The Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme is the global governing/sanctioning body of motorcycle racing. It represents 111 national motorcycle federations that are divided into six regional continental unions. There are six motorcycle-racing disciplines that FIM covers, encompassing 65 world championships and prizes: road racing, motocross trials, enduro and track racing. FIM is involved in many non-racing activities that promote the sport, its safety, support relevant public policy; the FIM is the first international sporting federation to publish an Environmental Code, in 1994. In 2007, a Commission for Women in Motorcycling was created by the FIM in order to promote the use of powered two-wheelers and the motorcycle sport among women; the FIM was born from the Fédération Internationale des Clubs Motocyclistes, which itself was founded in Paris, France, on 21 December 1904. The British Auto-Cycle Union was one of the founding members. In 1906, the FICM was reborn in 1912 with the headquarters now located in England.
The Six Days Reliability Trial was held the next year, the first international event held by the new incarnation. The name was changed to the Fédération Internationale Motocycliste in 1949, the same year that saw the first race of the famed Road Racing World Championship Grand Prix; the headquarters were transferred to Geneva, Switzerland in 1959. 1994 saw the headquarters relocated, this time to Mies and occupy its own building for the first time, shaped like a stylized motorcycle. The name was changed again in 1998 to the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme at the congress in Cape Town, South Africa; the same year, the FIM was given provisional status of recognition by the International Olympic Committee, gained full status in 2000 at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia. 2004 marked the organization's centenary, celebrations were held at the congress in Paris in October. Since 2006, Vito Ippolito is the first non-European president of the FIM. FIM Grand Prix motorcycle racing FIM Superbike World Championship FIM Supersport World Championship FIM Road Racing World Championship Grand Prix FIM Endurance World Championship FIM Sidecar World Championship FIM CEV Moto2 European Championship FIM CEV Moto3 Junior World Championship MotoE World Cup FIM Cross-Country Rallies World Championship FIM Bajas World Cup FIM World Enduro Championship International Six Days Enduro FIM SuperEnduro World Championship FIM Motocross World Championship Motocross des Nations FIM Supercross World Championship FIM Sidecarcross World Championship FIM Snowcross World Championship FIM Trial World Championship Trial des Nations FIM Speedway World Championship FIM Supermoto World Championship Supermoto of Nations FIM Freestyle Motocross World Championship Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile Outline of motorcycles and motorcycling FIM Official website
Ivo Scapolo is an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church who has worked in the diplomatic service of the Holy See since 1984, has served as nuncio in Bolivia, Rwanda and Portugal. He has been an archbishop since 2002. Ivo Scapolo was born 24 July 1953 in Terrassa Padovana, Province of Padua, he was ordained a priest on 4 June 1978 in Padua. After earning a doctorate in canon law, he entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See on 1 May 1984, he filled positions in the offices representing the Holy See in Angola and the United States, worked in Rome in the Section for Relations with States of the Secretariat of State. On 26 March 2002, Pope John Paul II named him Apostolic Nuncio to Bolivia and titular archbishop of Tagaste, he received his episcopal consecration on 12 May from Cardinal Angelo Sodano. On 17 January 2008, Pope Benedict XVI named him Apostolic Nuncio to Rwanda, on 15 July 2011 Apostolic Nuncio to Chile. Scapolo played little role in resolving the clerical abuse crisis that brought intense Vatican scrutiny to Chile and the early retirement of several bishops.
Several victims of clerical sexual abuse claimed he had long participated in preventing their claims from being heard. One of them, Juan Carlos Cruz, complained that Scapolo never met with victims of abuse and described him as "a blind guy, who does not hear the victims or have an interest in them". Scapolo defended his role in the 2015 appointment of Juan Barros Madrid to be Bishop of Osorno, saying no information had been withheld from Vatican authorities. Father Sergio Perez de Arce, whom Pope Francis named Apostolic Administrator of San Bartolome de Chillán as part of his reform of the Chilean hierarchy, said Scapolo "has not been and will not be the person with the sensitivity and skills needed to support a church in crisis like the Chilean one"; when Chile inaugurated its president in March 2018, the Holy See was represented by both Scapolo and Nicola Girasoli, the Apostlic Nuncio to Peru, according to La Tercera, church observers read as a sign that Scapolo was out of favor with the Vatican.
He received criticism in Chile for his link to controversial Bishop appointments, including the appointment of Madrid, criticized for his connection to Fr. Fernando Karadima, accused by multiple people of sexual misconduct; some alleged victims claimed that Barros was present during Karadima's sexual acts, with one saying that he participated in them. Regarding the sexual abuse scandals in Chile, Scapolo stated that it was "painful to see a reality of abuses in the Church" and the he "we should all feel anger and shame if someone commits an abuse more if it is against a minor, moreover if it is committed by a person who, like the priest, has a special responsibility."After the Pope's visit to Chile Scapolo admitted that he faced "an avalanche of denunciations and complaints" and that he thinks he has "done what is humanly possible to face it. I tried to act in accordance with the truth and charity." Pope Francis named him Apostolic Nuncio to Portugal on 29 August 2019. His appointment to the diplomatic post in Portugal was well received by the Portuguese Episcopal Conference who welcomed the appointment and wished to Bishop Ivo Scapolo “a fruitful pastoral ministry as representative of the Holy See to the Church in Portugal and in diplomatic relations with the Portuguese State”.
In a note sent to the Portuguese catholic news agency, ECCLESIA, the Portuguese Episcopal Conference expressed hope that Bishop Scapolo exercised his duties as a "Man of God, of the Church, of apostolic zeal, of reconciliation, of the Pope, of initiative, prayer, active charity, humility." When asked about the importance of the role of women in the Catholic Church and whether their role should be reviewed and re-analyzed, Scapolo stated his experience and time spent in Chile where women give a big contribution to Christian communities. Furthermore, Scapolo states that the Church is born when Mary says "yes" and therefore he expected that the role and responsibility of women in the catholic Church should be reflected upon
Admiral Sir John Jeremy Black, known as Jeremy Black or J. J. Black, was a senior Royal Navy officer, he commanded the aircraft carrier HMS Invincible during the Falklands War, served as Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command from 1989 until his retirement in 1991. Jeremy Black was born in Tavistock, Devon on 17 November 1932, he was educated at the Royal Naval College, when it was at Eaton Hall, saw service in a number of theatres including Korea and Borneo. He was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 1960 for his work in Borneo but his most famous appointment was as captain of the aircraft carrier HMS Invincible during the Falklands War in 1982. Black was an inspirational leader to his crew: this was reflected by the ship's company designing T-shirts with'There and Back with JJ Black' emblazoned across the front; this slogan gave Black the title of his memoirs. In October 1982, Black was appointed Flag Officer First Flotilla; this was followed a position in the Ministry of Defence as Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff in 1984 before being appointed Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff in 1986.
He became Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command in 1989. He retired in 1991. In retirement Black held the posts of Rear-Admiral and Vice-Admiral of the United Kingdom. Black was chairman of the Royal Navy Club of 1765 & 1785. Black died after a long illness on 25 November 2015 at the age of 83. 8 June 1963 – Lieutenant Commander John Jeremy Black, Royal Navy is appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire 8 October 1982 – Captain John Jeremy Black, MBE, Royal Navy is awarded the Distinguished Service Order: Throughout Operation Corporate, Captain Black displayed outstanding qualities of professionalism and stamina in his command of HMS Invincible. She shared with HMS Hermes the provision of all the air power from start to finish, without which the operation could not have been contemplated. To keep men and machinery operating at the peak of their performance for such an extended period so far away from home base has required exceptional powers of concentration, man management and perseverance and HMS Invincible's success owes much to these qualities so abundantly held by her commanding officer.
In addition, HMS Invincible had to stay in the South Atlantic after cessation of hostilities to maintain a presence. To make this transition from war to "peace" but without the advantage of an early return to the UK required a special understanding of both men and material and again Captain Black showed outstanding leadership qualities in maintaining momentum. 31 December 1986 – Vice Admiral John Jeremy Black, DSO, MBE is appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. 15 June 1991 – Admiral Sir Jeremy Black, KCB, DSO, MBE, ADC is appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire Imperial War Museum Interview
Giorgio Matteo Aicardi was an Italian painter, who specialised in drawings, frescos and illustrations. He trained at the "Accademia Ligustica di Belle Arti" Genoa Italy, was part of classic, post impressionist and modernist movements. Giorgio Matteo Aicardi was born on 18 September 1891 in Finalborgo, the eighth of Giuseppe Aicardi and Francesca Muzio's nine children. While still young his family moved from Finalborgo to Voltri to Genoa-Italy. Aicardi demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent in his early years and he was soon noticed by his teachers for a portrait of Giuseppe Mazzini that he drew in chalk on the classroom's blackboard, it became evident to Aicardi that his ideal, his great passion, was "to paint" and with his mother's full support he enrolled at the "Accademia Ligustica di Belle Arti" in Genoa. He studied with different professors at the Accademia, promoted at the third stage. Prof. Quinzio instills in his young scholar the taste for a more personalised style of painting. While studying at the Accademia, he attended the studio of Giuseppe Pennasilico, a most famous Neapolitan painter of the time, who appreciated and encouraged his pupil to paint "en plein air."
In 1906 Aicardi, aged 15, painted his first "fresco" of Santa Teresa, which still can be seen in the dome of "San Biagio Basilica" in his native Finalborgo. Before his 20th Birthday Aicardi won, on merit, first the "Pensione Triennale" a Government sponsored three year bursary at the "Accademia Ligustica di Belle Arti" of Genoa, followed by the "Pensionato Quinquennale of Rome" a five-year bursary enabling him to study and paint in Florence and Rome; this was a pivotal period in his development in Rome and Florence where he studied the old masters and started forming important friendships with established painters and writers, during this period he produced many excellent drawings and paintings in the "Post Impressionists" style. He was commissioned to paint frescos in palaces and churches, some of the work was to produce new frescos, but many were to restore existing frescos by old masters from fourteenth to the eighteenth century, damaged in the First World War or by time, he went on to paint nudes, still life, landscapes and posters for advertising.
At the same time Aicardi initiated his activity as an exhibitor. Many of the commissions for frescos were awarded to Aicardi in Assisi and Urbino by Piero Torriti, the superintendent to all art galleries for the Marche's region of Italy and a member of the Accademia Ligustica di Belle Arti. In 1929 Giorgio Matteo Aicardi married Carmela Veruda, their happy union produced three children: Francesco and Giovanna, throughout his life Aicardi used his family for models. In 1938 Aicardi was elected, on merit, "professore" to the "Accademia Ligustica di Belle Arti" followed by the Academy "Publio Virgilio Marone" in Bari and the "Latinanti Escoleangae" in Rome. In 1950 Aicardi took part in the "Lavoro umano" exhibition in the former "Royal Palace" in Genoa and won the "Premio della Provincia" with his painting "Il lavoro nell'infanzia", bought by the first Italian Prime Minister, Hon. De Nicola for the Italian Government. At the "Pro-Civitate Museum" in Assisi in the "Iconografia Cristiana" collections there is a photographic documentation of some of Aicardi's religious art work comprising: paintings and religious banners.
Aicardi loved music, he trained and could play violin and piano. His other interests were boxing, "bocce" to a good amateur level, he loved swimming and diving which he practiced to a ripe old age. Aicardi has the merit of having translated Dante's "Divine Comedy" into the Genoise dialect. In years Aicardi spent a considerable amount of time writing his memoirs. Aicardi painted incessantly throughout his life right up to his death, among his Art, on 30 December 1984 in Genoa. In 1986 a posthumous exhibition of Aicardi's paintings was held in his native Finalborgo at the "Chiostri di Santa Caterina" sponsored by Cassa di Risparmio di Savona. Among the various private art collectors in Genoa, Milan, Rome, Monte Carlo, etc. Mitchell Wolfson Jr. purchased one outstanding portrait by G. M. Aicardi: "Autoritratto del pittore con la sua famiglia" 1939, oil on canvas, for The Mitchell Wolfson Jr. Foundation Miami and the "Wolfsoniana Fondazione Regionale Cristoforo Colombo" – Genoa. Mitchell Wolfson Jr. acquired many of Aicardi's artwork and showed them in numerous exhibitions: 1996 "Aspetti dell'arte italiana tra le due guerre" at Palazzo Ducale – Genoa.
Nowadays Aicardi's art can be found in museums, palaces and private collections all over the world. Https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=it&u=http://www.ottocentoligure.it/aicardi_giorgio_matteo_quotazione.html&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dthe%2Bwolfson%2Bcollection%2Bgiorgio%2Bmatteo%2Baicardi%26hl%3Den%26tbo%3Dd%26biw%3D1276%26bih%3D614&sa=X&ei=Ar3XUOrhB8a00QXC0oCQCg&ved=0CEgQ7gEwAw
Below is a non-exhaustive list of Yakshas, a race of anthropomorphic spirits in Indian mythology. While many are malevolent, some are benevolent protectors of Dharma. Yakshas are male while Yakshinis are female. Religious traditions that feature these entries are sorted using the following key: ॐ - Hinduism ☸ - Buddhism 卐 - Jainism Ambikā – Guardian yakshini of Neminātha Tirthankara 卐 Anila – One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha ☸ Antila – One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha ☸ Bahuputrikā – One of Maṇibhadra's queens ॐ Caundhula – One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha ☸ Cakreśvarī – Guardian yakshini of Rishabhanatha Tirthankara and tutelary goddess of the Sarawagi Jains 卐 Cidāla – One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha ☸ Dharanendra – Guardian yaksha of Pārśvanātha Tirthankara and tutelary goddess of the Sarawagi Jains 卐 Hārītī – Once malevolent and turned into a Buddhist protector of children ☸ Harikeśa – Pūrṇabhadra's son and a devotee of Śiva ॐ Indala – One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha ☸ Jvālāmālinī – Guardian yakshini of Chandraprabha Tirthankara 卐 Kiṃbhīra – One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha ☸ Kubera – King of the yakshas and god of wealth ॐ☸卐 Mahāla – One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha ☸ Makhādeva – A tree-dweller converted by the Buddha when he was still a bodhisattva ☸ Maṇibhadra – A popular figure in Hinduism and Jainism ॐ☸卐 Mānuṣyayakṣa – One of thirteen yakshas given in the Jain Tattvārtha Bhāṣya 卐 Mārīca – Cursed to become a rakshasa by the sage Agastya ॐ Mekhila – One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha ☸ Nalakūvara ॐ☸ Padmāvatī – Guardian yakshini of Pārśvanātha Tirthankara 卐 Pañcika – Commander-in-chief of Vaiśravaṇa's army and others.
Consort of Hārītī ☸ Pāyila – One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha ☸ Pūrṇabhadra – Younger brother of Maṇibhadra ॐ☸卐 Rūpayakṣa – One of thirteen yakshas given in the Jain Tattvārtha Bhāṣya 卐 Tāṭakā – Cursed to become a rakshasa by the sage Agastya ॐ Śāli – A yaksha turned into a lion ॐ Saṇṭhila – One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha ☸ Saudāsa – Aṅgulimāla in a previous life ॐ☸ Sthūṇa – A devotee of Kubera, who exchanges his identity with Shikhandin ॐ Sthuṇākarṇa – Turns Śikhaṇḍī into a male ॐ Suketu – A yaksha King in the Ramayana ॐ Sulpani – Known to have troubled Mahavira during ascetic practices 卐 Vajra – One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha ☸ Vajrapāṇi – Guardian of the Buddha and bodhisattvas ☸ Vikala – One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha ☸ Yama – Appears as a yaksha in the Yaksha Prashna story ॐ
Xorn is the alias of two fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. He first appeared in New X-Men Annual 2001, he was created by Frank Quitely, he is a mutant who has a miniature star residing in his head, that gives him the abilities of gravitational electromagnetism, self-sustenance, healing. He is most associated with the X-Men and Brotherhood of Mutants. In the pages of New X-Men, he was revealed to be Magneto in disguise, Excalibur established him as a separate character. Xorn first appeared in New X-Men Annual 2001, Xorn was created by Frank Quitely. Depicted as a Chinese mutant with a "star for a brain," he is revealed to be the X-Men's nemesis Magneto in disguise at the climax of Morrison's run. After Magneto is killed in the "Planet X" story arc, he appears alive and well a few months in 2004's Excalibur #1, which established that Xorn never was Magneto. Marvel has presented several partial explanations, both in the comics pages and in the press as to the true nature and motives of Xorn.
Xorn debuts in New X-Men Annual 2001 imprisoned by the Chinese government, where a corrupt mutant official offers to sell him to John Sublime. Xorn is forced to wear a skull-like mask designed to restrain his energy output as he has a "sun" for a brain in his head; the X-Men and Sublime's U-Men find Xorn just as he is attempting to commit suicide by removing his mask, which would destroy the Earth. Cyclops is able to establish contact with Xorn, convincing him not to kill himself, offers him a position among the X-Men. Xorn is next seen in New X-Men #122, where Cyclops tracks him down to a monastery, where he is told by the monks that Xorn has demonstrated healing powers; the pair are captured by the Shi'ar but arrive at the X-Mansion in time for Xorn to heal the X-Men of a nano-Sentinel infection, restoring Professor Xavier's ability to walk in the process. Despite the ordeals through which he had passed, Xorn is optimistic and somewhat naive. Xorn keeps a diary to share his thoughts with Professor Xavier, since Xavier is "blinded by the sun beneath mask" and cannot read his mind.
Here he details his interactions with Chinese immigrants and the residents of Mutant Town in New York City, in particular an incident where he failed to save a young mutant from being killed by frightened policemen. Xorn is soon put in charge of the "Special Class", a group of physical and social misfits attending the Xavier Institute. Though he hopes to befriend these students, he becomes disillusioned as they insult him, he remains determined to help his Special Class saving their lives from a group of U-Men. In the storyline "Planet X", Xorn removes his mask, revealing himself to be the X-Men's nemesis Magneto, believed dead since the destruction of Genosha. Magneto explains that the Xorn identity was an elaborate ruse crafted with the help of Chinese supporters, in order to infiltrate the X-Men. Having returned Xavier to a crippled state, Magneto levels the X-Mansion and conquers New York City, where he enslaves the human population and destroys much of the city, he attempts to recreate the Brotherhood with Toad, the rebellious Stepford Cuckoo Esme, the members of Xorn's Special Class.
Magneto finds, that many of his recruits are unresponsive to his ideas and approach, with some asking for the return of the more humane Xorn, others doubtful that Magneto has returned, much to his chagrin. Indecisive and relying on the drug Kick to augment his power, he struggles to maintain the loyalty and respect of his followers, he announces a plan to invert the planet by reversing its magnetic poles, employs fascistic methods. He appears to be experiencing a form of Dissociative identity disorder, as the "Xorn" persona begins to manifest itself as a voice within Magneto's head, claiming to be the embodiment of Magneto's wisdom and nobility. After his defeat at the hands of the X-Men, but before his capture, he fatally wounds Jean Grey. Grant Morrison intended Xorn to be Magneto from his first appearance; as Morrison stated in an interview after he left New X-Men, "In my opinion, there should not have been an actual Xorn - he had to be fake, the cruel point of him". In fact, soon after the revelation of Xorn's identity in New X-Men #146, readers pointed out that clues that Xorn was Magneto had been hidden throughout Morrison's run.
According to then-X-Men writer Chuck Austen, the X-Men editors liked the Xorn character and hoped Morrison would change his mind about the revelation. Morrison has expressed criticism of this subsequent retcon in interviews. Marvel wanted to continue using Magneto. In Uncanny X-Men #442 and 443, Xavier takes the body of Magneto to Genosha where they hold a funeral for the deceased mutant leader. However, in the last page of Excalibur #1, Xavier meets Magneto alive and well on Genosha. In subsequent issues of Excalibur and Magneto debate the true identity and motives of Xorn, the individual whose bandage-wrapped body they brought to Genosha. In the same month Magneto returned