors, connected by street running through Downtown Los Angeles. Ridership was radically lower than expected: planners had projected that 65,200 passengers would travel along the Harbor Transitway each day, but after 10 years ridership fell far below those predictions, with the route seeing just 3,000 passengers per weekday in 2004. In the early 2000s, Metro began depicting the two busways on its Metro Rail maps, in 2008, Metro once again looked at the concept of linking them with a "Dual Hub Bus Rapid Transit" route; the service was rolled out as the Silver Line in December 2009. Five Metro Express lines were truncated to terminate at either Harbor Gateway Transit Center or the El Monte station, where passengers would transfer to the Silver Line to continue into Downtown Los Angeles; as part of the Metro ExpressLanes project to convert the El Monte Busway and the Harbor Transitway from lanes reserved for buses and high occupancy vehicles into high occupancy toll lanes that allow solo drivers to pay a toll to use lanes, aging stations were refurbished and frequencies on the route were improved.