"Expression" is the lead single released from Salt-n-Pepa's third album, Blacks' Magic. The song was both produced by member Cheryl "Salt" James; the song became the group's second single to reach the top 40 in the US, peaking at number 28 on the Billboard Hot 100 while topping the Hot Rap Singles chart at number one, becoming their first song to do so. The single was certified gold by the RIAA on February 28, 1990 before reaching platinum status less than three months on May 25; the music video is notable for marking the directorial debut of director Millicent Shelton. "Expression" – 4:04 "Expression" – 5:17 "Expression" – 1:16 "Expression" – 4:04 "Expression" – 1:30 "Clubhouse" – 5:29 "Clubhouse" – 5:29 "Expression" was re-released in 1992 as the first single from Salt n Pepa's remix album, Rapped in Remixes: The Greatest Hits Remixed. The song peaked at number 23 in Ireland and the United Kingdom, higher than the original 1989 release. CD Maxi Expression - 3:59 Expression - 6:18 Expression - 6:18 Expression - 5:46
Breastfeeding known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast. Health professionals recommend that breastfeeding begin within the first hour of a baby's life and continue as and as much as the baby wants. During the first few weeks of life babies may nurse every two to three hours, the duration of a feeding is ten to fifteen minutes on each breast. Older children feed less often. Mothers may pump milk so that it can be used when breastfeeding is not possible. Breastfeeding has a number of benefits to both baby, which infant formula lacks. Deaths of an estimated 820,000 children under the age of five could be prevented globally every year with increased breastfeeding. Breastfeeding decreases the risk of respiratory tract infections and diarrhea, both in developing and developed countries. Other benefits include lower risks of asthma, food allergies, type 1 diabetes, leukemia. Breastfeeding may improve cognitive development and decrease the risk of obesity in adulthood.
Mothers may feel pressure to breastfeed, but in the developed world children grow up when bottle fed. Benefits for the mother include less blood loss following delivery, better uterus shrinkage, decreased postpartum depression. Breastfeeding delays the return of menstruation and fertility, a phenomenon known as lactational amenorrhea. Long term benefits for the mother include decreased risk of breast cancer, cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis. Breastfeeding is less expensive than infant formula. Health organizations, including the World Health Organization, recommend breastfeeding for six months; this means that no other foods or drinks other than vitamin D are given. After the introduction of foods at six months of age, recommendations include continued breastfeeding until one to two years of age or more. Globally about 38% of infants are only breastfed during their first six months of life. In the United States in 2015, 83% of women begin breastfeeding and 58% were still breastfeeding at 6 months, although only 25% exclusively.
Medical conditions that do not allow breastfeeding are rare. Mothers who take certain recreational drugs and medications should not breastfeed. Smoking, limited amounts of alcohol, or coffee are not reasons to avoid breastfeeding. Changes early in pregnancy prepare the breast for lactation. Before pregnancy the breast is composed of adipose tissue but under the influence of the hormones estrogen, progesterone and other hormones, the breasts prepare for production of milk for the baby. There is an increase in blood flow to the breasts. Pigmentation of the nipples and areola increases. Size increases as well, but breast size is not related to the amount of milk that the mother will be able to produce after the baby is born. By the second trimester of pregnancy colostrum, a thick yellowish fluid, begins to be produced in the alveoli and continues to be produced for the first few days after birth until the milk "comes in", around 30 to 40 hours after delivery. There is no evidence to support increased fluid intake for breastfeeding mothers to increase their milk production.
Oxytocin contracts the smooth muscle of the uterus during birth and following delivery, called the postpartum period, while breastfeeding. Oxytocin contracts the smooth muscle layer of band-like cells surrounding the alveoli to squeeze the newly produced milk into the duct system. Oxytocin is necessary for the milk ejection reflex, or let-down, in response to occur. Not all of breast milk's properties are understood, but its nutrient content is consistent. Breast milk is made from nutrients in the mother's bodily stores, it has an optimal balance of fat, sugar and protein, needed for a baby's growth and development. Breastfeeding triggers biochemical reactions which allows for the enzymes, growth factors and immunologic substances to defend against infectious diseases for the infant; the breast milk has long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids which help with normal retinal and neural development. The composition of breast milk changes depending on how long the baby nurses at each session, as well as on the child's age.
The first type, produced during the first days after childbirth, is called colostrum. Colostrum is easy to digest, it has a laxative effect that helps the infant to pass early stools, aiding in the excretion of excess bilirubin, which helps to prevent jaundice. It helps to seal the infants gastrointestional tract from foreign substances, which may sensitize the baby to foods that the mother has eaten. Although the baby has received some antibodies through the placenta, colostrum contains a substance, new to the newborn, secretory immunoglobulin A. IgA works to attack germs in the mucous membranes of the throat and intestines, which are most to come under attack from germs. Breasts begin producing mature milk around the fourth day after birth. Early in a nursing session, the breasts produce foremilk, a thinner milk containing many proteins and vitamins. If the baby keeps nursing hindmilk is produced. Hindmilk has texture because it contains more fat. Breastfeeding can begin after birth; the baby is placed on the feeding starts as soon as the baby shows interest.
According to some authorities the majority of infants do not begin to suckle if placed between the mother's breasts but rather enter a period of rest and quiet alertness. During this time they seem to be more interested in the mother's face her eyes, than beginning to suckle, it has been speculated tha
A regular expression, regex or regexp is a sequence of characters that define a search pattern. This pattern is used by string searching algorithms for "find" or "find and replace" operations on strings, or for input validation, it is a technique developed in formal language theory. The concept arose in the 1950s when the American mathematician Stephen Cole Kleene formalized the description of a regular language; the concept came into common use with Unix text-processing utilities. Since the 1980s, different syntaxes for writing regular expressions exist, one being the POSIX standard and another used, being the Perl syntax. Regular expressions are used in search engines and replace dialogs of word processors and text editors, in text processing utilities such as sed and AWK and in lexical analysis. Many programming languages provide regex capabilities, built-in or via libraries; the phrase regular expressions, regexes, is used to mean the specific, standard textual syntax for representing patterns for matching text.
Each character in a regular expression is either a metacharacter, having a special meaning, or a regular character that has a literal meaning. For example, in the regex a. A is a literal character which matches just'a', while'.' is a meta character that matches every character except a newline. Therefore, this regex matches, for example,'a', or'ax', or'a0'. Together and literal characters can be used to identify text of a given pattern, or process a number of instances of it. Pattern matches may vary from a precise equality to a general similarity, as controlled by the metacharacters. For example. Is a general pattern, is less general and a is a precise pattern; the metacharacter syntax is designed to represent prescribed targets in a concise and flexible way to direct the automation of text processing of a variety of input data, in a form easy to type using a standard ASCII keyboard. A simple case of a regular expression in this syntax is to locate a word spelled two different ways in a text editor, the regular expression serialie matches both "serialise" and "serialize".
Wildcards achieve this, but are more limited in what they can pattern, as they have fewer metacharacters and a simple language-base. The usual context of wildcard characters is in globbing similar names in a list of files, whereas regexes are employed in applications that pattern-match text strings in general. For example, the regex ^+|+$ matches excess whitespace at the beginning or end of a line. An advanced regular expression that matches any numeral is??. A regex processor translates a regular expression in the above syntax into an internal representation which can be executed and matched against a string representing the text being searched in. One possible approach is the Thompson's construction algorithm to construct a nondeterministic finite automaton, made deterministic and the resulting deterministic finite automaton is run on the target text string to recognize substrings that match the regular expression; the picture shows the NFA scheme N obtained from the regular expression s*, where s denotes a simpler regular expression in turn, recursively translated to the NFA N.
Regular expressions originated in 1951, when mathematician Stephen Cole Kleene described regular languages using his mathematical notation called regular sets. These arose in theoretical computer science, in the subfields of automata theory and the description and classification of formal languages. Other early implementations of pattern matching include the SNOBOL language, which did not use regular expressions, but instead its own pattern matching constructs. Regular expressions entered popular use from 1968 in two uses: pattern matching in a text editor and lexical analysis in a compiler. Among the first appearances of regular expressions in program form was when Ken Thompson built Kleene's notation into the editor QED as a means to match patterns in text files. For speed, Thompson implemented regular expression matching by just-in-time compilation to IBM 7094 code on the Compatible Time-Sharing System, an important early example of JIT compilation, he added this capability to the Unix editor ed, which led to the popular search tool grep's use of regular expressions.
Around the same time when Thompson developed QED, a group of researchers including Douglas T. Ross implemented a tool based on regular expressions, used for lexical analysis in compiler design. Many variations of these original forms of regular expressions were used in Unix programs at Bell Labs in the 1970s, including vi, sed, AWK, expr, in other programs such as Emacs. Regexes were subsequently adopted by a wide range of programs, with these early forms standardized in the POSIX.2 standard in 1992. In the 1980s the more complicated regexes arose in Perl, which derived from a regex library written by Henry Spencer, who wrote an implementation of Advanced Regular Expressions for Tcl; the Tcl library is a hybrid NFA/DFA implementation with improved performance characteristics. Software projects that have adopted Spencer's Tcl regular expression implementation include PostgreSQL. Perl expanded on Spencer's original library
Expression is an album by jazz saxophonist John Coltrane. Apart from the title track, the rest of the album was recorded at about the same time as Interstellar Space. Expression was released after Coltrane's unexpected death. All tracks by John Coltrane."Ogunde" – 3:38 "To Be" – 16:22 "Offering" – 8:27 "Expression" – 10:53Bonus track on 1993 CD reissue. John Coltrane – tenor saxophone, flute Pharoah Sanders – flute, tambourine Alice Coltrane – piano Jimmy Garrison – bass Rashied Ali – drums Victor Kalin - cover art
A facial expression is one or more motions or positions of the muscles beneath the skin of the face. According to one set of controversial theories, these movements convey the emotional state of an individual to observers. Facial expressions are a form of nonverbal communication, they are a primary means of conveying social information between humans, but they occur in most other mammals and some other animal species. Humans can adopt a facial expression voluntarily or involuntarily, the neural mechanisms responsible for controlling the expression differ in each case. Voluntary facial expressions are socially conditioned and follow a cortical route in the brain. Conversely, involuntary facial expressions are believed to be innate and follow a subcortical route in the brain. Facial recognition is an emotional experience for the brain and the amygdala is involved in the recognition process; the eyes are viewed as important features of facial expressions. Aspects such as blinking rate can be used to indicate whether a person is nervous or whether he or she is lying.
Eye contact is considered an important aspect of interpersonal communication. However, there are cultural differences regarding the social propriety of maintaining eye contact or not. Beyond the accessory nature of facial expressions in spoken communication between people, they play a significant role in communication with sign language. Many phrases in sign language include facial expressions in the display. There is controversy surrounding the question of whether facial expressions are worldwide and universal displays among humans. Supporters of the Universality Hypothesis claim that many facial expressions are innate and have roots in evolutionary ancestors. Opponents of this view question the accuracy of the studies used to test this claim and instead believe that facial expressions are conditioned and that people view and understand facial expressions in large part from the social situations around them. Moreover, facial expressions have a strong connection with personal psychology; some psychologists have the ability to discern hidden meaning from person's facial expression.
One experiment investigated the influence of facial expression on face memory. Participants were shown a set of unfamiliar faces with either happy or angry facial expressions, which were either gazing straight ahead or had their gaze averted to one side. Memory for faces that were shown with angry expressions was found to be poorer when these faces had averted as opposed to direct gaze, whereas memory for individuals shown with happy faces was unaffected by gaze direction, it is suggested that memory for another individual's face depends on an evaluation of the behavioural intention of that individual. Facial expressions are vital to social communication between humans, they are caused by the movement of muscles that connect to the fascia in the face. These muscles move the skin, creating lines and folds and causing the movement of facial features, such as the mouth and eyebrows; these muscles develop from the second pharyngeal arch in the embryo. The temporalis and internal and external pterygoid muscles, which are used for chewing, have a minor effect on expression as well.
These muscles develop from the first pharyngeal arch. There are two brain pathways associated with facial expression. Voluntary expression travels from the primary motor cortex through the pyramidal tract the corticobulbar projections; the cortex is associated with display rules in emotion, which are social precepts that influence and modify expressions. Cortically related expressions are made consciously; the second type of expression is emotional. These expressions originate from the extrapyramidal motor system. For this reason, genuine emotions are not associated with the cortex and are displayed unconsciously; this is demonstrated in infants before the age of two. Infants' displays of these emotions indicate. Blind children display emotions, proving that they are subconscious rather than learned. Other subcortical facial expressions include the "knit brow" during concentration, raised eyebrows when listening attentively, short "punctuation" expressions to add emphasis during speech. People can be unaware.
The amygdala plays an important role in facial recognition. Functional imaging studies have found that when shown pictures of faces, there is a large increase in the activity of the amygdala; the amygdala receives visual information from the thalamus via the subcortical pathways. The amygdala may have a significant role in the recognition of fear and negative emotions, it is believed that the emotion disgust is recognized through activation of the insula and basal ganglia. The recognition of emotion may utilize the occipitotemporal neocortex, orbitofrontal cortex and right frontoparietal cortices. More than anything though, what shapes a child's cognitive ability to detect facial expression is being exposed to it from the time of birth; the more an infant is exposed to different faces and expressions, the more able they are to recognize these emotions and mimic them for themselves. Infants are exposed to an array of emotional expressions from birth, evidence indicates that they imitate some facial expressions and gestures as early as the first few days of life.
In addition, gender affects the tendency to express, perceive and forget specific emotions
Expression in architecture implies a clear and authentic displaying of the character or personality of an individual. The expression is identified with the architectural movement of expressionism, whose main starting point and aim is to present and express what has been „seen“ or experienced in the inner eye of the mind and soul, i.e. to express the subjective moods and feelings without referring to conventional and „objective” values and truths. The main problem in the critical analysis of the theoretical interpretations of the concept of expression in architecture, lies in the fact that the concept of expression is used in different ways in different fields of science and art. Regarding the concept of expression, the following interpretations can be found: an activity or way of transforming an idea into words. In the widest sense, the concept of expression refers to the activity undertaken with a specific intention. However, what is the aim of expressing. With this is mind, some authors emphasize the unconscious or spontaneous character of expression, while others emphasize its cognitive aspect.
Expression can be defined as part of the communication process which consists of two complementary components and impression. Expression Expressionism Expressivity Alfirevic, Dj.. Visual Expression in Architecture. Arhitektura i urbanizam, 31, 3-15. Alfirevic, Dj.. Expressionism as the radical creative tendency in architecture. Arhitektura i urbanizam, 34, 14-27. Alfirevic, Dj. Simonovic Alfirevic, S.. Polarization of Expressive Tendencies in Serbian Architecture at the Beginning of XXI Century. Zbornik Matice srpske za likovne umetnosti, 43, 321-334. Casey, E.. Expression and Communication in Art; the Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 30, 197-207. Ellsworth Cory, H.. The Concept of Expression in Esthetic Theory; the Journal of Philosophy, 25, 40-53. Gombrich, E.. Four Theories of Artistic Expression. Architectural Association Quarterly, 12, 14-19. Khatchadourian, H.. The Expression Theory of Art: A Critical Evaluation; the Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 23, 335-352. Markovic S. Alfirevic Dj..
Basic dimensions of experience of architectural objects’ expressiveness: Effect of expertise. Psihologija, 48, 61-78. Robinson, J.. Expression and expressiveness in art. Postgraduate Journal of Aesthetics, 4, 19-41. Tošović, B.. Ekspresivnost. Stil, 3, 25-61
The Expression (album)
The Expression is the debut studio album by Australian pop rock, new wave group The Expression. The album peaked at No. 55 on the Kent Music Report Albums Chart