Extensions (The Manhattan Transfer album)
Extensions is the fifth studio album by The Manhattan Transfer, released on October 31, 1979, by Atlantic Records. Marking a new era for the group, the album was the first one with Cheryl Bentyne, who replaced Laurel Massé the previous year, it was their first album with Jay Graydon in the producer's chair. It was the first album that contained songs that were hits in both the jazz and pop categories; the song "Twilight Zone/Twilight Tone" reached No. 12 on the Billboard Disco chart and No. 30 on the Hot 100. "Trickle, Trickle" reached No. 73 on the Hot 100. The album reached No. 55 on the Billboard Top LP's chart. The most known song from this album, "Birdland" by Weather Report, won the Grammy Award for Best Jazz Fusion Performance in 1981. Jon Hendricks wrote lyrics for the vocalese version on the album and Janis Siegel received a Grammy for her vocal arrangement of "Birdland". Extensions debuted on Billboard's Top Pop Album chart on December 8, 1979; the Manhattan Transfer Tim Hauser – vocals, vocal arrangement Alan Paul – vocals, arrangements Cheryl Bentyne – vocals, arrangements Janis Siegel – vocals, vocal arrangement, arrangements Musicians Alex Acuña – drums Michael Boddicker – synthesizer, synthesizer programming, vocoder Richie Cole – alto saxophone, alto sax solo Paulinho da Costa – congas, percussion Frank De Caro – musical contractor Chuck Domanico – bass guitar Clare Fischer – conductor David Foster – arrangement, acoustic piano, string synthesizer Jay Graydon – vocal arrangement, guitar, muted guitars, guitar solo, additional vocals, gut-string guitar, synthesizer programming Ralph Humphrey – drums David Hungate – bass guitar Abraham Laboriel – bass guitar Steve Lukather – rhythm guitar Greg Mathieson – rhythm arrangement, synthesizer, synth solo, acoustic piano, Fender Rhodes Phil Mattson – arrangement Bill Mays – acoustic piano Andy Muson – bass guitar Michael Omartian – rhythm arrangement, acoustic piano Dean Parks – guitar, electric guitar Jeff Porcaro – drums, bongos Gene Puerling – arrangement Don Roberts – piccolo flute, tenor sax solo Ian Underwood – synthesizer Jai Winding – acoustic piano Jimmy Wyble – rhythm guitar Producer and Overdub Tracking – Jay Graydon Basic Tracks recorded by Joseph Bogan and Bill Thomas.
Basic Tracks recorded at Dawnbreaker Studios. Overdubs and Mixing at Garden Rake Studios. Mastered by Bernie Grundman at A&M Studios. Art Direction and Design – Tako Ono Front Cover Illustration – Pater Sato Back Cover Photo – Matthew Rolston Costume Design – Jean-Paul Gaultier Hair – Pascal Make-Up – Koelle The Manhattan Transfer Official Website
Extensions (McCoy Tyner album)
Extensions is an album by jazz pianist McCoy Tyner released on the Blue Note label. It was recorded on February 9, 1970 and released in January 1973, it features performances by Tyner with Gary Bartz, Wayne Shorter, Ron Carter, Elvin Jones, has Alice Coltrane on three tracks. In his AllMusic review Scott Yanow says, "The all-star sextet stretches out on lengthy renditions of four of Tyner's modal originals, there is strong solo space for the leader and the two saxophonists... Stimulating music". Reviewing the album for jazz.com, Jared Pauley says, "McCoy Tyner finds himself among elite company on Extensions. Recorded as jazz was entering the fusion period, this is a great example of just how good straight-ahead swing can sound... This performance matches the superb quality of previous Shorter and Tyner albums where members of the Davis and Coltrane groups recorded together." "Message from the Nile" - 12:22 "The Wanderer" - 7:43 "Survival Blues" - 13:15 "His Blessings" - 6:50 McCoy Tyner – piano Gary Bartz – alto saxophone Wayne Shorter – tenor saxophone, soprano saxophone Ron Carter – bass Elvin Jones – drums Alice Coltrane – harp Producer – Duke Pearson Recorded by – Rudy Van Gelder Liner notes – André Perry Cover photography – Clifford Janoff
In computing, a plug-in is a software component that adds a specific feature to an existing computer program. When a program supports plug-ins, it enables customization. Web browsers have allowed executables as plug-ins, though they are now deprecated. Two plug-in examples are the Adobe Flash Player for playing videos and a Java virtual machine for running applets. A theme or skin is a preset package containing additional or changed graphical appearance details, achieved by the use of a graphical user interface that can be applied to specific software and websites to suit the purpose, topic, or tastes of different users to customize the look and feel of a piece of computer software or an operating system front-end GUI. Applications support plug-ins for many reasons; some of the main reasons include: to enable third-party developers to create abilities which extend an application to support adding new features to reduce the size of an application to separate source code from an application because of incompatible software licenses.
Types of applications and why they use plug-ins: Audio editors use plug-ins to generate, process or analyze sound. Ardour and Audacity are examples of such editors. Digital audio workstations use plug-ins to process it. Examples include ProTools. Email clients use plug-ins to encrypt email. Pretty Good Privacy is an example of such plug-ins. Video game console emulators use plug-ins to modularize the separate subsystems of the devices they seek to emulate. For example, the PCSX2 emulator makes use of video, optical, etc. plug-ins for those respective components of the PlayStation 2. Graphics software use plug-ins to support file formats and process images. Media players use plug-ins to apply filters. Foobar2000, GStreamer, Quintessential, VST, Winamp, XMMS are examples of such media players. Packet sniffers use plug-ins to decode packet formats. OmniPeek is an example of such packet sniffers. Remote sensing applications use plug-ins to process data from different sensor types. Text editors and Integrated development environments use plug-ins to support programming languages or enhance development process e.g. Visual Studio, RAD Studio, IntelliJ IDEA, jEdit and MonoDevelop support plug-ins.
Visual Studio itself can be plugged into other applications via Visual Studio Tools for Office and Visual Studio Tools for Applications. Web browsers have used executables as plug-ins, though they are now deprecated. Examples include Java SE, QuickTime, Microsoft Silverlight and Unity; the host application provides services which the plug-in can use, including a way for plug-ins to register themselves with the host application and a protocol for the exchange of data with plug-ins. Plug-ins depend on the services provided by the host application and do not work by themselves. Conversely, the host application operates independently of the plug-ins, making it possible for end-users to add and update plug-ins dynamically without needing to make changes to the host application. Programmers implement plug-in functionality using shared libraries, which get dynamically loaded at run time, installed in a place prescribed by the host application. HyperCard supported a similar facility, but more included the plug-in code in the HyperCard documents themselves.
Thus the HyperCard stack became a self-contained application in its own right, distributable as a single entity that end-users could run without the need for additional installation-steps. Programs may implement plugins by loading a directory of simple script files written in a scripting language like Python or Lua. In Mozilla Foundation definitions, the words "add-on", "extension" and "plug-in" are not synonyms. "Add-on" can refer to anything. Extensions comprise a subtype, albeit the most powerful one. Mozilla applications come with integrated add-on managers that, similar to package managers, install and manage extensions; the term, "Plug-in", however refers to NPAPI-based web content renderers. Plug-ins are being deprecated. Plug-ins appeared as early as the mid 1970s, when the EDT text editor running on the Unisys VS/9 operating system using the UNIVAC Series 90 mainframe computers provided the ability to run a program from the editor and to allow such a program to access the editor buffer, thus allowing an external program to access an edit session in memory.
The plug-in program could make calls to the editor to have it perform text-editing services upon the buffer that the editor shared with the plug-in. The Waterloo Fortran compiler used this feature to allow interactive compilation of Fortran programs edited by EDT. Early PC software applications to incorporate plug-in functionality included HyperCard and QuarkXPress on the Macintosh, both released in 1987. In 1988, Silicon Beach Software included plug-in functionality in Digital Darkroom and SuperPaint, Ed Bomke coined the term plug-in. Applet Browser extension
Inheritance (object-oriented programming)
In object-oriented programming, inheritance is the mechanism of basing an object or class upon another object or class, retaining similar implementation. Defined as deriving new classes from existing ones and forming them into a hierarchy of classes. In most class-based object-oriented languages, an object created through inheritance acquires all the properties and behaviors of the parent object. Inheritance allows programmers to create classes that are built upon existing classes, to specify a new implementation while maintaining the same behaviors, to reuse code and to independently extend original software via public classes and interfaces; the relationships of objects or classes through inheritance give rise to a directed graph. Inheritance was invented in 1969 for Simula. An inherited class is called a subclass of its parent class or super class; the term "inheritance" is loosely used for both class-based and prototype-based programming, but in narrow use the term is reserved for class-based programming, with the corresponding technique in prototype-based programming being instead called delegation.
Inheritance should not be confused with subtyping. In some languages inheritance and subtyping agree. To distinguish these concepts, subtyping is known as interface inheritance, whereas inheritance as defined here is known as implementation inheritance or code inheritance. Still, inheritance is a used mechanism for establishing subtype relationships. Inheritance is contrasted with object composition. Composition implements a has-a relationship, in contrast to the is-a relationship of subtyping. There are various types of inheritance, based on specific language. Single inheritance where subclasses inherit the features of one superclass. A class acquires the properties of another class. Multiple inheritance where one class can have more than one superclass and inherit features from all parent classes. "Multiple Inheritance was supposed to be difficult to implement efficiently. For example, in a summary of C++ in his book on objective C Brd. Cox claimed that adding Multiple inheritance to C++ was impossible.
Thus, multiple inheritance seemed more of a challenge. Since I had considered multiple inheritance as early as 1982 and found a simple and efficient implementation technique in 1984. I couldn't resist the challenge. I suspect this to be the only case in which fashion affected the sequence of events." In JDK 1.8, Java now has support for multiple inheritance. Multilevel inheritance, it is not uncommon that a class is derived from another derived class as shown in the figure "Multilevel inheritance". The class A serves as a base class for the derived class B, which in turn serves as a base class for the derived class C; the class B is known as intermediate base class because it provides a link for the inheritance between A and C. The chain ABC is known as inheritance path. A derived class with multilevel inheritance is declared as follows: This process can be extended to any number of levels. Hierarchical inheritance where one class serves as a superclass for more than one sub class. Hybrid inheritance a mix of two or more of the above types of inheritance.
Subclasses, derived classes, heir classes, or child classes are modular derivative classes that inherits one or more language entities from one or more other classes. The semantics of class inheritance vary from language to language, but the subclass automatically inherits the instance variables and member functions of its superclasses; the general form of defining a derived class is: The colon indicates that the subclass inherits from the superclass. The visibility, if present, may be either private or public; the default visibility is private. Visibility specifies whether the features of the base class are derived or publicly derived; some languages support the inheritance of other constructs. For example, in Eiffel, contracts that define the specification of a class are inherited by heirs; the superclass establishes a common interface and foundational functionality, which specialized subclasses can inherit and supplement. The software inherited by a subclass is considered reused in the subclass.
A reference to an instance of a class may be referring to one of its subclasses. The actual class of the object being referenced is impossible to predict at compile-time. A uniform interface is used to invoke the member functions of objects of a number of different classes. Subclasses may replace superclass functions with new functions that must share the same method signature. In some languages a class may be declared as non-subclassable by adding certain class modifiers to the class declaration. Examples include the final keyword in Java and C++11 onwards or the sealed keyword in C#; such modifiers are added to the class declaration before the class keyword and the class identifier declaration. Such non-subclassable classes restrict reusability when developers only
Extensions (Ahmad Jamal album)
Extensions is an album by American jazz pianist Ahmad Jamal featuring performances recorded in 1965 and released on the Argo label. AllMusic awarded the album 3 stars. "Extensions" – 13:10 "Dance to the Lady" – 5:50 "This Terrible Planet" – 7:56 "Whisper Not" – 7:10 Ahmad Jamal – piano Jamil Nasser – bass Vernel Fournier – drums
Anatomical terms of motion
Motion, the process of movement, is described using specific anatomical terms. Motion includes movement of organs, joints and specific sections of the body; the terminology used describes this motion according to its direction relative to the anatomical position of the joints. Anatomists use a unified set of terms to describe most of the movements, although other, more specialized terms are necessary for describing the uniqueness of the movements such as those of the hands and eyes. In general, motion is classified according to the anatomical plane. Flexion and extension are examples of angular motions, in which two axes of a joint are brought closer together or moved further apart. Rotational motion may occur at other joints, for example the shoulder, are described as internal or external. Other terms, such as elevation and depression, describe movement above or below the horizontal plane. Many anatomical terms derive from Latin terms with the same meaning. Motions are classified after the anatomical planes they occur in, although movement is more than not a combination of different motions occurring in several planes.
Motions can be split into categories relating to the nature of the joints involved: Gliding motions occur between flat surfaces, such as in the intervertebral discs or between the carpal and metacarpal bones of the hand. Angular motions occur over synovial joints and causes them to either increase or decrease angles between bones. Rotational motions move a structure in a rotational motion along a longitudinal axis, such as turning the head to look to either side. Apart from this motions can be divided into: Linear motions, which move in a line between two points. Rectilinear motion is motion in a straight line between two points, whereas curvilinear motion is motion following a curved path. Angular motions occur when an object is around another object decreasing the angle; the different parts of the object do not move the same distance. Examples include a movement of the knee, where the lower leg changes angle compared to the femur, or movements of the ankle; the study of movement is known as kinesiology.
A categoric list of movements of the human body and the muscles involved can be found at list of movements of the human body. The prefix hyper- is sometimes added to describe movement beyond the normal limits, such as in hypermobility, hyperflexion or hyperextension; the range of motion describes the total range of motion. For example, if a part of the body such as a joint is overstretched or "bent backwards" because of exaggerated extension motion it can be described as hyperextended. Hyperextension increases the stress on the ligaments of a joint, is not always because of a voluntary movement, it may be other causes of trauma. It may be used in surgery, such as in temporarily dislocating joints for surgical procedures; these are general terms. Most terms have a clear opposite, so are treated in pairs. Flexion and extension describe movements; these terms come from the Latin words with the same meaning. Flexion describes a bending movement that decreases the angle between a segment and its proximal segment.
For example, bending the elbow, or clenching a hand into a fist, are examples of flexion. When sitting down, the knees are flexed; when a joint can move forward and backward, such as the neck and trunk, flexion refers to movement in the anterior direction. When the chin is against the chest, the head is flexed, the trunk is flexed when a person leans forward. Flexion of the shoulder or hip refers to movement of the leg forward. Extension is the opposite of flexion, describing a straightening movement that increases the angle between body parts. For example, when standing up, the knees are extended; when a joint can move forward and backward, such as the neck and trunk, extension refers to movement in the posterior direction. Extension of the hip or shoulder moves the leg backward. Abduction is the motion of a structure away from the midline while adduction refer to motion towards the center of the body; the centre of the body is defined as the midsagittal plane. These terms come from Latin words with similar meanings, ab- being the Latin prefix indicating "away," ad- indicating "toward," and ducere meaning "to draw or pull".
Abduction refers to a motion that pulls a part away from the midline of the body. In the case of fingers and toes, it refers to spreading the digits apart, away from the centerline of the hand or foot. Abduction of the wrist is called radial deviation. For example, raising the arms up, such as when tightrope-walking, is an example of abduction at the shoulder; when the legs are splayed at the hip, such as when doing a star jump or doing a split, the legs are abducted at the hip. Adduction refers to a motion that pulls a structure or part toward the midline of the body, or towards the midline of a limb. In the case of fingers and toes, it refers to bringing the digits together, towards the centerline of the hand or foot. Adduction of the wrist is called ulnar deviation. Dropping the arms to the sides, bringing the knees together, are examples of adduction. Ulnar deviation is the hand moving towards the ulnar styloid. Radial deviation is the hand moving towards the radial styloid; the terms elevation and depression refer to movement below the horizontal.
They derive from the Latin terms with similar meaningsElevation refers to movement in a superior direction. For example