Rouge called blush or blusher, is a cosmetic for coloring the cheeks in varying shades, or the lips red. It is applied as a cream; the Ancient Egyptians were known for their creation of cosmetics their use of rouge. Ancient Egyptian pictographs show women wearing lip and cheek rouge, they blended fat with red ochre to create a stain, red in color. Greek men and women mimicked the look, using crushed mulberries, red beet juice, crushed strawberries, or red amaranth to create a paste; those who wore makeup were viewed as wealthy and it symbolized status because cosmetics were costly. In China, Rouge was used as early as the Shang Dynasty, it was made from the extracted juice of leaves from blue flowers. Some people added bovine pig pancreas to make the product denser. Women would wear the heavy rouge on their lips. In Chinese culture, red symbolizes good happiness to those who wear the color. In Ancient Rome and women would create rouge using lead II,Iv and cinnabar; the mixture was found to have caused cancer and death.
In the 16th century in Europe and men would use white powder to lighten their faces. Women would add heavy rouge to their cheeks in addition. Modern rouge consists of a red-colored talcum-based powder, applied with a brush to the cheeks to accentuate the bone structure; the coloring is either the petals of safflower, or a solution of carmine in ammonium hydroxide and rosewater perfumed with rose oil. A cream-based variant of rouge is schnouda, a colorless mixture of Alloxan with cold cream, which colors the skin red. Today, rouge is a term used to identify blush of any color, including: brown, pink and orange, it is not used to identify lipstick, some may use the term to refer to the red color of the product. When the fashion trend of matching lipsticks with nail polish took hold and the color range of lipstick increased, people no longer used the term to identify lip color; the shade range for blush remained limited, keeping the name rouge. Blush comes in the form of a cream, powder, or gel. Modes In Makeup, a brief history of cosmetics The History of Makeup The Pervasion of Rouge, by Max Beerbohm
A wet wipe known as a wet towel or a moist towelette, or a baby wipe in specific circumstances, is a small moistened piece of paper or plastic cloth that comes folded and individually wrapped for convenience. Wet wipes are used for cleaning purposes like personal household cleaning. Water companies warn people not to flush wet wipes down toilets, as their failure to break apart or dissolve in water can cause sewer blockages known as fatbergs. Wipes labelled "flushable" can cause blockages because they are not biodegradable. American Arthur Julius is seen as the inventor of the wet wipes. Julius worked in the cosmetics industry and in 1957, adjusted a soap portioning machine, putting it in a loft in Manhattan. Julius trademarked the name Wet-Nap in 1958, a name for the product, still being used. After fine tuning his newfangled hand-cleaning aid together with a mechanic, he unveiled his invention at the 1960 National Restaurant Show in Chicago and in 1963 started selling Wet-Nap products to Colonel Sanders for use in his KFC restaurant.
Wet wipes are produced as air-laid paper, the fibres are carried and formed to the structure of paper by air or with nonwoven, spun-lace fabric. The material is moistened with water or other liquids depending on the applications; the paper may be treated with lotions, or perfume to adjust the tactile properties. Preservatives such as methylisothiazolinone are used to prevent bacterial or fungal growth in the package; the finished wet wipes are put in pocket size package or a box dispenser. Wet wipes can serve a number of personal and household purposes. Although marketed for wiping infants' bottoms in diaper changing, it is not uncommon for consumers to use the product to clean floors, toilet seats, other surfaces around the home. Parents use wet wipes, or as they are called for baby care, baby wipes, for wiping up baby vomit and to clean babies' hands and faces. Baby wipes may be useful in removing stripper smegma from pants as well. Baby wipes are wet wipes used to cleanse the sensitive skin of infants.
These are saturated with solutions anywhere from gentle cleansing ingredients to alcohol based'cleaners'. Baby wipes are different pack counts, come with dispensing mechanisms; the origin of baby wipes most came in the mid-1950s as more people were travelling and needed a way to clean up on the go. One of the first companies to produce these was a company called Nice-Pak, they made. Rockline Industries of Sheboygan, Wisconsin went on to be the first to innovate the first baby wipe refill pack and pop-up packs which have become common in the marketplace; the first wet-wipe products marketed as baby wipes, such as Kimberly-Clark's Huggies wipes and Procter & Gamble's Pampers wipes, appeared on the market in 1990.. As the technology to produce wipes matured and became more affordable, smaller brands began to appear. By the 1990s, most super stores like Kmart and Wal-Mart had their own private label brand of wipes made by other manufacturers. After this period there was a boom in the industry and many local brands started manufacturing because of low entry barriers.
Many green-minded parents, or those looking to save extra money, use washable baby wipes small squares of material that can be pre-soaked ready to use, or wet as required. Because they don't contain chemicals or artificial fragrances like most disposable wipes, they are gentle on the skin, they are reported to be more effective at removing solids from the skin because of their textured nature. Wet wipes are included as part of a standard sealed cutlery package offered in restaurants or along with airline meals. Wet wipes began to be marketed as a luxury alternative to toilet paper by 2005 by companies such as Kimberly-Clark and Procter & Gamble, they are dispensed in the toilets of restaurants, service stations, doctors' offices, other places with public use. Wet wipes have found a use among visitors to outdoor music festivals those who camp, as an alternative to communal showers; the wet wipes are a preferable option to the communal facilities. In Southeast Asia, wet wipes are sold out of refrigerators to give the wipes a refreshingly cool effect.
Cleansing pads are fiber sponges which have been soaked with water and other active ingredients for a specific intended use. They are ready to use hygiene products and they are simple and convenient solutions to dispose of dirt or other undesirable elements. There are different type of cleansing pads offered by the beauty industry: make-up removing pads, anti-spot treatments and anti-acne pads that contain salicylic acid, vitamins and other treatments). Cleansing pads for preventing infection are saturated with alcohol and bundled in sterile packages. Hands and instruments may be disinfected with these pads while treating wounds. Disinfecting cleansing pads are included in first aid kits for this purpose. Since the outbreak of H1N1 sales of individual impregnated wet wipes and gels in sachets and flowpacks have increased in the UK following the Government’s advice to keep hands and surfaces clean to prevent the spread of germs. Pre-impregnated industrial-strength cleaning wipes with powerful cleaning fluid that cuts through the dirt as the high performance fabric absorbs the residue Industrial wipes has the ability to clean a vast range of though substances from hands and surfa
Nakht was an Ancient Egyptian official who held the position of a scribe and astronomer of Amun during the reign of Thutmose IV in the Eighteenth Dynasty. He is buried in the Theban Necropolis in tomb TT52. List of Theban Tombs Nakht in the German National Library catalogue
Cotton pads are pads made of cotton which are used for medical or cosmetic purposes. For medical purposes, cotton pads are used to stop or prevent bleeding from minor punctures such as injections or venipuncture, they may be secured in place with tape. Cotton pads are used in the application and the removal of makeup. Cotton pads are soft enough. Cotton balls have much of the same applications as cotton pads, can be used interchangeably. Despite their name, most modern cotton balls and pads are not made out of cotton at all but are instead made out of cheaper, bleached synthetic fibers such as polyester and nylon. In the United States, these products are prominently labeled as "cotton balls" because non-woven products are excluded from the Federal Trade Commission's stringent labeling requirements for textile products; the specific phobia of cotton balls has been reported. Use of cotton for sanitary purposes dates back to its domestication. There is evidence that toilet paper, made in part of cotton and/or other plant fibers such as hemp, was used at least as early as 589 AD in China.
Cotton balls have been used for applying gold leaf since at least as far back as 1801. An artists' manual from that year recommends using a "squirrel's tail, or cotton ball" to press the gold leaf into place. There is some evidence that they were being mass produced as far back as 1816, namely an advertisement taken out of the New York Evening Post by Palmer, Nichols & Co. for many different kinds of fabric and products made of cotton which lists "Cotton Balls" as an item for sale. In 1891 The Laredo Times ran a story about women who put cotton balls in their cheeks to make themselves appear less thin. An 1898 patent by Jerome B. Dillon for a new type of umbilical bandage used an "antiseptic, absorbent cotton pad" to carry out its function. In 1937, Joseph A. Voss invented a machine which unraveled rolls of cotton and cut them at a fixed interval into cotton pads, starting the widespread consumption of cotton balls and pads. Companies producing cotton balls took out ads in newspapers as early as 1948 to promote their uses to the public.
In 1965, the Opelousas Daily World reported that the sanitary cotton industry in the United States was worth US$60 million. Around this time, there was industry concern that sanitary products using nylon, labeled as cotton balls, were going to crowd out cotton balls containing cotton, harming cotton-exporting regions. In 1986, Johnson & Johnson, a manufacturer of cotton balls, published advertisements stating that "doctors advise" cotton balls over "synthetic puffs". By 2013 however, most consumer cotton balls and pads outside of labeled "100% Cotton" organic brands contained polyester and only nominal amounts of cotton. In 2015, Mass Market Retailers, a supermarket and chain store trade magazine, estimated that combined sales of cotton balls and pads in the United States were US$177.7 million for the year 2014, down from US$343.1 million in 1999. The change could be due to increases of sales of cheaper store brands: in 1999, only 50.1% of sold cotton balls were store branded, versus 88% in 2014.
The top three cotton ball brands in the United States in 2015 were Swisspers, Swiss Beauty, Cotton Cloud. Cotton ball diet Cotton swab
BB cream is a marketing term that stands for blemish balm, blemish base, beblesh balm, in Western markets, beauty balm. Products marketed as BB creams are designed to serve as a foundation and sunscreen all at once; the marketing term "CC cream" was invented and sometimes stands for Color Correction cream. Products marketed as CC creams claim to serve the same function as BB creams, with greater emphasis on homogenizing skin color. Differences between BB creams and CC creams vary from brand to brand. What became BB cream was formulated in the 1960s in Germany by dermatologist Dr. Christine Schrammek to protect her patients' skin after facial peels and surgery. BB creams come in a variety of different formulations; because Korean companies focused on the Korean and East Asian markets, they are offered in a limited number of hues. Instead of offering multiple shades for different skin colors, most formulae are designed to oxidize to match the user's skin tone; the skin-whitening properties of the cream as sold in the Asian market are an important element in its popularity.
The cream is promoted as a multi-tasker and all-in-one treatment, but Korean women use it as an alternative to foundation those with Western formulations that tend to be too heavy for their tastes. The coverage is mineral-based, is intended to both cover and treat blemishes such as acne, sun spots, age spots; some brands claim anti-wrinkle, anti-inflammatory, soothing effects for their products. Several contain hyaluronic acid and Vitamin C. BB creams make up 13 percent of the cosmetics market in South Korea; some Korean brands offer BB creams for men. Notable Korean brands include Etude House, Nature Republic, Skin Food, Sulhwasoo,The Face Shop, SKIN79. Western cosmetics companies began to launch BB creams in the Western market in 2012, though some of these creams have been criticized for lacking the skin-caring functions that BB creams have, for being no more than tinted moisturizer. Early arrivals included Boscia, Dior, Estée Lauder, Marcelle, Maybelline and Smashbox. Lab Series makes a BB cream for men.
Certain BB creams have been tailored for Western markets: Estée Lauder, for example, has not included the whitening properties in their formulation for North America. BB creams advertised as cruelty-free include The Body Shop; the definition of "cruelty-free" varies. The Body Shop BB cream is certified by the Leaping Bunny Program, which means, according to the certification process, that no new animal testing has been used in any phase of product development by the company, its laboratories, or the suppliers of its ingredients; as of May 2013, Amore Pacific, which has as its subsidiaries Etude House and Laneige, has ended animal testing on all ingredients and cosmetics. Products certified as cruelty-free may still contain animal products and may not be suitable for vegans. Vegan BB creams include the Superdrug own brand BB cream, BB cream souffles from Haut Cosmetics, 100% Pure Cosmetics, Multi-Mineral BB Cream from Pacifica, the Evenly Radiant BB Crème from Dermae. "Miracle creams we can believe in", National Grad School, October 26, 2017.
Bhagwandas, Anita. "Beauty for dark skin: the BB cream debate", The Guardian, March 15, 2013. Leung, Hannah. "Learn your BB CCs", Global Times, March 24, 2013. Niven, Lisa. "10 Best BB Creams", January 17, 2013. Chowdary, Asha. "The BB cream is here to stay", The Times of India, February 25, 2012. For it being introduced to South Korea and Japan in the 1980s, see Maclean's, January 11, 2012. For the rest, see Koh Young-aah. "Perfect your look in Korea", The Korea Herald/Naver News, September 2, 2009. Williams, Bronwyn. "The lowdown on BB Cream", Stuff.co.nz, March 26, 2012
Kohl is an ancient eye cosmetic, traditionally made by grinding stibnite for similar purposes to charcoal used in mascara. It is used in the Middle East, North Africa, the Mediterranean, South Asia, the Horn of Africa as eyeliner to contour and/or darken the eyelids and as mascara for the eyelashes, it is worn by women, but by some men and children. Kohl has been used in India as a cosmetic for a long time. In addition, mothers would apply kohl to their infants' eyes soon after birth; some did this to "strengthen the child's eyes", others believed it could prevent the child from being cursed by the evil eye. The Arabic name كحل kuḥl and the Biblical Hebrew כחל kaḥal are cognates, from a Semitic root k-ḥ-l. Transliteration variants of Arabic dialectal pronunciation include kuhl; the English word alcohol is a loan of the Arabic word. The Persian word for kohl is سرمه sormeh, from Turkish sürme "drawing along", which has led to Hindi and Urdu surma as well as Russian сурьма. In some South Asian languages, the term kājal or kajol is used.
This last term may have a Dravidian root. In Hausa, it is known as tozali and kwalli; the Greek and Latin terms for antimony, stibium, στίβι, στίμμι, were borrowed from the Egyptian name sdm. Kohl has been worn traditionally since the Protodynastic Period of Egypt by Egyptian queens and noble women, who used stibnite; the cosmetic palettes used for its preparation assumed a prominent role in the late Predynastic Egyptian culture. Kohl was used as protection against eye ailments. There was a belief that darkening around the eyes would protect one from the harsh rays of the sun. Galena eye paint was applied in Ancient Egypt. Upper eyelids were painted black and lower ones were colored green, as depicted in ancient texts that describe the use of both black galena and green malachite. Ancient graves from the pre-historic Tasian culture point to the early application of galena in Egypt, a custom stretching from the Badarian period through to the Coptic era. Although found locally, both black galena and green malachite were imported from nearby regions in Western Asia and the Land of Punt.
The 18th Dynasty Ancient Egyptian Queen Hatshepsut would grind charred frankincense into kohl eyeliner. This is the first recorded use of the resin; the frankincense itself had been obtained during an expedition to the ancient Land of Punt in this New Kingdom dynasty. Additionally, the pioneering Muslim scholar Ibn Abi Shayba described in a legal compilation how to apply kohl to the eye, as narrated by earlier authorities. Berber and Arab women in North Africa and the Middle East also apply kohl to their faces. A vertical line is drawn from the bottom lip along the bridge of the nose; the line from the bottom lip to the chin shows whether a woman is married or not. This form of using Kohl on the face originates from the Arabian Peninsula, was introduced in the 7th century in North-Africa. Usage of kohl eye paint in the Horn of Africa dates to the ancient Kingdom of Punt. Somali, Djiboutian and Eritrean women have long applied kohl for cosmetic purposes, as well as to cleanse the eyes, lengthen eyelashes, to protect the eyes from the sun's rays.
Kohl is applied in parts of West Africa by the Fulani and the affiliated Hausa people. In addition, it is used by the Tuareg, Mandinka, Dagomba and other predominantly Muslim inhabitants of the Sahel and Sahara regions. Kohl is used by both sexes, by people of all ages during weddings, Islamic festivals, trips to the mosque for the weekly Jumuah congregational prayer. For women, kohl or black-henna is applied to the face as well in a similar manner as that practiced by communities in North Africa. Kohl is known by various names in South Asian languages, like surma in Punjabi and Urdu, kajal in Hindi and Gujarati, kajol in Bengali, kajalh in Marathi, kanmashi in Malayalam, kaadige in Kannada, kaatuka in Telugu and kan mai in Tamil. In India, it is used by women as a type of eyeliner, put around the edge of the eyes. In many parts of India in Southern India, Karnataka in particular, women of the household prepare the kajal; this homemade kajal is used for infants. Local tradition considers it to be a good coolant for the eyes and believes that it protects the eyesight and vision from the sun.
Some Indian Ayurvedic or Ancient Indian Herbal medicines manufacturing companies add camphor and other medicinal herbs that are beneficial for eyes in their kajal. It can serve not only as a cosmetic but as medicine for the eyes. In Punjabi culture, surma is a traditional ceremonial dye, which predominantly men of the Punjab wear around their eyes on special social or religious occasions, it is applied by the wife or the mother of the person. Some women add a dot of kajal on the left side of the foreheads or on the waterline of the eye of women and children to ward off buri nazar known as buri nozor. Buri nazar means'bad glance' and is comparable to the'evil eye', although it can be interpreted as ill-wishes of people or lustful eyes, in the sense of men ogling women, it signifies that the person is not perfect, with them having'black mark', hence, people wouldn't be jealous of their beauty. In the centuries-old Indian Bharatnatayam dances, the dancers apply heavy
Peter Lewis Kingston Wentz III is an American singer and multi-instrumentalist. He is best known for being the bassist and backing vocalist for the American rock band Fall Out Boy. Before Fall Out Boy's inception in 2001, Wentz was a fixture of the Chicago hardcore scene and was the lead vocalist and lyricist for Arma Angelus. During Fall Out Boy's hiatus from 2009 to 2012, Wentz formed the experimental and dubstep group Black Cards, he owns a record label, DCD2 Records, which has signed bands including Panic! at the Disco and Gym Class Heroes. Fall Out Boy returned from hiatus in February 2013, have since released 3 number one albums. Wentz has ventured into other non-musical projects, including writing and fashion, he hosts the TV show Best Ink and runs a film production company called Bartskull Films, as well as a bar called Angels & Kings. His philanthropic activities include collaborations with Invisible Children, Inc. and UNICEF's Tap Project, a fundraising project that helps bring clean drinking water to people worldwide, People magazine states that "no bassist has upstaged a frontman as well as Pete Wentz of Fall Out Boy."
He is a minority owner of the Phoenix Rising FC, a USL Championship team. Peter Lewis Kingston Wentz III was born in an affluent suburb of Chicago, his parents are Dale, a high school admissions counselor, Pete Wentz II, an attorney. Wentz is of English and German descent on his father's side and Afro-Jamaican descent on his mother's side, he has a younger sister, a younger brother, Andrew. His maternal grandfather, Arthur Winston Lewis, served as the U. S. Ambassador to Sierra Leone. Wentz' parents met while campaigning for former Vice President Joe Biden's senatorial run in the 1970s. Wentz recalled in a Rolling Stone interview that his earliest musical memory was listening to The Foundations' song "Build Me Up Buttercup" in the back of his father's car. Wentz attended New Trier High School and North Shore Country Day School, where he was an all-state soccer player, he considered pursuing a professional career in the sport, but decided that music was a more fulfilling choice. But it didn't feel like an adventure.
Music was more of a challenge and, in the end, felt more interesting."During his first year of high school, he began skipping school and smoking marijuana with friends, but quit as it was affecting his grades at school. After graduating from high school in 1997, he attended DePaul University where he studied political science, dropping out one quarter shy of graduation to focus on Fall Out Boy. Wentz was involved in the Chicago hardcore punk scene and was in several bands in the late 1990s; these included First Born, Extinction, Arma Angelus, Yellow Road Priest, Racetraitor. He and Arma Angelus' bassist Joe Trohman founded the pop-punk band Fall Out Boy after Trohman introduced Pete to a musical acquaintance, Patrick Stump. Andy Hurley only joined the band full-time later. In 2002, Arma Angelus, the band in which Wentz was the vocalist, played its last show. In 2002, Fall Out Boy released an EP called Fall Out Boy/Project Rocket Split EP. Soon after, in 2003, the band released their mini-LP Fall Out Boy's Evening Out with Your Girlfriend on Uprising Records.
This album would be digitally remastered and reissued after the band's third, successful full-album release From Under the Cork Tree, on the major label Island Records. In 2003, the band released their first full-length album, Take This to Your Grave through Fueled By Ramen. Fall Out Boy signed with major label Island Records in 2003 and in 2004 released an acoustic EP and DVD entitled, My Heart Will Always Be the B-Side to My Tongue, their third album, From Under the Cork Tree, was released in 2005. Wentz wrote the lyrics to the lead single, "Sugar, We're Goin Down" with his dad in Chicago; the band's major label debut album has since been certified double platinum by the RIAA as well as "Sugar, We're Goin Down." In 2007, Fall Out Boy's fourth album, Infinity on High was released to major success, debuting at #1 on the Billboard 200 with 260,000 sales, spurred by the lead single, "This Ain't a Scene, It's an Arms Race", which reached the top ten in the US & UK and topped the charts in New Zealand.
The second single, "Thnks fr th Mmrs" sold more than 2 million units in the US. The band's fifth studio album, Folie à Deux was released on December 13, 2008, debuted at #8 on the Billboard 200; the band toured extensively in support of their albums. On November 20, 2009, the four band members announced they will be taking an indefinite hiatus, saying they were unsure of the future of the band. Wentz has said that his personal reason for taking a break is that he feels that his name and marriage to pop singer Ashlee Simpson had become a hindrance for the band, he added: "I think the world needs a little less Pete Wentz". On February 4, 2013, Fall Out Boy unexpectedly announced their return, along with an album and single with which all four members contributed. Once again, Wentz had main control of song writing duties. On April 12, 2013, the band released a new album entitled, Save Rock and Roll, featuring the lead single My Songs Know What You Did in the Dark, dates for a new tour; the band played