Félix-Gabriel Marchand

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Félix-Gabriel Marchand
Félix-Gabriel Marchand.png
11th Premier of Quebec
In office
May 24, 1897 – September 25, 1900
Lieutenant GovernorJoseph-Adolphe Chapleau
Louis-Amable Jetté
Preceded byEdmund James Flynn
Succeeded bySimon-Napoléon Parent
MNA for Saint-Jean
In office
September 1, 1867 – September 25, 1900
Preceded byfirst member
Succeeded byPhilippe-Honoré Roy
Personal details
Born(1832-01-09)January 9, 1832
Dorchester (Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu), Lower Canada
DiedSeptember 25, 1900(1900-09-25) (aged 68)
Quebec City, Quebec
Political partyLiberal
Hersélie Turgeon (m. 1854)
Alma materCollège Antoine-Girouard
Occupationjournalist, author, notary

Félix-Gabriel Marchand (January 9, 1832 – September 25, 1900) was a journalist, author, notary and politician in Quebec, Canada. He was the 11th Premier of Quebec from May 24, 1897 to September 25, 1900.

Born in what is Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec today, he was the son of Lt.-Colonel Gabriel Marchand (1780–1852) J.P., and Mary MacNider, a woman of the Anglican faith, daughter of John MacNider, 2nd Seigneur of Metis, Quebec. As a child, Marchand attended English schools and was taught in French at the age of 11. Fluently bilingual, Marchand became a journalist and writer. He became a notary and practised this profession for 45 years, but continued journalism and writing as well.

He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in the 1867 Quebec provincial election for the district of Saint-Jean and retained his seat for 33 years until his death. He was Leader of the Opposition from 1892 to 1897, and then won the 1897 election as leader of the Liberal Party.

As premier, Marchand attempted to create a Ministry of Education in 1898. At the time, education was entirely in the hands of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church in the province. His legislation was passed by the Legislative Assembly (the lower chamber of Quebec's legislature), but was defeated in the Legislative Council (the upper house). It was not until 1964 that a Ministry of Education was finally created in Quebec.

Félix-Gabriel Marchand was still in office when he died in 1900 in Quebec City. He is interred in the cimetière Notre-Dame-de-Belmont in Sainte-Foy, Quebec.

He won the 1897 election and died in office in 1900. Dr. André Simard, husband of Marthe Simard, was his grandson.[1]


  1. ^ Frédéric Smith (2018-01-31). "La première femme parlementaire de France vivait à Québec – Le Québec et les guerres mondiales". Lequebecetlesguerres.org. Retrieved 2018-02-12.

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External links[edit]

Legislative Assembly of Quebec
Preceded by
Jonathan Saxton Campbell Würtele
Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec
1887-01-27 – 1892-04-26
Succeeded by
Pierre-Évariste Leblanc
Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
Cornelius O'Brien
President of the Royal Society of Canada
Succeeded by
Thomas Keefer