Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca

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Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca
Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca.jpg
2nd Governor of New Mexico
In office
January 1, 1917 – February 18, 1917
LieutenantWashington E. Lindsay
Preceded byWilliam C. McDonald
Succeeded byWashington Ellsworth Lindsey
1st Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico
In office
January 6, 1912 – January 1, 1917
GovernorWilliam C. McDonald
Succeeded byWashington Ellsworth Lindsey
Personal details
Born(1864-11-01)November 1, 1864
Las Vegas, New Mexico Territory
DiedFebruary 18, 1917(1917-02-18) (aged 52)
Santa Fe, New Mexico
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Margarita C. De Baca
ResidenceLas Vegas

Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca (November 1, 1864 – February 18, 1917) was the first Hispano elected for office as lieutenant governor in New Mexico's first election. His term as lieutenant governor was followed by his election as the second elected governor of New Mexico. This term was brief as he died shortly after taking office. He was the state's first elected Hispanic governor, and the first governor born in New Mexico after its annexation by the United States.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Las Vegas, New Mexico Territory on November 1, 1864. He studied at the Jesuit College in Las Vegas, NM. He worked for the railroads before becoming an influential journalist and Editor of La Voz de Pueblo. Ezequiel C. de Baca was married on December 14, 1889 to Margarita C. de Baca at Peña Blanca, NM.[1] He is a descendent of the original Spanish settlers who later became part of the Baca Family of New Mexico.[1]

In 1891, he began working for the Las Vegas Spanish weekly newspaper La Voz del Pueblo. It was there that he became associated with the newspaper's publishers, Antonio Lucero (who would become New Mexico's first Secretary of State) and Felix Martinez (who would later found the Martinez Publishing Company).[1]

De Baca served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1900.[2] In 1912, after New Mexico became a state, he became its first Lieutenant Governor, serving from 1912 to 1917.[1] It is during this period when he did his most important work for the State.[citation needed] He was a key to developing New Mexico's first state constitution which includes specific language about providing bilingual education to all citizens.[1] His professional background as a journalist gave him deep insights into the needs of the citizens of New Mexico, which were further enriched by his travels around the state prior to being elected Lt. Governor.[citation needed] He did not want to pursue elected office to run for Governor but was vigorously lobbied by the party and ultimately consented. At the time the pay for these elected officials was very small and he had by now a large family. Although his failing health prevented him from taking a significant part in his own campaign, he was elected the Governor of New Mexico on November 7, 1916. Inaugurated on January 1, 1917, he was sworn into office on his sick bed in St. Vincent Sanitarium in Santa Fe, with only a score of persons attending.[1][2][3]

He died on February 18, 1917 in office. He had been sick for a long period of time and had traveled to California for treatments which were not successful. He was buried in the Mount Calvary Cemetery in Las Vegas, New Mexico.[2]

De Baca County is named for Governor de Baca.[4]

Children of Ezequiel and Margarita[edit]

Ezequiel and Margarita Cabeza de Baca had 14 children.[1]

  • Adolfo Amado C de Baca 1875-1953
  • Alvar Nunez C de Baca 1892-1892
  • Horacio Virgilio C de Baca
  • Margarita Esefan C de Baca de Martinez 1895-1969
  • Jose C de Baca 1897-1897
  • Horacio C de Baca 1898-1970
  • Maria Juana C de Baca 1900-1902
  • Celia C de Baca 1902-1996
  • Hortencia C de Baca 1903-1996
  • Alfonso C de Baca 1907-1951
  • Maria Natalia Adeleida C de Baca 1909-1973
  • Ezequiel C de Baca 1911-1911
  • Adelina C de Baca 1913-2009
  • Alicia C de Baca 1916-2010

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Arellano, Anselmo F. "Ezequiel Cabeza de Baca". New Mexico History.org. New Mexico State Record Center and Archives. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "New Mexico Governor Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2012-07-14.
  3. ^ "N. M. Governor Dead". The Washington Times. Washington DC. February 19, 1917. p. 7. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  4. ^ "De Baca County Extension Office". New Mexico State University. Retrieved 2012-07-14.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
office created
Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico
Succeeded by
Washington E. Lindsey
Preceded by
William C. McDonald
Governor of New Mexico
Succeeded by
Washington Ellsworth Lindsey