Belton-in-Rutland is a village and civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. The population at the 2001 census was 345 increasing to 348 at the 2011 census, it is situated about six miles south-west of Oakham and about four miles west of Uppingham and overlooks the A47. The village has The Sun Inn. Belton was renamed Belton-in-Rutland in 1982 to distinguish the village from Belton in Leicestershire. Belton is part of Belton ward which has one councillor on Rutland County Council. Rutland Website – Belton-in-Rutland Belton In Rutland History
The River Welland is a lowland river in the east of England, some 65 miles long. It drains part of the Midlands eastwards to The Wash; the river rises in the Hothorpe Hills, at Sibbertoft in Northamptonshire flows northeast to Market Harborough and Spalding, to reach The Wash near Fosdyke. It is a major waterway across the part of the Fens called South Holland, is one of the Fenland rivers which were laid out with washlands. There are two channels between spaced embankments with the intention that flood waters would have space in which to spread while the tide in the estuary prevented free egress. However, after the floods of 1947, new works such as the Coronation Channel were constructed to control flooding in Spalding and the washes are no longer used as pasture, but may be used for arable farming. Significant improvements were made to the river in the 1660s, when a new cut with 10 locks was constructed between Stamford and Market Deeping, two locks were built on the river section below Market Deeping.
The canal section was known as the Stamford Canal, was the longest canal with locks in Britain when it was built. The river provided the final outlet to the sea for land drainage schemes implemented in the seventeenth century, although they were not successful until a steam-powered pumping station was built at Pode Hole in 1827. Navigation on the upper river, including the Stamford Canal, had ceased by 1863, but Spalding remained an active port until the end of the Second World War; the Environment Agency is the navigation authority for the river, navigable as far upstream as Crowland, with shallow draught to West Deeping Bridge, where further progress is hindered by the derelict lock around the weir. The traditional head of navigation was Wharf Road in Stamford; the management of the lower river has been intimately tied up with the drainage of Deeping Fen, the river remains important to the Welland and Deepings Internal Drainage Board, for whom it provides the final conduit to the sea for pumped water.
Wildlife in the river varies along its length, the faster headwaters being a habitat for trout and the slower lower reaches for perch. The estuary conditions and flat landscapes beyond Fosdyke favour wading birds and migratory species; the River Welland, with its tributaries, form a river system with a catchment area of 609 square miles. Within this area, 257 miles of waterway are designated as "main river", are therefore managed for flood control by the Environment Agency under the River Welland Catchment Flood Management Plan. Of this total, the 14 miles below Spalding are tidal, have sea walls to protect the adjacent land from flooding, while 56 miles are fresh water, but run through low-lying land, are therefore embanked. Within the catchment area, 179 square miles are below sea level, would be flooded without such defences; the basin runs in a broadly south-west to north-east direction, with an extension to the north around the West Glen and East Glen rivers. The underlying geology consists of Lias clays at the western end of the catchment, with Lincolnshire limestone in the centre, including the valleys of the Glen.
The eastern third is alluvial soils, it is this part that relies on artificial pumping to prevent flooding. Rainfall over the area varies between 26 and 30 inches per year, quite light, because the land is efficiently drained during the winter months, there are few reserves, making the area prone to drought in the summer months. For much of its length the Welland forms the county boundary between Northamptonshire and Leicestershire or Rutland, lower down between Lincolnshire and Cambridgeshire; the Welland rises in the Hothorpe Hills in the parish of Sibbertoft, Northamptonshire and it issues at Spring Croft, Church Street. Sibbertoft sits astride one of the principal watersheds in England. Within 2 miles, the small stream forms the border between Leicestershire, it flows westwards, before looping round, passing through the grounds of Hothorpe Hall in Theddingworth, now a conference centre, to flow eastwards through Lubenham to Market Harborough. One of the driveways to Thorpe Lubenham Hall is carried over the river by an early nineteenth century ashlar bridge, a Grade II listed structure.
To the east of Lubenham, the river passes Old Lubenham Hall, part of an H-plan house built in the late sixteenth century and modified in the early eighteenth century. King Charles I is believed to have stayed there before the Battle of Naseby. Three arms of a square moat surround the house, the site is a scheduled ancient monument; the county border leaves the river on the west side of Market Harborough, as the town is wholly in Leicestershire, picks it up again on the east side. The River Jordan joins the Welland in the centre of Market Harborough, flowing northwards to the railway station. Langton Brook and Stonton Brook join from the west near Welham; the county border meanders from side to side across straight sections of the river, suggesting that the channel has been engineered. A three-arched bridge, built in 1881 of fine ashlar masonry, with a causeway to the south, carries the Welham to Weston by Welland road over the river, while a four-arched bridge dating from the early nineteenth century carries the Ashley to Medbourne road.
Macmillan Way, a long distance footpath, crosses on its way from Abbotsbury in Dorset to Boston, Lincolnshire. Medbourne Brook joins from the north, after which the river approaches a dismantled railway and is joined by the Stoke Albany Brook, approaching from the south; the river remains on the south side of the railway, while the county border follows a meandering course to the no
Northamptonshire, archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England. In 2015 it had a population of 723,000; the county is administered by Northamptonshire County Council and by seven non-metropolitan district councils. It is known as "The Rose of the Shires". Covering an area of 2,364 square kilometres, Northamptonshire is landlocked between eight other counties: Warwickshire to the west and Rutland to the north, Cambridgeshire to the east, Bedfordshire to the south-east, Buckinghamshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the south-west and Lincolnshire to the north-east – England's shortest administrative county boundary at 19 metres. Northamptonshire is the southernmost county in the East Midlands region. Apart from the county town of Northampton, other major population centres include Kettering, Wellingborough and Daventry. Northamptonshire's county flower is the cowslip. Much of Northamptonshire's countryside appears to have remained somewhat intractable with regards to early human occupation, resulting in an sparse population and few finds from the Palaeolithic and Neolithic periods.
In about 500 BC the Iron Age was introduced into the area by a continental people in the form of the Hallstatt culture, over the next century a series of hill-forts were constructed at Arbury Camp, Rainsborough camp, Borough Hill, Castle Dykes, Guilsborough and most notably of all, Hunsbury Hill. There are two more possible hill-forts at Arbury Thenford. In the 1st century BC, most of what became Northamptonshire became part of the territory of the Catuvellauni, a Belgic tribe, the Northamptonshire area forming their most northerly possession; the Catuvellauni were in turn conquered by the Romans in 43 AD. The Roman road of Watling Street passed through the county, an important Roman settlement, stood on the site of modern-day Towcester. There were other Roman settlements at Northampton and along the Nene Valley near Raunds. A large fort was built at Longthorpe. After the Romans left, the area became part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia, Northampton functioned as an administrative centre.
The Mercians converted to Christianity in 654 AD with the death of the pagan king Penda. From about 889 the area was conquered by the Danes and became part of the Danelaw – with Watling Street serving as the boundary – until being recaptured by the English under the Wessex king Edward the Elder, son of Alfred the Great, in 917. Northamptonshire was conquered again in 940, this time by the Vikings of York, who devastated the area, only for the county to be retaken by the English in 942, it is one of the few counties in England to have both Saxon and Danish town-names and settlements. The county was first recorded as Hamtunscire: the scire of Hamtun; the "North" was added to distinguish Northampton from the other important Hamtun further south: Southampton – though the origins of the two names are in fact different. Rockingham Castle was built for William the Conqueror and was used as a Royal fortress until Elizabethan times. In 1460, during the Wars of the Roses, the Battle of Northampton took place and King Henry VI was captured.
The now-ruined Fotheringhay Castle was used to imprison Queen of Scots, before her execution. George Washington, the first President of the United States of America, was born into the Washington family who had migrated to America from Northamptonshire in 1656. George Washington's ancestor, Lawrence Washington, was Mayor of Northampton on several occasions and it was he who bought Sulgrave Manor from Henry VIII in 1539, it was George Washington's great-grandfather, John Washington, who emigrated in 1656 from Northants to Virginia. Before Washington's ancestors moved to Sulgrave, they lived in Lancashire. During the English Civil War, Northamptonshire supported the Parliamentarian cause, the Royalist forces suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of Naseby in 1645 in the north of the county. King Charles I was imprisoned at Holdenby House in 1647. In 1823 Northamptonshire was said to " a pure and wholesome air" because of its dryness and distance from the sea, its livestock were celebrated: "Horned cattle, other animals, are fed to extraordinary sizes: and many horses of the large black breed are reared."Nine years the county was described as "a county enjoying the reputation of being one of the healthiest and pleasantest parts of England" although the towns were "of small importance" with the exceptions of Peterborough and Northampton.
In summer, the county hosted "a great number of wealthy families... country seats and villas are to be seen at every step." Northamptonshire is still referred to as the county of "spires and squires" because of the numbers of stately homes and ancient churches. In the 18th and 19th centuries, parts of Northamptonshire and the surrounding area became industrialised; the local specialisation was shoemaking and the leather industry and by the end of the 19th century it was definitively the boot and shoe making capital of the world. In the north of the county a large ironstone quarrying industry developed from 1850. Prior to 1901 the ancient hundreds were disused. Northamptonshire was administered as four major divisions: Northern, Eastern and Southern. During the 1930s, the town of Corby was established as a major centre of the steel industry. Much of Northamptonshire remains rural. Corby was designated a new town in 1950 and Northampton followed in 1968; as of 2005 the government is encouraging d
A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a ocean. Tributaries and the main stem river drain the surrounding drainage basin of its surface water and groundwater, leading the water out into an ocean. A confluence, where two or more bodies of water meet together refers to the joining of tributaries; the opposite to a tributary is a distributary, a river or stream that branches off from and flows away from the main stream. Distributaries are most found in river deltas. "Right tributary" and "left tributary" are terms stating the orientation of the tributary relative to the flow of the main stem river. These terms are defined from the perspective of looking downstream. In the United States, where tributaries sometimes have the same name as the river into which they feed, they are called forks; these are designated by compass direction. For example, the American River receives flow from its North and South forks.
The Chicago River's North Branch has the East and Middle Fork. Forks are sometimes left. Here, the "handedness" is from the point of view of an observer facing upstream. For instance, Steer Creek has a left tributary, called Right Fork Steer Creek. Tributaries are sometimes listed starting with those nearest to the source of the river and ending with those nearest to the mouth of the river; the Strahler Stream Order examines the arrangement of tributaries in a hierarchy of first, second and higher orders, with the first-order tributary being the least in size. For example, a second-order tributary would be the result of two or more first-order tributaries combining to form the second-order tributary. Another method is to list tributaries from mouth to source, in the form of a tree structure, stored as a tree data structure. A gallery of major river basins with tributaries Estuary
Tilton on the Hill
Tilton on the Hill is a village in the civil parish of Tilton on the Hill and Halstead in the Harborough district of Leicestershire. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 601, it lies 2 miles north on the B6047 to Melton Mowbray. Halstead civil parish was merged with Tilton in 1935, while the deserted medieval village of Whatborough was merged in 1994. Marefield is part of the Tilton Electoral Ward. St Peter's Tilton, the Parish Church is in the parish of Halstead. Tilton on the Hill is one of the highest places in East Leicestershire at 719 feet above sea level, with the Mill House standing at the highest point. Whatborough is the highest summit in the eastern half of the county; the centre of the village was designated a Conservation Area in 1975, with the boundaries updated in 1994 and 2005. In 2009, the village was named as the "Best Village in Leicestershire" in the Calor Village of the Year competition and won Calor "Sustainability Village of the Year" for the Midlands.
Tilton is represented in cricket by Tilton and Lowesby CC. Rob Welsh is the captain; the village has one public house called the Crown and one general store. The village is served by Kyriacou's Chip van twice a week; the Village Hall stands near the centre of the village. The village's post office was replaced by an'Outreach Service' in 2008, serving the village in the village hall on Monday and Wednesday afternoons 1.30 - 4.15pm Tilton railway station on the Great Northern Railway was closed to passengers in 1953. The line continued to be used for freight for another ten years to take ore away from the iron ore quarry, which closed in 1961; the railway cutting is a Geological Site of Special Scientific Interest and is owned and managed by the Leicestershire and Rutland Wildlife Trust. There are two churches in Tilton on the Hill: St Peter's Tilton on the Hill and Halstead Methodist Chapel; the first known mention of a religious establishment in Tilton is a reference in the Domesday Book to a priest.
Much of the current church is a landmark for miles around. In 1854 substantial restoration work was carried out, overseen by R. C. Hussey, which led to the removal of the gallery at the west end of the church, as well as the medieval chancel screen. New roofs were installed but the bosses and corbelheads are thought to be 15th century originals, Also installed in 1854 were new flooring, reading desk and open benches; the total cost was £1200. In 2014 the Church undertook a £ 193,000 repair of the spire. St Peter's contains the tombs of Sir Johan de Diggebye and his wife, dated 1269; the tomb of Sir Everard Digby is dated 1509. In the Churchyard there is a medieval cross and the village memorial to those killed in World War I. A Methodist Society began in Halstead in 1811, the Wesleyan chapel was built in 1813 on land let on a 99-year lease by T. Sikes esq. for a nominal 3 peppercorn rent. The chapel was enlarged in 1852, a plaque on the front marks a further extension in 1866, it was renovated internally in the late 1980s.
In the 19th century it was part of the Rutland Circuit. It is now in the Leicester Trinity Methodist Circuit. There are 5 Scheduled Ancient Monuments in Tilton parish: St Peter's Church is grade I listed, while a further 18 buildings are grade II listed Iron Ore was quarried to the east of Halstead on the north side of the Oakham Road between 1880 and about 1900, between 1912 and 1921 and between 1924 and 1961. Between 1880 and 1950 the quarries were on the west side of railway and from 1950 to 1961 on the east side. At first the ore was taken by standard gauge tramway to a tipping stage north of Tilton station where it was tipped into railway wagons in sidings. Horses pulled wagons on the tramway. From 1912 a narrow-gauge tramway was used, still with horse haulage. Steam locomotives replaced the horses in 1928 which operated until 1950; when the new quarries in the east of the railway were opened in that year and the old tramway closed, the ore was taken to the tipping dock by lorries which crossed over the railway by a new Bailey Bridge.
Quarrying was done by hand with the aid of explosives until 1933 when a petrol parafin machine was brought in. From 1936 diesel machines were used; the main visible remains of the quarry operation are the final gullet on the west side near Halstead House,the tipping dock, the supports of the former Bailey bridge and traces of the lorry road leading to it. Tilton on the Hill with information on the genealogy of Tilton. Phillimore's Marriage Index Tilton Church official website; the Rose & Crown pub at the centre of the village for over 300 years 2001 Census Tilton Parish Profile Leicestershire Villages community website with information on local organisations and activities. Parish Walks for Tilton on the Hill Hedgehog Hall Luxury Bed & Breakfast accommodation Three Cottages Bed & Breakfast accommodation
Leicestershire is a landlocked county in the English Midlands. The county borders Nottinghamshire to the north, Lincolnshire to the north-east, Rutland to the east, Northamptonshire to the south-east, Warwickshire to the south-west, Staffordshire to the west, Derbyshire to the north-west; the border with most of Warwickshire is Watling Street. Leicestershire takes its name from the city of Leicester located at its centre and administered separately from the rest of the county; the ceremonial county has a total population of just over 1 million, more than half of which lives in'Greater Leicester'. Leicestershire was recorded in the Domesday Book in four wapentakes: Guthlaxton, Framland and Gartree; these became hundreds, with the division of Goscote into West Goscote and East Goscote, the addition of Sparkenhoe hundred. In 1087, the first recorded use of the name was as Laegrecastrescir. Leicestershire's external boundaries have changed little since the Domesday Survey; the Measham-Donisthorpe exclave of Derbyshire has been exchanged for the Netherseal area, the urban expansion of Market Harborough has caused Little Bowden in Northamptonshire to be annexed.
In 1974, the Local Government Act 1972 abolished the county borough status of Leicester city and the county status of neighbouring Rutland, converting both to administrative districts of Leicestershire. These actions were reversed on 1 April 1997, when Rutland and the City of Leicester became unitary authorities. Rutland became a distinct Ceremonial County once again, although it continues to be policed by Leicestershire Constabulary; the symbol of the county council, Leicestershire County Cricket Club and Leicester City FC, is the fox. Leicestershire is considered to be the birthplace of fox hunting. Hugo Meynell, who lived in Quorn, is known as the father of fox hunting. Melton Mowbray and Market Harborough have associations with fox hunting, as has neighbouring Rutland. Leicestershire and Herefordshire are the only three English counties lacking a registered flag. A design was proposed for Leicestershire in 2017 based on symbols associated with the county – a fox and a cinquefoil; the River Soar together with its tributaries and canalisations constitutes the principal river basin of the county, although the River Avon and River Welland through Harborough and along the county's southern boundaries are significant.
The Soar rises between Hinckley and Lutterworth, towards the south of the county near the Warwickshire border, flows northwards, bisecting the county along its north/south axis, through'Greater' Leicester and to the east of Loughborough where its course within the county comes to an end. It continues north marking the boundary with Nottinghamshire for some 10 kilometres before joining the River Trent at the point where Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire meet; the geographical centre of England is in Leicestershire, near Fenny Drayton in the southwest of the county. In 2013, the Ordnance Survey calculated. A large part of the north-west of the county, around Coalville, forms part of the new National Forest area extending into Derbyshire and Staffordshire; the highest point of the county is Bardon Hill at 278 metres, a Marilyn. 150–200 metres and above in nearby Charnwood Forest and to the east of the county around Launde Abbey. The lowest point, at an altitude of about 20 metres, is located at the county's northernmost tip close to Bottesford where the River Devon flowing through the Vale of Belvoir leaves Leicestershire and enters Nottinghamshire.
This results in an altitude differential of around 257.5 metres and a mean altitude of 148.75 metres. The population of Leicestershire is 609,578 people; the county covers an area of 2,084 km2. Its largest population centre is the city of Leicester, followed by the town of Loughborough. Other large towns include Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Hinckley, Market Harborough, Melton Mowbray, Oadby and Lutterworth; some of the larger of villages are:Burbage Birstall, Broughton Astley, Castle Donington, Kibworth Beauchamp, Great Glen, Ibstock and Kegworth. One of the most expanding villages is Anstey, which has seen a large number of development schemes; the United Kingdom Census 2001 showed a total resident population for Leicester of 279,921, a 0.5% decrease from the 1991 census. 62,000 were aged under 16, 199,000 were aged 16–74, 19,000 aged 75 and over. 76.9% of Leicester's population claim they have been born in the UK, according to the 2001 UK Census. Mid-year estimates for 2006 indicate that the population of the City of Leicester stood at 289,700 making Leicester the most populous city in East Midlands.
The population density is 3,814/km2 and for every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Leicester, 38.5% had no academic qualifications higher than 28.9% in all of England. 23.0% of Leicester's residents were born outside of the United Kingdom, more than double than the English average of 9.2%. Engineering has long been an important part of the economy of Leicestershire. John Taylor Bellfounders co
National Lottery Heritage Fund
The National Lottery Heritage Fund the Heritage Lottery Fund, distributes a share of National Lottery funding, supporting a wide range of heritage projects across the United Kingdom. Since it was set up in 1994, under the National Lottery Act, it has awarded over £7.1billion to more than 40,000 projects and small, helping people across the UK explore and protect their heritage. The fund supports all kinds of projects, as long as they make a lasting difference for heritage and communities; these vary from restoring natural landscapes to rescuing neglected buildings, from recording diverse community histories to providing life-changing skills training. The income of all the National Lottery distributors comes from the sale of National Lottery tickets. Of every £2 spent on a ticket, 56 pence goes to the "good causes"; the current operator of the National Lottery is Camelot Group. The fund is responsible for distributing 20 per cent of funds raised for "good causes"; this amount varies from year to year, depending on National Lottery income, is in the region of £300m per year.
The Heritage Fund provides grants to not-for-profit organisations in response to applications for funding. It uses a variety of methods to distribute funding. Most of its grants go to voluntary and community organisations which apply within a range of funding programmes. However, in certain cases to meet a specific need, it will seek applications from organisations with recognised expertise or make a substantial grant to a partner to award funds on its behalf. Ninety percent of the fund’s grant decisions are made locally. Decisions about its strategic direction, grant applications over £2million, are made by the Trustees of the NHMF. Funding decisions under £2million are taken by local committees and staff across the nine English regions and in Scotland and Northern Ireland; the Heritage Fund is a non-departmental public body accountable to Parliament via the Department for Digital, Culture and Sport. Although it is not a government department, the Secretary of State for Culture and Sport issues financial and policy directions to the organisation, which reports to Parliament through the Department.
Decisions about individual applications and policies are independent of the Government. The fund is administered by a pre-existing non-departmental public body, the National Heritage Memorial Fund; the chief executive is Ros Kerslake OBE and its board of trustees is chaired by Sir Peter Luff. The Heritage Fund has offices across the UK, its head office is in Holbein Place, London but it has local offices across the English regions and in Scotland and Northern Ireland. The Heritage Fund provides grants from £3,000 to over £5million. A complete list of funding programmes can be found on the fund's website, they include: Sharing Heritage Grants from £3,000 to £10,000, to help discover and share local heritage. This can be anything from recording personal memories to conserving wildlife. Our Heritage Grants from £10,000 to £100,000. Projects can focus on anything from personal memories and cultural traditions to archaeological sites, museum collections and rare wildlife. Heritage Grants Grants of over £100,000 for larger heritage projects of any kind.
Examples of high-profile Heritage Grant recipients include: Stonehenge Visitor Centre. It has a range of targeted grant programmes which fund projects with a particular focus, including: First World War, its Heritage Enterprise and Townscape Heritage programmes focus on place-based regeneration. The fund’s Resilient Heritage and Heritage Endowment programmes aim to support the long-term financial sustainability of the UK’s heritage; the Heritage Fund has published research into the value and importance of heritage in the UK today, the role heritage can play in modern life. Recent research includes: Heritage, Place Investing in Success – Heritage and the UK’s tourism economy State of the UK's Public Parks Heritage and the 2020 Knowledge Economy New Ideas Need Old Buildings 20 years in 12 places Official website