Samuel Holten was an American physician and statesman from Danvers, Massachusetts. He represented Massachusetts as a delegate to the Continental Congress and a member of the United States House of Representatives, Holten was born in Danvers, Massachusetts on June 9,1738. He was educated locally, studied medicine and established a practice in Gloucester and he soon returned to Danvers, where he continued the practice of medicine. During the American Revolution Holten supported the Patriot cause, Holten served in the militia as a major in the First Essex County Regiment. He was a member of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress from 1774 to 1775 and he served in the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1780 and in the United States in Congress Assembled,1783 to 1785, and again in 1787. He was elected Chairman of the United States in Congress Assembled on August 17,1785, ″His Excellency the president, being, by indisposition, prevented from attending the House, Congress proceeded to the election of a Chairman, the ballots being taken, the honble.
Samuel Holten was elected. ″ Holten was a member of the constitutional convention in 1779. From 1780 to 1782 Holten served in the Massachusetts Senate, and he served again in 1784,1786,1789, in 1787 he was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives. From 1780 to 1782 Holten was a member of the Massachusetts Governors Council, and he served again in 1784,1786,1789 to 1792,1795, in 1792 Holten was elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the Third Congress. Holten served as judge of the Essex County Court and he was appointed judge of the Essex County Probate Court in 1796, and he served until his resignation in 1815. He died in Danvers on January 2,1816, and was buried at Holten Cemetery in Danvers, biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Massachusetts's 1st congressional district
Massachusettss 1st congressional district is located in western and central Massachusetts. The largest Massachusetts district in area, it covers about one-third of the state and is more rural than the rest and it has the states highest point, Mount Greylock. The district includes the cities of Springfield, West Springfield, Holyoke, the shape of the district underwent some changes effective from the elections of 2012, after Massachusetts congressional redistricting to reflect the 2010 census. The entire Springfield area is included in the new 1st district, richard Neal, a Democrat from Springfield, represents the district. In Hampshire County, Cummington, Goshen, Huntington, Plainfield, South Hadley, Westhampton, Williamsburg, in Worcester County, Charlton, East Brookfield, Southbridge and Warren. When the District was created it covered part of eastern Massachusetts, franklin County, Towns of Ashﬂeld, Charlemont, Conway, Greenﬁeld, Heath, Monroe and Shelburne. Hampshire County, Towns of Chesterfield, Goshen, Middleﬁeld, Plainﬁeld, hampden County, City of Holyoke and towns of Blandford, Granville, Russell, Southwick and Westﬁeld.
Hamdpen County, Cities of Holyoke and Westfield, towns of Blandford, Granville, Russell and Tolland. Hampshire County, Towns of Belchertown, Cummington, Huntington, Pelham, Southampton, Williamsburg, Worcester County, Towns of Athol, Phillipston and Templeton. 1963, Berkshire County, Cities of North Adams and Pittsfield, hampden County, Cities of Holyoke and Westfield. Towns of Blandford, Granville, Russell, Towns of Amherst, Cummington, Goshen, Hatfield, Middlefield, Plainfield, Westhampton and Worthington. Worcester County, Towns of Athol, Phillipston, Royalston,1972, Berkshire County, All cities and towns. Hampden County, Cities of Holyoke and Westfield, Towns of Agawam, Chester, Montgomery, Southwick and West Springfield. Towns of Amherst, Cummington, Goshen, Hatfield, Middlefield, Plainfleld, Westhampton and Worthington. Worcester County, Towns of Athol, Hardwick, New Braintree, Petersham,1973, Berkshire County, All cities and towns. Franklin County, All towns except Orange, hampden County, Cities of Holyoke and Westfleld.
Towns of Agawam, Chester, Montgomery, Southwick, Tolland, in Middlesex County, Pepperell, Townsend. Massachusettss congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C, the Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress
Find a Grave
Find a Grave is a website that allows the public to search and add to an online database of cemetery records. It is owned by Ancestry. com, the worlds largest for-profit genealogy company, the site was created in 1995 by Salt Lake City resident Jim Tipton to support his hobby of visiting the burial sites of celebrities. He added an online forum, Find a Grave was launched as a commercial entity in 1998, first as a trade name and incorporated in 2000. The site expanded to include graves of non-celebrities, in order to allow visitors to pay respect to their deceased relatives or friends. In 2013, Tipton sold Find a Grave to Ancestry. com, burial information is a wonderful source for people researching their family history. In a September 30,2013, press release, Ancestry, as of March 2017, Find a Grave contained over 159 million burial records and 75 million photos. The website contains listings of cemeteries and graves from around the world, american cemeteries are organized by state and county, and many cemetery records contain Google Maps and photographs of the cemeteries and gravesites.
Individual grave records may contain dates and places of birth and death, biographical information and plot information, Interment listings are added by individuals, genealogical societies, and other institutions such as the International Wargraves Photography Project. Contributors must register as members to submit listings, called memorials, the submitter becomes the manager of the listing but may transfer management. Only the current manager of a listing may edit it, although any member may use the features to send correction requests to the listings manager. Managers may add links to other listings of deceased spouses, members may post requests for photos of a specific grave, these requests will be automatically sent to other members who have registered their location as being near that grave. Find a Grave maintains lists of memorials of famous persons by their claim to fame, such as Medal of Honor recipients, religious figures, Find a Grave exercises editorial control over these listings.
Canadian Headstones Interment. net National Cemetery Administrations Nationwide Gravesite Locator Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness Tombstone tourist Colker, web site answers grave concerns about stars. Web site attracts millions of grave-seekers, Find VIPs who R. I. P. through online cemetery. Genealogy, Find a Grave tremendous on many different levels, terre Haute, Community Newspaper Holdings Inc. Archived from the original on May 14,2011, Find a Grave has info youre dying to know. Tracking Down Relatives, Visiting Graves Virtually, media related to Images from Find A Grave at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Portland is the largest city in the U. S. state of Maine, with a population of 66,881 as of 2015. The Greater Portland metropolitan area is home to half a million people. The Old Port district is frequented by tourists, while Portland Head Light is a destination, the city seal depicts a phoenix rising from ashes, which is a reference to the recoveries from four devastating fires. Portland was named for the English Isle of Portland, and the city of Portland, Oregon was in turn named after Portland, Native Americans originally called the Portland peninsula Machigonne. Portland, Maine was named for the English Isle of Portland, the first European settler was Capt. Christopher Levett, an English naval captain granted 6,000 acres in 1623 to found a settlement in Casco Bay. The settlement failed, and the fate of Levetts colonists is unknown, the explorer sailed from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony to meet John Winthrop in 1630, but never returned to Maine. Fort Levett in the harbor is named for him, the peninsula was first permanently settled in 1632 as a fishing and trading village named Casco.
When the Massachusetts Bay Colony took over Casco Bay in 1658, in 1676, the village was destroyed by the Abenaki during King Philips War. During King Williams War, a party of French and Native allies attacked. On October 18,1775, Falmouth was burned in the Revolution by the Royal Navy under command of Captain Henry Mowat, following the war, a section of Falmouth called The Neck developed as a commercial port and began to grow rapidly as a shipping center. In 1786, the citizens of Falmouth formed a town in Falmouth Neck and named it Portland, after the isle off the coast of Dorset. Portlands economy was greatly stressed by the Embargo Act of 1807, which ended in 1809, and the War of 1812, in 1820, Maine became a state with Portland as its capital. In 1832, the capital was moved north to Augusta, in 1851, Maine led the nation by passing the first state law prohibiting the sale of alcohol except for medicinal, mechanical or manufacturing purposes. The law subsequently became known as the Maine law, as 18 states quickly followed, on June 2,1855, the Portland Rum Riot occurred.
In 1853, upon completion of the Grand Trunk Railway to Montreal, the Portland Company manufactured more than 600 19th-century steam locomotives. Portland became a 20th-century rail hub as five rail lines merged into Portland Terminal Company in 1911. Following nationalization of the Grand Trunk system in 1923, Canadian export traffic was diverted from Portland to Halifax, Nova Scotia, in the 20th century, icebreakers enabled ships to reach Montreal in winter, drastically reducing Portlands role as a winter port for Canada. On June 26,1863, a Confederate raiding party led by Captain Charles Read, entered the harbor at Portland, more than 10,000 people were left homeless
Maine is the northernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Maine is the 39th most extensive and the 41st most populous of the U. S. states and territories and it is bordered by New Hampshire to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec to the north. Maine is the easternmost state in the contiguous United States, and it is known for its jagged, rocky coastline, rolling mountains, heavily forested interior, and picturesque waterways, and its seafood cuisine, especially clams and lobster. There is a continental climate throughout the state, even in areas such as its most populous city of Portland. For thousands of years, indigenous peoples were the inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine. At the time of European arrival in what is now Maine, the first European settlement in the area was by the French in 1604 on Saint Croix Island, by Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons. The first English settlement was the short-lived Popham Colony, established by the Plymouth Company in 1607, as Maine entered the 18th century, only a half dozen European settlements had survived.
Loyalist and Patriot forces contended for Maines territory during the American Revolution, Maine was part of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts until 1820, when it voted to secede from Massachusetts to become an independent state. On March 15,1820, it was admitted to the Union as the 23rd state under the Missouri Compromise, there is no definitive explanation for the origin of the name Maine, but the most likely origin is the name given by early explorers after a province in France. Whatever the origin, the name was fixed for English settlers in 1665 when the English Kings Commissioners ordered that the Province of Maine be entered from on in official records. The state legislature in 2001 adopted a resolution establishing Franco-American Day, other theories mention earlier places with similar names, or claim it is a nautical reference to the mainland. Attempts to uncover the history of the name of Maine began with James Sullivans 1795 History of the District of Maine. He made the allegation that the Province of Maine was a compliment to the queen of Charles I, Henrietta Maria.
MAINE appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 in reference to the county of Dorset, the view generally held among British place name scholars is that Mayne in Dorset is Brythonic, corresponding to modern Welsh maen, plural main or meini. Some early spellings are, MAINE1086, MEINE1200, MEINES1204, mason had served with the Royal Navy in the Orkney Islands where the chief island is called Mainland, a possible name derivation for these English sailors. Initially, several tracts along the coast of New England were referred to as Main or Maine, Maine is the only state whose name has exactly one syllable. The original inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine were Algonquian-speaking Wabanaki peoples, including the Abenaki, Passamaquoddy and Penobscot, who had a loose confederacy. European contact with what is now called Maine started around 1200 CE when Norwegians interacted with the native Penobscot in present-day Hancock County, most likely through trade
Nathan Appleton was an American merchant and politician. Appleton was born in New Ipswich, New Hampshire, the son of Isaac Appleton, Appletons father was a church deacon, and Nathan was brought up in the strictest form of Calvinistic Congregationalism. He was educated in the New Ipswich Academy, the Waltham mill employed the first power loom ever used in the United States. This proving successful, he and others purchased the water-power at Pawtucket Falls, the settlement that grew around these factories developed into the city of Lowell, of which in 1821 Mr. Appleton was one of the three founders. The effect has been to more than double the wages of that description of labor from what they were before the introduction of this manufacture, Appleton was a member of the general court of Massachusetts in 1816,1821,1822,1824 and 1827. In 1831-1833 and 1842 he served in the United States House of Representatives and he was a member of the Academy of Science and Arts, and of the Massachusetts Historical Society.
He published speeches and essays on currency and the tariff, of which his Remarks on Currency and Banking is the most celebrated, as well as his memoirs on the power loom and Lowell. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1842, Appleton married Maria Theresa Gold on April 13,1806. Two months later, he hired the artist Gilbert Stuart to paint portraits of the newlyweds, the Appletons attended Federal Street Church. Maria Theresa Appleton died of tuberculosis in 1833, Nathan Appleton remarried on January 8,1839, to Harriot Coffin Sumner, the daughter of Jesse Sumner, a Boston merchant, and Harriot Coffin of Portland, Maine. His daughter Fanny married Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in 1843, as a wedding gift, Appleton purchased the house in which Longfellow had been renting rooms, now known as the Longfellow House–Washingtons Headquarters National Historic Site. He paid $10,000 for the home, Nathan Appleton purchased the land across the street, as Longfellows mother wrote, so that their view of the River Charles may not be intercepted.
Appleton was the cousin of William Appleton, Fanny Appleton died on July 10,1861, after accidentally catching fire, her father was too sick to attend her funeral. Appleton died the day, in Boston, on July 14,1861. Nathan Appleton Residence, Beacon Street, Boston Wilson, James Grant, John, memoir of Nathan Appleton, Boston Hale, Susan and Letters of Thomas Gold Appleton, New York Nathan Appleton Dictionary of Unitarian & Universalist Biography United States Congress. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
He served as the fourth Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. He was appointed to the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court in 1802, born in West Hartford, Sedgwick was the son of Benjaman Sedgwick. His paternal immigrant ancestor Major General Robert Sedgwick arrived in 1636 in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Sedgwick attended Yale College, where he studied theology and law. He did not graduate, but went on to law under the attorney Mark Hopkins of Great Barrington Sedgwick was admitted to the bar in 1766 and commenced practice in Great Barrington. During the American Revolutionary War, he served in the Continental Army as a major, and took part in the expedition to Canada and the Battle of White Plains in 1776. As a relatively young lawyer and Tapping Reeve pleaded the case of Brom and Bett vs. Ashley, Bett was a black slave who had fled from her master, Colonel John Ashley of Sheffield, because of cruel treatment by his wife. Brom joined her in suing for freedom from the Ashleys, the attorneys challenged their enslavement under the new state constitution of 1780, which held that all men are born free and equal.
The jury agreed and ruled that Bett and Brom were free, the decision was upheld on appeal by the state Supreme Court. Bett marked her freedom by taking the name of Elizabeth Freeman, and she chose to work for wages at the Sedgwick household and she worked there for much of the rest of her life, buying a separate house for her and her daughter after the Sedgwick children were grown. After Freemans death, the Sedgwicks buried her at Stockbridge Cemetery in the Sedgwick Pie, the family marked Freemans grave with an inscribed monument, and it is beside that of their fourth child, writer Catharine Maria. A Federalist, Sedgwick began his career in 1780 as a delegate to the Continental Congress. He was elected as representative to the house, and as state senator. He was a member of the American Academy of Arts. In 1789 Sedgwick was elected as Representative to Congress from Massachusetts first congressional district and that year he was elected to the United States Senate, and served until 1799. In 1799 he was re-elected as a Representative, this time from the fourth district, in 1802, Sedgwick was appointed a justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts.
He held this position until his death, around 1767, Sedgwick married Elizabeth Eliza Mason, the daughter of a deacon from Franklin, Connecticut. In 1771, Sedgwick contracted smallpox which he passed on to his wife who was pregnant with the couples first child. She died of the disease on April 12,1771 while eight months pregnant, Sedgwick married a second time on April 17,1774 to Pamela Dwight of the New England Dwight family
East Bridgewater, Massachusetts
East Bridgewater is a town in Plymouth County, United States. The population was 13,794 at the 2010 census, the lands that would become East Bridgewater were first settled by Europeans in 1630 as an outgrowth of the Plymouth and Duxbury plantations. It was a part of Olde Bridgewater, as the East Parish founded in 1723, until it separated from Bridgewater. The town was located on the portion of the Taunton River. Iron works in the town provided muskets and cannon for the Colonial armies during the American Revolution, there was more residential development in the late 19th century and early 20th century along the communitys rail and trolley lines. The famous bank robber Jack Turner had a brother who owned a home in East Bridgewater during the mid-19th century and it is widely believed that Turner had left his fortune there before he was mistakenly shot by Union agents outside of Richmond, Virginia in 1864. Today, East Bridgewater is mostly known as a residential community. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has an area of 17.5 square miles, of which 17.2 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles.
East Bridgewater ranks 214th of 351 communities in the Commonwealth in terms of land area, and fifteenth of the twenty-seven communities of Plymouth County. The town is bordered by Whitman to the north, Hanson to the east, Halifax to the southeast, Bridgewater to the south, West Bridgewater to the west, East Bridgewaters town center is located twenty-seven miles southeast of Boston. East Bridgewater is a community of southeastern Massachusetts, with ponds, woods. The Matfield River enters the town through Bridgewater, branching off to the Satucket River, Robbins Pond, the largest body of water in the town, is located in the southeastern corner of town. Sightings of ducks of massive proportions near Robbins Pond have been reported, the Beaver Brook Beagle Club, a large woodlands area, is located in the northwest corner of town. As of the census of 2000, there were 12,974 people,9,034 households, the population density was 741.4 people per square mile. There were 4,427 housing units at a density of 256.8 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 96. 91% White,0. 99% African American,0. 17% Native American,0. 48% Asian,0. 03% Pacific Islander,0. 33% from other races, and 1. 09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 75% of the population,17. 4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the family size was 3.35
John Bacon (Massachusetts)
John Bacon was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts. John Bacon was born in Canterbury, Connecticut on April 5,1738, upon graduating from Princeton College he spent some time preaching in Somerset County, Maryland. On 25 September 1771 he and Mr. John Hunt were appointed as colleague pastors over the Old South Church in Boston, Bacon ran into difficulties with his congregation over doctrinal issues and his preaching style, which was described as argumentative. He was dismissed from the Old South Church on 8 February 1775, after leaving the church Bacon moved to Stockbridge, Massachusetts. He was a member of the American Academy of Arts. He served as a Magistrate, Representative and Presiding Judge of the Common Please and President of the State Senate, and Member of Congress. Bacon married Elizabeth, the widow of Alexander Cumming and daughter of Ezekiel Goldthwait, Register of the Deeds for Suffolk County, Bacon is interred in the Stockbridge Cemetery. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, John Bacon at Find a Grave
Alma mater is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college. In modern usage, it is a school or university which an individual has attended, the phrase is variously translated as nourishing mother, nursing mother, or fostering mother, suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Before its modern usage, Alma mater was a title in Latin for various mother goddesses, especially Ceres or Cybele. The source of its current use is the motto, Alma Mater Studiorum, of the oldest university in continuous operation in the Western world and it is related to the term alumnus, denoting a university graduate, which literally means a nursling or one who is nourished. The phrase can denote a song or hymn associated with a school, although alma was a common epithet for Ceres, Cybele and other mother goddesses, it was not frequently used in conjunction with mater in classical Latin. Alma Redemptoris Mater is a well-known 11th century antiphon devoted to Mary, the earliest documented English use of the term to refer to a university is in 1600, when University of Cambridge printer John Legate began using an emblem for the universitys press.
In English etymological reference works, the first university-related usage is often cited in 1710, many historic European universities have adopted Alma Mater as part of the Latin translation of their official name. The University of Bologna Latin name, Alma Mater Studiorum, refers to its status as the oldest continuously operating university in the world. At least one, the Alma Mater Europaea in Salzburg, the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, has been called the Alma Mater of the Nation because of its ties to the founding of the United States. At Queens University in Kingston and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, the ancient Roman world had many statues of the Alma Mater, some still extant. Modern sculptures are found in prominent locations on several American university campuses, outside the United States, there is an Alma Mater sculpture on the steps of the monumental entrance to the Universidad de La Habana, in Havana, Cuba. Media related to Alma mater at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of alma mater at Wiktionary Alma Mater Europaea website
Maine's 2nd congressional district
Maines 2nd congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Maine. Covering 27,326 square miles, it comprises nearly 80% of the total land area. It is the largest district east of the Mississippi River and the 24th-largest overall and it is the second-most rural district in the United States, with 72. 11% of its population in rural areas, behind only Kentuckys 5th congressional district. The district comprises most of the area north of the Portland. It includes the cities of Bangor, Lewiston and Presque Isle and it included the city of Waterville until 2011, when Maines Congressional redistricting process following the 2010 US Census led to a shift of district boundaries within Kennebec County. The district is represented by Republican Bruce Poliquin. Whoever wins a race in Maines second congressional district gets one electoral vote. Maines second congressional district has voted the way as the entire state of Maine for every election except 2016. See District of Maine When Maine became a state in 1820, prior to that it was part of Massachusetts, which had 20 districts after the 1810 U. S.
Census. Since Maine became a state, all but two districts have been reallocated, the boundaries of the District are open for reconsideration in light of population shifts revealed by the decennial US Census. However, a lawsuit filed in March 2011 led to a requirement that Maine speed up its redistricting process. Maine state legislators approved new boundaries on September 27,2011, the Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present Congressman Bruce Poliquins web site
Abbott Lawrence was a prominent American businessman and philanthropist. On the conclusion of his apprenticeship, in 1814, the Lawrences formed a partnership, specializing in imports from Britain and China, initially called A. & A. Lawrence, the firm was named A. & A. Lawrence and Co. It continued until Amoss death, and became the greatest wholesale mercantile house in the United States and it was successful even in the hard times of 1812-1815. The firm did much for the establishment of the textile industry in New England. In 1830, it came to the aid of financially distressed mills of Lowell, in that year, the Suffolk and Lawrence companies were established in Lowell, and Luther Lawrence, the eldest brother, represented the firms interests there. When Amos retired from the business in 1831 due to ill health, many cite the Lawrence brothers as the founders of New Englands influential textile industry. In the 1820s, Lawrence became a prominent public figure—a vocal supporter of railroad construction for economic benefit and he was an ardent protectionist, and represented Massachusetts at the Harrisburg convention in 1827.
Lawrence was highly influential among Massachusetts Whigs and in 1834 was elected to the 24th Congress as a Whig and he did not run for renomination to the 25th Congress, but was re-elected to the 26th Congress. In 1842, he was appointed commissioner to settle the Northeastern Boundary Dispute between Canada and the United States, Lawrence was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1846, and subsequently was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1847. In 1848, Lawrence was a candidate for vice president on the Whig ticket. With Taylors presidential victory, he offered Lawrence a choice of positions in the administration, after rejecting a cabinet appointment, Lawrence chose the post of minister to Great Britain. Lawrence was active in Bostons Unitarian Church and donated money to various causes and he supported Lawrence Academy, affordable housing in Boston, and the Boston Public Library. He provided $50,000 to establish the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard College and he died in Boston on August 18,1855, aged 62, and was interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Massachusetts.
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, retrieved on 2008-02-15 Beach, Chandler B. ed. Lawrence, Abbott. Chicago, F. E. Compton and Co, James Grant, John, eds. Thurston, H. T. Colby, F. M. eds, George Edwin, ed. Lawrence, Abbott. Luthin, Richard H. Abraham Lincoln and the Massachusetts Whigs in 1848