Eyre Crowe was an English painter, principally of historical art and genre scenes, but with an interest in social realism. He grew up in France, he was the eldest son of the journalist Eyre Evans Crowe and brother of the journalist and art historian Joseph Archer Crowe. He was a pupil of William Darley and of Paul Delaroche in Paris, he traveled in the United States as amanuensis to Thackeray between 1852 and 1853. He published With Thackeray in Homes, he exhibited paintings at the Royal Academy in London between 1846 and 1908. In 1876 he was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy. Crowe died in 1910. A Slave Sale in Charleston, South Carolina Slaves Waiting for Sale: Richmond, Virginia Defoe in the Pillory Brick Court or Death of Goldsmith Luther Pasting his Theses on the Church Door of Wittenberg Shinglers or The Foundry The Penance of Dr Johnson, 1784 The Dinner Hour, Wigan A Sheep-Shearing Match Sandwiches Convicts at Work, Portsmouth Nelson Leaving England for the Last Time The Founder of English Astronomy The Brigs of Ayr The Gipsy's Rest Trial for Bigamy James II at the Battle of La Hogue 15 paintings by or after Eyre Crowe at the Art UK site Appreciation of Eyre Crowe A.
R. A. Eyre Crowe on Artcyclopedia Profile on Royal Academy of Arts Collections
The Lincoln LS is a four-door, five-passenger luxury sedan, manufactured by the Lincoln division of Ford Motor Company. The LS was introduced in June 1999 as a 2000 model-year vehicle with either a V6 engine or a V8 engine, both featuring rear-wheel drive and near 50/50 weight distribution; the LS shared the Ford Thunderbird. The Lincoln LS was to be marketed in two versions: the LS6 and the LS8, Toyota's Lexus division became concerned about the potential name confusion with its Lexus LS and Lincoln ended up using only the name "LS". Trim levels ranged from the base V6 model to the Special Edition V8 LSE trims in 2004, which featured revised front and rear fascia and foglights, front grille. LS models were manufactured at Ford's Wixom Assembly Plant until production ended on April 3, 2006 and the plant was idled as part of Ford's The Way Forward. 262,900 LS models were manufactured, including 2,331 manual transmission V6 models, 1,500 LSE editions. In 1999, the LS debuted as Lincoln's first rear-wheel drive sport luxury sedan for the 2000 model year, under influence from the newly established Premier Automotive Group.
In designing the LS to be competitive in its segment, Helmuth Schrader, the LS' German-born chief designer, said of the car, "In a segment defined and dominated by BMW and Mercedes, the car had to have a functional, no-nonsense look. This redefines the Lincoln brand, but we still had to make sure it was recognizable as a member of the same family as the Town Car, Mark VIII, the Navigator." Heeding this insight, the LS featured an understated, well-proportioned exterior design with squared rectangular fog lights. The body was sculpted with short front and rear overhangs to emphasize an athletic appearance while well-rounded wheel housings were intentionally made small to suggest that the car's wheels were larger than their actual size; the greenhouse of the LS offered spacious headroom and was accentuated by a smoothly arched roofline. Completing the exterior were chrome accents on the front and rear fascias and a waterfall grille. Relative to the exterior, the interior of the LS bore a stronger resemblance to the S-Type, with a similar dashboard layout and controls.
The interior of the LS was simple and comfortable. Large gauges were designed to convey sportiness, while other controls, such as audio and climate controls, were positioned in the car's center stack for convenience to both the driver and the front passenger; the steering wheel could be wood- and leather-wrapped while wood accents continued around the interior on the door panels and dashboard area. Leather seating surfaces were standard and the front power bucket seats were bolstered for a firm feel like the LS' European competitors. Other standard interior features included power windows, power door locks with keyless entry, power heated mirrors, automatic headlights, air conditioning with automatic climate control, cruise control, an AM/FM cassette radio; some of the available options included a six-disc in-dash CD changer, a power moonroof, a universal garage door opener. As mentioned above, the Lincoln LS shared a equipment with the Jaguar S-Type; the DEW98 platform on which the cars were based was a rigid chassis that featured independent double wishbone front and rear suspensions for excellent handling and ride quality.
Enhancing ride quality further, as well as increasing interior space, was the LS' large 114.5-inch wheelbase. Four-wheel antilock disc brakes were standard while Ford's AdvanceTrac traction control system was available as an option for improved driving control. A number of suspension components, as well as the hood and front fenders, used aluminum to save weight; the LS came with standard 16-inch alloy wheels while 17-inch wheels were available through an optional sport package. The sport package for only an extra $1000.00, gave a stiffer suspension, 17-inch rims and a "slap shift" selecter. The battery of the LS was positioned in the spare tire well inside the car's trunk because too little room for it was left in the engine bay. However, moving the heavy battery and its interconnecting cables to the rear of the vehicle contributed to its near-50/50 weight distribution; the base LS was powered by an all-aluminum 3.0 L DOHC V6, a variant of the Jaguar AJ-V6 engine. Optional in the LS was an all-aluminum 3.9 L DOHC V8, a shorter-stroke variant of the Jaguar 4.0 L AJ-26 V8.
The V8 was not offered as a manual. Both engines required premium-grade gasoline for optimum performance. Ford's 5R55S five-speed automatic transmission with an optional manual shift ability called SelectShift was standard with either engine, while a Getrag 221 five-speed manual transmission was available for V6-equipped LS models through an optional sport package. Automatic transmission-equipped cars featured a 3.58:1 rear-axle ratio, while manual transmission-equipped versions came with a 3.07:1 rear-axle ratio. The available manual transmission made the LS the first Lincoln since the 1951 Cosmopolitan to have this option. In spite of this, Lincoln stopped production of the manual-transmission model LS after 2002 due to low sales figures. Road tests by Motor Trend and Car and Driver found that a V8-equipped LS could accelerate from zero to 60 mph in the low seven-second range, while V6 models were up to two seconds slower in th
Monkey Girl: Evolution, Education and the Battle for America's Soul is a 2007 non fiction book about the Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District trial of 2005. Author Edward Humes, a Pulitzer Prize-winning American journalist, interviewed interested parties to the controversy around a school board's decision to introduce the concept of intelligent design into public school lessons on science; the book describes in detail the experiences of those caught up in the actions of the school board and the ensuing Dover trial, in the context of the intelligent design movement and the ascendency of the American religious right whose opposition to evolution led them to campaign to redefine science to accept supernatural explanations of natural phenomena. Inherit the Wind, Redux – Washington Post, Reviewed by Christine Rosen, February 25, 2007 Edward Humes – The online home of Monkey Girl Excerpt of Monkey Girl